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By Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke

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Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain how our brain works.

Episode Date
Money and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:48
The idea that money doesn’t make you happy is easy to get behind if you have it, but if you don’t it’s a hard one to buy into (pun intended). Yet the correlation to money and happiness is more complicated then one might think. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art...
Jun 14, 2018
Value (Rebroadcast)
8:00
Humans may take the card we swipe for granted at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits of having big brains. In...
Jun 11, 2018
Online Privacy (Rebroadcast)
7:58
Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head when it comes to life online, our brains aren’t quite equipped to navigate the complexity of...
Jun 01, 2018
Negotiation, Power, and Ourselves
7:47
Framing negotiations in terms of winning and losing w can set us up for disappointment, not only when it comes to how we negotiate with others but also how we negotiate with ourselves. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke off some other options that might...
May 25, 2018
Negotiation
8:18
Negotiation is a complicated process. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some psychological elements that can make it a little easier.
May 17, 2018
Time, Attention, and How To Complete Tasks
8:03
Time is important, especially when it comes to the brain. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process and understand Time, and how we can reorient out goals within tasks to stay motivated and get more done.
May 10, 2018
Attention Spans
8:10
“People just don’t have the attention spans they used to,” is a popular refrain. But on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, we ask Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke if there’s any truth to it.
May 05, 2018
Leadership and Motivation
8:09
Leadership is not as easy as it might appear. At times even leaders themselves might not be aware of everything that makes their leadership effective. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about leadership and they muse about how it’s easy to work harder than...
Apr 27, 2018
Charisma and Leadership
8:12
It turns out you can have too much of a good thing when it comes to your charismatic leader. On this week’s edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore why that is.
Apr 20, 2018
Zeigarnik Effect
7:44
Completing all the tasks we have to do during the day can be exhausting, but we might not realize the fatigue we feel due to all of the things we leave undone. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the Zeigarnik effect. Also, check...
Apr 13, 2018
Dissapointment
7:52
There are many reasons we might not be happy with the decisions we make, but it turns out not many of them have to do with the actual choice. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of disappointment.
Apr 05, 2018
Guns (Re-broadcast)
7:35
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.
Mar 31, 2018
Extra: Talking To Kids About The Recent Bombings in Austin
3:36
Dr. Art Markman offers some advice on how to talk to your children about the Austin bombings.
Mar 23, 2018
#AustinBombings
8:06
In this special edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Rebecca McInroy talk about the psychology of the current moment in Austin and how to negotiate moving forward following the traumatic events of this month.
Mar 22, 2018
Boredom (Re-broadcast)
7:52
It seems that people today carry with them the constant mantra “I’m so busy.” It can be tough to juggle work, kids, and life in general, but a lot of that feeling of being overwhelmed may be our own fault. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markaman and Dr. Bob...
Mar 17, 2018
Accountability
7:55
We might think that in order to keep order in our households, workplaces, or classrooms, that it’s important to hold people accountable for their negative behavior. However, what that can lead to is a playing field that allows for either nothing to happen or punishment. It is more important to focus on the behaviors we...
Mar 08, 2018
Creation
7:39
Tearing something down is quick, easy, and very gratifying. What is more time-consuming and difficult is creating, building, and constructing. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, the reasons why we are more likely to criticize than create aren’t just about effort.
Mar 02, 2018
Theatre
7:35
It might seem odd that when we have so much entertainment at our fingertips every day that anyone still treks out to see live theatre. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, psychologically we may get more from a visit to our local...
Feb 22, 2018
Dognition
8:05
We are as transfixed as you are by the Westminster Dog Show. So on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we want to know what our lovely pups are thinking.
Feb 16, 2018
Uncut Special: Art Explains Research on How Dogs Read Human Facial Expressions
9:24
This is too good to leave on the cutting room floor. Dr. Art Markman explains new research on how dogs read human facial expressions and what it could tell us about how they think.
Feb 16, 2018
The Placebo Effect
7:35
There are a lot of factors that help to regulate our overall health and wellness. If we are content in our lives and relationships, we are more likely to be healthy. If we exercise and eat well, we reap the benefits in our mind and body. Also, as recent studies by Ted Kaptchuck and others show,...
Feb 08, 2018
How vs. Why Knowledge
7:43
Because we know “how” things work sometimes we think we understand “why” these things work as they do, and that can be a problem. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between “how” vs. “why” knowledge, and why it’s important to recognize...
