SciShow Tangents

By Complexly

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Subscribers: 1306
Reviews: 11


 Feb 20, 2022

Sancho
 Dec 20, 2021
Lots of fun interlaced with a lot of interesting trivia.


 Jan 3, 2021


 Nov 20, 2020


 Sep 9, 2020

Description

SciShow Tangents is the lightly competitive knowledge showcase from the geniuses behind the YouTube series SciShow. Every Tuesday, join Hank Green, Ceri Riley, and Sam Schultz as they try to one-up and amaze each other with weird and funny scientific research... while not getting distracted. There will be tangents about video games, music, weird smells, surprisingly deep insights about life, and of course, poop, but it always comes back to the science.

Episode Date
Crystals with Tyler Thrasher
00:41:35

In a universe of chaos, one scrappy form of highly-ordered solid matter dares to be different: crystals! And crystal expert Tyler Thrasher is here to tell us all we need to know about them!

Want more Tyler Thrasher (and who wouldn't?!)? Check out https://tylerthrasher.com to learn more about his myriad of other projects!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Nov 29, 2022
Wings with Stefan Chin
00:38:40

It's just about Thanksgiving here in the US; a special time during which we count our blessings. And this year, Tangents is giving you an extra thing to be thankful for: Stefan's our special guest! 

Our long lost co-host returns to talk to us about wings: birds love to use 'em, people love to eat 'em, and planes need them too, I guess. Sit around the table with us, won't you, as we pass out some heaping helpings of science knowledge. Pass the gravy!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Number of bird wings in the Burke Museum 

https://www.burkemuseum.org/collections-and-research/biology/ornithology

https://www.audubon.org/news/behind-scenes-worlds-largest-bird-wing-collection

https://www.burkemuseum.org/collections-and-research/biology/ornithology/collections-database/results.php?l=20&o=0&n=40653&m=32557&f=&g=&s=17h%7EIymyNd1yIp&w=PfHdywfPYczv2Y01KbF0&wo=PHdywPYjdyhNdQIY1KbF

[Fact Off]

Club-winged manakins use wing feathers to chirp/sing

Video & audio: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSHjhCN6NC0

Audio-only clips: https://ebird.org/species/clwman1

Picture of feathers: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PipraWing.jpg

https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/07/rare-south-american-bird-sings-its-feathers-attract-mate-cornell-researcher-finds

https://www.allaboutbirds.org/news/singing-with-his-wings-the-club-winged-manakins-display/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3440988/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Planes flying upside down

https://www1.grc.nasa.gov/beginners-guide-to-aeronautics/what-is-lift/

https://www.popsci.com/flying-upside-down-physics/

https://www.flyingmag.com/why-can-airplanes-fly-upside-down/

https://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/how-do-planes-fly-upside-down

[Butt One More Thing]

Airplane and wing butt lines

http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/design/q0289.shtml

https://www.aircraftsystemstech.com/p/location-numbering-systems-even-on.html

https://aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/72611/what-is-the-difference-between-a-wing-station-and-wing-buttock-line

http://www.techdrawingtools.com/24/l2402.htm

Nov 22, 2022
Sight
00:38:21

Before you listen, just take a moment to think about how sight works: Light comes out of the sun, bounces off of a tree (or whatever), goes inside of your head, and hits some nerves which send signals to your brain which turns that into an image of a tree (or whatever)... I wouldn't believe it if I weren't looking at this screen and typing these words right now! 

Also, what better medium to talk about seeing stuff than a podcast!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Colossal squid eye size

https://www.tepapa.govt.nz/discover-collections/read-watch-play/science/anatomy-colossal-squid/eyes-colossal-squid

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/invertebrates/largest-eye-world-giant-squid

[Fact Off]

Climbing vine can mimic plastic plant leaves

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-02229-8

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/the-sneaky-life-of-the-worlds-most-mysterious-plant

Ogre-faced spider eye membrane regeneration 

https://www.jstor.org/stable/77314

https://australian.museum/learn/animals/spiders/how-spiders-see-the-world/

https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/Creatures/MISC/SPIDERS/ogre_faced_spider_Deinopis_spinosa.htm

https://bionumbers.hms.harvard.edu/bionumber.aspx?id=116061

[Ask the Science Couch]

Human visible spectrum & eye evolution

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5093619/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141218210100.htm

https://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1004884

https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/gb-2005-6-3-213

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2013.2995

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2002/may/30/medicalscience.research

[Butt One More Thing]

Tadpole butt eye transplant

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/6/1031

https://slate.com/technology/2013/03/tadpole-eye-transplants-reveal-neuroplasticity-in-tufts-lab.html

Nov 15, 2022
Pain
00:38:32

This week, we investigate one of the more complicated, fraught, mysterious, and downright unpleasant ways we and lots of other living things navigate the world: pain.

From headaches to scorpion stings, there's lots of ways to get hurt, but is anything as painful as Hank's Liam Neeson impression? Let's find out!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Walking on LEGOs

https://science.discoveryplace.org/blog/ever-wonder-why-it-hurts-when-you-step-on-a-lego-brick

https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/469467-farthest-distance-walking-on-lego-bricks

[Fact Off]

Bees making motivational trade-off based on pain & sugar

https://www.science.org/content/article/bees-may-feel-pain

https://www.pnas.org/doi/full/10.1073/pnas.2205821119

Grasshopper mice block pain from scorpion venom

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.1236451

https://www.nature.com/articles/nrn3404

https://brill.com/view/journals/beh/99/3-4/article-p275_5.xml?language=en

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003347205004318

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=izizsAodOCk

[Ask the Science Couch]

Pain modulation & inhibition (with other pain or distraction)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jL9GgdsyHtA

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0987705320301465

https://journals.lww.com/pain/Citation/2014/04000/Pain_modulation_profile_and_pain_therapy__Between.5.aspx

https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-26882/v3

https://journals.lww.com/painrpts/Fulltext/2022/06000/Conditioned_pain_modulation_is_associated_with.10.aspx

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7689692/

[Butt One More Thing]

“Bubble Butt Syndrome” sea turtle injury

https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/-/media/OEH/Corporate-Site/Documents/Animals-and-plants/Native-animals/rescued-sea-turtles-treatment-care-guidelines-210143.pdf

https://cse.umn.edu/college/feature-stories/shoring-seemore-sea-turtles-shell

https://www.turtlehospital.org/sea-turtle-injuries/

Nov 08, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Teeth
00:34:55

It's the day after Halloween, which means you might have a surplus of candy in your house. But before you start digging in to those sugary treat, spare a thought for your teeth, won't you? And to help you with that, today we have a classic episode all about your pearly whites! 

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Nov 01, 2022
Trick or Treat Month: Blood with Justin and Sydnee McElroy!
00:49:36

Tangents' annual descent into horror returns with Trick or Treat Month! And this time, we brought some fiendish friends along! Join us for a whole month of spooky themes and special guest stars! 

Trick or Treat Month reaches it's horrific, blood-soaked conclusion! And who better to help us wade through the pools of gore than Dr. Sydnee and Justin McElroy, co-hosts of the medical history podcast Sawbones? No one, that's who!

Want more Sydnee and Justin? Check out https://www.blectar.com to find the whole McElroy family of podcasts, including Sawbones!

Get your extra-scary SciShow Tangents Halloween Decal here! Tell 'em Spooky Sam sent you!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[This or That]

Round 1 - Bat tongue

https://www.livescience.com/52305-bat-tongues-move-like-human-bowels.html

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.1500525

Round 2 - Ground finch beak

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/why-some-darwins-finches-evolved-drink-blood-180976814/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2408396?origin=crossref

https://microbiomejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40168-018-0555-8

https://gizmodo.com/meet-the-worlds-most-amiable-vampire-the-hood-mockingb-1742955703

Round 3 - Snail proboscis 

https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/counter/pdf/10.1186/s12864-015-1648-4.pdf

https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=527497

https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/techniques/fluorescence/gallery/snailradulalarge.html

https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.2307/1541716

Round 4 - Possum tongue

https://www.dcceew.gov.au/sites/default/files/env/pages/a117ced5-9a94-4586-afdb-1f333618e1e3/files/33-ind.pdf

https://www.uwa.edu.au/study/-/media/Faculties/Science/Docs/Features-of-the-honey-possum.pdf

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00360-011-0632-9

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s003600050257

https://www.bushheritage.org.au/species/honey-possum

Round 5 - Egg Substitute

https://nordicfoodlab.wordpress.com/2014/01/07/2013-9-blood-and-egg/#_ftn4

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/albumin

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/egg-albumen

[Ask the Science Couch]

Blood donation, IVs, & venepuncture

https://www.fi.edu/heart/blood-vessels

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK138671/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/median-cubital-vein

https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1161/01.res.22.6.737

https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/tests/arterial-stick

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK138661/

https://pressbooks.bccampus.ca/clinicalproceduresforsaferpatientcaretrubscn/chapter/8-6-infusing-iv-fluids-by-gravity-or-an-electronic-infusion-device-pump/

[Butt One More Thing]

Snakes and cloacal autohemorrhaging 

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/florida-snake-id/snake/eastern-hog-nosed-snake/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/sdfe/pdf/download/eid/3-s2.0-B9780323482530001719/first-page-pdf

https://www.cresosnake.com/kingsnakes

Oct 25, 2022
Trick or Treat Month: Gourds with Jackson Bird!
00:38:29

Tangents' annual descent into horror returns with Trick or Treat Month! And this time, we brought some fiendish friends along! Join us for a whole month of spooky themes and special guest stars!

From out of the pumpkin patch rises author, YouTuber, and podcaster Jackson Bird, here to thrill us with terrifying tales of the scariest produce of all: gourds! From pumpkins to watermelon, this versatile family of fruits nourishes and terrifies in equal measure!

Get your extra-scary SciShow Tangents Halloween Decal here! Tell 'em Spooky Sam sent you!

Looking for more Jackson Bird? You can buy his book, Sorted, listen to his podcast, Cool Stuff Ride Home, or check him out on YouTube! And if you want to know what this waffle business we were talking about is, check out his series Will It Waffle?!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Truth or Fail]

Squash bees and poison pollen

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7033150/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666515821000147

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33998650/

https://lopezuribelab.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/SquashBeeBooklet-WEB_VERSION_FINAL.pdf

Field mice and cool cucumbers

https://horticulture.oregonstate.edu/oregon-vegetables/cucumbers-slicing-fresh-market

https://fns-prod.azureedge.us/sites/default/files/tn/sfsm_opguide.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC396419/pdf/plntphys00196-0020.pdf

Crickets and bottle gourd instruments

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00606086

https://www.amentsoc.org/insects/glossary/terms/stridulation/

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/what-are-cricket-gourds

[Ask the Science Couch]

Gourd cross-pollination

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2005/apr05/Melons.html

https://extension.sdstate.edu/saving-seed-pumpkins-squash-cucumbers-melons-and-gourds

https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/cross-pollination-between-vine-crops

https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/faq/will-cucumbers-cross-pollinate-other-vine-crops

[Butt One More Thing]

Aardvark cucumbers & dung piles

https://ulovane.co.za/2017/03/16/ulovane-update-aardvark-cucumber/

https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/AJA00423203_2648

Oct 18, 2022
Trick or Treat Month: Creepy Crawlies with Lulu Miller!
00:41:03

Tangents annual descent into horror returns with Trick or Treat Month! And this time, we brought some fiendish friends along! Join us for a whole month of spooky themes and special guest stars!

This week, we've called upon the spirit of Radiolab and Terrestrials ghost host Lulu Miller to get down in the muck and talk about all the wormy, wriggly, slimy, little creatures that send shivers down our spines: creepy crawlies! 

Get your extra-scary SciShow Tangents Halloween Decal here! Tell 'em Spooky Sam sent you!

https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents/products/scishow-tangents-halloween-logo-sticker

Looking for more Lulu Miller? Check out Radiolab or Terrestrials if podcasts are your thing, or Why Fish Don't Exist if you're more of a book person! There's a little something for everyone!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Oct 11, 2022
Trick or Treat Month: Preserved Foods with Bill Oakley!
00:43:01

Tangents annual descent into horror returns with Trick or Treat Month! And this time, we brought some fiendish friends along! Join us for a whole month of spooky themes and special guest stars!

And to kick off Trick or Treat Month, we've summoned Simpsons writer, author and food reviewer extraordinaire Bill Oakley to talk about preserved food! How is preserved food spooky? I guess you'll just have to listen to find out! 

Want more Bill Oakley? You're in luck! You can follow him on Twitter or Instagram to check out his food reviews, get his audiobook, Space: 1969, here, and join his Patreon, The Steamed Hams Society, here! Become a Bill Oakley Superfan... today!

Get your extra-scary SciShow Tangents Halloween Decal here! Tell 'em Spooky Sam sent you!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Are You Gonna Eat That?]

Old Twinkie

Source:

https://abcnews.go.com/Lifestyle/twinkie-maine-40-years/story?id=40076223

https://www.thespruceeats.com/the-twinkie-myth-1328772

Old Ham

https://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-magazine-monitor-28299440

Old Fruit Cake

https://www.worldrecordacademy.org/world-records/food/oldest-fruitcake-143-year-old-fruitcake-sets-world-record-312432

Old Pickle

https://www.news-leader.com/story/news/local/ozarks/2020/05/20/springfield-pokin-around-man-pickle-family-heirloom-175-years/5212382002/

Old WIne

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/worlds-oldest-wine-speyer-bottle

[Ask the Science Couch]

Chip bag slack fill & nitrogen gas as a preservative

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/51993/why-are-potato-chip-bags-always-half-empty

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pts.2770070205

 

Oct 04, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - The Science of Scary Sounds - A SciShow Tangents Adventure
00:18:33

It's almost October, and SciShow Tangents is getting ready for its month-long Halloween blowout! While we make final arrangements, please enjoy this classic, sound-filled journey through Tangents Manor! Try not to get too scared!!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sep 27, 2022
Radiation
00:38:34

Popular culture makes radiation seem pretty scary, and frequently it is. But we encounter way more radiation in our day-to-day life than you might think, from radio waves to visible light. Come explore the whole spectrum of radiation on this week's Tangents!

And we talk a LOT about The Vampire Diaries, too!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Cladosporium sphaerospermum fungus blockade

https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Cladosporium_sphaerospermum

https://www.universetoday.com/153283/fungi-were-able-to-absorb-radiation-on-the-iss-could-astronauts-grow-their-own-radiation-shields-in-space/

https://www.nature.com/news/2007/070521/full/news070521-5.html

[Fact Off]

Atomic energy Boy Scout badge & superfund site

https://harpers.org/archive/1998/11/the-radioactive-boy-scout/

https://www.dangerouslaboratories.org/radscout.html

Louise Reiss and the Baby Tooth Survey

https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/glossary/bone-seeker.html

https://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/files/strontiumfaq.pdf

https://www.stltoday.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/health/decades-later-baby-tooth-survey-legacy-lives-on/article_c5ad9492-fd75-5aed-897f-850fbdba24ee.html

https://www.prismjournal.org/uploads/1/2/5/6/125661607/v11-no1-a1.pdf

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.134.3491.1669

https://www.nrc.gov/docs/ML0721/ML072150423.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Determining biological effects/lethal dose of radiation

https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/bio-effects-radiation.html

https://www.science.org/content/article/how-atomic-bomb-survivors-have-transformed-our-understanding-radiation-s-impacts

https://www.rerf.or.jp/en/about/

https://dceg.cancer.gov/research/how-we-study/exposure-assessment/nci-dose-estimation-predicted-cancer-risk-residents-marshall-islands

https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/genetic-effects-chernobyl-radiation-exposure

https://www.radioactivity.eu.com/site/pages/Doses_Classification.htm

[Butt One More Thing]

Radioactive rabbit poop near Hanford

https://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/15/science/earth/15rabbit.html

Sep 20, 2022
Babies
00:41:37

From mighty lions to postal workers, presidents to pelicans, they all have one thing in common: they were once tiny little babies! And so, too, were all the Tangents panelists, who celebrate their humble, squishy, helpless origins this week by talking all things baby!

Witness Hank learn about the "I'm baby" meme, thrill as you find out which Pokemon Yung Gravey most exemplifies, and almost puke at our grossest butt fact yet! Is this our best episode ever? Well, according to Hank it is! And he's the CEO of a company!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sep 13, 2022
Coral Reefs
00:38:32

Summer is just about over, but we can all cling to those warm, tropical feelings for at least one more week as we strap on our scuba gear and take a dive into the wild world of coral reefs! Scuba!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Coral average sperm per bubble

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4950549/

[Fact Off]

Deep-sea coral help zooxanthellae photosynthesize

https://www.scuba.com/blog/explore-the-blue/faascinating-phenomenon-coral-fluorescence/

https://elifesciences.org/articles/73521

https://www.science.org/content/article/coral-reefs-scatter-light-forests

https://www.science.org/content/article/scientists-measure-glow-inside-coral-first-time

Snapping shrimp colonies with queens

https://decapoda.nhm.org/pdfs/25410/25410.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2018-03-tradeoffs-weaponry-fecundity-snapping-shrimp.html

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0193305

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1549235

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10937227/

https://www.vims.edu/research/units/legacy/marine_biodiversity/resources/Synalpheus%20teaching%20resources.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Artificial reef pros and cons

https://www.doi.gov/blog/artificial-reefs-create-homes-sea-life

https://floridakeys.noaa.gov/artificialreefs/effects.html

https://daily.jstor.org/do-artificial-reefs-work/

https://hakaimagazine.com/news/for-artificial-coral-reefs-time-is-not-enough/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X2100610X

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.00282/full

[Butt One More Thing]

Gastrovascular pores aka secret coral buttholes

https://hmr.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1007/BF02367177.pdf

Sep 06, 2022
A.N.A.G.R.A.M. - Unlocked Patreon Bonus Episode
00:28:25

Did you know that you can go to Patreon.com/SciShowTangents to become a Patron of the show and get cool stuff, like bonus episodes! See what you've been missing this week as we bring you an unlocked bonus episode featuring a devious game by Sam!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Aug 30, 2022
Cities
00:38:17

Tall buildings, subways, bodegas, rats. These are just some of the things you'll find in cities. Another thing you'll find? Science! From the smelly yet impressive sewers to the smelly yet impressive pigeons, we're covering big city science this week, baby!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Aug 23, 2022
Carbon
00:41:03

Carbon gets a pretty bad rap these days, what with global climate change and, but every living thing on Earth owes their very existence to this multitalented little element! And heck, that's not even all it does! Click play to find out more. 

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question] Gigatons of carbon in the atmosphere https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/736161 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336261451_A_Framework_for_Understanding_Whole-Earth_Carbon_Cycling/link/5d99c82da6fdccfd0e7bd8b6/download [Fact Off] Spider/silkworm silk reinforced by carbon https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1806805115 https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/spiders-graphene-silk/ https://newatlas.com/bionic-spider-silk-graphene/50908/ https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/09/170915165253.htm https://phys.org/news/2016-10-silkworms-fed-carbon-nanotubes-graphene.html https://futurism.com/graphene-fed-silkworms-produce-a-super-strong-silk-that-conducts-electricity https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03597 Carbon foam made from burnt (pyrolyzed) bread https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/foam-material https://www.acsh.org/news/2016/07/08/burnt-bread-makes-an-excellent-carbon-foam https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acsami.6b03985 https://www.fs.usda.gov/features/revolutionary-carbon-foam-wood https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S016523701630256X http://www.cfoam.com/wp-content/uploads/Carbon-Foams-amp16111p029-3.pdf [Ask the Science Couch] Eating carbon (pure forms, organic compounds that are/aren’t toxic) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5307002/ ​​https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002817.htm https://www.livescience.com/34190-what-happens-when-you-swallow-a-diamond.html http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMIIA/15.1.1.htm https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/natural-toxins-in-food https://med.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Anatomy_and_Physiology/Book%3A_Human_Anatomy_and_Physiology_Preparatory_Course_(Liachovitzky)/03%3A_Molecular_Level-_Biomolecules_the_Organic_Compounds_Associated_With_Living_Organisms/3.01%3A_Organic_Compounds https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/emergencyresponsecard_29750019.html

Aug 16, 2022
Skin
00:40:21

When it comes to keeping all of your guts and blood inside, skin is second to none! Yet so often is it taken for granted. Today, we fix that by talking about skin for a whole 40 minutes! You're welcome, skin!

If you know a kid who loves science, have we go the show for you! It's called SciShow Kids, and it has all the great, rigorously-researched content you expect from SciShow, but for kids! Plus, it has puppets! Check it out at https://www.youtube.com/scishowkids!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Sebaceous gland development 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33354858/

https://www.britannica.com/science/sebaceous-gland

[Fact Off]

Thorny devil lizard skin capillary action

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.170591

https://journals.biologists.com/jeb/article/219/21/3473/15569/Cutaneous-water-collection-by-a-moisture

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/11/this-lizard-can-drink-by-standing-still-in-sand/506288/

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topics/water-science-school/science/capillary-action-and-water

https://organismalbio.biosci.gatech.edu/nutrition-transport-and-homeostasis/plant-transport-processes-i/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00709-014-0715-z

Dolphins using corals for skincare

https://ryotanakajima.com/coral-reefs/the-role-of-coral-mucus-101

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/952463

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dolphins-rub-against-mucus-oozing-corals-to-soothe-skin/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Different regions of skin and skincare

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470464/#

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482278/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/facial-skin

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2732395/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2405915/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161018094117.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5849435/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763764/

[Butt One More Thing]

Mulesing of merino sheep butts

https://www.csiro.au/en/research/animals/livestock/managing-flystrike-and-mulesing-in-sheep

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0734975016300167

Aug 09, 2022
Spaceships
00:42:32

10....9.... Hey gang, Kids Month is about ready to blast off into space ....8....7....6 but before it does, we have one more topic exploring the childlike wonder of science to cover ....5....4...3 Spaceships! And wouldn't you know it? There's one more seat on our rocket! Climb in!  ....2...1.... Lift off!

If you know a kid who loves science, have we go the show for you! It's called SciShow Kids, and it has all the great, rigorously-researched content you expect from SciShow, but for kids! Plus, it has puppets! Check it out at https://www.youtube.com/scishowkids!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

[Trivia Question]

Ariane 5 launches

https://www.space.com/39811-bad-coordinates-led-ariane-5-rocket-astray.html

https://webb.nasa.gov/content/about/launch.html

https://jwst.nasa.gov/content/about/faqs/faq.html#whyAriane5

https://arstechnica.com/science/2022/01/all-hail-the-ariane-5-rocket-which-doubled-the-webb-telescopes-lifetime/

https://www.esa.int/About_Us/ESA_history/Ariane_5_the_story_behind_the_100_launches

[Fact Off]

Cataloging junk around the Moon from Biosphere 2

https://news.arizona.edu/story/75m-effort-seeks-prevent-lunar-traffic-jams

Artificial gravity test during Gemini XI

http://www.spacesafetymagazine.com/space-exploration/gemini/m-equals-1-all-up-mission-gemini-xi-part-2/

https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-081A

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/watch-the-first-artificial-gravity-experiment/

https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/capsule-gemini-xi/nasm_A19680260000

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/sept-14-1966-gemini-xi-artificial-gravity-experiment

[Ask the Science Couch]

Gyroscopes in spacecraft (Inertial Navigation Systems)

https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2016/03/Gyroscopes_in_space

https://science.howstuffworks.com/gyroscope.htm

http://www.aerostudents.com/courses/avionics/InertialNavigationSystems.pdf

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/citations/20100021932

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/nmp/st6/TECHNOLOGY/mems.html

https://www.qrg.northwestern.edu/projects/vss/docs/propulsion/2-what-is-attitude-control.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Project Mercury butt molds

https://www.wired.com/2009/08/astronautbutts/

https://www.wired.com/2010/07/nasa-archive-astronaut-butt-mold-inspection/

Aug 02, 2022
Bubbles
00:37:27

Kids Month floats on as we talk about possibly our lightest subject ever: bubbles! Pop in to learn what makes a simple soapy membrane so fascinating to kid and adult like! 

If you know a kid who loves science, have we go the show for you! It's called SciShow Kids, and it has all the great, rigorously-researched content you expect from SciShow, but for kids! Plus, it has puppets! Check it out at https://www.youtube.com/scishowkids!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Deboki: @okidoki_boki

[Trivia Question]

Perfect bubble wand perimeter

https://www.nyu.edu/about/news-publications/news/2018/august/researchers-uncover-the-science-behind-blowing-bubbles.html

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/09/theres-now-an-even-more-precise-recipe-for-blowing-the-perfect-bubble/

[Fact Off]

Tadpole bubble-sucking to breathe

https://www.instagram.com/p/B9AO801nrJI/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/02/200226130510.htm

Microscopic “rockets” propelled by a bubble and sound waves

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/634184

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.aax3084

http://brennen.caltech.edu/fluidbook/multiphase/Bubbleordroplettranslation/bjerknesforces.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Air bubbles in needles (unintentional or intentional)

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/air-embolism/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2734897/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK542192/

https://starship.org.nz/guidelines/agitated-saline-bubble-study-for-the-detection-of-an-intrapulmonary-or/

https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/what-is-a-bubble-study

[Butt One More Thing]

Polymers in laxatives make big soap bubbles

https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/physicists-discover-why-this-bubble-solution-makes-monster-bubbles

https://arstechnica.com/science/2020/02/physicists-determine-the-optimal-soap-recipe-for-blowing-gigantic-bubbles/

https://journals.aps.org/prfluids/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.013304

Jul 26, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Candy
00:34:44

Sometimes, when you're making a podcast with 3 hosts, one of those hosts is going to get sick for two weeks and totally mess up Kids Month. So this week, we humbly present a classic episode that happens to be about something kids love: candy! Grab your favorite snack and join us on this sugary journey to the past!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jul 19, 2022
Dinosaurs
00:43:36

Kids month continues with maybe THE most-beloved-by-children scientific topic of all time: dinosaurs! Come on a journey back in time to learn about the giant guys who used to stomp around and eat each other all over planet Earth!

