U.S. Supreme Court 2012 Term Arguments

By Oyez

Listen to a podcast, please open Podcast Republic app. Available on Google Play Store.

Description


Episode Date
United States Forest Service v. Pacific Rivers Council
A case which the Court dismissed in favor of the US Forest Service on the grounds that the Pacific Rivers Council did not have standing to challenge the Forest Service's amendments to the Environmental Impact Statement.
Dec 24, 2015
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center v. Nassar
A case in which the Court found that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 requires the plaintiff to prove their employer would not have taken an action but for the existence of improper motives.
Apr 24, 2013
Metrish v. Lancaster
A case in which the Court held that eliminating the diminished capacity defense retroactively was reasonable.
Apr 24, 2013
Tarrant Regional Water District v. Herrmann
A case in which the Court held that Congress’ approval of an interstate water compact does not violate the Commerce Clause and that the compact does respect state lines.
Apr 23, 2013
Sekhar v. United States
A case in which the Court held that attempting to compel a person to issue a recommendation does not constitute extortion under the Hobbs Act.
Apr 23, 2013
Hillman v. Maretta
A case in which the Court found that the Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance Act preempts a Virginia state law regarding beneficiary designation upon divorce.
Apr 22, 2013
Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International
A case in which the Court held that it was a violation of the First Amendment to withhold funding from non-government organizations if they did not institute an anti-prostitution policy.
Apr 22, 2013
United States v. Kebodeaux
A case in which the Court held that the Necessary and Proper Clause gave Congress the power to create federal crimes and regulate their punishment, as well as apply the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) on a defendant.
Apr 17, 2013
Salinas v. Texas
A case in which the Court held that the Fifth Amendment's Self-Incrimination clause does not protect individuals that have not been arrested.
Apr 17, 2013
American Trucking Associations v. City of Los Angeles
A case in which the Court held that when a municipal government is acting as a contract-based participant in the market, as opposed to a market regulator, it could not regulate motor carrier activities.
Apr 16, 2013
Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl
A case in which the Court held that a non-custodial parent cannot stop an adoption made lawfully by a non-Indian parent by invoking the ICWA.
Apr 16, 2013
Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics
A case in which the Court held that naturally occurring genes cannot be patented, but a creation of a new product in a lab could be patented.
Apr 15, 2013
United States v. Davila
A case in which the Court held that a magistrate judge's improper participation in plea discussions does not warrant vacating a guilty plea.
Apr 15, 2013
United States v. Windsor
A case in which the Court found that the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the Fifth Amendment.
Mar 27, 2013
Hollingsworth v. Perry
A case in which the Court found that the proponents of California's same-sex marriage ban (Proposition 8) do not have standing to appeal the decision that made Proposition 8 unconstitutional.
Mar 26, 2013
FTC v. Actavis Inc.
A case in which the Court found that antitrust law applies to reverse payment agreements.
Mar 25, 2013
Oxford Health Plans v. Sutter
A case in which the Court held that an arbitrator did not exceed his power when he interpreted that the parties intended, even if not explicitly, to authorize class-wide arbitration.
Mar 25, 2013
Dan's City Used Cars v. Pelkey
A case in which the Court found that the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act does not override state law regarding transportation of property.
Mar 20, 2013
Horne v. Department of Agriculture
A case in which the Court held the Takings Clause must be evaluated under the capacity in which the Government fines, and the citizens do not need to file a Takings Clause challenge in the Court of Federal Claims.
Mar 20, 2013
Sebelius v. Cloer
A case in which the Court found that a person who petitions under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act can recover attorney's fees regardless of if the petition was ultimately successful.
Mar 19, 2013
Mutual Pharmaceutical Co. v. Bartlett
A case in which the Court found that federal law preempts state law design-defect claims.
Mar 19, 2013
Bullock v. BankChampaign
A case in which the Court held that debts arising out of fraud or defalcation in a fiduciary capacity are not dischargeable in bankruptcy proceedings.
Mar 18, 2013
Arizona v. Inter Tribal Council of Arizona
A case in which the Court found the National Voter Registration Act preempted other voter registration requirements.
Mar 18, 2013
American Express Co., et al. v. Italian Colors Restaurant
A case in which the Court held that a clause prohibiting class action suits was enforceable even though it would cause costly arbitration.
Feb 27, 2013
Shelby County v. Holder
A case in which the Court found that Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act was unconstitutional.