Feb 02, 2018
Presenter’s Paradox
7:35
When thinking about how we present ourselves, say at a job interview, we might think that the more good stuff we tell our prospective employer the better. However, that’s not really the case. Our best assets can be overshadowed by the average of all we present. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head,...
Jan 26, 2018
Nostalgia
7:56
Last month on All Things Considered NPR’s Kelly McEvers and Pop Culture Happy Hour‘s Linda Holmes and Glen Weldon talked about this era of TV and movies, many of which are catering to Gen X nostalgia. Weldon asserted that, “…the strongest nostalgia you feel is for the stuff that you chose. So in your teens...
Jan 18, 2018
Generosity
8:04
We give for many reasons, and most of the time it feels pretty good to help other people. But when you’re on the receiving end of generosity feelings can be mixed. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of giving and receiving.
Jan 12, 2018
Outcome Bias
7:35
We’re biased towards what we pay attention to, and we generally pay more attention to outcomes rather than process. Yet, if we really want to learn from our mistakes or our successes, we have to look at the process as well. On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr....
Jan 05, 2018
You Can’t Step Into The Same River Twice
7:53
The Greek philosopher Heraclitus is noted as having said,  “No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.” But what does that mean for us today? On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk...
Dec 22, 2017
Mindfulness and Memory
7:50
When it comes to mindfulness there is clear evidence that practicing it can be beneficial, but perhaps not for everyone all the time. It might even have some adverse effects on memory. In our final piece in our series on mindfulness, Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman, and Dr. Bob Duke talk about...
Dec 15, 2017
The Darker Side of Mindfulness
8:25
There are many benefits to mindfulness, but it might not be for everyone. On this week’s edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the more negative elements of being present.
Dec 08, 2017
Mindfulness
8:36
When was the last time someone said to you, “just take a breath?” It’s a way to slow down, be in the moment, create space. It’s also a big part of a mindfulness trend. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are...
Dec 02, 2017
The Psychology of Thanksgiving (Rebroadcast)
7:59
For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years. While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of recentering. Traditions serve a psychological function. By repeating...
Nov 16, 2017
Reading Vs. Listening (Rebroadcast)
8:12
Have you ever told someone, “Hey, I read that book!” then continued with a guilty, “…well, I listened to the audio version.” It’s time to wash that guilt right out of your soul, because in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how our brains process...
Nov 16, 2017
Political Polarization
8:26
Yes, we are a people divided, but what does that really mean and how can we come together? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of political polarization.
Nov 02, 2017
Uncertainty and Tragedy
8:34
On a recent Views and Brews at The Cactus Cafe, Dr. Art Markman, and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to process tragedy through media in uncertain times. You can listen to the full conversation here, but we wanted to bring you a bit of it on this week’s edition of Two Guys on Your...
Oct 27, 2017
Math, Music, and The Brain
8:13
There are some things that just feel like they’re true. For example, the idea that people who are gifted musicians are also good at learning math, or vice versa. However, there isn’t any data that suggests that there are any links in the brain between these proclivities. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke...
Oct 20, 2017
Boredom
8:05
It seems that people today carry with them the constant mantra, “I’m so busy.” And as it can be tough to juggle work, kids, and life in general, a lot of that feeling of being overwhelmed may be our own fault. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markaman and Dr....
Oct 13, 2017
Football and Brain Injury
8:29
It can be said that ignorance is bliss, and when it came to football that was the case for our own Dr. Bob Duke. A lifelong football fan, Duke was thrown into a dilemma by a recent study done by researchers at Boston University that revealed that, “chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive, degenerative brain...
Oct 06, 2017
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:06
Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it? When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to...
Sep 29, 2017
Praise (Rebroadcast)
7:58
“Hey, you know, you’re really good at that.” That feels good to hear, doesn’t it? Praise always feels good to hear, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves, or deal with failure. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how...
Sep 22, 2017
Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go
7:33
A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips. This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and...
Sep 15, 2017
The Value of Understanding
8:17
As gratifying as applied research is, to set out to answer a specific research question, it’s not always the best way to come up with new ideas, discover new things, and develop understanding. For these things you need basic research or just a curiosity about the world and how it works. As Dr. Art Markman...
Sep 08, 2017
Pronouns
8:04
When it comes to language, the psychology around how we use words is as interesting and as consequential as the words themselves. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of closed classed words in English like pronouns, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions, and...