And, as if that's not good enough, we're joined by Tangents editorial assistant Deboki Chakravarti! If you need more Deboki in your life, you can listen to her podcast, Tiny Matter, here: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/tiny-matters.html

If you know a kid who loves science, have we go the show for you! It's called SciShow Kids, and it has all the great, rigorously-researched content you expect from SciShow, but for kids! Plus, it has puppets! Check it out at https://www.youtube.com/scishowkids!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Deboki: @okidoki_boki

[Trivia Question]

Mamenchisaurus pounds of plant life consumed per day

https://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/12/science/12dinosaurs.html

[Fact Off]

Prosthetic tails on chickens to study dinosaur gait

Possible supersonic whip-like tails in sauropods 

https://daily.jstor.org/apatosaurus-tail-break-sound-barrier/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2401127?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/dinosaurs-in-motion

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2830450/

http://goriely.com/wp-content/uploads/2002-PRLwhip-1.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Dinosaurs that have changed names (apato/bronto, triceratops/torosaurus)

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-brontosaurus-is-back1/

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/571498

https://peerj.com/articles/857/

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0081608

https://gizmodo.com/the-first-scientific-name-ever-given-to-a-dinosaur-foss-5955550

https://blog.tepapa.govt.nz/2018/08/31/why-do-scientific-names-change-kiokio-by-any-other-name/

Jul 12, 2022
Play
00:42:04

This month on SciShow Tangents, we're celebrating the sense of childlike wonder present in science by discussing a bunch of stuff kids like! We're calling it Kids Month, naturally, and we're kicking it off by talking about a thing all kids (and lots of animals) love to do: play! 

And if you know a kid who loves science, have we go the show for you! It's called SciShow Kids, and it has all the great, rigorously-researched content you expect from SciShow, but for kids! Plus, it has puppets! Check it out at https://www.youtube.com/scishowkids!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jul 05, 2022
Books with Vanessa Zoltan
00:45:52

We here on SciShow Tangents may have the market cornered on science podcasting, but that doesn't mean we know everything. Put us in a lab, and we're like fish in water! But put us in a library, with all those big tall shelves and the Dewey Decimal System, and we're like a fish not-in-water! So we called in our friend, podcast, theologian, and noted book-reader Vanessa Zoltan to help us learn more about books!

Learn more about Vanessa and her myriad of projects at her website, and follow her on Twitter @vanessamzoltan

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jun 28, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Waves
00:37:35

Inspired by last week's episode about beaches, we decided to take the week off and catch some rays. Please enjoy this encore presentation of our episode on Waves, and we'll be back next week!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jun 21, 2022
Beaches
00:39:59

Summer is here, which means it's time to visit everyone's favorite geological feature consisting of a strip of land covered in loose particles, existing exclusively alongside a body of water ! That's right, pack your trunks, cause today we're hitting the beach! 

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangentsto find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Goose-scaring drones

https://www.livescience.com/39146-canada-geese-drone.html

[Fact Off]

Waterproof chemicals (PFASes) in tides 

https://www.inverse.com/science/sea-spray-is-toxic

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/937518

https://massivesci.com/articles/pfas-chemical-ocean-mammals-fish-dolphins-wildlife/

Salish wooly dogs

https://monova.ca/senaqwila-wyss-on-the-salish-woolly-dogs/

https://hakaimagazine.com/features/the-dogs-that-grew-wool-and-the-people-who-love-them

https://www.americanindianmagazine.org/story/a-woolly-tale

https://research.library.mun.ca/14680/1/thesis.pdf

https://www.science.org/content/article/native-american-blankets-made-dog-hair

[Ask the Science Couch]

Beached cetaceans (and orcas/catfish that intentionally strand themselves)

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/why-do-whales-beach-themselves

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/03/whales-mass-stranding-australia/556400/

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/774692

https://hakaimagazine.com/news/salish-sea-killer-whales-have-a-surprising-new-way-of-hunting/

https://cdnsciencepub.com/doi/10.1139/z91-383  

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/the-catfish-that-strands-itself-to-kill-pigeons

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0050840

[Butt One More Thing]

Lugworm casts made of sand

https://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/lugworm-poos-and-the-secrets-they-hold.html

https://www.wildlifetrusts.org/wildlife-explorer/marine/worms/lugworm

Jun 14, 2022
Fuel
00:40:05

Cars need it, trains need it, and guess what? People need it, too! Can you deduce the answer to my devious riddle? That's right, it's fuel! Fill up your tank, cause we're going on a trip to learn all about the things that keep other things going, from coal to tuna sandwiches and everything in between!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley, Tom Mosner, Daisy Whitfield, and Allison Owen for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

New York Times rocket fuel correction

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/95-years-ago-goddard-s-first-liquid-fueled-rocket

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/11/14/news/150th-anniversary-1851-2001-the-facts-that-got-away.html

[Fact Off]

Nuclear cars

https://www.greencarreports.com/news/1066000_txchnologist-thorium-lasers-thoroughly-plausible-for-nuclear-cars

https://www.thedrive.com/news/41103/heres-why-the-nuclear-powered-1958-ford-nucleon-never-entered-production

https://www.autoweek.com/news/a1988761/are-laser-powered-cars-our-future/

Fuel cell breathalyzers 

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-do-batteries-store-an/

https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/fuel-cells

https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/did-you-know-history/breathalyzer-there-was-drunkometer

https://blog.history.in.gov/tag/breathalyzer/

https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/06/breathalyzers-of-the-future-today/277249/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5857179/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Chlorophyll in photovoltaic cells/solar power

https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?Lab=NCER&dirEntryId=187266

http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/chlorophyll/chlorophyll_h.htm

https://opentextbc.ca/biology/chapter/5-2-the-light-dependent-reactions-of-photosynthesis/

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-01673-w

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/plants-versus-photovoltaics-at-capturing-sunlight/

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/762519

[Butt One More Thing]

Human waste converted into biomethane fuel

https://www.npr.org/2016/01/01/461692939/from-poop-to-power-colorado-explores-new-sources-of-renewable-energy

https://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/fart-powered-vw-beetle-tested-in-uk/

 

Jun 07, 2022
Paper
00:40:21

When I was a kid, everything was on paper. Books were on paper, magazines were on paper, newspapers were on, you guessed it, paper. Nowadays, everything's on the internet, but you can still find paper if you know where to look!

  • Note: The podcast ad for the IMPACT app is unscripted and being recorded live. It may contain some slight differences. Please visit https://impact.interactivebrokers.com/ for full details of products and services. Interactive Brokers, LLC member FINRA/SIPC.
  • The projections or other information generated by IMPACT app regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results. Please note that results may vary with use of the tool over time.
  • The paid ad host experiences and testimonials within the Podcast may not be representative of the experiences of other customers and are not to be considered guarantees of future performance or success. The opinions provided within the ad belong to the host alone.

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Definition]

https://www.adelaide.edu.au/library/special/exhibitions/cover-to-cover/papyrus/

[Trivia Question]

Margaret E. Knight’s paper grocery bags

https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/margaret-e-knight-and-charles-b-stilwell-flat-bottomed-paper-bag-1870s-1880s/

https://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2010/11/03/in-the-bag/

https://lemelson.mit.edu/resources/margaret-knight

https://www.invent.org/inductees/margaret-e-knight

[Fact Off]

Rag paper and mummy linen in the 1800s

https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/history-and-civilisation/2019/12/europes-morbid-mummy-craze-has-been-an-obsession-for-centuries

https://uh.edu/engines/epi1227.htm

https://www.historyofinformation.com/detail.php?entryid=3874

https://bookpatrol.net/has-this-library-solved-the-mystery-of-the-mummy-paper/

Cellulose nanocrystal films from waste paper

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4639556/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13369-022-06609-8

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S266689392100075X

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2021.625878/full#

Image of biodegrading film: https://www.frontiersin.org/files/Articles/625878/fpls-12-625878-HTML/image_m/fpls-12-625878-g006.jpg

https://www.cam.ac.uk/stories/glitter

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41563-021-01135-8

[Ask the Science Couch]

Smell of new books and paper

https://www.compoundchem.com/2014/06/01/newoldbooksmell/

https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/whats-that-smell-youre-reading

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/that-old-book-smell-is-a-mix-of-grass-and-vanilla-710038/

https://wwwn.cdc.gov/TSP/PHS/PHS.aspx?phsid=669&toxid=124#

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1309104220302051

https://www.ucop.edu/risk-services/_files/bsas/safetymeetings/ozonefrprinters.pdf

https://help.brother-usa.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/58097/~/the-printer-produces-a-faint-smell-or-odor-when-printing.-what-can-i-do%3F

[Butt One More Thing]

Gayetty’s medicated toilet paper

https://www.loc.gov/resource/rbpe.13400600

https://www.findagrave.com/photos/2013/61/106087826_136230829409.jpg

https://books.google.com/books?id=yXY0yQnvmmUC&pg=PA679#v=onepage&q&f=false

May 31, 2022
Symbiosis
00:36:50

When, in nature, two little guys are benefiting off each other one way or another, we call that symbiosis. But, if you think about it too hard, you start to realize that everything in nature is benefitting off some other thing in nature somehow and come to the conclusion that all of Earth is a giant symbiotic relationship! To that I say: simply try not to think about it too hard!

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Figs and fig wasp cheating prevention 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1635526/

https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/pollinator-of-the-month/fig_wasp.shtml

https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2010/01/figs-kill-wasp-larvae-when-wasps-do-not-pollinate-figs

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2009.2157

Magnetotactic bacteria in tissues of animals with magnetoreception  

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/09/200914112224.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

Symbioses with more than 2 organisms

https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/species-interactions-and-competition-102131429/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8331144/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17255511/

https://www.princeton.edu/news/2019/06/27/sea-slugs-use-algaes-bacterial-weapons-factory-three-way-symbiotic-relationship

https://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2016/Q3/yeast-emerges-as-hidden-third-partner-in-lichen-symbiosis.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/what-drives-a-sloths-ritualistic-trek-to-poop-180949419/

[Butt One More Thing]

Crab that lives in sea urchin rectum

Picture: https://www.marinelifephotography.com/marine/arthropods/crabs/echinoecus-pentagonus.htm

https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/11997

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022098178800070

https://askabiologist.asu.edu/sea-urchin-anatomy

May 24, 2022
Worms
00:41:39

SciShow Tangents is on YouTube! Go to www.youtube.com/scishowtangents to check out this episode with the added bonus of seeing our faces! 

From big, slimy earthworms to microscopic C. elegans, worms are everywhere... or are they? It turns out, as is often the case on Tangents, that everything you thought you knew about worms is a lie, up to and including their very existence!

Head to www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Dave the longest earthworm

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/nov/04/uk-biggest-worm-record-breaking-in-cheshire

[Fact Off]

Geosmin smells like danger to C. elegans

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/04/220405143530.htm

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35323022/

Ice worms in glaciers

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1097-4687(200012)246:3%3C192::AID-JMOR3%3E3.0.CO;2-B

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10930-020-09889-x

https://glaciers.nichols.edu/iceworm/

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/amazing-ice-worms-threatened-melting-glaciers

https://www.npr.org/2021/07/13/1011376403/its-summer-and-that-means-the-mysterious-return-of-glacier-ice-worms

[Ask the Science Couch]

Invasive earthworms in North America

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S003807170600527X

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-006-9019-3

http://genesee.cce.cornell.edu/agriculture/natural-resources/invasive-pests/jumping-worm-amynthas-spp

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0038071720302510

https://dnr.wisconsin.gov/topic/Invasives/fact/jumpingWorm.html

Invasive flatworms that prey on earthworms

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969052/

https://eastland.agrilife.org/invasive-hammerhead-flatworms/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/3858619

[Butt One More Thing]

Largest human coprolite has parasitic worms

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/lloyds-bank-coprolite

https://www.theguardian.com/careers/2016/may/12/paleoscatologists-dig-up-stools-as-precious-as-the-crown-jewels

https://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/51Et55R_RuCmabtTgQllzQ

May 17, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Pee
00:31:44

We're hard at work on a cool new project, but we needed a little extra time to work on it! So this week, please enjoy a rerun of the all-time classic Pee episode!

And did you know there's a video version of this episode? You can check it out here!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

May 10, 2022
Asteroids
00:42:17

Last week we talked about boring old rocks on the ground. This week, we're again talking rocks, but these are rocks... from SPACE!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

2020 QG asteroid flyby

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/asteroid-makes-the-closest-earth-flyby-a-space-rock-has-ever-survived/

[Fact Off]

Libyan desert glass

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/5196362.stm

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0022309384901777?via%3Dihub

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/47/7/609/570318/Overestimation-of-threat-from-100-Mt-class?redirectedFrom=fulltext

https://www.mindat.org/min-39796.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0012821X13004998

Hopewell asteroid event 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/did-debris-from-a-comet-airburst-devastate-an-early-native-american-culture-180979523/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-05758-y

https://www.uc.edu/news/articles/2022/02/did-comets-fiery-destruction-lead-to-downfall-of-ancient-hopewell.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Asteroid belt won’t become a planet

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/in-science-fiction-movies/

https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015IAUGA..2256597V/abstract

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/asteroids-comets-and-meteors/asteroids/in-depth/

https://lasp.colorado.edu/outerplanets/kbos_dwarfplanets.php

https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/origin?show=hs_origin_story_jupiters-influence

https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/the-asteroid-belt-wreckage-of-a-destroyed-planet-or-something-else

https://astronomy.swin.edu.au/cosmos/k/Kirkwood+Gaps

[Butt One More Thing]

Meteorism medical condition farts

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430851/

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/meteorism

May 03, 2022
Rocks
00:35:33

Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic... need I say more? Welcome to SciShow Tangents or, as I like to call it, Rock Talk. 

  • Note: The podcast ad for the IMPACT app is unscripted and being recorded live. It may contain some slight differences. Please visit https://impact.interactivebrokers.com/ for full details of products and services. Interactive Brokers, LLC member FINRA/SIPC.
  • The projections or other information generated by IMPACT app regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results. Please note that results may vary with use of the tool over time.
  • The paid ad host experiences and testimonials within the Podcast may not be representative of the experiences of other customers and are not to be considered guarantees of future performance or success. The opinions provided within the ad belong to the host alone.

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Stonehenge sarsen vs. Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson

https://www.livescience.com/22427-stonehenge-facts.html

[Fact Off]

Microgranite used for curling stones

http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/505002/

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/91856/ailsa-craig

https://olympics.com/en/news/the-remarkable-properties-and-origins-of-the-olympic-curling-stone

https://www.sciencefriday.com/articles/getting-to-the-core-of-olympic-curling-stones/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0043164813000732

Solitary bees drilling into sandstone

https://eos.org/articles/rock-chomping-bees-burrow-into-sandstone

https://www.earthmagazine.org/article/busy-bee-new-species-bee-quarries-sandstone/

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/comments/S0960-9822(16)30902-2

[Ask the Science Couch]

Licking rocks or bone

https://www.discovery.com/science/Difference-Between-Rock-Fossil

https://www.clemson.edu/public/geomuseum/specimen_id/id_tool.html

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018WR023233

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/wettability

https://twitter.com/mikamckinnon/status/1030188006966214660?s=20&t=_yJPJKVlGOpjTIMLy4y4mg

https://voices.pomona.edu/2013/11/on-the-merits-of-licking-rocks/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/stick-with-it-put-your-duct-tape-to-the-test/

[Butt One More Thing]

Limestone-eating and sand-pooping shipworm

https://www.sciencealert.com/a-newly-discovered-genus-of-shipworm-eats-holes-into-rocks-and-poops-out-sand

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/incredible-rock-eating-shipworm-is-first-of-its-kind

https://seahistory.org/sea-history-for-kids/ship-worm-clam/

Apr 26, 2022
Recycling
00:38:03

Get a jump start on Earth Day by joining us as we discuss garbage's sexy, complicated little brother: recycling! 

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Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Minnesota paper waste ball

https://www.pca.state.mn.us/featured/worlds-largest-wad-paper-0

[Fact Off]

Palimpsests (reusing parchment, but also documenting microbes)

https://www.abaa.org/blog/post/the-history-of-vellum-and-parchment

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/07/how-monks-remixed-technology-in-the-middle-ages/373956/

http://www.archimedespalimpsest.org/about/imaging/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.170988

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00248-014-0481-7

Pressure-sensitive, reusable tape inspired by housefly feet

https://www.howitworksdaily.com/how-is-adhesive-tape-made/

https://www.naturalhistorymag.com/biomechanics/172099/shoe-fly

https://cen.acs.org/articles/85/i42/Adhesive-Tape.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Sevier County (Dollywood and Gatlinburg) composting/waste management

https://www.seviersolidwaste.com/

http://www.louisianaweekly.com/dollywoods-environmental-solution/

https://www.zankerrecycling.com/sites/default/files/biocycle-nov-2010.pdf

https://www.biocycle.net/mixed-waste-composting-facilities-review-2/

https://greenblue.org/reloop-what-is-mixed-waste-processing-or-all-in-onedirty-mrf-recycling/

http://compost.css.cornell.edu/MSWFactSheets/msw.fs6.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Iron nutrient recycling through whale poop

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2010.00356.x/abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16370118

Apr 19, 2022
Soft Things
00:35:54

Spring is a soft and fluffy time of year, what with all the baby chicks and bunnies bopping around, so we here at Tangents are seizing the opportunity to talk about the softest, cutest, most huggable science there is!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

MLB baseball yarn yardage

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/20-things-you-didnt-know-about-wool

https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1676509-the-evolution-of-the-baseball-from-the-dead-ball-era-through-today

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1958/04/09/83408264.html?pageNumber=43

[Fact Off]

Saturn moon Methone and fluffy ice

https://gizmodo.com/the-weird-ways-nasa-thought-moon-dust-might-kill-apollo-1836459545

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/moons/saturn-moons/overview/?page=0&per_page=40&order=name+asc&search=&placeholder=Enter+moon+name&condition_1=38%3Aparent_id&condition_2=moon%3Abody_type%3Ailike

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23560-astrophile-saturns-egg-moon-methone-is-made-of-fluff/

Milk fiber (made from casein)

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OyLnKz7uNMQ

https://ecoworldonline.com/what-is-milk-fiber-yarn/

http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ajee.20190902.02.html

https://www.milkgenomics.org/?splash=back-to-the-future-milk-fibers-in-the-21st-century

https://www.ijcmas.com/abstractview.php?ID=7406&vol=7-4-2018&SNo=140

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/lanital-milk-dress-qmilch

[Ask the Science Couch]

Cat fur vs dog fur

https://cdn.citl.illinois.edu/courses/ANSC207/week2/hair_coat/web_data/slides_and_notes.htm

https://animaldiversity.org/collections/mammal_anatomy/hair/

https://www.uakron.edu/im/news/how-biomechanics-research-led-to-a-hairbrush-inspired-by-a-cat-tongue

https://www.pnas.org/doi/full/10.1073/pnas.1809544115

https://texaswolfdogproject.org/resources/phenotyping/what-is-phenotyping/coat-and-color

[Butt One More Thing]

Moth coremata butt feathers

https://www.wired.com/2013/12/this-is-not-a-penis/

https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/leps/bella_moth.htm

Picture:

 https://www.mothidentification.com/creatonotos-gangis.htm

Apr 12, 2022
Nerves
00:39:20

Someone can get on your nerves. You can have nerves of steel. Heck, they can even be frayed! But have you ever wondered what nerves actually are? If so, you've come to the right place! 

This week, our dear friend and contributor Deboki Chakravarti (@okidoki_boki) stops by to join the fun, and Ceri hosts for the first time ever! Don't miss it!

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A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Truth or Fail]

Electric rays/low voltages to treat painful nerves

https://www.mjrheum.org/assets/files/792/file60_974.pdf

https://arthritis.ca/living-well/2019/women,-arthritis-and-neuropathic-pain

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/15840-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens/

Mouse tail galvanoscope (sciatic nerve)

https://books.google.com/books?id=SJNMAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA309&lpg=PA309

https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/optics/olympusmicd/galleries/brightfield/mousetail.html

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=85&contentid=p01382

Electrically stimulating tastebuds 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1307523/

http://longevity3.stanford.edu/design-challenge-winners-announced/

[Trivia Question]

Glaucoma retinal nerve fiber layer

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00417-022-05619-4

[Fact Off]

C. elegans auditory nerves

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/02/220223103054.htm

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/928925

[Ask the Science Couch]

Paresthesia aka pins and needles 

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=1&ContentID=58

https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Paresthesia-Information-Page

https://www.racgp.org.au/afp/2015/march/paraesthesia-and-peripheral-neuropathy

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0305735610362950

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5384201/

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/107385840200800209

[Butt One More Thing]

Sciatic butt nerve

https://www.scielo.br/j/acb/a/rwFj4BBy4p35XbfKDLNFLkx/?lang=en

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sciatica/symptoms-causes/syc-20377435#:~:text=The%20sciatic%20nerves%20branches%20from,one%20side%20of%20your%20body.

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/12792-sciatica

Apr 05, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Flowers
00:32:35

It's Spring Breeeaaaak baby, and we're taking the day off! Enjoy this classic episode on Flowers so you'll know all you need to know when they start blooming! See you next week!

  • Note: The podcast ad for the IMPACT app is unscripted and being recorded live. It may contain some slight differences. Please visit https://impact.interactivebrokers.com/ for full details of products and services. Interactive Brokers, LLC member FINRA/SIPC.
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Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Mar 29, 2022
Homes
00:35:53

From shells to hives to holes in the ground, most animals have a place to call home. And today, we're paying them all a visit! So open up, cause Science is knocking and it needs to use your bathroom!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Machine learning saving kilowatt-hours

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7765259/

[Fact Off]

Cichlid fish dream houses (for conservation) 

https://www.mpg.de/14854482/3d-printing-cichlids

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/if-fish-could-build-its-own-home-what-would-it-look-like-180976172/

Devil’s garden - lemon ant & rainforest tree symbiosis  

https://news.stanford.edu/news/2005/september28/devil-092805.html

https://www.nature.com/articles/437495a

https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/606022?journalCode=an

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2124481/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2459556

[Ask the Science Couch]

Estimate of how many animals there are

​​https://www.nationalgeographic.com/newsletters/animals/article/how-many-species-have-not-found-december-26

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001127

https://academic.oup.com/sysbio/article/61/5/871/1734723

Animals that are parasites 

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0324

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/animals-evolution-parasites-ed-yong

https://www.audubon.org/news/the-brilliant-ways-parasitic-birds-terrorize-their-victims

Constructing homes (natural & artificial)

https://www.naturepl.com/pictures/pdfs/NPL_Architecture.pdf

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34269510/  

[Butt One More Thing]

Snail shell poop + African swine fever virus

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35151121/

https://www.carnegiemnh.org/science/mollusks/dietbehavior.html

Mar 22, 2022
Green
00:35:41

Grass... money... Ninja Turtles... some of the best things in the world are all the same color: green! This week, we're taking a deeper look at this most verdant of colors. 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Definition]

https://www.wired.com/2012/06/the-crayola-fication-of-the-world-how-we-gave-colors-names-and-it-messed-with-our-brains-part-ii/  

[Truth or Fail]

[Trivia Question]

Green spaces reduce systolic blood pressure

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0048969721075914?via%3Dihub

https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/about.htm#:~:text=The%20second%20number%2C%20called%20diastolic,%E2%80%9C120%2F80%20mmHg.%E2%80%9D

[Fact Off]

Green glacier mystery

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/icebergs-can-be-emerald-green-now-we-know-why?loggedin=true

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/859296

Emerald ash borer pest control by biomimicry and electrocution

https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/emerald-ash-borer

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/resources/pests-diseases/hungry-pests/the-threat/emerald-ash-borer/emerald-ash-borer-beetle

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-01496-8

https://www.psu.edu/news/research/story/femme-fatale-emerald-ash-borer-decoy-lures-kills-males/

https://www.pnas.org/doi/full/10.1073/pnas.1412810111

[Ask the Science Couch]

U.S. green paper money

https://www.bankofcanadamuseum.ca/2019/02/the-canadian-roots-of-the-greenback/

https://www.visitthecapitol.gov/exhibitions/artifact/hr-240-legal-tender-act-february-25-1862

https://www.moneyfactory.gov/resources/faqs.html

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/important-improvement-in-bank-note/

https://cite.case.law/barb/56/84/

https://cite.case.law/barb/56/96/

[Butt One More Thing]

Orb weaver butts

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spider_-_Eriophora_nephiloides,_Caves_Branch_Jungle_Lodge,_Belmopan,_Belize.jpg

https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4263&context=etd

Mar 15, 2022
Computers
00:42:31

Back in my day, a computer was a computer: It was big, tan, and was plugged into your living room wall. But now we've got computer cars, computer phones, even computer lightbulbs! And that's great! But I think we better keep an eye on them all, just in case...

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Mar 08, 2022
Venus
00:43:02

We kick off Season 4 by getting up close and personal with Earth's other, less popular, more mysterious neighbor: Venus!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Venera missions

https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1970-060A

https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/chronology_venus.html

[Fact Off]

Venus tables & Maya Codex of Mexico

https://www.mesoweb.com/articles/Coe_etal/Fourth_Codex.pdf

https://www.brown.edu/news/2016-09-07/mayacodex

https://www.inah.gob.mx/boletines/7497-inah-ratifica-al-codice-maya-de-mexico-antes-llamado-grolier-como-el-manuscrito-autentico-mas-antiguo-de-america

https://www.news.ucsb.edu/2016/017062/mayan-moment

Phosphene/ammonia on Venus (and microbial life possibility)

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/938538

https://news.mit.edu/2020/life-venus-phosphine-0914

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/14/science/venus-life-clouds.html

https://news.mit.edu/2021/newer-nimbler-faster-mission-venus-search-signs-life-clouds-sulfuric-acid-1210

https://venuscloudlife.com/venus-life-finder-mission-study/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7381915/

https://www.pnas.org/content/118/52/e2110889118

[Ask the Science Couch]

Pictures of the surface of Venus

https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/v09_lander_proc.html

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/venera-13/in-depth/

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2022/sun/parker-solar-probe-captures-its-first-images-of-venus-surface-in-visible-light-confirmed

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ueMGZTezfY

https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/solar-system/venus/magellan.cfm

https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/3728

https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/parker-solar-probe-instruments

[Butt One More Thing]

Venus cloacina goddess

https://drainfast.co.uk/blog/cloacina-goddess-sewers/

https://books.google.com/books?id=SYqFBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA128#v=onepage&q&f=false

Mar 01, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - The Internet
00:29:53

Season 3 has come to a close, and the Tangents crew is taking a week off. While we scour the World Wide Web for all new, mind-blowing science facts, enjoy this classic episode about the Internet!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Feb 22, 2022
Butts
00:44:38

It's all led up to this! We usually relegate our butt facts to the end of episodes, but this week we're giving butts the respect they deserve. 