Feb 27, 2013
Maryland v. King
A case in which the Court found that taking a DNA sample from people who are arrested, but not yet convicted, of a serious crime is not a violation of the Fourth Amendment.
Feb 26, 2013
Peugh v. United States
A case in which the Court found that using the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines at the time of the sentencing for a crime rather than at the time of the offense is a violation of the ex post facto clause.
Feb 26, 2013
Trevino v. Thaler
A case in which the Court found that procedural default will not bar a federal court from hearing a claim of ineffective assistance of trial counsel.
Feb 25, 2013
McQuiggin v. Perkins
A case in which the Court held that proving actual innocence allows a petitioner to pursue habeas corpus relief regardless of a statute of limitations.
Feb 25, 2013
PPL Corporation v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
A case in which the Court held that courts should use a common-sense, substance-based approach instead of a formalistic approach when considering the effect of a foreign tax.
Feb 20, 2013
McBurney v. Young
A case in which the Court found that under the Privileges and Immunities clause and the Dormant Commerce clause, a state can deny access to its public records to citizens of another state.
Feb 20, 2013
Bowman v. Monsanto
A case in which the Court held that even after its authorized purchase, the reproduction and reuse of a seed violated the patent of the seed.
Feb 19, 2013
Millbrook v. United States
A case in which the Court held that claims against the United States for the intentional torts of prison officials is not limited to violations made during searches, seizures, or arrests.
Feb 19, 2013
Gunn v. Minton
A case in which the Court found that even though federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over patent law cases, state courts can still hear cases related to patent law as long as that it is not the primary issue.
Jan 16, 2013
City of Arlington, TX v. FCC
A case in which the Court found that the courts must apply the Chevron doctrine and defer to an agency's interpretation of its jurisdiction when that jurisdiction is called into question.
Jan 16, 2013
Koontz v. St. John's River Water Management
A case in which the Court held that the government may not conditionally approve land-use permits unless the conditions are connected and approximately proportionate to the effects of the proposed land use.
Jan 15, 2013
Levin v. United States
A case in which the Court held that the Gonzalez Act made an exception to the Federal Tort Claims Act by saying that a claim of the intentional tort of battery may be brought against an armed forces physician.
Jan 15, 2013
Alleyne v. United States
A case in which the Court found that a defendant cannot be found guilty of a claim not included in the indictment.
Jan 14, 2013
Boyer v. Louisiana
A case in which the Court was undecided on whether a state's failure to fund counsel for an indigent defendant for five years should be weighed against the state in violation of the right to a speedy trial.
Jan 14, 2013
Maracich v. Spears
A case in which the Court found that lawyers may use personal information protected by the Driver's Privacy Protection Act to find potential plaintiffs for a group action.
Jan 09, 2013
Missouri v. McNeely
A case in which the Court held that the Fourth Amendment protects against the warrantless taking of a blood sample under exigent circumstances.
Jan 09, 2013
Gabelli v. Securities and Exchange Commission
A case in which the Court held that a five-year statute of limitations period begins at the time the violation is committed.
Jan 08, 2013
Wos v. E.M.A. et al.
A case in which the Court held that federal law preempts North Carolina's state law regarding reimbursement of medical expenses from a patient's settlement.
Jan 08, 2013
Standard Fire Insurance Company v. Knowles
A case in which the Court held that a plaintiff in a class action case cannot stipulate that the potential damages are less than $5 million in order to remove the case from federal jurisdiction.
Jan 07, 2013
Descamps v. United States
A case in which the Court held that it was improper to apply the categorical approach in which the courts apply elements of a prior conviction with elements of a generic crime in order to enhance a sentence under the ACCA.
Jan 07, 2013
Chafin v. Chafin
A case in which the Court decided that the return of a child to his or her country of residence pursuant to The Hague Convention, does not make an appeal of that order moot.
Dec 05, 2012
Sebelius v. Auburn Regional Medical Center
A case in which the Court held that the statute of limitations for filing a claim with the Provider Reimbursement Review Board may be extended up to 3 years.
Dec 04, 2012
Los Angeles County Flood Control District v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
A case in which the Court found that transferring polluted water from one portion of a waterway to another portion of the same waterway did not constitute pollution under the Clean Water Act.
Dec 04, 2012
Decker v. Northwest Environmental Defense Center
A case in which the Court found that based on the Clean Water Act, a permit is not necessary for storm water runoff because it is not associated with industrial activity.
Dec 03, 2012
Genesis Healthcare v. Symczyk
A case in which the Court held that a collective action suit on behalf of other "similarly situated" employees becomes moot when the individual claim does.