Sep 01, 2017
Painkillers (Rebroadcast)
8:14
The high reliance on painkillers by the medical community has become an increasingly controversial topic.  For patients, that reliance can easily transform a treatment into an addiction. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the relationship between pain and the brain. And they touch...
Aug 24, 2017
Nouns
8:30
Popular linguistic theories like, Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, give us the idea that language determines how and what we think. However, looking at the psychology behind how we use language points in another direction. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how nouns can teach us...
Aug 20, 2017
Unintended Consequences Of Policy
8:37
On average most policies are put in place to help people, protect people, or regulate dangerous behavior, so why don’t these policies work? In the most recent episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the unintended consequences of policy, and how psychology can help us discover...
Aug 11, 2017
Struggling vs. Suffering
8:04
Struggle has a way of defining us. But while we often use struggles to teach lessons and build resilience, a struggle without a purpose doesn’t always yield positive results. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between struggling and suffering, and why...
Aug 04, 2017
Imposter Syndrome (Rebroadcast)
8:15
Most people feel in over their heads when they first enter a challenging situation or even a new job. And, while conventional wisdom suggests those with trepidations about trying new things should “fake it ’til they make it,” it may not always be the best course of action. In this edition of Two Guys on...
Jul 27, 2017
Humiliation
7:54
Humiliation can make us feel small and insignificant, so why do humans humiliate one another? In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of humiliation and how you can make choices in your life to prevent you from feeling humiliated when the bullies...
Jul 21, 2017
Scientific Terminology
8:39
One of the reasons it’s so difficult to relate scientific findings to the general public is because the same words literally take on different meanings in those realms. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke deconstruct two such terms–significance and theory– and talk about why knowing...
Jul 14, 2017
Rewarding In The Workplace
8:29
In our last episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talked about how to influence behavior using rewards first, then examples, and finally verbal direction. However, things aren’t that simple when it comes to building teams and motivating groups, especially in the workplace. In this follow-up edition, they...
Jul 06, 2017
How To Influence Behavior
8:21
When thinking about what drives human behavior there is what we say, what we do, and then what we reward. However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, people tend to respond to these things in reverse order.
Jun 30, 2017
Embodied Empathy
8:22
You’ve heard the saying, “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.” But does that literally mean you have to put yourself in someone’s position in order to understand where they are coming from? According to a study published in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it just might. In this edition of Two Guys...
Jun 24, 2017
Sequels
8:16
We may think that we prefer something brand-new to something we’ve seen before, but the truth is we are more likely to enjoy things we are familiar with. In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind why we like sequels.
Jun 15, 2017
Online Sharing
8:25
There are many places to air your grievances online, and you might think that the rant itself makes you feel better, and you would be half right. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, sharing your problems and interacting with problem solving strategies...
Jun 08, 2017
Writer’s Block (Rebroadcast)
8:04
Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it? When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to...
Jun 05, 2017
Saying No
7:59
We’ve done shows on the importance of being open to new opportunities; in short saying yes. And while saying yes is very important, we might be too prone toward saying yes to things when we should be saying no. Why is hard to say no? Why don’t we take into account the opportunity cost when...
May 25, 2017
Metrics
8:34
Data is great, but it can’t tell you everything you need to know. So why do we love it so much? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the upsides and the downsides of metrics.
May 18, 2017
Live Views & Brews: Randomness (or “What If Everything Doesn’t Happen For A Reason?”)
1:03:51
Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy along with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke as they talk about how we make sense of randomness in our lives, why we have a hard time processing statistics, and why our brains like to connect the dots.
May 18, 2017
Post-Project Depression
8:15
Many soon-to-be graduates might be asking themselves, “what do I do now?” On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to deal with the lows that come after you complete a major goal.
May 11, 2017
Suppressing Anger
8:02
There are a lot of metaphors that give us a picture of what anger is and how it affects our health. We may “bottle things up,” which causes us to get “hot” and need to “blow off steam.” However accurate they may feel to us at the time, they mask healthy ways to deal with...
May 04, 2017
Hate
8:05
What is the point of hate? It feels bad, it causes all kinds of problems, and it destroys relationships. So why did hate persist as we evolved? In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of hate.
Apr 28, 2017
Being Late
8:40
Have you ever wondered why some people are always punctual, even early, and other are perpetually late? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some of the psychology behind synchronizing our cultural and personal “clocks”, and how to put yourself in a less anxious...