It's butts all the way down, baby!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Feb 15, 2022
Hands & Feet
00:36:44

The Season 3 finale draws ever nearer, but before we get to that big beautiful Butt episode, we need to make a detour to those nifty tools on the ends of our limbs: hands and feet!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Heel-toe or toe-heel running

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31525171/

[Fact Off]

Trench foot and (possibly, tenuously) water balloons

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482364/

https://www.wemjournal.org/article/S1080-6032(06)70334-9/fulltext

https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/citations/AD0666752

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012821606400017X

http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2049243_2048654_2049039,00.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Nail care evolution/history

https://www.britannica.com/story/how-do-monkeys-and-apes-trim-their-fingernails

https://theconversation.com/curious-kids-why-do-we-have-fingernails-and-toenails-110989

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/science/ancient-primates-had-grooming-claws/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0047248417305134

https://tedium.co/2017/02/07/fingernail-trimming-history/

[Butt One More Thing]

Bidets and poopy hands

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29709985/ 

Feb 08, 2022
Heads
00:38:38

Season 3 of Tangents is drawing to a close, and we're celebrating by taking a long, top to bottom (literally) look at bodies! To kick us off, we'll be appreciating that brain-holding, eye-having, mouth-possessing orb on top of almost all necks on Earth: the head. Thank you, the head! 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

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A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Garth Riley and Tom Mosner for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Embalming head diameter

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0021929009001444?via%3Dihub

[Fact Off]

Chicken heads for rabies oral vaccines

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2015/12/that-time-europe-air-dropped-vaccine-loaded-chicken-heads-to-bait-rabid-foxes/417951/ https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/j.1439-0450.1982.tb01237.x

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31927421/

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=mUu6o7SiSZ8C&lpg=PA71&ots=SlWS7Vyp4u&dq=getting+rid+of+rabies+switzerland&pg=PA71&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.500.9910&rep=rep1&type=pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3614052/

Alligator stick hats 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/crocodiles-and-their-ilk-may-be-smarter-than-they-look/2013/12/06/1084cf28-5d2c-11e3-bc56-c6ca94801fac_story.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/what-do-croc-tools-mean-for-dinosaur-innovation?loggedin=true

https://www.livescience.com/41898-alligators-crocodiles-use-tools.html

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/laelaps/alligators-dont-play-pick-up-sticks-to-lure-lunch/

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24750-zoologger-alligators-use-tools-to-lure-in-bird-prey/

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Blood-brain barrier

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4292164/

https://www.rndsystems.com/research-area/blood--brain-barrier-permeability

https://sites.duke.edu/apep/module-2-the-abcs-of-intoxication/content-getting-alcohol-to-the-brain-crossing-the-blood-brain-barrier/

https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2377-9-S1-S3

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3494002/

[Butt One More Thing]

Amblyopsidae/cavefish head anus

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/scientist-names-blind-fish-with-neck-anus-after-his-favorite-team

https://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=3824

http://webhome.auburn.edu/~armbrjw/Amblyopsidae.pdf

Feb 01, 2022
Birds of Prey
00:37:16

The pointiest birds in the wild blue yonder finally get their due! Join us to learn all of these lethal birds killer secrets, and to discover their hidden softer sides. Some use teamwork! Some keep pets! 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

[Definition]

https://bioone.org/journals/journal-of-raptor-research/volume-53/issue-4/0892-1016-53.4.419/Commentary-Defining-Raptors-and-Birds-of-Prey/10.3356/0892-1016-53.4.419.full  

[Trivia Question]

Alkyl mercury in goshawks

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-013-1128-z

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4312117?casa_token=3PPQWWTwiYAAAAAA%3A7giiI7DEJGZCee8kh5vBBGP51efUFHyxLFdfDGHESY1plAdhTZLY8F5sua8iP5JMNYzhZaNZRjWpC9gYSiKEeZo5sU_BxcEbUk38ZTwCEA37g9mOpHo&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

[Fact Off]

Bald eagle cyanobacteria toxin mystery

https://www.livescience.com/eagle-killing-mystery-disease-solved.html

https://www.inverse.com/science/mystery-behind-mass-bald-eagle-deaths-solved

Screech owls & threadsnakes

https://www.audubon.org/news/what-would-screech-owl-want-blind-snake

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4218201?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://landscapeipm.tamu.edu/what-is-ipm/ipm-concepts/pest-identification/good-bug-bad-bug/neither/texas-blind-snake/

http://www.digimorph.org/specimens/Leptotyphlops_dulcis/

https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/eastern-screech-owl

[Ask the Science Couch]

Harris’s hawks (social raptors)

https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Harriss_Hawk/overview

https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/harriss-hawk

https://bioone.org/journals/the-auk/volume-130/issue-3/auk.2013.120063/Reexamining-Cooperative-Hunting-in-Harriss-Hawk-Parabuteo-unicinctus--Large/10.1525/auk.2013.120063.full

[Butt One More Thing]

Anthrax in raptor cloacas

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17347404/

 

Jan 25, 2022
Yeast
00:37:41

These little, bubbly guys help us make such perennial favorites as 'bread' and 'beer.' If you're saying to yourself "what is yeast, Alex," I got good news for you: you're right! Come learn about the microscopic fungus amung us on this week's Tangents!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Yeast mitotic arrest

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4255140/

[Fact Off]

Stinking hellebore flower and yeast relationship

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2871880/

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20527473-900-stinky-flower-is-kept-warm-by-yeast-partner/#ixzz7HEPFjzKB

Fruit fly and yeast relationship

https://www.cell.com/cell-reports/fulltext/S2211-1247(14)00777-3

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196440

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556146/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0300962983906011

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(12)00075-9

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/fruit-flies-use-alcohol-to-self-medicate-but-feel-bad-about-it-afterwards/

[Ask the Science Couch]

History of yeast

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/yeasts

http://www.faculty.umb.edu/gary_zabel/Courses/Spinoza/Texts/WAW%20Moll%20Antonie%20van%20Leeuwenhoek.htm

https://books.google.com/books?id=gy_SAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA228&lpg=PA228

https://books.google.com/books?id=XILwDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA72&lpg=PA72

http://e-malt.com/statistics/ScientificDigest/Beginnings_of_microbiology_and_biochemistry_yeast_research.pdf

Jan 18, 2022
Mirrors
00:40:34

We're back, baby! And we're seeing double! Ring in the new-ish year with us as we reflect on mirrors!

Deboki is hosting a new podcast called Tiny Matters! It’s a science podcast about “the little stuff that makes the big stuff possible!” You can subscribe here! And be sure to follow her on Twitter: @okidoki_boki

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[The Scientific Definition]

Heliograph

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/04/world-war-i-in-photos-technology/507305/

https://www.nps.gov/fobo/learn/historyculture/the-heliograph.htm

https://books.google.com/books?id=RBC2nY1rp5MC&q=heliograph&pg=PA211#v=snippet&q=heliograph&f=false

Pseudoscope 

http://waywiser.fas.harvard.edu/objects/3538/combination-stereoscope-telestereoscope-and-pseudoscope;jsessionid=ADBDCEF0ECA144094F58FDB5779EB61B

https://digitalcommons.bucknell.edu/cinematic/3/

https://books.google.com/books?id=0_QMAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA146&dq=pseudoscope&as_brr=1#v=onepage&q=pseudoscope&f=false

Etalon  

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/phyopt/fabry.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/physics-and-astronomy/etalons

https://www.osapublishing.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-5-6-985

Reflecting circle

https://amhistory.si.edu/navigation/type.cfm?typeid=5

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstl.1801.0019

Pictures: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflecting_instrument#Reflecting_circles

[Trivia Question]

James Webb Space Telescope mirrors

https://webb.nasa.gov/content/observatory/ote/mirrors/index.html

https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/telescopes/en/

[Fact Off]

Enantiomers (mirror versions of chemical compounds)

https://spinoff.nasa.gov/Spinoff2004/ch_4.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/space/must-all-molecules-life-be-left-handed-or-right-handed-180959956/

https://www.diabetes.co.uk/blog/2015/06/the-version-of-sugar-that-wont-affect-your-blood-glucose-levels-and-why-you-cant-have-it/

https://www.wired.com/2003/11/newsugar/

The Venus Effect (mirror sight-lines) 

https://www.bertamini.org/lab/venus.html

https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Venus-effect-in-real-life-and-in-photographs-Bertamini-Lawson/c6d67537323365e8fdae3c7e1b02635c7b1901aa/figure/3

[Ask the Science Couch]

Super efficient mirrors 

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-physical-proc/

https://news.mit.edu/1998/mirror

http://www.cnn.com/2008/HEALTH/12/19/laser.surgery/index.html

https://physicsworld.com/a/crystalline-supermirrors-cut-optical-losses/

https://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=14069

[Butt One More Thing]

Mirror test IBS

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3617051/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16258235/

Jan 11, 2022
SciShow Tangents Classics - Timekeeping
00:33:14

SciShow Tangents is off again this week, but since it's a new year and all, we thought this was the perfect opportunity to rerun our episode all about ways humans have devised to measure time! See you for a new episode next week!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jan 04, 2022
Stump Ceri - Unlocked Patreon Bonus Episode
00:34:36

SciShow Tangents is taking a couple weeks off for the holidays, but we aren't gonna leave you hanging! This week, we present an unlocked Patreon patron bonus episode in which we try to stump Ceri with a barrage of science and pop culture questions!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Dec 28, 2021
The North & South Poles
00:37:51

The Tangents crew gets lightly festive as they talk about the increasingly-less-cold tippity-top and bippity-bottom of good old planet Earth!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Plant species in Arctic

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21988606/

[Fact Off]

Old Seeds!

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/120221-oldest-seeds-regenerated-plants-science?loggedin=true

https://www.pnas.org/content/109/10/4008

Camel ancestors living in Arctic

https://www.calacademy.org/explore-science/the-camel-an-arctic-animal

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/camel-ancestors-lived-arctic

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms2516

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277379111001661#

https://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/animal-health-literacy/fun-facts-about-reindeer-and-caribou

[Ask the Science Couch]

Animals/plants in polar night 

https://www.popsci.com/how-do-animals-survive-polar-night/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/03/arctic-marine-life-polar-night/474870/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110526064627.htm

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/why-are-reindeer-eyes-golden-in-summer-but-blue-in-winter

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982215014323

Animals/plants in midnight sun

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2921307/

https://www.livescience.com/62870-summer-solstice-animals.html

https://uphere.ca/articles/what-does-24-hours-light-do-animals

https://www.alaskacenters.gov/explore/attractions/midnight-sun/effects

https://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/polar-plants/plants-of-the-arctic-and-antarctic

[Butt One More Thing]

Poop bacteria in Antarctica

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25451839/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4908950/

Dec 21, 2021
Cells
00:37:05

We’ve talked about all sorts of living things. Bugs, for instance. And plants… elephants… the list goes on. But what we haven’t discussed is the thing that all of those animals are made of: cells! What are they? Why are they? Answers to half those questions await you!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

[Trivia Question]

B. natans number of genes

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24502779/

https://www.genome.gov/human-genome-project/Completion-FAQ

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085824/

[Fact Off]

Streptococcus disguises itself as red blood cells

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31801066/

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/886535

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/harmful-bacteria-masquerade-red-blood-cells-evade-immune-system-180973678/

Ciliate nuclei + genetics (O. trifallax/S. histriomuscorum)

https://www.wired.com/2014/09/oxytricha-encrypted-genome/

http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=427777

https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(14)00984-2

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001473

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2647009/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3558436/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Cell movement & motor proteins

https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/microtubules-and-filaments-14052932/

https://www.pnas.org/content/108/51/20275

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4812444/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1893118/

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/comments/S0960-9822(98)70264-7

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK26867/

[Butt One More Thing]

Buttock cells

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2787452/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12308-013-0175-y

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6888610/

 

Dec 14, 2021
Snakes
00:35:25

Snakes get a bad rap. Sure they’re slithery, venomous, silent killers… but they have some nice qualities, too! We don’t talk about many of those nice qualities in this episode, but they do exist. 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Gliding snakes jumping or not

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21816808/

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep44950

[Fact Off]

Kukuri snakes disembowel

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/639331

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/881934

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mvmk_PDzKw

https://snakesarelong.blogspot.com/2012/06/snakes-that-chew-their-food.html

Python heart growing and shrinking

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16002308/

https://www.nature.com/articles/434037a?proof=t

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/python-heart-food-news-animals

https://cob.silverchair-cdn.com/cob/content_public/journal/jeb/211/24/10.1242_jeb.023754/3/3767.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3383835/

https://www.livescience.com/16764-python-hearts-treat-human-cardiac-disease.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Snake locomotion

Videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDDha9MxIDob8lOcy8UMC1g/videos

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7391877/

https://journals.biologists.com/jeb/article/221/4/jeb166199/33944/Crawling-without-wiggling-muscular-mechanisms-and

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180112132922.htm  

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/invasive-brown-tree-snakes-stun-scientists-amazing-new-climbing-tactic-180976728/

[Butt One More Thing]

Snake cloaca “farting”

https://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2006/20063121845.pdf

https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1565572.pdf?casa_token=hasRmCpaVigAAAAA:PfR7INW6TS-UeKo3iImOG4qx-AI1nj82C6GvjKI0k8TRFtFv7VhADtbPnZZWEkU47AlmGJrFMF8b5Mk8P8MaAhfg6vdE6w5NqDhgil_8fyqYwzIDZA

 

Dec 07, 2021
Food
00:37:38

Between now and the end of the year, people all over the world will be enjoying all sorts of holiday feasts, eating lots of cookies, and maybe even enjoying a sugar plum or two. In other words: it's food season, baby! And we've got a piping hot bowl of science stew for you! Don't forget to save room for desert: a big slice of butt pie!

 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

 

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

 

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Apple sweetness

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep44950

[Fact Off]

Yeast & vitamins advertising 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9105273/

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/12/28/675280193/how-a-little-science-and-a-lot-of-shady-advertising-boosted-yeasts-popularity

https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/magazine/the-healing-power-of-compressed-yeast

https://books.google.com/books?id=MUwfAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA411&dq=nutritional+yeast&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi2_KCv4vLeAhX4ITQIHQmcBCI4igUQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=nutritional%20yeast&f=false

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015069802166&view=1up&seq=352

https://www.seriouseats.com/what-is-nutritional-yeast-nooch

Evolution of gourds

https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/11/11/1516109112

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/517382

https://insider.si.edu/2015/11/dull-mastadon-taste-buds-once-helped-pumpkins-wild-ancestor-thrive/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Shark digestive systems

https://german.bio.uci.edu/images/PDF/Leigh%20et%20al.%20(2017)%20RFBF_online.pdf

https://dlnr.hawaii.gov/sharks/anatomy/the-shark-inside/

http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=567

https://www.himb.hawaii.edu/ReefPredator/pH.htm

Vulture digestive systems 

https://www.wintuaudubon.org/tag/turkey-vulture/

https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-30216294

https://www.audubon.org/news/how-vultures-can-eat-rotten-meat-without-getting-sick

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature.2014.16345

Crocodile digestive systems

https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/524150

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/1Hgcr4VrDNgG0RFdVYtH0H3/wonder-facts-crocodiles

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13285-super-size-me-alligators-reveal-digestive-trick/

https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/55/6/986/2363554

[Butt One More Thing]

Cow butt meat

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32526619/

Nov 30, 2021
Cosmetics
00:35:15

Since the beginning of recorded history, people have been putting on lipstick, applying perfume, wearing fake nails, and just generally making themselves look nice for all sorts of reasons. Heck, there are even some animals in on it! 

 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

 

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

 

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

[Definition]

https://www.fda.gov/cosmetics/cosmetics-laws-regulations/it-cosmetic-drug-or-both-or-it-soap

[Trivia Question]

Carthamus tinctorius L

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8126054/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3263051/

[Fact Off]

Vultures painting themselves red

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn19076-zoologger-vultures-use-twigs-to-gather-wool-for-nests/

https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ecy.1840

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2130980-vultures-smear-their-faces-in-red-mud-which-they-use-as-makeup/

https://www.audubon.org/news/these-birds-wear-makeup

WWII nylon-replacing liquid leg makeup

https://books.google.com/books?id=OygDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30

https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_765873

https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/nylon-a-revolution-in-textiles

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/how-nylon-stockings-changed-world-180955219/

http://www.cosmeticsandskin.com/ded/liquid-powder.php  

[Ask the Science Couch]

Dangerous cosmetics (lead, radium, atropine) 

https://books.google.com/books?id=A3C_DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT26#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://books.google.com/books?id=LpplCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT67&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/03/how-we-realized-putting-radium-in-everything-was-not-the-answer/273780/

https://cosmeticsandskin.com/aba/glowing-complexion.php

https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/ethnobotany/Mind_and_Spirit/belladonna.shtml

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-8614-99/atropine-ophthalmic-eye/atropine-sulfate-ophthalmic/details

[Butt One More Thing]

Butt hair forensics

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2020/AY/D0AY01068E

https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780128119082/coronary-artery-disease

https://archives.fbi.gov/archives/about-us/lab/forensic-science-communications/fsc/april2009/review/2009_04_review02.htm#racebodyid

Nov 23, 2021
Ceri's Cnidarian Song - Deluxe Edition
00:01:16

Please enjoy this version of Ceri's smash hit Cnidarian Song, with musical accompaniment by our own maestro Joseph "Tuna" Metesh!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Nov 18, 2021
Cnidarians
00:35:05

Jellyfish, corals, anemones… they have a couple things in common. They’re all cnidarians, and they all seem like they don’t really have a whole lot going on. They just sort of float around! But looks can be deceiving: this mysterious, blobby phylum holds many secrets!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

And go to https://store.dftba.com/collections/scishow-tangents to buy your very own, genuine SciShow Tangents sticker!

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Jellyfish with or against current

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6937341/

[Fact Off]

Moon jelly vortex

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/626033

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2264056-jellyfish-push-off-a-pocket-of-water-under-their-bell-to-swim-faster/

https://www.cbc.ca/radio/quirks/jan-9-covid-19-and-fighting-viral-evolution-ice-age-wolf-pup-and-more-1.5865449/jellyfish-are-the-ocean-s-most-efficient-swimmers-here-s-how-they-do-it-1.5865457

Boxer crabs and sea anemones 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5289105/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274037895_Bonsai_anemones_Growth_suppression_of_sea_anemones_by_their_associated_kleptoparasitic_boxer_crab

^ pictures in both these links

[Ask the Science Couch]

Peeing on jellyfish sting

Clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjTKKFSb9h8

https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/3/105/htm?xid=PS_smithsonian

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/how-fix-jellyfish-sting-180963582/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/whats-behind-that-jellyfish-sting-2844876/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4728541/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3773479/

[Butt One More Thing]

Coral - good poop (clam) bad poop (surgeonfish)

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33841351/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33326418/

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2020.621111/full

Nov 16, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Flightless Birds
00:31:36

Turns out we needed a week off to recuperate from all the Halloween festivities, so please enjoy this very old episode about Flightless Birds in the meantime! Thanks for listening, and we'll see you next week!

Don't forget to pick up a few hundred thousand new SciShow Tangents stickers, featuring our new logo!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

Nov 09, 2021
Heat
00:33:26

If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, you might be starting to notice a chill in the air. Let's all fondly reminisce about those warm, summer days that feel so long ago as we learn about heat! 

And don't forget to pick up a few hundred thousand new SciShow Tangents stickers, featuring our new logo!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Trivia Question]

Hot flashes

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/495671/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4612529/

https://www.cell.com/cell-reports/fulltext/S2211-1247(18)30947-1?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2211124718309471%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

[Fact Off]

Thermogenic plants

https://www.natureinstitute.org/article/craig-holdrege/skunk-cabbage

https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ849536.pdf

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21205176/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2634508/

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.186.4165.746

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2781904/

Superionic ice

https://www.cnet.com/news/scientists-create-extraordinary-alien-form-of-super-hot-ice/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1114-6

https://www.quantamagazine.org/black-hot-superionic-ice-may-be-natures-most-common-form-of-water-20190508/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Breath temperature changing

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/7868/why-does-the-air-we-blow-exhale-out-from-our-mouths-change-from-hot-to-cold-depe

https://www.aa.washington.edu/sites/aa/files/faculty/breidenthal/pubs/Brazil.book_REB.pdf

http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=5530

http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/turbulent_flow.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Butt welding

https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780857095107/welding-processes-handbook

https://www.sciencedirect.com/referencework/9780080965338/comprehensive-materials-processing

https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780815515814/handbook-of-plastics-joining

https://spiral.imperial.ac.uk/bitstream/10044/1/27516/9/Turrell_Ultra-fast%20collisional_NC.pdf

Nov 02, 2021
Graveyard Smash - It was a Dark and Stormy Month
00:35:44

Ceri and Sam headed on down to the cemetery to dig Hank up for one more bone-chilling edition of It Was a Dark and Stormy Month! We hope you enjoy and have a happy and safe Halloween!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

[Trivia Question]

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0048969716324202?via%3Dihub

https://sfamjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/lam.12345

https://www.epa.gov/so2-pollution/sulfur-dioxide-basics

[Fact Off]

Spaceship debris graveyard

https://www.greenmatters.com/p/what-happens-to-rocket-boosters-after-launch

https://www.discovermagazine.com/environment/in-russias-space-graveyard-locals-scavenge-fallen-spacecraft-for-profit#.w0egudhkhbw

https://www.nature.com/articles/433095a.pdf?origin=ppub

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-19127713

Oleic acid as a death cue

https://web.stanford.edu/~dmgordon/previous/Gordon1983Dependence.pdf

https://www.pnas.org/content/106/20/8251

https://www.npr.org/sections/krulwich/2009/04/01/102601823/hey-im-dead-the-story-of-the-very-lively-ant

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24054-2

https://www.ijbs.com/v09p0313.htm

http://www.researchtrends.net/tia/article_pdf.asp?in=0&vn=9&tid=20&aid=5289

[Ask the Science Couch]

Eco-friendly burial options 

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/is-cremation-environmentally-friendly-heres-the-science

https://www.cremationassociation.org/page/alkalinehydrolysis

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4895712/New-type-cremation-DISSOLVES-bodies-LIQUID.html

https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/conl.12421

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWo2-LHwGMM

[Butt One More Thing]

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30111659/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17091303/

Oct 26, 2021
The Moon with Deboki Chakravarti - It Was a Dark & Stormy Month
00:33:46

“It Was A Dark & Stormy Month" rises from its grave once more to deliver knowledge so good... it's scary!

Hank accidentally buried himself alive again, so we are once again joined by Deboki Chakravarti to learn about Earth's little buddy, the Moon! This one's guaranteed to have you howling!

Need more Deboki in your life? Follow her on Twitter: @okidoki_boki! There you can find links to the myriad of projects she's involved in!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Coral reef spawning by moonlight

https://www.sciencealert.com/the-full-moon-just-triggered-one-of-the-largest-mass-spawning-events-of-2016

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071019093814.htm

https://www.science.org/lookup/doi/10.1126/science.1145432

https://www.cell.com/fulltext/S0092-8674(03)00647-0

https://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/the-reef/corals/coral-reproduction

Earthshine on the Moon is less than before

https://gizmodo.com/earth-is-getting-dimmer-1847782399

https://www.cnn.com/2021/10/04/weather/earth-dimming-climate/index.html

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/930069

[Ask the Science Couch]

Moon drifting away from the Earth

https://public.nrao.edu/ask/why-is-the-moon-moving-away-from-the-earth-when-orbiting-black-holes-ultimately-collide/

https://public.nrao.edu/ask/what-happens-as-the-moon-moves-away-from-the-earth/

https://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/marvelMoon/background/moon-influence/

http://www.iea.usp.br/en/news/when-a-day-lasted-only-four-hours

https://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2012/11/28/3642932.htm

https://hpiers.obspm.fr/eop-pc/index.php

[Butt One More Thing]

Defecation collection devices on the Moon

https://history.nasa.gov/FINAL%20Catalogue%20of%20Manmade%20Material%20on%20the%20Moon.pdf

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/moons/earths-moon/overview/

Oct 19, 2021
Cats with Deboki Chakravarti - It Was a Dark & Stormy Month
00:35:27

Thanks to Basepaws for sponsoring this episode. Check out Basepaws here: https://basepaws.com/?rfsn=6159575.bff641

“It Was A Dark & Stormy Month" lumbers along with more frightful topics and frightfully bad poetry!

This week, an oft-requested and much anticipated topic: cats! These weird little goblins can steal our hearts even while infesting us with behavior-altering, poop-dwelling parasites! We must really love 'em! 

Need more Deboki in your life? Follow her on Twitter: @okidoki_boki! There you can find links to the myriad of projects she's involved in!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @im_sam_schultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Truth or Fail]

Fact 1:

https://phys.org/news/2021-07-dogs-people-lying.html

Fact 2:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003347296903206

https://theaggie.org/2021/09/14/study-finds-domestic-cats-prefer-freeloading-to-working-for-food/

Fact 3:

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/923830

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2021/07/cat-genomes/619587/

[Fact Off]

Cats in development of cochlear implants

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/fullarticle/1688121

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1931-04076-001

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/000348947208100514?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/000348947308200407

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4921065/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/3220685.pdf

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cochlear-implants/about/pac-20385021

[Ask the Science Couch]

Cat tail movements

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/pages/article/animals-behavior-cats-tail-body-language

https://brill.com/view/journals/beh/56/1-2/article-p69_3.xml  

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7696400/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2074215/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0166432897001010

http://www.architalbiol.org/index.php/aib/article/view/138271/

[Butt One More Thing]

Cats sitting and not flipping over litter boxes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159114002366?via%3Dihub

Oct 12, 2021
Storms - It Was a Dark & Stormy Month
00:34:10

It’s October, so you know what that means: SciShow Tangents is about to get a little spooky! This year, we’re celebrating the Halloween season by talking about traditionally eerie subjects and writing bad collaborative poems! Welcome to “It Was A Dark & Stormy Tangents” month!

