Tides of History

By Wondery / Patrick Wyman

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Description

Everywhere around us are echoes of the past. Those echoes define the boundaries of states and countries, how we pray and how we fight. They determine what money we spend and how we earn it at work, what language we speak and how we raise our children. From Wondery, host Patrick Wyman, PhD (“Fall Of Rome”) helps us understand our world and how it got to be the way it is.


Episode Date
Tides of History Book Club: Roger Crowley Takes Us To The High Seas
00:16:46

This week we talked about friend of the show Roger Crowley, whom we interviewed back in April. He's a master storyteller, and luckily for us he decided to write a bunch of books for us to enjoy!

Check out Roger's books on Audible!

Empires of the Sea: The Siege of Malta, the Battle of Lepanto, and the Contest for the Center of the World (and Leah's pick for summer reading!)

1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West

City of Fortune: How Venice Ruled the Seas

Conquerors: How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire

And re-listen to our interview with Roger here on Tides!



Tides of History Book Club is sponsored by Audible. Start your free trial and your first audiobook is free by going to Audible.com/TIDES or texting TIDES to 500-500.

Jun 18, 2018
Interview: Historian and Friend of the Show Keith Pluymers on Rebellions and Popular Politics in Early Modern Europe
00:57:21

Keith returns to talk to us about rebellions, revolts, and how you can have popular politics in non-democratic political systems. We also discuss trials and executions of cows (!!!) for treason and other fascinating anecdotes.

Jun 14, 2018
Tides of History Book Club: Chris Wickham and the Legacy of Rome
00:17:22

Have you wondered about power relations between peasants and lords in Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean? We have just the author for you. Today we're talking about Patrick's favorite historian, Chris Wickham!

He wrote the following books:

Medieval Europe

The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400-1000

Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400-800

Tides of History Book Club is sponsored by Audible. Start your free trial and your first audiobook is free by going to Audible.com/TIDES or texting TIDES to 500-500.


Jun 04, 2018
24 | 1346: Europe on the Brink
00:51:54

Follow along on an in-depth tour of Europe on the brink of the late Middle Ages, with a changing climate, the Black Death, and the Hundred Years War peeking over the horizon.


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May 31, 2018
23 | John Calvin, Henry VIII, and the Counter-Reformation
00:56:59

The Reformation may have begun with Martin Luther, but it didn't end there. Other reformers in different parts of Europe took the threads of change in a wide variety of directions, from the Reformed movement of Zwingli and Calvin to the conservative national reform of Henry VIII in England. The traditional Church changed as well, in a flurry of dramatic shifts we call the Counter-Reformation.


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May 24, 2018
Tides of History Book Club: The Old West
00:25:15

In Part 2 of our Book Club, we explore the Old West.

Thank you to Audible for sponsoring our book club! Start a 30-day free trial and get your first audiobook for FREE by visiting Audible.com/TIDES or texting TIDES to 500-500.

Today we're talking about:

Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History, by S.C. Gwynne

The Comanche Empire, by Pekka Hamalainen

The Heart of Everything That Is: The Untold Story of Red Cloud, An American Legend, by Bob Drury and Tom Clavin

May 18, 2018
22 | Martin Luther and the Early Reformation
00:55:12

The Protestant Reformation is one of the defining processes of the last 500 years, and Martin Luther's 95 Theses kicked it off. Today, we look at the medieval background to the Reformation, the complicated character of Luther himself, and the dramatic consequences of Luther's actions.


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May 17, 2018
Pea Plants, Salmon Sperm, and a Milestone for Humanity - Interview with Steven Johnson
00:38:25

The phone in your hand is more powerful than all of the computers that put a man on the moon, combined. In the age of supercomputers, driverless cars, and mail-order DNA testing it’s easy to forget that the journey to these incredible innovations was a lot of surprising moments. We’re fascinated with the scientists, engineers and innovators who changed the world for the better… and sometimes worse. These are the leaps of mankind, as they happened.

We had the chance to talk to Steven Johnson, bestselling author of 11 books and the host of a new show that I think you'll like, American Innovations. Listen and subscribe to our first arc, The Dynamo of DNA, wherever you’re listening to this right now.