Apr 21, 2017
Picture Taking
8:05
You might think that cell phones make everything worse. We can’t remember phone numbers anymore, we are addicted to checking texts and emails, and we end up taking thousands of crappy pictures each month. What good can ever come of this? As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two...
Apr 13, 2017
Live Views & Brews Taping: Are We Conscious Automata?
57:57
Teaming up with the Elisabet Ney Museum, KUT & Views & Brew‘s Rebecca McInroy and Dr. Art Markman & Dr. Bob Duke of Two Guys On Your Head consider the eternal question posed by Ney’s husband in 1890 “Are We Conscious Automata?”  What can psychology teach us about notions of determinism vs. free will? Is there such...
Apr 07, 2017
Breathing
7:59
When we think of all the things we’re sold to reduce stress in our lives, the one that will actually work is free-breathing. So why don’t we utilize our ability to change our physiology through slowing down and taking deep breaths more often? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman...
Apr 06, 2017
Starstruck
8:02
Have you ever caught sight of a celebrity or someone you consider to be a “star” and, even though you are a completely intelligent, interesting, and charismatic person, you turn to mush when you say hello to them? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk...
Mar 31, 2017
V&B – Live Taping on Uncertainty & Disruption
1:03:38
Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to talk about the psychology of uncertainty and how disruption can be a good thing.
Mar 28, 2017
Brain Games (Rebroadcast)
7:34
You can go to the gym and work out your quads, or your biceps, or your balance and isolate those muscle groups to focus improvement of those areas of function with work. So it’s not too far of a stretch to assume if we exercise specific areas of our brains might we see improvement in...
Mar 23, 2017
Reading Minds
7:34
Psychics have something going on, but that’s not what we’re talking about here. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we think people can read our minds, why they can’t, and how we can have better interactions by recognizing what we need and...
Mar 17, 2017
Numbers
7:55
A lot of us can listen to a newscast or a lecture about, global warming or the federal budget, and hear numbers in the trillions mentioned and think we know what is being discussed. We might even come out with a sense that we learned something about said numbers. Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and...
Mar 09, 2017
Privacy
7:34
Understanding what we want to make public and what we want to keep private might seem like an easy choice, however as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, when it comes to life on-line our brains aren’t quite equip to navigate the complexity of...
Mar 03, 2017
Coincidence (Rebroadcast)
7:35
Have you ever thought of a friend you haven’t seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art...
Feb 24, 2017
Enculturation
7:58
What one person might term enculturation another might term brainwashing, but no matter what you call it, in psychology it’s pretty much the same thing. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of enculturation.
Feb 17, 2017
Fake News
7:57
Whether or not you’re shocked by the plethora of fake news, you might be surprised to learn that such information–fake or not–does have unexpected effects on the way you see the world. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of fake news.
Feb 10, 2017
Choice (Rebroadcast)
7:48
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make — number one being that we have actual choices to make.
Jan 27, 2017
Personalities, Gender and Openness to Experience
7:36
You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue to talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think. Things...
Jan 20, 2017
Saying “Yes”
7:34
You might think that whether or not you say yes or no to something is based on logic or reason, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are more psychological reasons for your answer than you might think.
Jan 13, 2017
Memorization
7:49
There are so many fascinating aspects of what we remember and what we forget, but one we rarely ask about is what is the point of memorization. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why it’s important to store poems, math facts and more...
Jan 06, 2017
The Generation Effect
7:34
We might think that when we hear or read something we learn it, but that assumption would be incorrect. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head we have to work to produce ideas in order to really understand them.
Dec 30, 2016
Curiosity
7:46
When we are born we know very little about the world and need to learn in order to survive, hence the propensity for curiosity. However some people are just more curious than others, so why is this? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about...
Dec 26, 2016
Thinking Vs. Doing
7:58
When we are ready to get something done we’re in “doing” mode, and when we are contemplating what we want to do we are in “thinking” mode. This seems easy enough to understand. So why do we rush into making decisions that don’t turn out to be so great? Or why do we sit on...
Dec 15, 2016
Counterfactuals
7:59
Humans have an innate ability to imagine the unimaginable. More often than not, this manifests in everyday situations – “woulda, coulda, shoulda” sort of situations – like whether you would’ve been late to that job interview, if you hadn’t done x, y or z. Those imaginings are called counterfactuals. In this edition of Two Guys...
Dec 09, 2016
Bullying
7:45
People don’t feel that great when their locus of control is compromised, and that’s pretty much what bullying is all about. So why does bullying exist and how does it function? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of bullying.