And to kick it off, we’re talking about the number one most scary of all types of weather: storms!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Project Ice Storm - possible effects of stress on pregnancy

https://www.thoughtco.com/canadian-ice-storm-in-1998-508705

https://www.mcgill.ca/projetverglas/publications

https://www.mcgill.ca/projetverglas/icestorm

https://www.mcgill.ca/projetverglas/files/projetverglas/Laplante2007FunctionalPlay.pdf

https://www.child-encyclopedia.com/stress-and-pregnancy-prenatal-and-perinatal/according-experts/prenatalperinatal-stress-and-its

Blood/red rain mystery in Spain

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/882233

https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-20028490

https://www.livescience.com/62999-siberian-blood-rain-iron-oxide.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Aches before storms

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/50/18/50_18_1923/_pdf

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/do-you-get-a-migraine-headache-when-it-rains/

https://theconversation.com/can-bad-weather-really-cause-headaches-158258

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00484-014-0859-8

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7659442/

[Butt One More Thing]

Lightning in plumbing

https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/lightning/faq.html

http://lightningsafety.com/nlsi_lls/lightning-caused-deaths.pdf (table 3)

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/how-hurricanes-form.html

 

Oct 05, 2021
Mosquitos
00:31:04

Summer's over, which is a bummer, but now's the perfect time to remember that summer isn't all perfect. It brings sunburns, too-hot car seats, and, worst of all, blood-sucking mosquitos! So let's embrace the beginning of fall by talking some smack about those nasty, itchy, little guys!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Millipede toxins as mosquito repellent 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1026489826714

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00114-003-0427-2

https://www.springer.com/gp/about-springer/media/research-news/all-english-research-news/madagascar-s-lemurs-use-millipedes-for-their-tummy-troubles/15982512

https://www.nytimes.com/2000/12/05/science/for-monkeys-a-millipede-a-day-keeps-mosquitoes-away.html

https://www.mdedge.com/dermatology/article/198138/wounds/whats-eating-you-millipede-burns

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7504811/

Vampire jumping spiders eating mosquitoes

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/04/17/601896991/what-you-learn-when-you-put-smelly-socks-in-front-of-mosquitoes

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/aug/05/mosquito-eating-vampire-spider-could-be-recruited-for-war-on-malaria

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/53382/meet-vampire-spider

https://www.livescience.com/5818-spiders-attracted-blood-perfume.html

https://www.livescience.com/1214-killer-spiders-prefer-malaria-mosquitoes.html

https://www.livescience.com/20800-vampire-spiders-blood-meal.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Attracting mosquitoes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009286741400155X

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10886-015-0587-5

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(19)30215-5

https://www.niaid.nih.gov/news-events/how-mosquitoes-smell-human-sweat

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229127147_A_Review_of_Mosquito_Attraction_Studies_Important_Parameters_and_Techniques

http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo?journalid=547&doi=10.11648/j.aje.20190302.13

https://academic.oup.com/jme/article/41/4/796/885285

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5949359/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982219306943

[Butt One More Thing]

Mosquito anus blood pre-urine

https://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/20/science/how-hungry-mosquitoes-cool-themselves.html

Sep 28, 2021
Brains
00:37:47

This episode is brought to you by Gates Notes, the blog of Bill Gates. Go to gatesnotes.com to learn about the future of Alzheimer's research.

I don’t want to alarm you, but you’ve got a big ol’ glob of pink goop in between your ears right now, and it pretty much controls everything you do. In fact, it might BE you... But try not to think about that too much while you enjoy this episode!

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Cetacean brains staying warm

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-84762-0

https://phys.org/news/2021-03-whale-dolphin-brains-specialfor-production.html

https://phys.org/news/2021-04-whale-dolphin-brains-lots.html

Brain blood flow measuring device

https://www.npr.org/2014/08/17/340906546/the-machine-that-tried-to-scan-the-brain-in-1882

https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/137/2/634/284537?login=true

https://www.umassmed.edu/strokestop/modules/module-3-the-blood-supply-of-the-brain/brain-circulation/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5536794/

https://www.ndcn.ox.ac.uk/divisions/fmrib/what-is-fmri/introduction-to-fmri

[Ask the Science Couch]

Brain evolution

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21128311-800-a-brief-history-of-the-brain/

https://www.karger.com/Article/Fulltext/320218

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3873165/

https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-540-29678-2_3154

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2614228/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/worm-discovery-brain-evolution/

[Butt One More Thing]

Bony-eared assfish smallest vertebrate brain

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/20270929_Acanthonus_armatus_a_Deep-Sea_Teleost_Fish_with_a_Minute_Brain_and_Large_Ears

https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Acanthonus-armatus.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.1987.0018

 

Sep 21, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Trees
00:31:06

The days are getting shorter, the sweaters are coming out of the closet and the leaves are starting to take on just a hint of yellow... Fall is officially on its way. And speaking of trees, we spoke of trees at length last year! Please enjoy this encore presentation.

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sep 14, 2021
Power Generation
00:33:51

The power required to get this podcast into your ears was brought to you in part by wind, water, coal, gas, and a generous contribution from the old sky guy himself: The Sun! 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Power from cheese & mayo (biogas)

https://epa.gov/anaerobic-digestion/basic-information-about-anaerobic-digestion-ad

https://www.eesi.org/papers/view/fact-sheet-biogasconverting-waste-to-energy

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1063/1.5021214#:~:text=It%20is%20wellknown%20that%20the,well%20%5B5%2D7%5D

https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/natural-gas/

https://statenews.com/article/2017/04/msu-uses-mayonnaise-anaerobic-digester

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a18700/french-power-plant-runs-on-cheese/

Sensorfish for dams

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a7459/the-robot-fish-that-led-to-better-dam-designs/

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/a26135053/robotic-sensor-fish/

https://www.pnnl.gov/news/release.aspx?id=1046

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/827634

[Ask the Science Couch]

Micro hydro power

https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/microhydropower-systems

https://www.energy.gov/eere/water/types-hydropower-plants

https://energypedia.info/wiki/Micro_Hydro_Power_(MHP)_-_Pros_and_Cons

https://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/16/business/global/16iht-renmicro.html

https://sswm.info/water-nutrient-cycle/water-distribution/hardwares/water-network-distribution/hydropower-%28small-scale%29

[Butt One More Thing]

Pig poop ponds

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2019/11/22/781565978/big-companies-bet-on-cleaner-power-from-pig-poop-ponds

Sep 07, 2021
Elephants
00:31:24

This week we pay tribute to our big, wrinkly, grey friends with funky trunks: elephants!  

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to see some great pictures from Ceri’s Fact Off fact, and to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Elephants and bees

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/893601

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/632820

https://www.thisiscolossal.com/2015/12/beehive-fences/

https://www.livescience.com/33261-elephants-afraid-of-mice-.html

Elephant skin wrinkles

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/607368

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06257-3

Computer simulation image: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06257-3/figures/4

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2010JF001842

https://elephantconservation.org/elephants/just-for-kids/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Elephant communication/grief/etc.

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/animal-grief/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/do-animals-experience-grief-180970124/

https://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2005/11/04/1497634.htm

https://www.audubon.org/news/how-do-elephants-talk-each-other

https://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/unforgettable-elephants-crack-the-code-of-elephant-communication/5885/

https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-internet-appears-to-believe-elephants-worship-the-moon/

https://confluence.gallatin.nyu.edu/context/interdisciplinary-seminar/the-elephant-before-darwin

[Butt One More Thing]

Elephant gold enema

https://muse.jhu.edu/article/442189/pdf

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/a-16th-century-pope-buried-his-pet-elephant-under-the-vatican

 

Aug 31, 2021
Water
00:32:42

Time to take a big ol’ sip of science knowledge as we dive deep on that good, wet stuff we call water! 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to see some great pictures from Ceri’s Fact Off fact, and to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Wet water (to fight fires)

https://www.biolinscientific.com/blog/what-is-a-wetting-agent-and-where-are-they-used

https://www.fireengineering.com/leadership/fighting-fires-with-wet-water/#gref

https://childrensmuseumatlanta.org/blog/how-does-water-put-out-a-fire/

http://fcfsd.com/wetting-agents.html

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10694-016-0640-0

Water to air communication

https://news.mit.edu/2018/wireless-communication-through-water-air-0822

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/489210

[Ask the Science Couch]

Water conducting electricity

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/conductivity-electrical-conductance-and-water

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/water-universal-solvent

https://www.sciencealert.com/after-centuries-scientists-have-finally-figured-out-how-water-conducts-electricity

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6316/1131

[Butt One More Thing]

Hippo poop water

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/05/hippos-poop-so-much-that-sometimes-all-the-fish-die/560486/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04391-6

 

Aug 24, 2021
Listener Questions- Unlocked Patreon Bonus Episode
00:31:24

This week, we're sharing one of our Patreon bonus episodes with all of our listeners! Join us as we answer some questions from our audience, and be sure to check out Patreon.com/SciShowTangents if you want more content like this! 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Aug 17, 2021
Volcanoes
00:31:25

In this truly explosive episode that will have you erupting with laughter, we share our lava of volcanoes! This is a hot one, folks! 

Head to https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents to see a great video on the subject of Ceri’s Fact Off fact, and to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter!

A big thank you to Patreon subscribers Eclectic Bunny and Garth Riley for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sources:

[Hear Ye]

Round 1 Audio

Source: NOAA Ocean Exploration

https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/06fire/logs/april29/media/movies/spectragram.html

Round 2 Audio

Audio Credit: Robin Matoza

Citation: Matoza, R.S., D. Fee, M.A. Garces, J.M. Seiner, P.A. Ramon, and M.A.H. Hedlin (2009), Infrasonic jet noise from volcanic eruptions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08303, doi:10.1029/2008GL036486

Round 3 Audio 

Audio Credit: Robin Matooza

Citation: Matoza, R.S., D. Fee, M.A. Garces, J.M. Seiner, P.A. Ramon, and M.A.H. Hedlin (2009), Infrasonic jet noise from volcanic eruptions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08303, doi:10.1029/2008GL036486

Round 3 Audio - Airplane

Credit: PDX Aviation

PDX Aviation - https://www.youtube.com/user/buybygb

[Fact Off]

Elephant salt mining in extinct volcano

http://faculty.jsd.claremont.edu/dmcfarlane/MtElgon/index.htm

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/240675138_Formation_of_cave_salts_and_utilization_by_elephants_in_the_Mount_Elgon_region_Kenya

https://eawildlife.org/east-african-wildlife-societys-mount-elgon-elephant-project-eawls-meep/

https://volcano.oregonstate.edu/faq/how-volcano-defined-being-active-dormant-or-extinct

https://theconversation.com/how-volcanoes-recycle-the-earths-crust-to-uncover-rare-metals-that-are-vital-to-green-technology-125159

https://en.unesco.org/biosphere/africa/mount-elgon-uganda

Parícutin volcano

http://www.unmuseum.org/7wonders/mob/paricutin.htm

http://sci.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Paricutin.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Preventing volcano eruptions

https://www.usgs.gov/faqs/how-can-we-tell-when-a-volcano-will-erupt

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/865376  

https://theconversation.com/explainer-why-volcanoes-erupt-44732

https://www.usgs.gov/faqs/can-we-drill-yellowstone-stop-it-erupting?qt-news_science_products=0

https://www.forbes.com/sites/robinandrews/2018/05/28/why-cant-we-artificially-drain-magma-chambers-to-stop-volcanic-eruptions/

​​https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02600367

https://www.usgs.gov/center-news/volcano-watch-did-aerial-bombing-stop-1935-mauna-loa-lava-flow

[Butt One More Thing]

Ardley island penguin poop 

​​https://www.audubon.org/news/how-millennia-old-penguin-poo-led-scientists-volcanic-discovery

 

Aug 10, 2021
Toilets with Deboki Chakravarti
00:40:06


This episode was brought to you by Gates Notes, the blog of Bill Gates. Go to https://www.gatesnotes.com to learn more about the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, which is celebrating its 10th Anniversary this year!

Just because you poop and pee in them doesn’t mean that toilets don’t deserve your utmost respect! From the International Space Station to the comfort of your own home, these waste-disposing scientific wonders help make our lives cleaner and safer. So next time you see a toilet, say “thank you!”

Can’t get enough Deboki? You can follow her on Twitter @okidoki_boki, and find her on Scientific American’s Science Talk Podcast starting August 6th!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sources:

[Fact Off]

Lemur Toilet Tree

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150513-these-animals-use-public-toilets

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00265-014-1810-z.pdf

https://www.dpz.eu/en/home/single-view/news/informativer-toilettengang.html

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26392-zoologger-shy-lemurs-communicate-using-toilet-trees/

Super Slippery Toilet

https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/739396

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rlYc8RfqA3I&t=10s

https://ceramics.org/ceramic-tech-today/materials-innovations/slip-and-slide-spray-on-polymer-coating-keeps-porcelain-toilet-bowls-cleaner

[Ask the Science Couch]

https://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/flight/modern/question314.htm

https://iwaponline.com/wpt/article/13/1/157/38690/Vacuum-sewerage-systems-a-solution-for-fast

https://www.courtesyplumbers.com/blog/2016/december/three-types-of-flush-systems-the-pros-and-cons/

[Butt One More Thing]

https://patents.google.com/patent/US4320756A/en

https://www.adventip.com/blog/wackypatent/freshair-breathing-device

 

Aug 03, 2021
Surgery
00:33:21

This week, the Science Couch is more like the Science Operating Table. Get ready to have 33 minutes of pure, surgery-inspired science implanted directly into your brain, stat!

A note about this week’s episode: Ceri is moving, and the room she normally records in is completely empty. That’s why she sounds like she’s lost in space. Sorry about that!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sources:

[Fact Off]

Burn healing surgeries

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/burns

https://www.jstor.org/stable/3408118

https://www.americanjournalofsurgery.com/article/S0002-9610(35)90119-2/fulltext

https://www.nature.com/articles/125058a0.pdf

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/003591574003400104

https://parjournal.net/article/view/1881/1348

https://nzhistory.govt.nz/people/sir-archibald-mcindoe

Video Game Surgeons 

https://www.medtechdive.com/news/robotic-surgeries-surge-to-15-of-all-procedures-despite-limited-evidence/570370/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-04/uoo-hfa040121.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Organ transplant DNA

https://www.sciencefocus.com/the-human-body/does-the-dna-of-a-transplanted-organ-change-to-that-of-the-recipient/

https://www.genome.gov/27544325/using-dna-sequencing-to-detect-early-organ-transplant-rejection

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Cyclosporin-A

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18290564/

https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/organ-transplants-without-life-long-drugs

[Butt One More Thing]

Louis XIV’s anal fistula 

https://tidsskriftet.no/2016/08/sun-kings-anal-fistula

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1043148914000566

 

Jul 27, 2021
Waves
00:37:16

Whether you're surfing, listening to the radio, getting an x-ray, or just looking at something, take a moment and thank waves for making it all possible!

Plus learn yet another shocking truth: all of reality is probably maybe waves! Uh oh!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sources:

[Truth or Fail]

[Fact Off]

Ruffed grouse sonic boom

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVfiIp3QGs4

https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Ruffed_Grouse/sounds

https://www.nps.gov/articles/netn-species-spotlight-ruffed-grouse.htm

https://northernwoodlands.org/outside_story/article/bird-sound-barrier

https://www.nasa.gov/centers/armstrong/news/FactSheets/FS-016-DFRC.html

Meta-mirror

https://pratt.duke.edu/about/news/meta-mirror

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-03/du-rs030719.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Underwater waves

https://news.mit.edu/2013/the-oceans-hidden-waves-show-their-power-0108

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature14399#affil-auth

https://research.cornell.edu/research/understanding-formation-underwater-waves

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0025322791900445

https://www.hydro-international.com/content/article/mysterious-underwater-waves

[Butt One More Thing]

Toilet waves

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/27377/why-does-toilet-water-move-when-its-windy-outside

Jul 20, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Allergies
00:33:00

It feels like this allergy season is never gonna end, so we decided to dig into the archives to learn a little more about the pollen, dander, and other tiny things currently making our lives a living heck! Achoo!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jul 13, 2021
Teeth
00:34:37

Get ready to take a big old bite of science (and fun)! This week, we’re sinking our teeth… into teeth! Ouch! 

Plus, Hank comes up with yet another Million Dollar Idea! You can’t afford to miss this episode!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Sources:

[Tooth or Fail]

Chiton Teeth

https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2021/05/rare-mineral-from-rocks-found-in-chiton-teeth/

Pink Sea Urchin Teeth

https://www.cell.com/matter/fulltext/S2590-2385(19)30173-0

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/rock-munching-sea-urchins-have-self-sharpening-teeth

[Fact Off]

Piranha teeth

picture: https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/uw-s3-cdn/wp-content/uploads/sites/6/2019/10/15085831/Piranha-replacement-teeth-750x422.jpg

https://www.washington.edu/news/2019/10/15/piranha-fish-swap-old-teeth-for-new-simultaneously/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ede.12306

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3670376/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jmor.20380

https://theconversation.com/how-sharks-could-help-us-regrow-our-own-human-teeth-63531

Baby Dino Teeth

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/S0960-9822(16)31269-6.pdf

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-12/gwu-ntn121516.php

https://gwtoday.gwu.edu/newly-discovered-dinosaur-species-lost-teeth-adults

Braces

https://www.healthline.com/health/how-do-braces-work

https://orthodonticassoc.com/braces/how-do-braces-work/

https://www.healthline.com/health/retainers-after-braces

[Butt One More Thing]

Fecal bacteria on toothbrushes

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150602130650.htm

 

Jul 06, 2021
Cyborgs with AshleyRoboto
00:37:21

This week, Twitch streamer and science enthusiast AshleyRoboto joins us to talk about cyborgs! Get ready to radically broaden your definition of cyborgs all the way down to “person with glasses!”

Can’t get enough AshleyRoboto? Follow her @AshleyRoboto and check out her Twitch stream here: https://www.twitch.tv/ashleyroboto

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jun 29, 2021
Fruit
00:36:39

The Tangents team tackles one of the greatest controversies in science history: are tomatoes fruits? 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

[Fact Off]

Thumping watermelons

https://www.ksre.k-state.edu/news/stories/2020/07/how-to-pick-a-ripe-melon.html

https://www.almanac.com/how-tell-if-watermelon-ripe

https://www.bksv.com/en/knowledge/blog/perspectives/ripe-watermelon

https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-science-of-a-ripe-watermelon-1498828907

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4325046/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00779-013-0706-7

Animals eating moldy fruit

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-05643-z

[Ask the Science Couch]

Ripening fruit biochemistry

https://kids.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frym.2018.00016

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/all-fruit-and-vegetables-are-not-created-equal-when-it-comes-to-proper-storage-conditions

https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/63/13/4741/484722

https://www.actahort.org/books/463/463_42.htm

[Butt One More Thing]

Medlar fruit

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20210325-the-strange-medieval-fruit-the-world-forgot

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/medlar-fruit-forgotten-butt-shape

Jun 22, 2021
Dogs with Frankie Jonas
00:34:13

Frankie Jonas stops by to chat with us about your best friend and mine, the humble dog! You'd think that in this, of all episodes, we'd be able to have a nice, simple definition of the topic. But guess what, no one even knows what a dog is apparently! Science!

If you want more Frankie Jonas, check out his TikTok! He's got a cute dog!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jun 15, 2021
Electricity
00:37:37

Danger! High voltage episode! This week, we're zapping your earholes with electrifying knowledge that's sure to illuminate you!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Space tethers to generate electricity 

https://www-spof.gsfc.nasa.gov/Education/wtether.html

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-75.html

https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/2.3563?journalCode=jsr

https://edisontechcenter.org/generators.html

https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/2.3563?journalCode=jsr

https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://en.wikipedia.org/&httpsredir=1&article=2532&context=smallsat

Electric fish with dramatic pauses

ttps://www.fishbase.se/summary/5208

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2021/05/electric-fish-pause/618993/

https://www.pennlive.com/life/2021/05/new-research-shows-that-electric-fish-pause-before-sharing-something-meaningful.html

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-05/wuis-ef-051921.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Static electricity

https://www.utm.edu/staff/cerkal/electricity.htm

https://www.livescience.com/51656-static-electricity.html

https://intranet.birmingham.ac.uk/hr/documents/public/hsu/information/electrical/staticelectricity.pdf

[Butt One More Thing]

Manure electricity

https://apnews.com/article/ap-top-news-sports-science-technology-business-3ad8a6b9b1cb4100a9db1b2e406ad14d

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-equestrian-manure-energy/poo-power-horse-manure-from-world-cup-powers-helsinki-homes-idUSKBN1X70QX

Jun 08, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Cars
00:32:12

It’s too nice outside to make a podcast this week, so instead, we’ve got a classic episode for you! Learn basically everything you need to know about cars before you set out on your epic summer road trip. 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

Jun 01, 2021
DNA with Amanda Wacker
00:32:36

This week, we’re joined by scientist and podcaster Amanda Wacker to talk about DNA, the building blocks of life! A blueprint for building a living thing, even!

Webster’s dictionary defines DNA as “any of various nucleic acids that are usually the molecular basis of heredity, are constructed of a double helix held together by hydrogen bonds.” I define it as the little wiggly guys inside us that make our cells and stuff. We’re both right, in our own way.

If you want more Amanda Wacker, check out her podcast, Triplicates! And check her out on Twitter: @AstroAma!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Ask the Science Couch]

Gene expression & cell type

https://www.cirm.ca.gov/our-progress/advanced-how-does-stem-cell-%E2%80%9Cknow%E2%80%9D-what-become

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK26885/

https://www.cell.com/trends/cell-biology/fulltext/S0962-8924(20)30059-3

https://www.discovermagazine.com/health/our-cells-are-filled-with-junk-dna-heres-why-we-need-it

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05462-w

[Butt One More Thing]

Pooprints

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/19/pooprints-brings-in-millions-testing-dog-poop-dna-to-snag-non-scoopers.html

May 25, 2021
Smell
00:33:58

If SciShow Tangents had a smell what would it be? It’s full of knowledge, so maybe a dusty old book? We talk a lot, so maybe all of our nasty breath?  We talk about butts a lot… you know what? Podcasts don’t smell, and maybe that’s for the best. 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Rats smelling concepts

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/uog-tso112520.php

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201125164455.htm

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2020.2327

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.3000628

Big cats and perfumes

https://www.thecut.com/2020/01/big-cats-love-calvin-kleins-obsession-for-men.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/100624-big-cats-cologne-vin-video

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/thoughtful-animal/youe28099ll-never-guess-how-biologists-lure-jaguars-to-camera-traps/

https://www.rsc.org/Merck-Index/monograph/m3604/civetone?q=unauthorize

https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Viverricula_indica/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Smells & memory

https://www.livescience.com/why-smells-trigger-memories.html

https://www.discovery.com/science/Why-Smells-Trigger-Such-Vivid-Memories

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23147501/

[Butt One More Thing]

Indole smell

https://io9.gizmodo.com/why-is-a-compound-that-smells-like-feces-put-in-perfume-1717903411

May 18, 2021
Sticky Things
00:33:08

Sticky seems easy, right? You step on gum, it sticks to your shoe, You put glue on paper, it sticks to other paper. It just works! But it turns out stickiness is one of those sneaky, impossible-to-explain science things that involves physics and atoms and stuff!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Exploding ant butts with toxic goo

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1A_nAQosWmC5o_jepXNJ0oc3RacjLK5qe1groWg34bL4/edit?usp=sharing

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/animals-ants-borneo-exploding-defense?loggedin=true

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/23/science/exploding-ants.html

https://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=22661

Sticky rice mortar

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ar9001944

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11431-008-0317-0

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2010/may/revealing-the-ancient-chinese-secret-of-sticky-rice-mortar.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/amylopectin

[Ask the Science Couch]

Frog tongues

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/feb/01/special-spit-is-the-secret-of-uniquely-sticky-frog-tongues-study-reveals

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5332565/

Picture of finger: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5332565/figure/RSIF20160764F1/

[Butt One More Thing]

Sucker-bum squid

https://australian.museum/blog-archive/science/sucker-bum-squid-and-other-intriguing-molluscs

May 11, 2021
Dirt
00:32:58

A wiser man than me once said “worms make the dirt and the first makes the Earth.” And that’s true. Join us as we learn about the stuff everything on earth walks, sits, and poops on all day, every day! Thanks, dirt!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Desert of Maine

https://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/22/travel/escapes/22down.html

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/the-desert-of-maine-freeport-maine

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/why-desert-middle-maine-180951555/

https://theculturetrip.com/north-america/usa/maine/articles/the-true-story-of-how-maine-got-its-desert/

Panic grass in geothermal dirt

https://schaechter.asmblog.org/schaechter/2009/10/all-for-one-and-one-for-all.html

https://www.montana.edu/news/629/yellowstone-plant-reveals-secret-for-tolerating-high-temperatures

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/315/5811/513

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/316/5822/201.1

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10583964/

https://www.nps.gov/grte/learn/historyculture/upload/JFMeadow_Dissertation-red.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Rubbing dirt in wound

https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-05/antibacterial-clays-can-kill-antibiotic-resistant-e-coli-and-mrsa/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/asu-amw051713.php/

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0064068

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/04/200427125205.htm

https://www.freep.com/story/sports/mlb/tigers/2016/07/16/sports-rub-some-dirt-on-it/87184302/

[Butt One More Thing]

Pink fairy armadillo

https://www.wired.com/2014/01/absurd-creature-of-the-week-pink-fairy-armadillo-crawls-out-of-the-desert-and-into-our-hearts/

May 04, 2021
Tools
00:37:49

Humans use tools to do work! It’s what separates us from the animals! Except for crows… and honeybees… and dolphins… octopuses… well, regardless, tools are great and so is this episode!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

Chatelaines

https://www.collectorsweekly.com/articles/the-killer-mobile-device-for-victorian-women/

https://toolbelts.com/tool-belt-history/

https://www.swissarmy.com/us/en/History/cms/history

New Caledonian crows

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-12/uosa-cck120417.php

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2015.0278

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-12/uosa-cck120417.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Oldest stone tools

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-32804177

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature14464

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/04/world-s-oldest-stone-tools-discovered-kenya

https://anthromuseum.missouri.edu/exhibit/oldowan-and-acheulean-stone-tools

Apr 27, 2021
Fish with Kurtis Conner
00:29:27

Comedian, streamer, and YouTuber Kurtis Conner (@kurtisconner) stops by to talk to us about fish! Don’t be koi… give it a listen!