May 10, 2018
Tides of History Book Club: Five Great Popular Histories
00:33:27

More than anything else, we get asked two questions: “What is Patrick reading?!”; and "What would you recommend to read?" We hear you, and we’re bringing you several episodes dedicated to Patrick’s favorite books over the next few months. Today's episode is sponsored by Audible! Check out all of our books today on Audible. Go to Audible.com/TIDES to start a 30-day trial and your first audiobook is free.

Today we talked about...

SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome, by Mary Beard

The Guns of August, by Barbara Tuchman

1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, by Charles Mann

The Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era, by James McPherson

An Army At Dawn: The War in North Africa, by Rick Atkinson

May 03, 2018
Interview: Historian and Author Roger Crowley on the Portuguese Voyages to India
00:44:36

How and why did the Portuguese end up sailing thousands of miles from their home country to acquire the riches of the Indian Ocean? To find out, I spoke to Roger Crowley, author of the recent book Conquerors: How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire. We also discussed his previous books, on the early modern Mediterranean, and how to write a great historical narrative.

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Apr 19, 2018
21 | Columbus, Da Gama, and the Age of Discovery
00:58:54

Within one fateful decade, the 1490s, Europeans burst onto the world scene: Christopher Columbus headed west across the Atlantic and came upon the Americas, while Vasco da Gama reached India. In today's episode, we try to understand these two figures, why their voyages happened so close together in that decade, and what impact they had on the world that followed.


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Apr 12, 2018
20 | Medieval Exploration and the Age of Discovery
00:54:11

Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and the other important explorers of the early sixteenth century didn't appear in a vacuum; instead, their voyages were the result of centuries of slow, steady exploration in the Atlantic. In today's episode, we explore the medieval background to the Age of Discovery. Beginning in the thirteenth century, sailors had to learn winds and tides, merchants had to learn how to make profits in unfamiliar markets, and governments had to learn to exert control over newly conquered lands.

We recommend "Empires of The Sea" by Roger Crowley. Check it out before our upcoming interview with him!

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Apr 05, 2018
19 | The Printing Press and the Information Revolution
00:50:36

Within a few decades of its invention in the 1450s, the printing press transformed the world. It launched an information revolution, leading directly to the Protestant Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and even the invention of news as we understand it.

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Mar 22, 2018
Interview: The Washington Post's Lillian Cunningham on the Ebb and Flow of History
00:36:39

Today we're joined by Washington Post editor and podcaster Lillian Cunningham. Lillian has two shows that we highly recommend - Presidential and Constitutional - that trace American History and the way that our nation's past influences our present. Sound familiar? You'll love our conversation with Lillian, and you can click on her shows below to listen.

Listen to Presidential.

Listen to Constitutional.

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Mar 15, 2018
18 | Gutenberg and the Printing Press
00:48:55

The printing press is one of the most important inventions in human history. It launched a communications revolution, gave us mass production of books, and even enabled political propaganda on a huge scale. In today's episode, we'll explore its inventor, Gutenberg, and how printing spread throughout Europe in the second half of the fifteenth century.

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Mar 08, 2018
Interview: Historian Keith Pluymers on Environmental History and Political Ecology
00:54:44

How do people interact with their environments, and how do those environments change over time? How do people respond to shifts in climate and the scarcity of resources? Dr. Keith Pluymers, soon to be professor of history at Illinois State University, drops by to discuss environmental history, the Atlantic World, and the politics of ecology.

Feb 22, 2018
17 | Why Did the Roman Empire Fall, and Why Does It Matter?
00:43:51

Did the Roman Empire ever actually fall? Some historians don't think so, for good reasons. In today's episode, we finish our conversation on why I believe the Roman Empire actually fell, why that happened, and why it matters in the grand scheme of things. If you only take one thing away from our time in Rome, remember this: What's extraordinary about the Roman Empire is not that it fell, but that it existed and held together as long as it did. Ave atque vale!


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Feb 15, 2018
16 | Decline, Fall, or Transformation?
00:41:38

Did the Roman Empire ever actually fall? Some historians don't think so, and say its end is better described as a long transformation. Others say that the question itself misses the point, and prefer to discuss a long Late Antiquity of religious and cultural dynamism. In today's episode, we explore those perspectives and why I still think there was a real fall of the Roman Empire.