Dec 01, 2016
Kindness
8:18
We might think that human beings are innately kind or innately cruel, as it turns out neither is fully true. Kindness is one of those things that is a learned behavior. The more we practice kindness the more we, and others around us, tend to practice the same behavior. In this edition of Two Guys...
Nov 24, 2016
Communication and Technology (Rebroadcast)
7:34
If you live in the modern world – as you most likely do – you’re probably seen it: two people standing next to each other, engrossed in text conversations happening on their mobile devices, while oblivious to each other or anything else happening around them. Does that common occurrence make you reminisce about the good...
Nov 18, 2016
Election Results 2016
8:27
No matter which party you voted for last Tuesday, this election has revealed a lot about the psychology of our country. There is a lot of anger, alienation, and fear on both sides and it will take hard work to recover and move forward. We might not be ready to do so now, and that...
Nov 11, 2016
The Psychology of Civic Engagement – Live
1:08:49
Everything from what motivates people to vote, to why we’re much more politically polarized today than we’ve ever been. In this discussion, KUT’s Two Guys on Your Head (Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke) joins KUT’s Rebecca McInroy  and The Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life to take a look at “The Psychology of Civic Engagement.”
Nov 09, 2016
Polarization
8:09
Have we evolved into a nation of extremes? In an election season like this one (as if we’ve ever seen anything like this) we may think that there is no middle ground, and there’s a reason for that. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk...
Nov 04, 2016
Voting
8:30
We get it, voting requires effort and it’s a choice, but that doesn’t predispose it to being something people just don’t do, so why don’t more people go to the polls when it comes to voting? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the...
Oct 28, 2016
Protecting Your Brain As You Age (Rebroadcast)
7:36
Whether we like it or not, time marches on. And as it does, we age. One of the most challenging realities for everyone to face in life is that we are all, inevitably, destined to grow old (if we’re lucky, that is). Aging correlates to a steady decline of functional abilities, both physical and mental....
Oct 20, 2016
Popularity
7:34
We might consider ourselves pretty savvy. We choose the “best” toothpaste, bottled water, or television set. We go to the movies we “want” to see, and listen to the music we like because it’s “good”. What we might not take into consideration is how popularity fits into our value judgments about everything, from people and...
Oct 14, 2016
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Three]
48:18
It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome...
Oct 13, 2016
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part Two]
25:50
It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome...
Oct 13, 2016
Brain Briefs Book Launch [Part One]
56:05
It’s a three-part discussion with KUT’s 2 Guys on Your Head, celebrating one great book! Join KUT’s Rebecca McInroy in conversation with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke to talk about their new book Brain Briefs: Answers to the Most (and Least) Pressing Questions About Your Mind. We’ll talk about everything from how to overcome...
Oct 13, 2016
Value
7:24
We humans are interesting animals. We may take for granted the card we swipe  at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It’s merely one of the benefits...
Oct 06, 2016
Home
8:10
When we suffer the loss of a home, we may ask why the trauma is so deep. Why are we so devastated by the loss of “things”? A listener asked us this very question on Facebook after she lost her home in the Bastrop County fires of 2011. In this edition of Two Guys on...
Sep 30, 2016
Fear and Motivation
7:20
When we are afraid we typically act! We run away, we shout, we lash out, we do. Fear is a great motivator, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, there is a downside to acting out of fear alone.
Sep 22, 2016
Dissonance and Behavior
7:33
How does dissonance effect behavior? In this episode Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke use the example of climate change to  explore how we deal with dissonance in our lives and beliefs.
Sep 15, 2016
Bias and Behavior
7:20
It’s no secret that this political season is a display of some interesting human behavior, and we’ve had a lot of listener questions about how biases form, the psychological impact of heated rhetoric, and what is going on “under the surface” of the American public? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr....
Sep 08, 2016
Achievements and Happiness (Rebroadcast)
7:34
“Working to achieve something can be great, as long as we enjoy the process of working to achieve something.” -Art Markman So you just got that raise you’ve been working toward, and a new project starts tomorrow, and you’re making great money, but — you don’t really like the work. You’re moving up, but you’re...
Sep 02, 2016
TED Talks
8:21
TED Talks! Love ’em or hate ’em they may be changing the way we approach science. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what it is about these captivating orations.