This episode has everything you could want: multiple poop facts, mind-blowing revalations, and a celebrity guest! It's the total package!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

If you can’t get enough Kurtis Conner, check out his YouTube page: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7zsxKqd5MicTf4VhS9Y74g

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition]

Fish evolution

https://www.npr.org/2010/07/05/127937070/the-human-edge-finding-our-inner-fish

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/02/210205210627.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

Smelly fish

https://www.nytimes.com/2000/05/23/science/q-a-rotten-fish.html

https://nutrition.org/is-fish-smelly/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/24086628?seq=1

https://www.pnas.org/content/111/12/4461

https://cen.acs.org/articles/91/web/2013/09/Source-Fishy-Odors-Identified.html

https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/trimethylaminuria/

[Butt One More Thing]

White sand beaches

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sand.html

Apr 20, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Fungi
00:33:50

We're taking a break this week to rest up and work on some exciting things! In the meantime, join us as we talk about fungus and Praise the Drungus! 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Fungal Pesticides:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/04/12/522068205/fungal-pesticides-offer-a-growing-alternative-to-traditional-chemicals

https://agrochemicals.iupac.org/index.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=3&sobi2Id=31

https://phys.org/news/2019-02-virus-infested-fungus-chemical-pesticides.html

Tinder Fungi:

https://www.uab.cat/web/newsroom/news-detail-1345668003610.html?noticiaid=1345754508535

Egyptian Medicine:

https://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/10/nyregion/secrets-of-the-mummys-medicine-chest.html

[Fact Off]

Whiskey mold:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18065010

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5315285/

https://www.wired.com/2011/05/ff-angelsshare/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/78dyqb/kentuckys-whiskey-fungus-problem-is-out-of-control

Plastic-digesting fungus:

https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/fungi-research-lifts-lid-shy-organisms-break-down-plastic

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0202047

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295

http://blog.worldagroforestry.org/index.php/2017/09/12/scientists-find-fungus-appetite-plastic-rubbish-dump/


[Ask the Science Couch]

“Zombie” ants:

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/47/12590

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0187170

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3204140/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/11/how-the-zombie-fungus-takes-over-ants-bodies-to-control-their-minds/545864/

Apr 13, 2021
Flowers
00:32:15

It’s been said that April showers bring May flowers, but here’s the thing, gang: we couldn’t wait a whole month to talk about the darn things! Stop and smell the roses with us as we sniff out some of the finest flower facts!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Bubble gun pollination

https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(20)30373-4

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/06/drone-delivered-soap-bubbles-could-help-pollinate-flowers

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bubble-blowing-drones-may-one-day-aid-artificial-pollination

Fungus mimicking flowers

Image: https://static.scientificamerican.com/sciam/cache/file/1BF8FBA2-1A97-4962-BDF7425878CF9454_source.jpg

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1087184520301572

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2399434?refreqid=excelsior%3Ab21f9013c26e11394d09411860873d9f&seq=1

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/this-flower-is-really-a-fungus-in-disguise/

https://indianapublicmedia.org/amomentofscience/insect-color-vision.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Carnivorous plants flowering

Picture of pitcher plant: http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-3639

Picture of venus fly trap: https://theconversation.com/friend-or-food-why-venus-flytraps-dont-eat-their-pollinators-91620

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161010-how-insect-eating-plants-persuade-insects-to-pollinate-them

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep21065

[Butt One More Thing]

Dead horse lily

Picture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicodiceros#/media/File:Dracunculus_muscivorus.jpg

https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2003.00802.x

https://theconversation.com/the-secret-of-the-worlds-smelliest-flower-44439

Apr 06, 2021
Marsupials
00:32:38

G'day, mate! This week, we’re taking a trip Down Under (and to South, Central, and North America) to meet our weird mammalian cousins with built-in cargo pockets, the marsupials! 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

A big thank you to Patreon subscriber Eclectic Bunny for helping to make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

Antechinus mating

https://www.wired.com/story/antechinus-climate-change/

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/why-a-little-mammal-has-so-much-sex-that-it-disintegrates

https://www.livescience.com/51083-photos-antechinus-new-species.html

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-08-17/search-for-endangered-antechinus-after-bushfires-on-gold-coast/12564958

Alaskan marsupial fossil

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-02/uoaf-ndm021819.php

https://phys.org/news/2019-02-ancient-night-marsupial-months-winter.html

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14772019.2018.1560369

https://www.app.pan.pl/article/item/app52-217.html  

https://www.blm.gov/sites/blm.gov/files/documents/files/PublicRoom_AK_Dinosaurs-on-NorthSlope_booklet_2018.pdf

https://www.npca.org/articles/1822-the-only-marsupial-in-u-s-national-parks

[Ask the Science Couch]

Pouch cleaning 

https://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/14/science/how-do-female-kangaroos-keep-their-pouches-clean.html

https://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2004/08/05/1168902.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5339227/

[Butt One More Thing]

Opossums and smelling dead

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/544902/facts-about-opossums

https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/opossums-so-darn-ugly-theyre-adorable.htm

Mar 30, 2021
Armor
00:30:43

Strap on your greaves and grab your gauntlets: It's time for the weekly science/comedy deathmatch that is SciShow Tangents!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

Thank you to Patreon Patron Eclectic Bunny for helping make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Sugar bacteria

https://newsroom.uvahealth.com/2019/06/27/found-a-sweet-way-to-make-things-almost-indestructible/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-06/uovh-fas062719.php

https://www.pasteur.fr/en/research-journal/news/shedding-light-almost-indestructible-archaeal-pili

Chiton armor (with embedded eyes)

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/S0960-9822(11)00305-8.pdf

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/350/6263/952?related-urls=yes&legid=sci;350/6263/952

Figure of their vision: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/350/6263/952/F3.large.jpg

http://web.mit.edu/cortiz/www/ChitonEyeCommentary.pdf

https://news.mit.edu/2015/sea-creature-armor-plating-transparent-ceramic-eyes-1119

https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/89839/890127373-MIT.pdf?sequence=2

[Ask the Science Couch]

Tail armor/weaponry

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2017.2299

https://eartharchives.org/articles/why-don-t-we-see-more-animals-with-tail-weapons-like-stegosaurus-or-ankylosaurus/index.html

https://news.ncsu.edu/2018/01/arbour-zanno-tail

[Butt One More Thing]

Snail shell

https://massivesci.com/articles/butt-escape-beetles-elegans-slugs-land-snails/

Hank mentions brahminy blind snakes being eaten and pooped out by frogs, but they are actually being eaten by toads. You can read more about that here:

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20170424-there-are-animals-that-can-survive-being-eaten

Mar 23, 2021
Pee
00:31:31

Get ready for the podcasting event of the year, and it's only March! 

This week, we're talking urine in all sizes, colors, and consistencies! 

Better yet, you can watch us talk about pee over on SciShow Pee!  Follow that link to see the full, uncut, hour-long recording session we did for this episode! Witness what a mess we are before I edit us down into something listenable! Thrill to Hank drinking a big old soda! Scream at my disgustingly long hair!

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

Thank you to Patreon Patron Eclectic Bunny for helping make the show possible!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Astronaut urine in concrete

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/f-sf-aut032720.php

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652619340478

https://www.technologyreview.com/2008/12/19/217244/purified-urine-in-space/

https://www.cement.org/cement-concrete/cement-and-concrete-basics-faqs

https://web.archive.org/web/20080316071908/http://www.admixtures.org.uk/publications.asp

Sugar ants eating pee, fighting climate change
https://cosmosmagazine.com/sugar-ants-love-pee-and-it-might-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-02/uosa-sap020620.php

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/02/200206102706.htm

https://cosmosmagazine.com/sugar-ants-love-pee-and-it-might-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Pee across the animal kingdom

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/569521/do-insects-pee

https://www.welcomewildlife.com/spider-basics/

https://cdn.ymaws.com/arav.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/Files/Proceedings_2000/2000_35.pdf

https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/when-should-i-be-concerned-about-the-color-of-my-urine

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/what-the-color-of-your-urine-says-about-you-infographic/

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/221/6/jeb151894

[Butt One More Thing]

Dinosaur cloaca

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/19/science/dinosaur-cloaca-fossil.html

https://slate.com/technology/2020/10/dinosaur-butt-fossil-discovery-cloaca.html

Mar 16, 2021
Exoplanets
00:36:47

The Tangents crew blasts off beyond the Sun’s familiar orbit to check out all the weird, wild, possibly-inhabited exoplanets circling distant stars! Who needs our boring old solar system anyway? 

Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, like bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition]

https://www.iau.org/science/scientific_bodies/commissions/F2/info/documents/

[Fact Off]

Not-quite-sunscreen snow exoplanet

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/aa899b

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-10/ps-ads102617.php

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Titanium-dioxide

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/61685

https://tdma.info/how-your-uv-protective-sunscreen-works/

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/120529-global-warming-titanium-dioxide-balloons-earth-environment-science

Messages to Gliese-581c

https://www.nasa.gov/topics/universe/features/gliese_581_feature.html

https://phys.org/news/2012-07-potential-habitable-exoplanets.html

https://arxiv.org/abs/1207.4515

https://www.universetoday.com/19335/messages-from-earth-beamed-to-alien-world/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7660449.stm

https://www.nature.com/news/2007/071102/full/news.2007.212.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Exoplanets art

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/the-art-of-exoplanets

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-artists-portray-exoplanets-never-seen/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/02/exoplanet-trappist-nasa/517590/

https://www.wired.com/2014/05/artist-rendering-exoplanets/

[Butt One More Thing]

Space poop challenge

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/space-poop-challenge

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/winners-of-space-poop-challenge-receive-30000

Mar 09, 2021
Candy
00:34:22

This week, we talk about the ol’ tippy top of the food pyramid: Candy! 

When you get done with this tasty episode, you’ll be saying “how sweet it is!” 

And we’ve got some big news! SciShow Tangents has a Patreon now! Head to the link below to find out how you can help support SciShow Tangents, and see all the cool perks you’ll get in return, such as bonus episodes and a monthly newsletter! https://www.patreon.com/SciShowTangents

We love making this show, and with your help we can make it even better!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Cotton candy blood vessels

https://www.designnews.com/stub/synthetic-capillary-networks-artificial-organs-developed-using-cotton-candy-machine

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-02/vu-ccm020816.php

Cordite (forbidden gum)

Picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cordite_Filled_Cartridge.JPG

https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/3281990

https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/cordite/1010201.article

https://www.britannica.com/science/nitroglycerin

http://www.gumassociation.org/index.cfm/science-technology/ingredients-technology/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6954562.stm

http://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/whatstuff/85/8532sci2.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Candy preferences with age

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2764307/

https://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(17)30214-0

https://faseb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1096/fasebj.30.1_supplement.418.6

https://now.tufts.edu/articles/craving-brain

[Butt One More Thing]

Sugar alcohol farts

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5093271/#

Mar 02, 2021
Climate Control
00:36:33

This episode of SciShow Tangents was created in partnership with Bill Gates, inspired by his new book “How To Avoid A Climate Disaster,” available now. To learn more, visit http://gatesnot.es/3qNsH4k

From roaring fires to air conditioners to fuzzy slippers, humans have a knack for inventing things to keep them at just the right temperature. Unfortunately, they also have a knack for messing up the temperature of the planet… 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Skinner Air Crib

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1037/1089-2680.3.3.155

https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/skinner-air-crib

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/history-cribs-other-brilliant-bizarre-inventions-getting-babies-to-sleep-180972138/

https://psychology.fas.harvard.edu/people/b-f-skinner

Mountain goat cooling

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0225456

https://www.vice.com/en/article/epggvp/americas-iconic-mountain-goats-are-being-threatened-by-melting-ice-and-snow

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-12/wcs-mga121019.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Varied climates on planets

https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/

https://www.universetoday.com/35796/atmosphere-of-the-planets/

[Butt One More Thing]

Racecar butt air conditioning 

https://jalopnik.com/the-nismo-gt-r-gt3-has-air-conditioning-for-your-butt-1682925080

Feb 23, 2021
Listener Mailbag 2
00:29:37

We're cracking open the mailbag once again to answer some dusty old questions you sent us a long time ago! 

Ew, they're all rotten and goopy... well, we'll answer them anyway, because we care.

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

Peat bogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/peatland

https://www.britannica.com/technology/peat

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/europe-bog-bodies-reveal-secrets-180962770/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0305440320300881?dgcid=rss_sd_all

https://www.culture24.org.uk/places-to-go/south-west/bristol/art20488

Spiders

https://www.livescience.com/24054-why-spiders-have-eight-eyes.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/6/110603-spiders-spare-legs-webs-science-animals/

Laser eye surgery

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6249164

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22496438/

https://www.aao.org/munnerlyn-laser-surgery-center/laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-3

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8586-corneal-disease

https://healthcare.utah.edu/the-scope/shows.php?shows=0_yrklfds0

Disease eradication

https://asm.org/Articles/2020/March/Disease-Eradication-What-Does-It-Take-to-Wipe-out

https://www.cdc.gov/smallpox/index.html

https://www.oie.int/en/for-the-media/press-releases/detail/article/eradication-isnt-the-end-of-the-rinderpest-story/#

Miner's egg

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/003591572201501935

Feb 16, 2021
Immortality with Deboki Chakravarti
00:36:51

True immortality may be a scientific impossibility, but podcasts last forever. Whether you listen to this the day it comes out or 1,000 years from now when your brain’s been uploaded to a computer, SciShow Tangents will be here for you!

This week: Hank and Deboki are finally on an episode together! And Hank has yet another chaos-fuled game to present to us!  

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Deboki: @okidoki_boki Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Fact Off]

Irradiating canned meat

WIll update ASAP!

Dermestid beetle larvae

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/178/4066/1210.full.pdf

https://academic.oup.com/aesa/article-abstract/64/1/149/28541?redirectedFrom=fulltext

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/002219108090027X

https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/warehouse-beetle-and-cabinet-beetle

Electron decay

https://gizmodo.com/electron-lifespan-is-at-least-5-quintillion-times-the-1747606990

https://physicsworld.com/a/electron-lifetime-is-at-least-66000-yottayears/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Cryonics

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2095072-a-visual-tour-of-the-weird-world-of-the-cryogenically-frozen/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2729856/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2249453/

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/sep/30/egg-freezing-self-care-pregnancy-fertility

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130293211

Feb 09, 2021
SciShow Tangents Classics - Giant Rodents
00:33:46

No, you didn't wake up back in March 12, 2019, this is just a rerun of the classic Giant Rodent episode in honor of Groundhog Day. Be back with something exciting next week!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2015/02/making-teeth-tough-beavers-show-way-to-improve-our-enamel-

http://www.sci-news.com/biology/science-biswamoyopterus-laoensis-new-species-flying-squirrel-laos-01361.html

https://www.apopo.info/en/tuberculosis-detection/projects

http://www.treatmentactiongroup.org/tb/background

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/23/rats-who-sniff-out-tubersulosis

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140816-rats-tuberculosis-smell-disease-health-animals-world/

[Fact Off]

Hippos & biggest rodent:

Beavers & carbon emissions:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoh-bha082918.php

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/07/what-role-do-beavers-play-climate-change

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-014-0575-y

[Ask the Science Couch]

Gigantism:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-king-kong-should-have-been-blue-whale-180962603/

https://www.nature.com/articles/482008d

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/05/120521-killer-mice-birds-gough-island-endangered-animals-science/

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00534.x

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4358651/

[Butt One More Thing]

Capybara anal pouches:

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb05087.x

Feb 02, 2021
Ceri's Weather Shanty - Deluxe Edition
00:01:09

Our very own Josef 'Tuna' Metesh took Ceri's already exceptional sea shanty and turned it into a masterpiece! 

Jan 27, 2021
Weather
00:34:50

Weather is an evergreen small talk topic, and after this episode of Tangents you will be fully equipped to blow the socks off every grocery store clerk, dental technician, and next door neighbor you meet with your in-depth knowledge of wind, precipitation, and more! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Brain Storm]

Falling animals

https://www.loc.gov/everyday-mysteries/item/can-it-rain-frogs-fish-and-other-objects

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/strange-rain-why-fish-frogs-and-golf-balls-fall-skies-180956527/

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/lluvia-de-peces-the-rain-of-fish

https://www.thelocal.no/20150416/earthworms-rain-from-sky-over-southern-norway

Automated Weather Observing Systems

https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Automated_Weather_Observing_System_(AWOS)

https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC_150_5220-16E.pdf

Cloud seeding

https://www.technologyreview.com/2008/03/25/270084/weather-engineering-in-china/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7899086.stm

https://web.archive.org/web/20111123025420/http://www.ceawmt.in/indian_history.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809515000484

https://www.ncm.ae/en/details.html?id=825&lid=575

https://www.popsci.com/smog-cloud-seeding-thailand/

https://web.archive.org/web/20161105045733/http://thainews.prd.go.th/website_en/news/news_detail/WNEVN5903040010016

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-01/ncfa-wcs012606.php

https://journalofweathermodification.org/index.php/JWM/article/view/474

https://www.weathermod-bg.eu/index_en.php

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-fires-siberia/russia-seeds-clouds-in-siberia-to-douse-raging-wildfires-idUSKBN24B1JT

[Fact Off]

Tempest Prognosticator

Pic here: https://www.amusingplanet.com/2019/07/tempest-prognosticator-predicting.html

https://blogs.slv.vic.gov.au/our-stories/cloud-watching-understanding-weather/

https://www.smithjournal.com.au/blogs/science/3898-can-you-predict-the-weather-with-leeches

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/apr/19/weatherwatch-forecasting-tempest-prognosticator-storm-leech

https://interestingengineering.com/scientists-used-leaches-to-predict-the-weather

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/leeches-predict-weather-tempest-prognosticator

AMDAR

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2020GL088613

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02198-4

https://community.wmo.int/activity-areas/aircraft-based-observations/amdar/about-amdar

https://amdar.noaa.gov/docs/bams/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Acid rain

https://www.epa.gov/acidrain/what-acid-rain

http://butane.chem.uiuc.edu/pshapley/GenChem1/L26/3.html

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/acid-rain-and-water?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/invertebrates/ocean-acidification

Jan 26, 2021
Ears
00:32:02

In the world of podcasting, one organ reigns supreme: the ear. This week, we give thanks to the orifice that allows us to enjoy SciShow Tangents and that also helps us balance for some reason!

Also this week, the world premier of Sam's new game! It's a real corker! Also you will be required to visualize an entire cob of corn, so you better start practicing now.

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Hear Ye Hear Ye]

Toadfish Calls courtesy of the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology: https://www.birds.cornell.edu/home

https://www.chesapeakebay.net/S=0/fieldguide/critter/oyster_toadfish

Sun Sonification

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/sounds-of-the-sun

Whistler-waves

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/nasa-listens-in-as-electrons-whistle-while-they-work

Jupiter Bowshock

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-juno-spacecraft-enters-jupiters-magnetic-field

[Fact Off]

19th Century hearing devices 

Pictures here: http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/did/19thcent/index.htm

https://www.nytimes.com/1998/11/26/technology/hearing-aids-smaller-and-smarter.html

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/773357/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2582694/

Cheetah ears & vestibular organ

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/02/cheetah-inner-ear-speed-hunting-spd/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-20198-3

[Ask the Science Couch]

Hearing loss

https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/hearing_loss/how_does_loud_noise_cause_hearing_loss.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11122/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hearing-loss/symptoms-causes/syc-20373072

https://stanmed.stanford.edu/listening/scientists-hope-cure-hearing-loss-studying-birds.html

https://psych.athabascau.ca/html/Psych289/Biotutorials/17/cochlea.shtml

https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/sites/default/files/Content%20Images/presbycusis.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQEaiZ2j9oc

Jan 19, 2021
Cephalopods
00:31:57

Tangents is back for a 3rd season, and things are going to get weird! So we’re embracing the weirdness by talking about some of the weirdest animals around: cephalopods! 

In this episode: new games of dubious scientific value and quality! Classic Ceri music ignorance! Big Suckers! And, most importantly, laughs galore! We missed you guys!

[Rhyme Time]

I mean… what citation could there possibly be for this?

I guess ask Hank if you want to know more about Squid Ink and Big Suckers?

[Fact Off]

Bacteria RNA Edit

https://www.hawaii.edu/news/2020/11/20/bacteria-direct-hawaiian-squid/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/uoha-bct111820.php

https://www.quantamagazine.org/new-squid-genome-shines-light-on-symbiotic-evolution-20190219/

The SciShow Video 

https://youtu.be/_XvgdNQsmVE?t=525

Octopus Apartment Building

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/10.1080/10236244.2012.727617

https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/why-octopuses-are-building-small-cities-off-the-coast-of-australia/

[Stump the Science Couch]

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/octopus-chronicles/why-don-t-octopuses-get-stuck-to-themselves/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-dont-octopus-suckers-stick-their-own-skin-180951465/

 

Jan 12, 2021
SciShow Tangents Enhanced Classics - Experiments in Space
00:35:54

SciShow Tangents is still on a break, but we have another Enhanced Classics for you! This week, a rerun of Experiments in Space with a brand new Ask the Science Couch and Butt Fact!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Chicken Fat

https://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/aafex_biofuels.html

Bone loss

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=187

Perfume

https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/9-12/features/spacescents_feature.html

https://spinoff.nasa.gov/spinoff2002/ch_1.html

[Fact Off]

Wake Shield Facility

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920014405

https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/pg46s95.html

https://uwaterloo.ca/molecular-beam-epitaxy/about/what-epitaxy

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/03jan_bioniceyes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0042207X01003839

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S009457650000148X

Image: https://archive.org/details/STS069-724-095

 

Mouse sperm experiment

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5988

http://iss.jaxa.jp/en/kiboexp/theme/second/pmlatter/spacepup/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Rocket thrust

https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/UEET/StudentSite/engines.html

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/390-rockets-and-thrust

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228785798_The_merits_of_cold_gas_micropropulsion_in_state-of-the-art_space_missions

https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/rocket/rktth1.html

[Butt One More Thing]

ISS Toilet

Jan 05, 2021
SciShow Tangents Enhanced Classics - Light
00:35:36

SciShow Tangents is taking a short break, but we didn't want to totally leave you hanging! You're about to listen to a rerun of the Light episode, but with a special twist: we recorded a new Ask the Science Couch and Butt Fact! 

Next week we'll be posting another of these Enhanced Classics, then we'll start releasing regular, full-length episodes again. Thanks for hanging with us!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

EROS

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788334

MOZE

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41593-019-0389-0

FReSH

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature10428.html

[Fact Off]

Eidophor

https://www.earlytelevision.org/eidophor.html

https://hackaday.com/2016/03/15/retrotechtacular-eidophor-an-unknown-widely-used-projector/

http://www.film-tech.com/ubb/f1/t004319.html

http://www.earlytelevision.org/yanczer_eidophor.html

Centennial light

http://www.centennialbulb.org/index.htm

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/66009/light-bulb-has-been-burning-1901

https://www.lampsplus.com/ideas-and-advice/how-an-incandescent-light-bulb-works/

https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-history/dawn-of-electronics/the-great-lightbulb-conspiracy

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/27/707188193/the-phoebus-cartel

[Ask the Science Couch]

Incandescence: 

http://edisontechcenter.org/incandescent.html

https://physlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Planck_ref8.pdf

https://www.fi.edu/history-resources/edisons-lightbulb

LEDs:

https://www.circuitbasics.com/what-is-a-diode/

http://needtoknow.nas.edu/www7.nationalacademies.org/led-lighting/index-2.html

https://www.lrc.rpi.edu/programs/nlpip/lightinganswers/led/color.asp

https://www.mrsec.psu.edu/content/light-emitting-diodes

[Butt One More Thing]

Fluorescent E.coli for colitis

https://www.embopress.org/doi/full/10.15252/msb.20167416

Dec 29, 2020
Stefan's Favorite Things
00:35:35


Join us as we send Stefan off in grand style by talking a lot about the things that bring him great joy in life: getting yolked, going to the store, and dice. He’s a complicated fellow!

Stefan, it has been a great joy to co-host this silly show with you for the last two years! I know I speak for everyone when I say we will miss hearing your voice every week. Thank you for everything!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Spiders in cars

https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2014/04/mazda-issues-recall-because-spiders-invade-fuel-tank-causing-fire-risk.html

https://www.popsci.com/blog-network/eek-squad/why-do-spiders-apparently-cars-so-much/

http://delusion.ucdavis.edu/yellowsac.html

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/10/toyota-is-recalling-more-than-800-000-cars-because-of-spiders/280694/

Artificial Christmas trees made from car scraps

https://www.aluminum.org/product-markets/automotive

https://digitalcollections.lib.washington.edu/digital/collection/imlsmohai/id/14565/

https://books.google.com/books?id=OlmGjEU7qU4C&pg=PA178&

https://abcnews.go.com/US/ChristmasCountdown/story?id=1414607

Mailing heavy car pieces

https://about.usps.com/who-we-are/postal-history/bank-of-vernal.pdf

https://www.deseret.com/2014/11/24/20553427/legend-of-vernal-bank-built-by-bricks-sent-through-post-office-partly-true

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kit_car

[Fact Off]

Wheaties jingle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJpeR6GvpC8

Workout clothing that regulates temperature

https://news.mit.edu/2017/moisture-responsive-workout-suit-0519

http://www.digra.org/wp-content/uploads/digital-library/DiGRA_2020_paper_88.pdf

[Ask the Science Stefan Couch]

Random dice rolls

How random is dice rolling? http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8738/f63758598ca711c49817f9187f13c22a9893.pdf

[Butt One More Thing]

Farting games

http://www.digra.org/wp-content/uploads/digital-library/DiGRA_2020_paper_88.pdf

Dec 22, 2020
Ceri's Favorite Things
00:35:14


This week, we celebrate the brains of this whole operation: Ceri! 