Dec 03, 2012
Henderson v. United States
A case in which the Court held that the determination of “plain error” is made during the appellate review, not during the trial.
Nov 28, 2012
US Airways v. McCutchen
A case in which the Court held that when a contract is silent on allocation of relief, the parties' intentions are best determined by the common-fund doctrine.
Nov 27, 2012
Vance v. Ball State University
A case in which the Court held that, for purposes of liability for workplace harassment, the definition of "supervisor" is limited to a person empowered to take tangible employment action against the victim.
Nov 26, 2012
FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System
A case in which the Court found state-action immunity does not apply if the state's legislature did not clearly articulate intent to allow anticompetitive activity through the Hospital Authorities Act.
Nov 26, 2012
Marx v. General Revenue Corporation
A case in which the Court held that the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure awards costs to the prevailing party unless a statute explicitly states otherwise.
Nov 07, 2012
Already LLC v. Nike
A case in which the Court held that a covenant not to sue invalidates a company’s counterclaim for trademark enforcement.
Nov 07, 2012
Smith v. United States
A case in which the Court held that the burden lies on the defendant, instead of the government, to prove withdrawal from a conspiracy regardless of when the withdrawal took place.
Nov 06, 2012
Evans v. Michigan
A case in which the Court held that the Double Jeopardy clause bars a second trial even if the acquittal of the first trial was done in error.
Nov 06, 2012
Comcast v. Behrend
A case in which the Court found that district courts cannot certify a class without adequate admissible evidence that damages may be measured and quantified on a class-wide basis.
Nov 05, 2012
Amgen Inc. v. Connecticut Retirement Plans and Trust Funds
A case in which the Court held that during class certification, the court does not need proof of materiality and does not have to allow the defendant to present evidence to rebut the certification.
Nov 05, 2012
Bailey v. United States
A case in which the Court found that once an individual left the premises after being searched under a legal search warrant, the individual's detainment must be justified by means other than the warrant.
Nov 01, 2012
Chaidez v. United States
A case in which the Court found that the Padilla rule created an entirely new rule regarding ineffective assistance of counsel and therefore did not apply to persons whose conviction became final before its announcement.
Nov 01, 2012
Florida v. Harris
A case in which the Court found that police officers do not need to show evidence of a drug-detection dog's reliability to prove probable cause.
Oct 31, 2012
Florida v. Jardines
A case in which the Court found that a police officer and narcotic-sniffing dog entering the porch of a home constitutes a search and, without a warrant, is a violation of the Fourth Amendment.
Oct 31, 2012
Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
A case in which the Court found that there is not geographical restriction on the "first sale" copyright doctrine.
Oct 29, 2012
Clapper v. Amnesty International USA
A case in which the Court held that the respondents lacked Article III standing against FISA because fear of intercepted communication and costs incurred to avoid intercepted communications are not injuries.
Oct 29, 2012
Fisher v. University of Texas
A case in which the Court held that the use of race in college admissions is constitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment only if applied with "strict judicial scrutiny."
Oct 10, 2012
Moncrieffe v. Holder
A case in which the Court found that distribution of small amounts of marijuana does not constitute an aggravated felony and thus, does not require deportation of the distributor.
Oct 10, 2012
Ryan v. Gonzales
A case in which the Court held that no right to competence exists during federal habeas corpus proceedings.
Oct 09, 2012
Ryan v. Gonzales
A case in which the Court held that no right to competence exists during federal habeas corpus proceedings.
Oct 09, 2012
Arkansas Game & Fish Commission v. United States of America
A case in which the Court held the Fifth Amendment's Taking Clause could be enacted when a temporary flood regime destroyed property.
Oct 03, 2012
Johnson v. Williams
A case in which the Court found that an entire claim can be "adjudicated on its merits" even if the federal law claim was not expressly addressed.
Oct 03, 2012
Kloeckner v Solis
A case in which the Court found that the district court, rather than the Court of Appeals, has jurisdiction over "mixed" cases that have been dismissed by the Merit Systems Protection Board.
Oct 02, 2012
United States v. Bormes
A case in which the Court held that the Little Tucker Act does not apply to lawsuits brought under the Federal Credit Reporting Act.
Oct 02, 2012
Lozman v. Riviera Beach
A case in which the Court held that the definition of vessel under 1 U.S.C. §3 is too broad and not any floating structure is considered a vessel.
Oct 01, 2012