Aug 25, 2016
I.Q. Tests (Rebroadcast)
7:34
We value brains. We hold test scores in high esteem. We spend money and hours on brain training games and ginseng. But what does intelligence really mean? How do we define and gauge actual smarts? Does a high IQ predict success? In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr....
Aug 18, 2016
Politeness
7:48
Why say “please” and “thank you”? It turns out there’s a lot more to it than just having good manners. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology and purpose of politeness.
Aug 11, 2016
Pet Peeves
8:32
Things may really annoy you, but when do they hit that sweet spot where you become fond of them? When do they become your pets? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of pet peeves.
Aug 04, 2016
Talkback: Hearing Loss and Happiness
20:25
In this new feature, we are offering to podcast listeners only, we respond to listener comments about recent shows we did on hearing loss and another on happiness. If you have questions or comments please email us at twoguys@kut.org. Thanks!
Aug 02, 2016
Omission Bias
8:33
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about omission bias.
Jul 28, 2016
Plagiarism
7:55
“Thou shalt not steal” might be an old concept, but when it comes to ideas we’re still in the infant stages of understanding how theft works. So we might ask, “why does it matter if someone plagiarizes someone else? It’s not like I took an object from someone else.” It turns out, it’s a big...
Jul 21, 2016
Hope and Motivation
7:42
Does hope actually motivate us to change? A listener sent in this question and we thought we would explore the answer. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how effective hope is when we want change.
Jul 14, 2016
Hearing Loss
8:22
Hearing loss happens to everyone who’s lucky enough to age. But it’s not like just any other age related illness, mainly because you and others around you, might not know it’s happening. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about what makes hearing loss so...
Jun 30, 2016
Emotional Contagion
7:44
Have you ever wondered why when you are around happy people, you feel happier, and when you’re around sad people you feel a little sadder? Emotions can be contagious, just like the flu. However, recent studies show that the way we emit and convey emotion is more complex than we might think. In this edition...
Jun 23, 2016
Guns
7:38
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America’s ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.
Jun 17, 2016
Feeling Age
7:37
The psychology of feeling age in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.
Jun 09, 2016
Speed Reading
8:09
Speed reading! “Now this sounds like a fantastic skill,” you might say to yourself. “Where can I learn how to do this?” Well that’s a little tricky, because the psychological research on reading and comprehension, so far concludes that it’s just not possible. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman...
Jun 03, 2016
Why We Make Rules
7:20
We might take rules for granted. For example, we all know that 55 mph means 62 mph, and that crosswalks are for leisure time–just kidding. But, seriously, do we ever wonder why we make rules in the first place? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke,...
May 26, 2016
Rule Breakers
7:26
“Why do some people think that the rules don’t apply to them?” That is a question one listener tweeted us a few weeks ago. It turns out that the idea of rules and rule breaking opens up a Pandora’s Box of complexities that it’s gonna take more than one show to unpack. In this edition...
May 20, 2016
Parenting Adult Children
7:20
Figuring out how the nature of relationships changes over time can be tough, especially for kids and their parents. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman talk about the challenges of parenting your kids as they transition into adulthood, and what to do to make this...
May 12, 2016
Money and Happiness
7:45
Some might say that as long as you have your needs covered, the amount of money you have is irrelevant to your happiness. While for others, money has a lot to do with well-being. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this show, the ratio of money to happiness has more to...
May 06, 2016
SXSW2016 Live
51:50
In this special SXSW edition of Two Guys on Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the myth of invention and the process of creativity.
Apr 29, 2016
Memory, Imagination, and Happiness
7:49
When it comes to imagination and happiness, it turns out there’s a lot going on. If you think, as William Arthur Ward said, “If you can imagine it, you can achieve it; if you can dream it, you can become it,” you might be in for a surprise when it comes to well-being. In this edition...
Apr 29, 2016
Imagination and Change
7:33
Have you ever been in a situation that you just can’t see your way out of? Have you ever been stuck on a path you did not want to follow? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we can practice gaining experiences that...
Apr 21, 2016
Ending Relationships
7:20
Why is it so hard to get out of a relationship that just isn’t working? It might be a job that you don’t like, or a friendship or partnership that is not okay. You want out, but can’t seem to cut the ties. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman...
Apr 15, 2016
Defining Gender
7:20
The science, the politics, and the general understanding of gender here in the US has evolved dramatically over the last 30 years, but what does that mean for how we understand ourselves and others differently through time. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about...