This episode starts out incredibly wholesome! There are beagles, Pokemon, gardening… but, per usual, Ceri has to make it all about body horror in the end. Find out what terrible modifications she’d make to the human body!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Fact Off]

Pokemon memory study

Articles:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-05/su-abr050219.php

https://www.theverge.com/2019/5/6/18531287/pokemon-neuroscience-visual-cortex-brain-information

https://massivesci.com/articles/pokemon-detective-pikachu-brains-video-games/

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn7567-why-your-brain-has-a-jennifer-aniston-cell/

https://www.sciencealert.com/if-you-were-a-pokemon-whizz-as-a-kid-it-might-be-etched-in-your-brain

Paper:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332900464_Extensive_childhood_experience_with_Pokemon_suggests_eccentricity_drives_organization_of_visual_cortex

Stanford Video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kEIuQRHElcQ&ab_channel=Stanford

SciShow Video:

https://youtu.be/UWEZiOZZ0uA

Beagle & polar bear poop

http://cincinnatizoo.org/news-releases/can-a-canine-detect-polar-bear-pregnancy/

https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2013/11/12/elvis-the-dog-sniffs-out-pregnant-polar-bears/?utm_source=reddit.com

https://www.wvxu.org/post/no-cubs-anana-zoos-polar-bear-not-pregnant#stream/0

http://blog.cincinnatizoo.org/2014/09/01/how-can-you-tell-if-a-polar-bear-is-pregnant/

[Ask the Science Ceri Couch]

Oxygen tank organ 

https://www.nature.com/news/making-the-most-of-muscle-oxygen-1.13202

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/14/2180

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/15/2455

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23160832/

https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/112428/12953_2004_Article_18.pdf;jsessionid=BF3DFABDCA9CECAFF34406DB7BF9BE50?sequence=1

Electrogenic organ

https://opentextbc.ca/anatomyandphysiologyopenstax/chapter/skeletal-muscle/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-do-electric-eels-gene

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/212/9/1351

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/13/2451

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2005/24jun_electrostatics

[Butt One More Thing]

Pigeon poop hair bleach

https://www.hji.co.uk/blonde/brief-history-of-blondes-hair-historian/

https://books.google.com/books?id=Yw_0DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT48&lpg=PT48

Dec 15, 2020
Sam's Favorite Things
00:31:00
Dec 08, 2020
Hank's Favorite Things
00:32:30

Season 2 of SciShow Tangents is coming to a close, and to celebrate, we’re honoring each of our panelists with episodes about their favorite things! We’re starting, of course, with our fearless leader and professional liker-of-strange-and-amazing-things: Hank!  

At the end of the month, we'll be naming the winner of this season and announcing the new name of the Tangents currency, so stay tuned!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Pressure-sensitive Adhesives

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pressure-sensitive_adhesive

Malaria Detector

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181029102828.htm

Urine-Powered Transmitter

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151211130103.htm

https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/preview/844724/Wearable-MFC%2010-7-15_unedited.pdf

[Fact Off]

Cats eating grass

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/08/mystery-solved-why-cats-eat-grass

Metal whiskers

http://thor.inemi.org/webdownload/newsroom/Presentations/SMTAI-04_tin_whiskers.pdf

https://nepp.nasa.gov/whisker/background/index.htm

https://phys.org/news/2012-12-doctoral-student-unravels-tin-whisker.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1359646218300319

https://www.sharrettsplating.com/blog/alternatives-to-cadmium-for-plating-connectors/

[Ask the Science Hank Couch]

Wombat butts

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/10/06/wombats-have-buns-of-steel-and-they-might-literally-be-deadly/

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/wombat-poop-cube-why-is-it-square-shaped/

Caterpillar poop

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2003/03/frass-flies

Hydra butt

https://www.livescience.com/53980-terrifying-mouth-of-a-hydra.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Peru guano

https://www.audubon.org/news/holy-crap-trip-worlds-largest-guano-producing-islands

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-11153967

Dec 01, 2020
Vegetables
00:35:41

In the immortal words of Brian Wilson: "I'm gonna be round my vegetables, I'm gonna chow down my vegetables, I love you most of all... my favorite vegetable"

And he's right, too. 

In this episode we get down in the dirt with our favorite veggies. Carrots... broccoli... and all the rest. All that, and Ceri tries out a fun new pun!

[Truth or Fail]

Sponge gourds

https://www.lewisginter.org/luffa-plant-exfoliate/

Grasspea

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6422318/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214514116300629

https://www.cwrdiversity.org/the-curious-case-of-the-grasspea/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20510335/

https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/grasspea.html

Wild carrots

http://www.carrotmuseum.co.uk/wild.html

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/poison-hemlock-identification-and-control

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6150177/

[Fact Off]

Spinach and growing organs 

https://www.wpi.edu/news/wpi-team-grows-heart-tissue-spinach-leaves

https://api.nationalgeographic.com/distribution/public/amp/news/2017/03/human-heart-spinach-leaf-medicine-science?utm_source=reddit.com

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2017/03/27/scientists-convert-spinach-leaves-into-human-heart-tissue-that-beats/

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5a63bdefdc2b4ac54c102232/t/5a90cfc0ec212d945185b364/1519439811042/CYSJLabWinter2017.pdf#page=6

Beet smell geosmin

[Ask the Science Couch]

Asparagus pee

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1379935/pdf/brjclinpharm00087-0116.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1715705/pdf/brmedj00052-0020.pdf

https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/36/1/9/442551

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20140818-mystery-of-asparagus-and-urine

https://www.bmj.com/content/355/bmj.i6071

https://www.livescience.com/57199-why-some-people-cant-smell-asparagus-pee.html

https://theconversation.com/that-distinctive-springtime-smell-asparagus-pee-94696

[Butt One More Thing]

Beeturia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537012/

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319447#Beetroot-pigments

Nov 24, 2020
Wood
00:35:08

If you look out a window right now, you're probably going to see a tree. And that tree? Why, it's made out of wood, friend. And that's where things start to get interesting... 

Get ready to meet Hank's newest alter-ego: Mr. Wood. He's basically Hank, but he just can't stop talking about wood! I had to cut like 3 different, very long stories he told about wood! The man LOVES wood!


Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Shipworms

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shipworms

Dynamite

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/tunneling-clam-bedeviled-humans-sank-ships-conquered-oceans-180961288/

Bounty Gaming

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/hanoi-rat-massacre-1902

[Fact Off]

Super Wood

Article: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180207151829.htm

Paper: https://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/pdf2018/fpl_2018_song001.pdf

Screwdriver test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BStJLI7WQ8g&ab_channel=VOANews

Ballistic test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVbczXDFe1Q&ab_channel=MarylandNanoCenter

Metallic Wood

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-01/uop-pe012819.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Splinters

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2557.html

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p683.html

http://www.the-dermatologist.com/content/treating-rare-fungal-infections-sporotrichosis

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4082545/

[Butt One More Thing]

Toilet paper 

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/622513/reason-toilet-paper-always-white

Nov 17, 2020
Architecture
00:31:09

When you think architecture, you’re probably thinking blueprints, slide rules, maybe a compass or something, I don’t know. But it turns out some of our animal brethren can hold their own when it comes to building stuff, and they don’t have any of those fancy tools! They have, like, their mouths!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Blinds: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171130122759.htm

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.201703653

Algae: https://earthbuddies.net/algae-curtain/

Electric Bacteria: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/02/electric-bacteria-create-currents-out-thin-and-thick-air#:~:text=Generating%20electricity%20from%20thin%20air,there's%20moisture%20in%20the%20air.

[Fact Off]

Crystal in hornet nests

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2001/06/mystery-hornets-nest 

https://geology.com/minerals/ilmenite.shtml 

https://www.nature.com/articles/35079679 

https://books.google.com/books?id=If229i4wRQEC&pg=PA25 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jemt.20168 

Neolamprologus obscurus burrows

https://www.popsci.com/fish-teamwork-snare-shrimp/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-018-2566-7

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180306101713.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

Concrete & environmental impacts

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-46455844

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/feb/25/concrete-the-most-destructive-material-on-earth

https://constructionclimatechallenge.com/2016/07/07/green-building-materials-that-are-alternatives-to-concrete/

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2016/mar/04/making-concrete-green-reinventing-the-worlds-most-used-synthetic-material

https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/how-can-concrete-construction-be-greener 

[Butt One More Thing]

Japanese transparent public toilet

https://www.dezeen.com/2020/08/17/shigeru-ban-transparent-toyko-toilet-shibuya 

https://tokyotoilet.jp/en/

Nov 10, 2020
Migration
00:32:43

It’s our 100th episode! And to celebrate our migration from double- to triple-digits, we’re talking about… animal migration... Ok, we forgot it was our 100th episode. But this is still a great episode!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Arrow Stork

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/76208/how-stork-solved-scientific-mystery

https://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2018/02/19/the_weirdest_ideas_about_bird_migration.html

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/zoological-collection-of-the-university-of-rostock

https://labandfield.wordpress.com/2013/11/03/bird_migration/

[Fact Off]

American and European eel migration

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2449503?seq=3#metadata_info_tab_contents

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-37563100

https://jeb.biologists.org/content/208/7/1329

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms9705

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/mystery-of-the-vanishing-eels

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/10/e1501694

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sargassosea.html

Army ant bivouac 

[Ask the Science Couch]

Forest migration

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/BorealMigration

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/28/896030567/believe-it-or-not-forests-migrate-but-not-fast-enough-for-climate-change

https://daily.jstor.org/the-incredible-moving-forest/

[Butt One More Thing]

Starling poop 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-05/rome-is-drowning-in-the-droppings-of-a-million-migrating-starlings

Nov 03, 2020
The Science of Scary Sounds - A SciShow Tangents Audio Adventure
00:18:00

Monster Month bursts from the grave with one last shocking surprise! Enjoy this audio adventure through a haunted house, as Scary Ceri guides you through some of the spookiest sounds around! Be sure to wear your… deadphones! Ha ha ha ha ha!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181681/

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00761/full

[Natural Sounds]

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/out-the-ooze/201511/what-makes-house-feel-haunted

https://www.businessinsider.com/why-horror-films-scary-fear-neuroscience-psychology-2016-10

https://www.quora.com/Why-is-the-wolf-howling-effect-used-in-horror-movies

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/07/why-screams-are-so-scary

https://www.nyu.edu/about/news-publications/news/2015/july/researchers-find-the-acoustic-signature-of-screams.html

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(15)00737-X

[Music]

https://slate.com/culture/2012/06/in-scientific-studies-of-music-whats-missing-is-the-culture.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2012.0374

https://arstechnica.com/science/2016/07/the-jaws-theme-might-not-be-scary-for-tsimane-people/

https://mcgovern.mit.edu/2020/06/16/universal-musical-harmony/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-16448-6

https://qz.com/quartzy/1429949/devils-interval-what-makes-music-sound-scary/

[Extreme Highs & Lows]

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2123018-the-feeling-you-get-when-nails-scratch-a-blackboard-has-a-name/

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00131/full

https://scienceline.org/2011/10/why-do-we-hate-the-sound-of-nails-on-a-chalkboard/

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Sound/infrasound.html

http://www.nbcnews.com/id/3077192#.X2kUu5NKhxw

http://www.richardwiseman.com/resources/ghost-in-machine.pdf

https://web.archive.org/web/20110929142806/http://www.psy.herts.ac.uk/ghost/Something-in-the-Cellar.pdf

[Butt One More Thing]

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11031-018-9673-7#Sec14

https://www.livescience.com/62165-how-to-overcome-embarrassment-fart-study.html  

Oct 30, 2020
Monster Month: Monster Mash
00:31:37

Monster Month meets its ghoulish end, and we’re throwing it a swinging wake! This week, all the monsters we didn’t talk about during the rest of October come together for a great big Monster Mash!

Halloween is my favorite time of year, and this one has been more than a little weird. But working on Monster Month helped make up for some of the creepy fun I'm missing out on, and I hope it did the same for you!

RIP Monster Month! For now...

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

King Kong suit experiments

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(15)00946-X

https://www.livescience.com/52209-apes-remember-ancitipate-scary-movie-scenes.html

 

Thieving puppet experiment

https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/research-with-thieving-puppets-demonstrates-toddlers-caring-sides/

Parrots wasting food

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/02/science/why-parrots-waste-food.html

Social interaction puppet experiment

https://munewsarchives.missouri.edu/news-releases/2015/0210-babies-can-identify-complex-social-situations-and-react-accordingly-2/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Birdcatcher tree

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology/article/dispersal-and-germination-of-seeds-of-pisonia-grandis-an-indopacific-tropical-tree-associated-with-insular-seabird-colonies/60178D05BB8FFDED4565F2EB72E9061D

https://www.sciencealert.com/this-tree-seems-to-kill-birds-just-for-the-heck-of-it

https://www.academia.edu/16969627/_Birdlime_Sticky_Entrapments_in_Renaissance_Literature_

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/this-tree-lures-birds-with-a-free-lunch-and-then-kills-them/2017/03/31/27aa04c0-1309-11e7-9e4f-09aa75d3ec57_story.html

https://www.theargus.co.uk/news/16882829.birds-killed-illegal-glue-traps-horsham-nature-reserve/

 

Bloodsucking (Capri Son) ant

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-12/uoia-dap120618.php

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9dsINb64Q0&feature=youtu.be&ab_channel=AntLab

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/dracula-ants-snapping-jaws-are-fastest-known-appendage-any-animal-180971061/#:~:text=According%20to%20Hannah%20Devlin%20of,them%20%E2%80%9Cfull%20of%20holes.%E2%80%9D

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/running-ponies/shadow-labyrinth-mirror-new-species-of-child-eating-dracula-ants-get-cool-ninja-names/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-03/pp-snd032814.php

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Organ transplants

https://www.cedars-sinai.org/programs/transplant-center/programs/kidney-pancreas/abo-incompatibility.html

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/transplant/programs/reconstructive_transplant/hand_transplant.html

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41423-019-0215-3

https://jbioleng.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13036-017-0089-9

 

Blood compatibility 

https://www.rch.org.au/bloodtrans/about_blood_products/Blood_Groups_and_Compatibilities/

https://www.cedars-sinai.org/programs/transplant-center/programs/kidney-pancreas/abo-incompatibility.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Yeti poop actually bears

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/11/yeti-legends-real-animals-dna-bears-himalaya-science/



 

 

Oct 27, 2020
Monster Month: Vampires
00:33:51

Monster Month turns up the spooky sex appeal as we talk about the hunkiest monster in Monster Town: vampires! 

 

What monster do you think is the hunkiest? Or how about least-hunkiest (sort of tricky! They can all be hunks in their own way)? Send us a tweet and let us know! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Wireworms

https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/fieldcropsipm/insects/corn-wireworms.php

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1119566-overview

 

Vampire Ground Finch

http://blog.discoveringgalapagos.org.uk/vampire-finch/

 

Japanese Wild Boars

https://www.nal.usda.gov/fsrio/research-projects/silver-nanoparticles-pesticide-agricultural-applications#:~:text=Silver%20nanoparticles%20have%20received%20significant,resistance%20to%20existing%20chemical%20pesticides.

https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2136652/wild-boars-are-taking-over-japans-small-towns-and-residents-are



 

[Fact Off]

 

Blood battery

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160429095849.htm

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Scientists-create-bio-batteries-which-can-be-charged-with-human-sweat/articleshow/40198217.cms

https://futurism.com/blood-is-helping-us-make-the-next-generation-of-batteries

 

Tick traumatic insemination 

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/29/14682

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2011/08/immune-system-protects-female-bedbugs-traumatic-sex

https://phys.org/news/2019-07-female-bed-bugs-immune-stis.html

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Teeth/beak/etc puncture

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/c/common-vampire-bat/

https://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/7242.html

https://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/11/2/154/204658

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00583.x

 

Specialized mouthpiece straw

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/06/07/480653821/watch-mosquitoes-use-6-needles-to-suck-your-blood

https://web.natur.cuni.cz/parasitology/vyuka/LekEnt_CV/The%20Biology%20of%20Blood-Sucking%20in%20Insects.pdf

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Vampire bat poop

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/22/science/vampire-bats-blood.html

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-018-0476-8

Oct 20, 2020
Monster Month: Living Dead
00:34:37

Monster Month shambles on! This week: the living dead! We’re talking zombies, we’re talking Frankensteins, we’re talking skeletons. And by the end, things get downright poignant!

Also in this episode, an all time Hank hot take about ghosts. I’d love to hash that one out more, so be sure to hit him up on Twitter so we can all figure out why he thinks ghosts are alive… 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Brazilian Treehoppers

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-brazilian-treehopper-may-be-the-strangest-creature-5975761

https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/what-is-a-brazilian-treehopper/

Cicada Wing Flicking

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-02/uoc-iot022218.php

Protective Ant Fungus

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/ps-tzf050212.php

[Fact Off]

Neochromosomes (Frankenstein’s monster chromosomes) & cancer

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-11/giom-ssm110514.php

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4905327/

https://www.nature.com/articles/515314b

https://www.cell.com/cancer-cell/fulltext/S1535-6108(14)00373-0

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature14493

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383574218300322

https://www.nature.com/articles/4401161

Glass knifefish brain transplant

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/njio-sb032420.php

https://news.njit.edu/simulated-frankenfish-brain-swaps-reveal-senses-control-body-movement

[Ask the Science Couch]

Trying to reanimate animal corpses

https://www.livescience.com/65542-zombies-real-resurrection-experiments.html

https://io9.gizmodo.com/real-life-scientists-who-meddled-with-life-and-death-5949176

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15595271/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003497500010912

Animal brains

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01216-4

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0006899374904788

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/168/3929/375



 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dead butt syndrome

https://www.healthline.com/health/dead-butt-syndrome

Oct 13, 2020
Monster Month: Ghosts!
00:31:13

It’s ba-ack! Fear Month is back from the dead in a hideous new form: Monster Month! This week we’re busting out the Ouija board and summoning forth some Ghostly science knowledge from beyond this earthly plane! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Bioluminescent/reflective animals

https://www.owlpages.com/owls/articles.php?a=18

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsta.2014.0206

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/07/150724-fireflies-glow-bugs-summer-nation-science/

Marsh gases

https://cen.acs.org/articles/92/i38/George-Washington-Scientist.html

https://www.popsci.com/jack-o-lanterns-marsh-lights/

https://discovernjhistory.org/magical-mud-microbes-and-methane/

https://www.nj.gov/state/historical/it-happened-here/ihhnj-er-first-science-ex.pdf

https://www.mountvernon.org/library/digitalhistory/digital-encyclopedia/article/rocky-hill-experiment/

Pepper's ghost illusion

https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/the-science-behind-the-pepper-s-ghost-illusion/

http://www.theatrecrafts.com/pages/home/glossary-of-technical-theatre-terms/more-about-peppers-ghost/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/aekye5/the-science-behind-the-worlds-most-convincing-ghost-effect


[Fact Off]

Feeling of presence ghost robot

https://www.wired.com/2014/11/robot-ghost/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/this-robot-messes-with-your-brain-until-you-feel-a-ghostly-presence/

Ghost fleas and mercury

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/07/ghost-fleas-bring-toxic-mercury-depths-prairie-lakes

https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/26294/20200701/ghost-fleas-act-mercury-elevators-bring-toxin-up-depths-lake.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

EMF readers

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/11/the-broken-technology-of-ghost-hunting/506627/

https://www.livescience.com/4261-shady-science-ghost-hunting.html

https://io9.gizmodo.com/meet-the-emf-meter-the-little-tool-that-ghost-hunters-5875212

 

Oct 06, 2020
SciShow Tangents Classics - Bats
00:33:24

We're taking a short dirt nap this week in preparation for October's frightening festivities! Enjoy this classic, slightly spooky episode and join us next week as we kick off Monster Month!

It'll be worth the wait, I promise!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Poem]

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/these-pitcher-plants-call-bats-get-their-poo-180956014/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2010.1141

[Truth or Fail]

Bats that spend time on the ground:

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/03/vampire-bats-keep-out-trouble-running-study-shows

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16621953

https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/creatura-blog/2018/01/why-fly-when-you-can-shuffle-the-lesser-short-tailed-bat-prefers-the-ground/

Diurnal bats:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/daytime-bats-help-explain-nocturnal-evolution/

https://blogs.plos.org/ecology/2017/06/29/bat-species-found-only-on-islands-in-trouble-worldwide/

https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/mamm.ahead-of-print/mammalia-2017-0128/mammalia-2017-0128.xml

Suction cup bats:

https://www.wired.com/2010/04/how-sucker-winged-bats-hang-on/

[Fact Off]

Bat & dolphin echolocation:

https://evolutionnews.org/2012/05/tangling_the_tr/

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2010/01/hear-bats-and-whales-share-sonar-protein

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(09)02073-9

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12511

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/refined-fine-tuned-placental-mammal-family-tree/

Moth echolocation blocker:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2009/07/moths-block-bats-sonar

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/325/5938/325?keytype=ref&siteid=sci&ijkey=GbDjRlkoHfRnY

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2009/07/17/tiger-moths-jam-the-sonar-of-bats/

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/14/2416

[Ask the Science Couch]

White-nose syndrome:

https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/bat_crisis_white-nose_syndrome/Q_and_A.html

https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/static-page/what-is-white-nose-syndrome

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-bats-could-bounce-back-devastating-white-nose-syndrome-180969378/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02441-z

https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/4/2/48

[Butt One More Thing]

Bat guano gunpowder:

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dkc09  

Sep 29, 2020
Language with Deboki Chakravarti
00:34:33

What would a podcast be without language? Perhaps a series of soothing tones? Maybe frog sounds? Wait… that sounds nice… 

Need more sweet language knowledge? 

Crash Course Linguistics: https://youtu.be/eDop3FDoUzk

Want more Deboki? 

Journey to the Microcosmos: https://youtu.be/17tug6T-4jc

Crash Course Organic Chemistry: https://youtu.be/bSMx0NS0XfY

And follow her on Twitter: https://twitter.com/okidoki_boki

And every other Tangents episode! She does a ton of behind the scenes work and we’d, frankly, be screwed without her! Thank you, Deboki!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Mustached bat sounds and syntax

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7962992/
 

 

Heaps Law

https://www.johndcook.com/blog/2019/08/27/heaps-law/

 

Jackass penguin honks

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0589
https://www.livescience.com/jackass-penguin-linguistic-rules.html
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/jackass-penguin-calls-follow-similar-rules-human-speech-180974139/
https://youtu.be/oTOcJj_NNUg
 

 

Speed dating communication

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2012/04/30/151550273/to-predict-dating-success-the-secrets-in-the-pronouns

 

Prairie dog chatter
https://www.prairiedoghoogland.com/vocalizations
https://academic.oup.com/jmammal/article/79/3/887/859259

[Fact Off]

Facebook machine learning of language 

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/uops-fuc030620.php

Hypothetical spaceship language

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/07/200706145433.htm

https://zenodo.org/record/3747353#.X1j66nlKiJc

[Ask the Science Couch]

Human language efficiency 

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/06/complex-languages/489389/

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/9/eaaw2594

http://www.ithkuil.net/00_intro.html

Computer languages 

https://thenewstack.io/which-programming-languages-use-the-least-electricity/

https://www.freecodecamp.org/news/compiled-versus-interpreted-languages/

[Butt One More Thing]

Pumpernickel

https://www.visualthesaurus.com/cm/wordroutes/the-devilish-origins-of-pumpernickel/

 

Sep 22, 2020
Eyeballs
00:32:18

Jeepers creepers, today we’re talking about peepers! 

 

I can't come up with anything that would really add to the above description of the episode, but I also feel like I owe you guys more than that... so hey, what's up? Excited for Halloween? Watching any good shows? I'm sort of out of shows... 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Bat Eyes

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/78kwdz/bats-crash-into-each-other-all-the-time-high-speed-cameras-reveal

 

Guitarfish Eyes

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/instead-eyelids-fish-has-special-muscles-retract-its-eyeball-180957005/

 

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/sharks-rays/sharks#:~:text=Sharks%20have%20eyelids%2C%20but%20they,damage%20when%20fighting%20or%20feeding.&text=In%20addition%2C%20some%20species%20have,the%20eye%20in%20dicey%20situations.

 

Goat Eyes

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/08/07/430149677/eye-shapes-of-the-animal-world-hint-at-differences-in-our-lifestyles

 

[Fact Off]

 

Glowing Contacts

https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/glowing-contact-lens-could-prevent-leading-cause-blindness-82050

https://orionvisiongroup.com/blog/glow-in-the-dark-contact-treatment-diabetic-retinopathy/#:~:text=Diabetic%20Retinopathy%20%E2%80%93%20The%20Facts,the%20precursor%20to%20nerve%20death.

 

Cockeyed squids

https://today.duke.edu/2017/02/mismatched-eyes-help-squid-survive-ocean%E2%80%99s-twilight-zone

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstb.2016.0069

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/this-squid-gives-better-side-eye-than-you

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-does-someone-get-two/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Eye shapes

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/90509/13-furry-facts-about-pallass-cat

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/7/e1500391

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/08/07/430149677/eye-shapes-of-the-animal-world-hint-at-differences-in-our-lifestyles

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Cow butt eye

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/painting-eyes-cow-butts-could-save-cow-and-lion-lives-180975601/

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/627983/save-cow-from-predators-paint-eyes-on-its-butt

Sep 15, 2020
Cars
00:31:28

Beep beep, toot toot, etc. 