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Feb 08, 2018
15 | Life in Renaissance Florence
00:52:34

What was it like to have a front-row seat to the explosion of learning, art, and culture in Renaissance Florence? In this episode, we follow two people as they lived in the linked worlds of business and humanistic learning in the fifteenth century. These early knowledge workers combined a genuine interest in the wisdom of the classical past with a practical desire for the skills that would help them rise up the economic and social ladder.


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Jan 25, 2018
14 | The Renaissance
00:48:15

The Renaissance is still with us today. It shapes our sense of what art is, our ideas of education, our understanding of historical time, and even our political concepts. But the Renaissance didn't arrive out of nowhere: It grew out of a specific place and time, the wealthy and urban Italy of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.


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Jan 11, 2018
Interview: Historian Kyle Harper on Disease, Climate and the Fall of the Roman Empire
00:38:09

How did a changing climate and plague play into the fall of the Roman Empire? I'm joined by Kyle Harper, Professor of Classics at the University of Oklahoma, to discuss his important new book The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire.

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Jan 04, 2018
Interview: Historian Peter Mancall on Monsters, the Atlantic World, and Early Modernity
00:47:40

Why did sixteenth-century maps of the Atlantic Ocean prominently feature monsters? How did early modern people imagine the world around them? What does "early modern" mean, anyway? To find out, I talked to Peter Mancall, the Mellon Professor of the Humanities at USC and director of the USC-Huntington Early Modern Studies Institute and the author of the recently released Nature and Culture in the Early Modern Atlantic.

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Dec 29, 2017
Interview: Actor Gary Oldman from "Darkest Hour" on History and Film
00:31:53

For much of the general public, fictional portrayals (rather than nonfiction history) dominate their understanding of the past. We had the opportunity to talk to Actor Gary Oldman and Screenwriter Anthony McCarten about that. The conversation covered history, film and how they recreated Winston Churchill's first month as Prime Minister in the tense weeks of May 1940 in the new film "Darkest Hour." You can see "Darkest Hour" in theaters everywhere on December 22.

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Dec 21, 2017
13 | Natural Disasters and the End of the Roman Empire
00:43:55

Justinian was the last great Roman emperor, but his reign was plagued by disasters beyond his control: volcanic eruptions, a changing climate, and a plague of epic proportions. Those disasters created a turning point that we can, with good reason, call the end of the Roman Empire.

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Dec 14, 2017
12 | Justinian the Great and the Reconquest of the Western Empire
00:46:25

Justinian is one of the defining figures of the Roman Empire. In many ways, he marks the boundary between Antiquity and the Middle Ages. In this episode, we explore his ambitious reform program and his reconquest of the lost provinces of the West.

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Dec 07, 2017
11 | How Latin Became the Romance Languages
00:53:41

How did Latin splinter into the Romance languages? In this episode, we explore how Latin transformed from a single, widely dispersed language into a series - French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, and so on - of related but no longer mutually intelligible tongues.

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Nov 23, 2017
10 | Big Business, Small Business, and the Rise of Capitalism
00:50:26

What was it like to live through huge economic upheavals? To find out, we follow a Venetian merchant and banker and an English farmer and wool trader in the years between 1350 and 1520.

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Nov 16, 2017
9 | The Rise of Capitalism and the Early Modern Economic Explosion
00:49:59

Out of the disasters of the Black Death and the economic recession that followed grew the roots of the economic innovations that still define our world today. From credit instruments to the capitalist mindset, the years between 1350 and 1650 built the institutions that eventually led to an economy that's recognizably our own.

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Nov 09, 2017
Interview: Christianizing the Roman Empire with Professor Lisa Bitel
00:43:46

How did the Roman Empire, and barbarian Europe after it, become Christian? To find out, I talked to Professor Lisa Bitel of the University of Southern California, a world-class expert on medieval Christianity and Christian conversion.

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Nov 02, 2017
8 | The Decline and Fall of the Roman City
00:34:29

Cities were what made the Roman world Roman, but as the Empire fell apart, so did its cities. They shrank drastically or disappeared entirely between 400 and 600. In today's episode, we'll find out how and why.