Mar 31, 2016
Innovation and Creativity
7:27
A talk about memory, innovation, creativity and productivity, live at SXSW 2016, with Dr. Art Markman, Dr. Bob Duke and Rebecca McInroy.
Mar 24, 2016
Flexibility
7:38
When the unexpected happens, some people shut down, while others are cool as cucumbers. We might think that the people who handle crisis well, are just born that way, perhaps they are just flexible. However, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how the...
Mar 17, 2016
Applying For Jobs
7:23
We might think that as long as we have great test scores, the right degree, or certain awards, that we are a shoe-in for that job we just applied for. But the truth is you could have all of that and more and still not get the job. That’s because so many of the factors...
Mar 11, 2016
Swearing
7:20
Should you let your kids swear like sailors, or should you put the hammer down? Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind swearing and raising kids.
Mar 04, 2016
Gift Giving
7:20
Why do we give gifts? Why can giving gifts be stressful? What are the gifts that really matter? What are the gifts that people will remember? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about the psychology of gift giving.
Feb 26, 2016
Confession
7:53
Why do we confess when we feel bad about something we’ve done or haven’t done? What is the evolutionary benefit of confession? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore the psychology of confession.
Feb 19, 2016
Reciprocity
7:36
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the psychology of reciprocity.
Feb 12, 2016
Circadian Rhythms
7:20
The regularity of the Earth’s dark-light cycle is why all creatures, humans included, have biological clocks. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about Circadian Rhythms.
Feb 04, 2016
Low Information Decision Making
8:13
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about low information decision making.
Jan 29, 2016
Choice and Decision Making — Live Discussion
1:05:00
In this special live Views & Brews edition of Two Guys On Your Head, KUT’s Rebecca McInroy joins Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke in a discussion about the psychology of choice and decision making.
Jan 26, 2016
Decision Making And Happiness
7:34
Decision making and happiness, how one influences the other, in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.
Jan 21, 2016
Choice
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the illusions that we have around the choices we make; number one being that we have actual choices to make.
Jan 14, 2016
Accountability
7:48
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.
Jan 07, 2016
Resolutions
7:34
It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc. It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and...
Dec 31, 2015
Getting Lost
7:45
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological value of “getting lost”, and the beauty of discovery.
Dec 25, 2015
Tradition
7:25
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of tradition.
Dec 17, 2015
Punishment
7:46
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of punishment.
Dec 10, 2015
Guns
7:38
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of guns.
Dec 03, 2015
Xenophobia
7:37
In this episode of Two Guys On Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of xenophobia.
Nov 27, 2015
How To Exit Converations
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to exit conversations, and keep group discussions from being co-opted.
Nov 19, 2015
Reference Points
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how we make value judgments based on reference points.
Nov 13, 2015
Framing Effects
7:26
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the why how we say something is as important, if not more important than, what we say.
Nov 05, 2015
Gestalt Principles And Language Development
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about understanding the difference between Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology by looking at theories of language development.
Oct 29, 2015
Gestalt Principles
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about “gestalt principles.”
Oct 22, 2015
Desire
7:34
In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of desire.
Oct 09, 2015
Why We Tell Ghost Stories
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how telling ghost stories can be good for us.
Oct 01, 2015
Why We Tell Stories
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why our brains make sense of the world through stories, and what problems this can cause.
Sep 24, 2015
Rethinking Work For a Happier Life
7:34
In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how to rethink your work week for a happier life.
Sep 17, 2015
Days Of The Week
7:20
This week we talk about why certain days of the week “feel” differently than others, and what we can do to help ourselves optimize each day.
Sep 10, 2015
Reading and Child’s Brain
7:20
What’s going on inside a child’s brain when you read to them? Get a little insight in this week’s episode of Two Guys.
Sep 03, 2015
Rewarding Mediocrity
7:20
The ups and downs of rewards that praise participation in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke.
Aug 27, 2015
Expectations, Goals, and Happiness
7:20
Why is it that we’re not always as happy as we think we should be when we accomplish our goals? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the concept of The Hedonic Treadmill, and what we can do to set ourselves up for a...
Aug 20, 2015
The Value of Failure
8:00
Failure is a word that carries a lot of baggage, arousing emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid. What about success? Why does the thought of success conjure images and feelings of comfort and satisfaction. This week, “Two Guys on Your Head” examine how the heights of success and the “training wheels” of failure impact...
Aug 12, 2015
The Yuck Factor
7:34
In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the “yuck factor” and morality.
Aug 06, 2015