Cars are definitely one of the more common-place things we’ve talked about on Tangents… yet to some, including many on our panel, they are even more mysterious and confusing than the human body or the fundamental forces of nature! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Freeze-drying

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/nuos-nit031820.php

Replacing human tissues

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/cuot-nrm031320.php

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.9b01924

Batteries

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140827151654.htm

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/RA/C4RA03888F#!divAbstract

 

[Fact Off]

Added engine noise

https://www.caranddriver.com/features/a15117726/faking-it-engine-sound-enhancement-explained-tech-dept/

https://www.carthrottle.com/post/5-ways-that-manufacturers-enhance-the-sound-of-their-cars/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/americas-best-selling-cars-and-trucks-are-built-on-lies-the-rise-of-fake-engine-noise/2015/01/21/6db09a10-a0ba-11e4-b146-577832eafcb4_story.html

https://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/a7923/the-rise-of-the-fake-engine-roar-11291754/

https://www.caranddriver.com/features/a15107374/this-is-why-various-engine-types-sound-so-different-feature/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

Wheels vs. tracks

https://litetrax.com/wheels-vs-tracks-advantages-disadvantages/

https://www.macallisterrentals.com/track-vs-wheeled-equipment-type-machine-rent/

3 vs. 4 wheels

https://thenewswheel.com/why-do-cars-have-four-wheels/

https://jalopnik.com/why-three-wheels-are-better-than-four-5950307

 

[Butt One More Thing]

https://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(07)01404-5/pdf


 

Sep 08, 2020
Black Holes
00:34:05

Does the Tangents crew know anything about black holes? Not really. But when has that ever stopped us? Let’s get theoretical! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Gravastar

https://www.universetoday.com/24299/types-of-stars/

https://web.archive.org/web/20061213095149/http://www.lanl.gov/news/releases/archive/02-035.shtml

Blanet

https://www.sciencealert.com/we-have-ploonets-we-have-moonmoons-now-hold-onto-your-hats-for-blanets

https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15198

Massteroid

https://www.space.com/51-asteroids-formation-discovery-and-exploration.html

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/basics/primer/

 

[Fact Off]

Stealing energy from black hole

http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2011/ph240/nagasawa2/

https://www.sciencealert.com/an-experiment-has-just-demonstrated-how-energy-could-be-extracted-from-a-black-hole

https://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_727690_en.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=73&v=ES2VxhRAkUM&feature=emb_title

https://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/black-hole.htm#:~:text=The%20Schwarzschild%20black%20hole%20is,singularity%20and%20an%20event%20horizon.&text=The%20Kerr%20black%20hole%2C%20which,it%20was%20formed%20was%20rotating.

https://www.quora.com/What-is-an-ergosphere

https://www.howmusicworks.org/103/Sound-and-Music/Amplitude-and-Frequency#:~:text=There%20are%20two%20main%20properties,how%20loud%20the%20sound%20is.&text=A%20frequency%20of%201%20Hz%20means%20one%20wave%20cycle%20per%20second.



[Ask the Science Couch]

White holes

https://www.space.com/white-holes.html

https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/white-holes-do-black-holes-have-mirror-images

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1HqOEbq2L4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4aqGI1mSqo

 

[Butt One More Thing]

Carl Sagan BHA

https://www.engadget.com/2014-02-26-when-carl-sagan-sued-apple-twice.html#:~:text=In%20the%20wake%20of%20Sagan's,first%20place%20is%20beyond%20comical.



 

Sep 01, 2020
Milk
00:30:44

Milk is pretty normal, right? Boring even! But have you ever thought about it? Like, really thought about it? We have! And I gotta say, it led us to some challenging places. 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

Aug 18, 2020
Listener Mailbag
00:29:55

We get A LOT of questions from our listeners! So this week we decided to put the competition on hold, open up the old Tangents Mailbag, and answer a few of them! 

 

Get ready to learn some of our deepest secrets, like what Ceri thinks about yogurt and Stefan's milk conundrum! There are other, less dairy related things in this episode, too. Once again, thank you all for your support and for all of the amazing questions you ask us every week. We couldn't do it without you!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:
Artificial sugars

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-3/Aspartame.html

https://sucralose.org/sucralose-facts/#:~:text=Sucralose%20is%20made%20by%20a,%2C%20but%20is%20calorie%2Dfree.

https://www.stevia.com/2016/10/03/how-is-stevia-leaf-extract-made/

https://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/edible-innovations/artificial-sweetener8.htm

http://www.yalescientific.org/2010/09/mythbusters-does-sugar-really-make-children-hyper/

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/391812

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7963081/

Photic sneezing

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-does-bright-light-cau/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03012675

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1042271/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41551-0

Milk and bones

Whale hearing

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0118582

https://dosits.org/animals/sound-reception/marine-mammals-hear/hearing-in-cetaceans/

https://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/how-to-see-what-whales-hear/

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/marine-mammals/keeping-ear-out-whale-evolution

http://repository.ias.ac.in/4651/1/321.pdf

Duck swimming 

https://www.audubon.org/news/webbed-feet-are-evolutionary-hit

https://academic.oup.com/biolinnean/article/110/3/543/2415604

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/veterinary-science-and-veterinary-medicine/uropygial-gland

https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/feathers-article/

Multivitamins

[Butt One More Thing]

Anal pouches

https://books.google.com/books?id=IETMd3-lSlkC&pg=PA99&lpg=PA99

https://www.wired.com/2015/01/creature-feature-10-fun-facts-fossa/

Aug 11, 2020
Glowing Things
00:30:44

Glowing Things: is that a scientific topic? Yes, but not by much. In fact, we spend a lot of the episode figuring out of there even is a scientific definition of 'glow!' Very exciting!

Here's a little fun fact for all you Sam-heads out there: my favorite color is 'glow-in-the-dark green." That's right, I finally admit that I'm the one writing all these descriptions! I guess Ceri doesn't do everything after all, huh?! 

Peace,

Sam

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangents.org!

 

[Truth or Fail]

Foxfire

https://allthatsinteresting.com/foxfire-bioluminescence#:~:text=Foxfire%20is%20the%20informal%20term,together%20to%20form%20a%20glow.

Submarine

https://www.warhistoryonline.com/instant-articles/david-bushnells-turtle-of-1776.html

https://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/s/submarine-turtle-naval-documents.html

There is a LOT about this submarine, and a lot of it is contradictory! A very fun Google rabbit hole to fall down. 

[Fact Off]

Death fluorescence 

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blue-death-in-worms/

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001613

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3735983/

Picture: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3735983/figure/F1/

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6S3D8Fy8N4

Millipede glowing genitals

https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/187/1/117/5475011?searchresult=1

The Brain Scoop video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SjNQUOYtZC0

[Ask the Science Couch]

Freezing glow sticks

https://www.compoundchem.com/2014/10/14/glowsticks/

https://www.thoughtco.com/how-do-lightsticks-work-607878

https://www2.chem.uic.edu/marek/apintropage/ap_notes/chapter18/rateseffectstempconcats.htm

[Butt One More Thing]

Glow Woims 

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/16/science/glow-worms-new-zealand.html

Aug 04, 2020
Proteins
00:33:26

What do proteins do? Heck, an easier question to answer would be 'what don't they do?" No, seriously... I think they do, like, everything. 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Protein game

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/victory-for-crowdsourced-biomolecule2/

Protein music

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190626125052.htm

Whey fabric

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-01/ded-ssa012317.php

[Fact Off]

Prions in wine yeast

https://phys.org/news/2014-08-prions-trigger-stuck-wine-fermentations.html#:~:text=Working%20through%20a%20prion%E2%80%94an,without%20altering%20the%20yeast's%20DNA.

Spider silk in vaccines

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180612185155.htm

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/udg-ank061218.php

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142961218302473?via%3Dihub

http://news.mit.edu/2019/spider-silk-humidity-robotic-muscle-0301

[Ask the Science Couch]

Complete proteins

https://goaskalice.columbia.edu/answered-questions/complete-and-incomplete-proteins-grains-and-vegetables

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002467.htm

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002222.htm

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-03/cfgr-utr031119.php

https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/134/6/1558S/4688841

[Butt One More Thing]

Sonic hedgehog anorectal malformation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1850556/

Jul 28, 2020
Frogs
00:32:57

What’s a frog? Well, it’s not quite a fish, and it’s not quite a lizard, but put them together and you have a stout, slimy little pal that everyone can agree on! Especially Ceri! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

 

[Truth or Fail]

Glue

Image of crucifix frog: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Holy_Cross_Frog.jpg

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-05473-z

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn6492-frog-glue-repairs-damaged-cartilage/

Sand

Image of tadpoles: https://www.thehindu.com/migration_catalog/article14128847.ece/ALTERNATES/LANDSCAPE_1200/31th-frog2.jpg

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160330-these-newly-discovered-frogs-have-really-weird-tadpoles

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151781

Suction

Image of paradox frog tadpole: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NHM_London_Paradoxical_frog_(Pseudis_paradoxa)_model.jpg

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/31509/what-big-baby-life-and-times-paradox-frog

https://www.mtpr.org/post/field-notes-tale-montanas-strangest-frog

[Fact Off]

Foam-nest frogs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1D8b4e9nGwE

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2009.0934

Frog cell robots

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200113175653.htm

https://www.pnas.org/content/117/4/1853

Video: https://movie-usa.glencoesoftware.com/video/10.1073/pnas.1910837117/video-1

[Ask the Science Couch]

Sticky frog tongues

https://theconversation.com/the-frog-tongue-is-a-high-speed-adhesive-72064

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsif.2016.0764

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/watch-frog-s-tongue-ultrasoft-shock-absorber

[Butt One More Thing]

Frog skin buttock graft

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2355278/?page=1

Jul 21, 2020
SciShow Tangents Classics - Bees
00:32:15

The Tangents crew needed to get out and enjoy some summer sun, so this week we're reposting our classic Bees episode! Tune in next week for a new episode!

Do you ever just wonder, “are the bees doing okay?” They’re so important to our food industry and native ecosystems, and every couple of years it seems like something horribly bad is happening to them. So this week, we’re taking a look at the fascinating lives and deaths of bees! Can they recognize human faces or understand the concept of zero? Why are blister beetles mimicking sexy bee pheromones? And what do nightclubs and honeybee hives have in common? 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangnets.org!

[Poem]

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/03/120316-hot-bee-balls-hornets-insects-brains-animals-science/

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/206/2/353.full.pdf

[Truth or Fail]

  1. Handedness in bees
  2. Bees understanding zero
  3. Bees recognize faces

[Fact Off]

Blister beetles: 

Drunk bees:

[Ask the Science Couch]

CCD: 

https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder

Glyphosate:

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/17/2799

https://www.glyphosate.eu/glyphosate-mechanism-action

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/41/10305

Native bees:

https://www.wired.com/2015/04/youre-worrying-wrong-bees/

http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Xerces_policy_statement_HB_Final.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722319/

[Butt One More Thing]

Isopentyl acetate:

https://www.extension.entm.purdue.edu/beehive/pdf/Breed_et_al.pdf

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/isoamyl_acetate#section=Top

 

Jul 14, 2020
Diseases
00:29:15

From toenails to T-cells, human bodies have a whole lot of moving parts, which means there’s ample opportunity for things to go not-quite-according-to-plan!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangents.org!

[Truth or Fail]

Salmonella

https://www.technologyreview.com/2007/09/25/223729/deadly-bacteria-from-outer-space/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/in-space-infectious-diseases-reveal-their-true-nature-19761956/)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5515522/

UTI

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/science/germs-in-space-tougher-and-deadlier/article694273/#:~:text=In%201970%2C%20Fred%20Haise%2C%20part,2006%20mission%2C%20including%20Pseudomonas%20aeruginosa.

https://history.nasa.gov/SP-350/ch-13-5.html

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23658630/

Green Muscle

https://extension.umd.edu/sites/extension.umd.edu/files/_docs/programs/poultry/IS1976%20Deep%20Pectoral%20Myopathy.pdf

Supplemental 

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/547736/what-happens-when-astronaut-gets-sick-space#:~:text=Astronauts%20floating%20around%20in%20zero,can%20sometimes%20cause%20an%20injury.&text=That%20happened%20with%20spaceflight%2Dassociated,their%20eyes%20during%20space%20missions.

[Fact Off]

Fake Typhus epidemic

https://archive.org/stream/NavyMedicine198004/Navy%20Medicine%201980-04#page/n27/mode/2up

https://www.cdc.gov/typhus/epidemic/index.html

https://www.dshs.texas.gov/lab/serology_agg.shtm

https://amednews.com/article/20040705/profession/307059953/6/

https://academic.oup.com/trstmh/article-abstract/37/5/321/1898852?redirectedFrom=fulltext

Glaucoma T-cells

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180810091530.htm

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05681-9

Jul 07, 2020
Whales
00:30:45

The sea is filled with giant, super-smart aquatic mammals communicating across vast distances and using the stars to navigate. No jokes in this description! Whales are amazing!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangnets.org

[Truth or Fail]

Dogs sniffing out poop

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4703337/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/meet-dogs-sniffing-out-whale-poop-science-180958050/

https://conservationbiology.uw.edu/research-programs/killer-whales/

https://www.biology.washington.edu/news/news/1504634400/tucker-orca-poop-detection-dog-seattlemet

Robots scooping poop

http://dcs.whoi.edu/

https://www.newsdeeply.com/oceans/articles/2018/02/22/whale-of-a-journey-robot-searches-for-elusive-humpbacks-on-high-seas

https://money.cnn.com/2016/09/30/technology/mit-robots-sewers/index.html

Whale litter box

https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/faking-out-whales

[Fact Off]

Whale heartbeat

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/50/25329

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/su-rrf112219.php

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-measure-blue-whales-heart-rate-first-time-180973662/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/11/diving-blue-whales-heart-beats-very-very-slowly/602557/

Lunge feeding

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature11135

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-05/uobc-gwh042815.php

https://www.americanscientist.org/article/the-ultimate-mouthful-lunge-feeding-in-rorqual-whales

https://www.popsci.com/whale-nerve-cells-can-stretch

https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960982215002845

[Ask the Science Couch]

Whale navigation

https://www.wired.com/2011/04/humpback-whale-migration/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2011.0279

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/solar-storms-might-throw-migrating-whales-course-180974278/

https://meridian.allenpress.com/jcr/article-abstract/doi/10.2112/SI75-111.1/29667/Coastal-Fronts-Utilized-by-Migrating-Humpback?redirectedFrom=PDF

https://www.livescience.com/63791-underwater-volcanoes-tasmania.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Anal syrup

http://whitelab.biology.dal.ca/rwb/kogiastat.pdf

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/species/pygmy-sperm-whale

https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/slimy-saliva-sticky-tongues-and-anal-syrup-3-of-the-slimiest-creatures-in-the-animal-kingdom/

Jun 30, 2020
Flying Machines
00:30:43

Humanity’s quest for flight has been, all things considered, extremely successful! Sure, we aren’t all zipping around in jetpacks yet… but honestly I don’t think we’re ready for jetpacks. 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangnets.org!

[Truth or Fail]

Donut-shaped aircraft

https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/originalDocument?CC=US&NR=2014319274A1&KC=A1&FT=D&ND=3&date=20141030&DB=EPODOC&locale=en_EP

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/flying-saucer-patents-alexander-weygers

https://patents.google.com/patent/US2377835A/en

Williams X-Jet

https://patents.google.com/patent/US4447024

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2000/sep/14/technology2

More pictures: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williams_X-Jet#/media/File:Williams_X-Jet_-_side_view.jpg

Flying magic carpet 

https://books.google.com/books?id=biYDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA94&lpg=PA94&

https://www.theverge.com/2011/11/3/2504531/jetpack-history-future-passed

[Fact Off]

First aerial photograph

https://www.geriwalton.com/felix-nadars-giant-balloon-le-geant/#:~:text=Felix%20Nadar's%20giant%20balloon%2C%20or,known%20by%20the%20pseudonym%20Nadar.&text=Caricature%20of%20Nadar%20as%20a%20ballooning%20photographer.

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/dec/23/books-felix-nadar-france-photography-flight

http://www.artinsociety.com/the-adventures-of-nadar-photography-ballooning-invention--the-impressionists.html

https://papa.clubexpress.com/content.aspx?page_id=22&club_id=808138&module_id=158950

Drone organ transport

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/uomm-uom042619.php

https://www.jems.com/2020/01/29/new-partnership-in-drone-delivery-system-for-human-organs/

https://weare.techohio.ohio.gov/2019/10/30/vyrtx-pioneers-air-corridor-for-drone-delivery-of-organs/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Alberto Santos-Dumont

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alberto-Santos-Dumont

https://www.cnet.com/news/were-the-wright-brothers-really-first-not-in-brazil/

https://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/ptech/12/10/brazil.santosdumont.reut/

http://www.wright-brothers.org/History_Wing/History_of_the_Airplane/Who_Was_First/Santos_Dumont/Santos_Dumont.htm

[Butt One More Thing]

Airplane stinky poop

http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/31908620/ba-flight-forced-to-land-early-because-of-smelly-poo

Jun 23, 2020
The Internet
00:29:20

From the joyful to the hateful to the extremely weird, the Internet is all of the complexity of human thought given shape! And boy do humans think about cats and sex a lot!

I hope you're all doing well! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangnets.org!

Jun 16, 2020
Allergies
00:32:39
Jun 09, 2020
Healing
00:33:19

Are you suffering from mild boredom, a grumpy frown, and a general lack of extremely niche scientific knowledge? Well, SciShow Tangents has the cure for what ails you!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Cleaner Shrimp

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180823092057.htm

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00227-018-3379-y

Dolphin letter

https://web.archive.org/web/20111205105601/http://explore.georgetown.edu/news/?ID=57991&PageTemplateID=295

Stressed Mice

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/07/050729063608.htm

https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-dont-be-misled

[Fact Off]

Ant Medics

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajp.1350160407

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/02/matabele-ants-rescue-heal-injured-soldiers/

https://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-paramedic-ants-20180216-story.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2017.2457

Two-Headed Flatworms

https://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30427-7

https://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002481

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005273612000855

[Ask the Science Couch]

Scar tissue vs. normal tissue

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07430-w

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3840475/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4352699/

https://medicine.yale.edu/dermatology/dermsurg/Chapter%2018%20Time%20and%20Care%20Heals%20All%20Wounds_36907_284_5_v1.pdf

Reducing scarring

https://medschool.cuanschutz.edu/surgery/specialties/endocrine/patient-care/adrenalectomy/scar-management

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/everyday-cuts-and-scrapes-how-to-prevent-scarring

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3842869/

Fetal wound healing

https://hsci.harvard.edu/skin-regeneration-and-rejuvenation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4229131/

[Butt One More Thing]

Cow poop poultice

https://books.google.com/books?id=0y6gAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA223&lpg=PA223&dq=In+dung#v=onepage&q=In%20dung&f=false

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/poultice

May 26, 2020
Games
00:32:19

Kicking the ball, passing another type of ball, running around the big arena and making a point! SciShow Tangents knows one thing and that one thing is SPORTS! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Crowd Noise

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45821302_Crowd_Noise_as_a_Cue_in_Referee_Decisions_Contributes_to_the_Home_Advantage

https://www.earq.com/hearing-health/articles/going-to-a-football-game

https://www.hear-the-world.com/en/media/media-releases/world-cup-fans-warned-about-risk-of-hearing-damage-from-vuvuzela

RoboCup

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=350&v=H8xc6LpiNVs&feature=emb_title

https://www.forbes.com/sites/annatobin/2019/06/25/what-to-expect-from-robocup-2019-the-robotics-soccer-world-cup-kicks-off-july-2/#484935147485

https://www.robocup.org/leagues/3

HudGlasses

https://newatlas.com/form-ar-swim-goggles/60985/

https://www.dcrainmaker.com/2018/04/everysight-cycling-display.html

[Fact Off]

Rats playing hide-and-seek

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/09/why-scientists-taught-rats-play-hide-and-seek/597799/

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/lab-rats-play-hide-and-seek-fun-it-new-study-shows

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/so-you-think-you-know-why-animals-play/

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/07/science/animals-play-games.html

https://science.sciencemag.org/lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aax4705

 

Empathy video game

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uow-avg080918.php

https://news.wisc.edu/a-video-game-can-change-the-brain-may-improve-empathy-in-middle-schoolers/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Getting competitive about games

www.nbcnews.com/better/pop-culture/why-board-games-bring-out-worst-us-ncna828726

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-06/uoc--yga061314.php

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/ucl-ddm053116.php

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/s-tsh062818.php

Parasocial relationships & sports fans

https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1963&context=thesesdissertations

https://surface.syr.edu/thesis/358/

https://www.units.miamioh.edu/psybersite/fans/sit.shtml

https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2368&context=thesesdissertations

[Butt One More Thing]

Butt controller

https://phys.org/news/2013-12-valve-mouth-mouse-butt-gadgets-video.html

May 19, 2020
Hair
00:30:47

Mammals pretty much have the market cornered on hair, and you know all the other types of animals are jealous of us. Imagine a little lizard with bangs or something? It just wouldn’t be right. Sorry!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangents.org!

[Truth or Fail]

Camarillo white horse

https://books.google.com/books?id=WyYDAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA216&lpg=RA1-PA216&dq=%22telescopic+sight%22+spider+silk#v=onepage&q=%22telescopic%20sight%22%20spider%20silk&f=false

https://vgl.ucdavis.edu/services/horse/CamarilloWhite.php

https://www.camarillowhitehorses.org/history_camarillo_white_horses.html

African crested rat

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2011.1169

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2011/08/case-poisonous-rat

https://www.livescience.com/15360-crested-rat-poison-hairs-kills.html

Malabar giant squirrel

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/04/indian-giant-squirrels-colors-camouflage/

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/shortcuts/2017/jan/08/colour-changing-cats-warn-radioactive-waste-nuclear-plants-distant-descendants

[Fact Off]

Hyena poop hair preservation

Graphene hair dye

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-03/nu-gfn031218.php

https://www.cell.com/chem/fulltext/S2451-9294(18)30082-2?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2451929418300822%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

[Ask the Science Couch]

Grey hair

www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-does-hair-turn-gray/

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/307/5710/720

https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(05)00293-X?

https://www.fasebj.org/doi/full/10.1096/fj.08-125435

Stress

www.theguardian.com/science/2020/jan/22/stress-speeds-up-hair-greying-process-science-confirms

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-1935-3

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/hair-turn-gray-2017091812226

[Butt One More Thing]

Trichobezoar 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083501/

May 12, 2020
Salt
00:31:18

Salt: a mineral so nice that much of early human civilization was based on its procurement! Now we put big chunks of it on tasty pretzels at the mall! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!


[Truth or Fail]

Lake Peigneur

https://www.damninteresting.com/lake-peigneur-the-swirling-vortex-of-doom/

https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2013/08/sinkhole-swallowed-11-barges/

Brinacles

https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/underwater-brinicles.htm

Salt Hotel

https://theculturetrip.com/south-america/bolivia/articles/welcome-to-the-hotel-thats-made-entirely-from-salt/

[Fact Off]

Coconut water IV

http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/12/5144

https://podcasts.ufhealth.org/can-coconut-water-mimic-human-plasma/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675700900627

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2011/08/15/139638930/saved-by-the-coconut-water-parsing-coconut-waters-medical-claims

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK154437/

Salt flats for satellite calibration

https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Characterization-of-the-Salar-de-Uyuni-for-in-orbit-Lamparelli-Ponzoni/6b6a5037f838a2342d5681b642944fd68c775551

https://academic.oup.com/gji/article/172/1/31/2081107

https://www.nature.com/news/2007/071130/full/news.2007.315.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Salt in a wound history

https://books.google.com/books?id=29gV_kCmZrIC&pg=PA141

https://www.abc.net.au/life/will-sea-water-help-heal-open-sores/11279036

http://utc.iath.virginia.edu/abolitn/abestwa8t.html

Saline solution

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/03/31/597666140/why-did-sterile-salt-water-become-the-iv-fluid-of-choice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4794509/

Nociception

https://nba.uth.tmc.edu/neuroscience/m/s2/chapter06.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32659/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2903433/

[Butt One More Thing]

Rectal salt glands

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1541076?seq=1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5216465/

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00364827.1963.10410275?journalCode=ssar20

May 05, 2020
Holes
00:33:40

Humans have been digging deep holes for fun and profit since time began, and some animals have been doing it for way longer than that! And all of those holes can't hold a candle to some of the natural holes the Earth's got going on. And those are nothing compared to space, which some (Sam) would argue is the biggest hole of all!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Termite mounds: https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)31287-9?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982218312879%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

Band of holes: https://www.sciencealert.com/is-this-mile-long-strip-of-holes-an-ancient-inca-tax-system

Molecular drills: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b22595#

Roman skin cream: http://cenblog.org/artful-science/2013/01/14/ancient-roman-cosmetics-skin-cream-from-the-2nd-century-a-d/

[Fact Off]

Ant colony fallen through hole

Pictures in this paper: https://jhr.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=9096&display_type=element&element_type=4&element_id=43&element_name=

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s000400050022

https://arstechnica.com/science/2016/09/bizarre-ant-colony-discovered-in-an-abandoned-polish-nuclear-weapons-bunker/

https://www.popsci.com/story/science/ant-colony-escape/

https://jhr.pensoft.net/article/38972/

Star-nosed mole nose holes

The video!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UMz0Q7VbT9w

https://news.vanderbilt.edu/2006/12/20/scientist-discovers-some-mammals-can-smell-objects-under-water-58788/

https://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/26/science/26bubble.html

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn10834-star-nosed-mole-can-sniff-underwater-videos-reveal/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171120090051.htm

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170424084028.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

Sinkholes / blue holes

https://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/blue-holes-and-hurricanes/

http://geology.wlu.edu/intro3d/sinkhole/sinkhole.html

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/sinkholes?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/explore-worlds-deepest-blue-holes-180959977/

Flooded pit caves

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/30/worlds-deepest-underwater-cave-found-czech-republic-hranice-abyss

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/adventure/destinations/europe/czech-republic/deepest-underwater-cave-discovered/

Mariana trench

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/mariana-trench-deepest-place-earth/

Kola Superdeep Borehole

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/ask-smithsonian-whats-deepest-hole-ever-dug-180954349/

[Butt One More Thing]

Scorpion anus

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/01/when-attacked-some-scorpions-discard-their-stinger-and-their-anus

Apr 28, 2020
Trees
00:30:39

This Arbor Day, give your favorite tree the gift they really want: this tree-themed episode of SciShow Tangents. Just put the headphones around its trunk or in a knothole! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Dragon’s Blood Tree

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/socotra-yemen-biodiversity-photography/

Dynamite Tree

https://youtu.be/lNlk2V9yFhM

https://rare.us/rare-news/science-and-nature/sandbox-tree-hura-crepitans/

Coconut Fatalities

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_by_coconut

 

[Fact Off]

Vampire stump

https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(19)30146-4
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/cp-ats071819.php
https://www.livescience.com/66025-kauri-tree-superorganism-root-grafting.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/25/science/tree-stump-alive.html

Ghost redwoods

https://www.mercurynews.com/2010/11/28/albino-redwoods-hold-scientific-mystery/

https://sempervirens.org/discover-redwoods/ghost-redwoods-solving-the-albino-redwoods-mystery/

https://ucanr.edu/sites/Redwood2016/files/250645.pdf

https://ucanr.edu/sites/Redwood2016/files/243400.pdf

[Ask the Science Couch]

Tree definition

https://www.americanforests.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/AF-Tree-Measuring-Guidelines_LR.pdf

Willows

https://oregonstate.edu/trees/broadleaf_genera/willow.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/worlds-smallest-tree-species-1343503

Bonsai / Pygmy Forests

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/426/426-601/426-601_pdf.pdf

Other trees

https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C944&title=Crape%20Myrtle%20Culture

http://www.pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=169

[Butt One More Thing]

Butt rot

https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/2007/7-11/root_butt_rot.html

https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5347109.pdf

Apr 21, 2020
Robots
00:31:38

Real robots have more and more in common with science fiction robots every day. Not enough that you need to worry about them rising up against humans, but you should maybe consider being nicer to your smartphone...