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Oct 19, 2017
7 | The Roman City
00:38:31

Cities were what made the Roman world, well, Roman. They were centers of culture and political life, and they were the bedrock that tied together its economy. Today we'll explore how those cities came into being, what sustained them, and what made them so important to the Roman Empire.

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Oct 12, 2017
Interview: Historian Dan Jones on the Knights Templar
00:43:58

I'm joined by historian Dan Jones, author of some of the best popular history out there (The Wars of the Roses, The Plantagenets) to discuss his new book on the fascinating Knights Templar (The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors). We discuss the Templars, the Crusades, and what's familiar and foreign about the Middle Ages.

Check out Dan's new book here: https://www.amazon.com/Templars-Rise-Spectacular-Fall-Warriors/dp/0525428305/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1507135075&sr=8-1&keywords=the+templars+dan+jones

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Oct 05, 2017
Interview: Dr. Jennifer Raff on DNA and History
00:33:08

I'm joined by Dr. Jennifer Raff, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Kansas, to discuss her work with DNA. Dr. Raff explains how DNA is rewriting our understanding of prehistory and migration and changing everything we thought we knew about the deep past.

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Sep 21, 2017
6 | Life as a Mercenary in the Military Revolution
00:51:02

The Military Revolution transformed warfare, but what was it like to be one of the soldiers who experienced those enormous changes? We follow the lives and careers of two English archers in the late stages of the Hundred Years War and two German mercenaries around 1500 to try to understand what the Military Revolution meant for real people.

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Sep 14, 2017
5 | The Military Revolution, 1350-1650
00:50:36

As the fifteenth century turned into the sixteenth, warfare was transformed. Cannon made castles obsolete, and firearms and pikes displaced knights as the dominant force on the battlefield. Most of all, the scale of war grew infinitely larger, with a correspondingly greater impact on society as a whole.

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Sep 07, 2017
Interview: Podcaster and Author Mike Duncan on the End of the Roman Republic
00:39:20

I'm joined by Mike Duncan, host of The History of Rome and Revolutions podcast and author of the upcoming book The Storm Before the Storm: The Beginning of the End of the Roman Republic. We discuss his new book - which is excellent! - along with whether the United States is Rome, the practice of history, storytelling, and much more.

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Aug 24, 2017
4 | How the Eastern Roman Empire Survived Attila the Hun and the Disastrous Fifth Century
00:50:04

While the western half of the Roman Empire was collapsing, the east managed to weather the storm of the disastrous fifth century. In this episode, we examine how and why it survived Attila the Hun and a host of other problems through the eyes of a family of soldiers and bureaucrats.

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Aug 17, 2017
3 | Why Didn't the Eastern Roman Empire Fall?
00:40:18

When we talk about the fall of the Roman Empire, we're only talking about the western half - France, Spain, Italy, North Africa, and Britain. The eastern half of the Roman Empire survived the disastrous fifth century and would last in one form or another until 1453. What was so special about the eastern half of the Roman Empire, and how did it avoid the fate of its western cousin?

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Aug 10, 2017
2 | The Rise of the State
00:44:37

We take for granted that central governments - sovereign states - are the ultimate political force in the world, but it wasn't always this way. Between 1350 and 1650, this form of government vanquished city-states, town leagues, and smaller lordships to dominate first Europe and then the world. In this episode of Tides of History, we explore how that happened.

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Jul 20, 2017
1 | The Ebb and Flow of History
00:19:44

History shapes our world in ways both seen and unseen. In the introductory episode of Tides of History, we explore two major tides - the Fall of Rome and the Rise of the Modern World - and why history matters in the here and now.

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Jul 20, 2017
Introducing Tides of History
00:01:49

History does not repeat itself, but it does rhyme, said Mark Twain. From the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the modern world: history ebbs and flows over the centuries, driven by great tides of economic, social, political, religious, and cultural change that shape the world and everyone who lives on it. In this new series from Wondery, PhD historian Patrick Wyman (Fall of Rome) brings the cutting edge of that history to listeners in plain, relatable English. Premieres July 20th.

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Jul 07, 2017