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Plesiosaur Swimming

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/odd-swimming-style-plesiosaurs-decoded-robot

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2017.0951

RangerBot

https://www.hakaimagazine.com/news/rangerbot-programmed-to-kill/

https://www.sciencealert.com/rangerbot-great-barrier-reef-conservation-crown-of-thorns-starfish

https://www.qut.edu.au/news?id=137688

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zjKTvj0lB4

Firefighting Robot

https://www.theverge.com/2015/2/5/7986345/firefighting-robot-saffir-prototype-us-navy

Lifeguard Robot

https://mentitude.com/ocean-alpha-dolphin-1-unmanned-usrv/

[Fact Off]

Clothing robot
http://www.news.gatech.edu/2018/05/14/robot-teaches-itself-how-dress-people
https://futurism.com/pr2-ai-robot-dressing-gown
https://robots.ieee.org/robots/pr2/

Video of the dressing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYj7gHQ_fwY

Parasitic turtle robots

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2130292-parasitic-robot-controls-turtle-its-riding-by-giving-it-snacks/

https://phys.org/news/2017-05-parasitic-robot-waypoint-turtle.html

[Ask the Science Couch]

Synthetic skin

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=85&contentid=P01336

https://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/4/32/eaax2198

https://www.tum.de/nc/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35732/

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8812712

OmniSkin

https://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/3/22/eaat1853

https://www.theverge.com/2018/9/24/17895328/robotic-skin-flexible-soft-robotics-yale-nasa-space

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/these-robotic-skins-turn-everyday-objects-into-robots-180970328/

[Butt One More Thing]

https://www.sciencealert.com/this-robotic-rectum-lets-doctors-get-a-feel-for-prostate-exams

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/07/04/robotic-rectum-developed-to-help-doctors-get-to-bottom-of-prosta/

Apr 14, 2020
Rivers
00:32:03

It's Spring here in the Northern Hemisphere, and the rivers swell with crystal clear snowmelt from tall mountain peaks... and we're all stuck inside and can't really look at it! Dang it! So I guess close your eyes and imagine floating down a beautiful river with your favorite podcast hosts as they drone on and on about bridges and salmon and stuff.  

Again, a big thanks for choosing us as the thing to spend your time with! Be well, everyone! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!


[Truth or Fail]

Kites

http://www.kitehistory.com/Miscellaneous/Homan_Walsh.htm

https://www.uu.edu/dept/physics/scienceguys/2004Apr.cfm

https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Kite_that_Bridged_Two_Nations.html?id=7tukmQEACAAJ

Stone-carving

https://www.asce.org/project/five-stone-arch-bridges/

Explosions

http://www.bbc.com/travel/sponsored/story/20160815-the-buddha-that-calmed-the-seas

https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2011/02/why-is-ottawa-blowing-up-its-river/338889/

https://www.nap.edu/read/6289/chapter/3#16

[Fact Off]

Salmon & sea lions

https://wildlife.org/sea-lions-to-be-culled-to-protect-salmon/

https://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/2018/03/battle_of_species_pits_protect.html

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/01/killing-sea-lions-save-salmon/581740/

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/west-coast/endangered-species-conservation/adult-upstream-passage-west-coast

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/fish-ladder.html

Wildebeest bones

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/29/7647

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2020.00031/full#h6

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352249618300429?via%3Dihub

https://news.uga.edu/animal-carcasses-source-river-nutrients/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Rivers on Titan

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/the-mysterious-lakes-on-saturns-moon-titan

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/cassini-explores-a-methane-sea-on-titan

https://www.space.com/36904-titan-evolution-more-like-mars-than-earth.html

[Butt One More Thing]

The Great Stink

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/victorian_britain/social_conditions/victorian_urban_planning_04.shtml

https://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-technology/engineering-technology/how-london-got-its-victorian-sewers

 

Apr 07, 2020
Ducks
00:36:11

Ducks! Basically a joke of an animal, if we're being perfectly honest. They make silly noises, they waddle around, they are extremely cute and goofy looking, and they love to swim around in big piles of money! 

And look, you might see the title and think 'a duck isn't science.' Well i've learned a thing or two from those eggheads on the science couch and I can definitely say that you are wrong! It turns out, everything is science! Seems like a cop out, but it's true.

Anyway, we sincerely hope everyone out there is doing well and staying safe! Love you guys! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition] 

Duck mating

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2009.2139

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000418

https://www.nature.com/articles/news.2009.1159

[Truth or Fail]

Sperm

https://www.livescience.com/1279-rival-sperm-hook-cooperate.html

Mallard Bills

https://www.livescience.com/13681-duck-ejaculate-sperm-antibiotic-beaks-110412.html

[Fact Off]

Duck Imprinting

http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/getting-ducklings-row-look-inside-animal-mind-2/

http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/getting-ducklings-row-look-inside-animal-mind-2/

Duck hearing

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/uod-wdd092518.php

https://www.udel.edu/udaily/2018/august/graduate-student-works-on-training-ducks-hearing-fishing-nets/

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/pwrc/science/air-and-underwater-hearing-abilities-seabirds?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

[Ask the Science Couch]

Quacks

sounds: https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Mallard/sounds

https://www.pressconnects.com/story/news/local/2019/03/04/ask-scientist-ducks-quack-several-different-reasons/3009779002/

https://www.ducks.org/conservation/waterfowl-research-science/waterfowl-vocalizations

Syrinx

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/bird-voice-box-one-kind-animal-kingdom

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/oct/12/oldest-fossil-of-birds-voicebox-gives-new-hint-at-soundscape-of-the-cretaceous-syrinx

Duck quack echoes

sounds: http://www.acoustics.salford.ac.uk/acoustics_info/duck/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3086890.stm

[Butt One More Thing]

Fly that only breeds in duck poop

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-species-fly-found-breeding-central-park-duck-droppings-180965118/

https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/13411/element/2/12/

Mar 31, 2020
Museums
00:34:15

This episode has a little bit of everything: the French Revolution, haunted amulets, mummies (maybe??)... why, it's like a regular Night at the Museum! Have fun!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Da Vinci’s Faces

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100715090917.htm

First Museum:

https://theconversation.com/hidden-women-of-history-ennigaldi-nanna-curator-of-the-worlds-first-museum-116431

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-story-behind-the-worlds-oldest-museum-built-by-a-b-5805358

Woman Hit By Meteorite

http://www.slate.com/blogs/atlas_obscura/2015/06/02/the_hodges_meteorite_is_one_of_the_few_space_to_ever_strike_a_human.html?wpisrc=obnetwork

http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu//full/1995LPI....26.1133P/0001133.000.html?high=484678bbd531063

[Fact Off]

Blaschka glass scientific models

http://www.cmog.org/article/blaschkas-glass-models-invertebrate-animals-1863-1890

https://web.archive.org/web/20160411221330/http://www.journalofantiques.com/Feb04/featurefeb04.htm

These three links include info + pictures:

https://digital.library.cornell.edu/collections/blaschka

http://hmnh.harvard.edu/glass-flowers

https://hmnh.harvard.edu/fruits-decay

[Ask the Science Couch]

Painting restoration

https://www.si.edu/mci/english/learn_more/taking_care/conservation_meaning.html

https://www.invaluable.com/blog/the-science-behind-art-restoration/

Sculptures

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/modern-chemistry-techniques-save-ancient-art/

https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/the-art-of-conservation/3009092.article

Bacteria

https://www.wired.com/2011/11/st-artrestoremicro/

[Butt One More Thing]

Coprolite inside another fossil

https://peerj.com/articles/1191/

https://www.forbes.com/sites/shaenamontanari/2015/08/21/spectacular-flying-reptile-fossil-discovered-along-with-its-last-meal-and-something-surprising/#7ca22283bf22

Mar 24, 2020
Experiments in Space
00:35:17

Space… it’s big, it’s confusing, and there isn’t any gravity! That’s why we have a dedicated team of people up in the International Space Station running all kinds of experiments to try and figure out just what the heck is even going on up there. 

You truly have no idea how much of us ordering Popeye’s I had to cut out of this. This was definitely our longest recording session ever and I was livid!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:


[Truth or Fail]

Chicken Fat

https://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/aafex_biofuels.html

Bone loss

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=187

Perfume

https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/9-12/features/spacescents_feature.html

https://spinoff.nasa.gov/spinoff2002/ch_1.html

[Fact Off]

Wake Shield Facility

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920014405

https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/pg46s95.html

https://uwaterloo.ca/molecular-beam-epitaxy/about/what-epitaxy

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/03jan_bioniceyes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0042207X01003839

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S009457650000148X

Image: https://archive.org/details/STS069-724-095

 

Mouse sperm experiment

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5988

http://iss.jaxa.jp/en/kiboexp/theme/second/pmlatter/spacepup/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

Human pregnancy

https://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/prenatal.pdf

https://www.livescience.com/33047-space-sex-pregnancy.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/can-women-get-pregnant-in-space-3072590

NASA sperm study

https://futurism.com/sperm-space-nasa

Space childbirth startup

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/01/space-childbirth-babies/579064/

Other animal development

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/what-space-jellyfish-tell-us-about-interplanetary-travel/

https://www.popsci.com/article/technology/space-born-jellyfish-hate-life-earth/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/wnjkkw/making-babies-in-space-may-be-a-terrible-idea

[Butt One More Thing]

Flatworms in space

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/reg2.79

Mar 17, 2020
Sugar with Deboki Chakravarti
00:35:06

SciShow Tangents editorial assistant/genius Deboki Chakravarti joins us once more to talk about that sweet sand we all love so much: sugar!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Deboki: @okidoki_boki

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition]

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/13/493739074/50-years-ago-sugar-industry-quietly-paid-scientists-to-point-blame-at-fat

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2548255

https://slate.com/technology/2018/03/big-sugar-isnt-to-blame-for-steering-us-away-from-fat.html

[Truth or Fail]

Nicotine 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5434031/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/nicotine.htm

Hearing Flowers

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/01/flowers-can-hear-bees-and-make-their-nectar-sweeter/?utm_source=reddit.com#close

City Bee, Country Bee

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-05/ncsu-njd051816.php

[Fact Off]

Honeypot ants

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/media/honey-ant-adaptations-wbt/

https://www.nature.com/articles/025405a0

https://books.google.com/books?id=E_6-pGOLUgcC&pg=PA25#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://abt.ucpress.edu/content/48/6/335

Picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HoneyAnt.jpg

Picture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honeypot_ant#/media/File:Honey_Ants_(7344580116).jpg

Sugar dust explosion

[Ask the Science Couch]

Hanger

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4788579/

https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Femo0000422

https://qz.com/work/1302394/why-do-people-get-hangry-a-study-suggests-it-involves-more-than-low-blood-sugar/

Hyperactivity

https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/88/5/960.long?sso=1&sso_redirect_count=1&nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/002221948301600604

https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/what-is-the-feingold-diet#1

https://www.livescience.com/55754-does-sugar-make-kids-hyper.html

Addiction

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2235907/

https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/52/14/910

https://news.psu.edu/story/141336/2006/01/16/research/probing-question-sugar-addictive

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/sugar-addiction-drug_n_4173632

Orexin system

https://www.wired.com/2011/12/why-sugar-makes-us-sleepy-and-protein-wakes-us-up/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2551664/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-05/cp-nme052506.php

https://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/52/1/111.long

Memory

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16225962

https://books.google.com/books?id=Mf3lxvWfA9oC&pg=PA113&lpg=PA113

[Butt One More Thing]

Rectal prolapse

http://www.med.umich.edu/1libr/MBCP/ReduceYourRectalProlapse.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9287900

Mar 10, 2020
Viruses with Deboki Chakravarti
00:33:38

Viruses are the subject of confusion & misinformation. Luckily, we have a friend who knows a lot about them! We sit down with microbiology genius Deboki Chakravarti to talk viruses. 

Be sure to check out more of Deboki’s work on Journey to the Microcosmos, and the upcoming Crash Course Organic Chemistry! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Tulips

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/11/science/broken-tulips.html

https://amsterdamtulipmuseumonline.com/blogs/tulip-facts/broken-tulips-the-beautiful-curse

Coffins

https://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2016/12/21/then-there-were-no-coffinshttps://www.acf.org/the-american-chestnut/

[Fact Off]

Multicomponent Viruses

https://www.cell.com/cell-host-microbe/fulltext/S1931-3128(16)30310-9

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160825141714.htm

Polydnaviruses

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4424053/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3758193/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123846846000264

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123848581000096

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4553618/

[Butt One More Thing]

Caribou poop frozen virus

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/10/virus-resurrected-700-year-old-caribou-dung

https://www.pnas.org/content/111/47/16842

Mar 03, 2020
Oceans
00:31:49

Oceans: they cover 70% of the planet, but what do we really know about them? Like what’s with all the salt, huh? And just what is the difference between a ‘sea’ and an ocean anyway?! I have questions!

This one has a real doozy of a Stefan poem. I cut out a lot of us interrupting him with raucous laughter!  

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Boat cloak

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20227101-500-explorers-dont-forget-your-inflatable-cloak/?ignored=irrelevant

https://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/behind-the-scenes/blog/boat-cloak-or-cloak-boat

https://web.archive.org/web/20120425161825/http://resource.canadashistory.ca/media/pdf/34-4-Spr-955-p46-51.pdf

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NENZC18511220.2.5

Image: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Halkett_Boat_Cloak.jpg

Water chair

https://archive.org/details/watercurejournal12newy/page/1/mode/2up

Images: https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/this-ridiculous-victorian-era-rocking-bath-wasnt-just-f-1515091109

Modesty barrel

https://www.messynessychic.com/2014/04/15/victorian-prudes-beachside-bathing-machines/

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/1715-Lethbridges-diving-barrel-John-Lethbridge-1678-1759-of-Newton-Abbot-Devon_fig2_228397874

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-strange-and-wonderful-history-of-diving-suits-from-1262529336

https://devonassoc.org.uk/devoninfo/john-lethbridge-and-his-diving-machine-1880/

Image: https://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/c_fit,f_auto,fl_progressive,q_80,w_470/18zb0i2fswtkxjpg.jpg

[Fact Off]

Pumice rafts

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dont-believe-the-hype-the-pumice-raft-wont-save-the-great-barrier-reef/

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145490/a-raft-of-rockhttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/dbnl-hxh052317.php

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/25/754190347/giant-pumice-raft-floating-towards-australia-could-help-replenish-great-barrier-

Albatross tracking system

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/01/31/albatross-marine-poaching/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/albatrosses-outfitted-with-gps-detect-illegal-fishing-vessels-180974054/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Salty ocean

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/whysalty.html

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/why-ocean-salty?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

Feb 25, 2020
Subatomic
00:34:24

Things get a little weird this episode, and by ‘little’ I mean very little! 

One thing I learned in this episode is that everything in the universe is touching each other, yet the particles in your body never truly touch! Mama Mia! 

Well anyway, I hope you enjoy it! Thanks for listening!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

https://history.fnal.gov/felicia.html#Time

https://history.fnal.gov/meson.html

pictures: https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/felicia-ferret-particle-accelerator-fermilab

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/stocking-series-part-1-wartime-rationing-and-nylon-riots-25391066/

[Fact Off]

Surface plasmon resonance

https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2016/12/nist-device-detecting-subatomic-scale-motion-has-potential-robotics

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13746

Dark matter supercold water

[Ask the Science Couch]

Do atoms touch?

https://www.sciencealert.com/99-9999999-of-your-body-is-empty-space

https://wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/2013/04/16/do-atoms-ever-actually-touch-each-other/

https://www.britannica.com/science/Pauli-exclusion-principle

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/pauli.html

https://www.britannica.com/science/fermion

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5766

[Butt One More Thing]

Proton-powered poops

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080109104251.htm

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867407014791

Feb 18, 2020
Hearts
00:33:56

This Valentine’s Day, what could be better than cuddling up with someone special and listening to the Tangents Crew talk about various medical procedures in gory detail! Pucker up! 

They say the fastest way to a man’s heart is through his stomach, but I think if you ask a doctor they would probably say that’s wrong! But what do I know?

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Dr. Clarence Walton Lillehei and Heart Surgery

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002950.htm
https://www.healthline.com/health/open-heart-surgery#when-it's-needed
http://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/why/human-health/history-of-the-heart-lung-machine/
https://www.texasheart.org/heart-health/heart-information-center/frequently-asked-patient-questions/how-is-the-heart-stopped-during-open-heart-surgery/
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circ.102.suppl_4.IV-87

Cold Operating Room

https://www.jtcvs.org/article/S0022-5223(11)00421-1/pdf
https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/0003-4975(89)90151-3/pdf

Patient-Donor Pump

https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/S0003-4975(09)01080-7/pdf
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/01.CIR.100.13.1364
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circ.102.suppl_4.IV-87
https://www.jtcvs.org/article/S0022-5223(04)00093-5/pdf
https://books.google.com/books?id=M5sbCxd5cioC

[Fact Off]

Chopin’s heart

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/06/arts/chopin-heart-tuberculosis.html

https://apnews.com/bc0f09217f564329ae6fa2aefa6349a6/chopins-heart-exhumed-secret-relic

https://www.livescience.com/60953-chopin-pickled-heart-reveals-cause-of-death.html

https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(17)31025-2/abstract

https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(17)31278-0/abstract

Heart catheterization

 

https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/0003-4975(90)90272-8/pdf

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/clc.4960150715

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1956/forssmann/facts/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cardiac-catheterization/about/pac-20384695

[Ask the Science Couch]

Non-human hearts (octopuses, earthworms, etc.)

https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/why-does-an-octopus-have-more-than-one-heart/

https://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(05)60870-7/fulltext

Humans multiple hearts

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20131122-can-humans-have-two-hearts

https://health.howstuffworks.com/human-body/systems/circulatory/two-lungs-one-heart1.htm

[Butt One More Thing]

Poo-phoria

https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/02/18/poo-phoria-passing-a-stool_n_4808627.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3778072

Feb 11, 2020
Meat
00:32:59

Meat... seems pretty simple on the surface, but what do we really know about it? Like.. are living things made of meat? Or is meat only meat once it's being eaten? What was the first meat? What was the first thing to eat the first meat? Is eating prehistoric meat a good idea? Do we find the answer to any of these questions in this episode? I can't remember, frankly, but probably a few. 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Foal

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/scientists-extracted-liquid-blood-42000-year-old-foal-found-siberian-permafrost-180971979/

Bison

https://www.uaf.edu/museum/press/spotlight/blue-babe/

https://historythings.com/aged-beef-delicacy-eating-meat-36000-year-old-bison/

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/ancient-bison-stew-blue-babe-alaska

Crocodile

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/ancient-egyptians-hunted-then-mummified-crocodiles-180973197/

[Fact Off]

Carnivorous Herbivores

https://bioone.org/journals/Northwestern-Naturalist/volume-99/issue-3/NWN18-05.1/Scavenging-By-Snowshoe-Hares-iLepus-americanusi-In-Yukon-Canada/10.1898/NWN18-05.1.short

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/when-herbivores-arent-poor-chicken-got-eaten-cow-180951115/

https://bioone.org/journals/Northwestern-Naturalist/volume-99/issue-3/NWN18-05.1/Scavenging-By-Snowshoe-Hares-iLepus-americanusi-In-Yukon-Canada/10.1898/NWN18-05.1.short

https://www.outdoornews.com/2015/03/19/who-knew-tape-shows-deer-raiding-birds-nests/

Dyeing Salmon

https://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=wildlifenews.view_article&articles_id=738

https://nextnature.net/2012/06/dyeing-salmon-pink-for-farms-and-profit

https://www.seattlepi.com/news/article/The-salmon-struggle-A-fish-by-any-other-color-is-1115339.php

[Ask the Science Couch]

Gamey meat

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0309174015301376

https://extension.umn.edu/preserving-and-preparing/cooking-venison-flavor-and-safety

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154429/

https://bastyr.edu/news/general-news-health-tips-spotlight-1/2015/08/why-choose-grass-fed-meat

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.361.2312&rep=rep1&type=pdf

[Butt One More Thing]

Pork butt

https://www.southernliving.com/bbq/why-is-it-called-boston-butt

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/22382/how-9-cuts-meat-got-their-names

Feb 04, 2020
Music
00:31:07

So look, Stefan sings a song in this episode, so I’m not sure what more you need. He looked cool as heck when he was doing it and I was really proud of him!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Music & Creativity

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-02/lu-hlt022619.php

Inspirational Music & Sports performance

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-01/f-mmi012918.php

Music & Driving

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-08/aabu-tdm082213.php

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e5b0/98e4ef211279d26a14d7502a80232a90dc2d.pdf

[Fact Off]

Nanoguitar 

Telharmonium

http://synthmuseum.com/magazine/0102jw.html

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/music-and-theater-arts/21m-380-music-and-technology-contemporary-history-and-aesthetics-fall-2009/lecture-notes-and-videos/MIT21M_380F09_lec11.pdf

http://120years.net/the-telharmonium-thaddeus-cahill-usa-1897/

http://www.csun.edu/~dwh50750/Classes/MUS191/Emusic_readings/ECenturyPartI.html

Scientific american article: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Telharmonium_-_Scientific_American_1907.png

[Ask the Science Couch]

Timbre

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Sound/timbre.html

https://cecm.indiana.edu/etext/acoustics/chapter1_timbre.shtml

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/health-sciences-and-technology/hst-725-music-perception-and-cognition-spring-2009/lecture-notes/MITHST_725S09_lec07_timbre.pdf

Beetlejuice

https://twitter.com/VoiceSLPChris/status/1111285302352625665/video/1

[Butt One More Thing]

Brown note

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=khzDRYfj97AC&pg=PA932&lpg=PA932&dq=the+collophone+commemorated&source=bl&ots=vrgUH_MUh4&sig=Z2nnGZJ6W3_Ph_gzXKuhXCbLfW0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwie2pKZw7_QAhWsJcAKHdIlCYEQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ppv35z/in-search-of-the-brown-noise

Jan 28, 2020
Running
00:30:36

From diet, to shoes, to movement efficiency, people devote their lives to researching and perfecting the art of running. Meanwhile, cheetahs run 75 mph and they sleep all day. No fair!

Ceri caught a plane to run a marathon right after we recorded this! I probably went home and watched TV for four hours. Oh well!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out SciShowTangents.org!

Jan 21, 2020
Magnets
00:31:18

Wise men have long pondered how magnets work. We all know the answer is “magic,” but Ceri and Hank have to keep up the illusion that science is real, so please humor them.

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Magnet Therapy

https://www.livescience.com/40174-magnetic-therapy.html

God Machine

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2003/godonbrain.shtml

https://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/brain-religion2.htm

https://www.psypost.org/2018/01/fake-god-helmet-can-elicit-extraordinary-experiences-especially-among-spiritual-people-50619

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2153599X.2017.1403952

https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2018/01/test-of-god-helmet-at-music-fest-yields-strange-results/

Electro-Metabograph

https://books.google.com/books?id=CeMDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA218&lpg=PA218&dq=Electro-metabograph+machine&source=bl&ots=JjXhceV_VG&sig=ACfU3U3mlpAO1DmRW9B8ef9cSK12nuCRew&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjs2dOe6b_mAhXSHjQIHZPICLMQ6AEwEHoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Electro-metabograph%20machine&f=false

Radium Ore Revigator

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/1/100118-radiation-toxic-water-revigator/

[Fact Off]

Airport runways/WMM

https://www.wired.com/story/airports-rename-runways-magnetic-shift/

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/airport-runway-names-shift-magnetic-field

https://cires.colorado.edu/news/airport-runway-names-shift-earth%E2%80%99s-magnetic-field

https://flightsafety.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/asw_may08_p18-22.pdf

https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/GeomagneticPoles.shtml

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/world-magnetic-model-2020-released

Ferrofluids

http://aerospace.mtu.edu/research/ionic-liquid-ferrofluid-microthrusters/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/ferrofluid

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4985141

[Ask the Science Couch]

Demagnetizing

https://www.wired.com/story/the-physics-of-falling-magnets-in-stranger-things-season-3/

https://nationalmaglab.org/education/magnet-academy/plan-a-lesson/demagnetizing

http://www.magmamagnets.com/electromagnets-solenoids/

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/150570/what-is-the-difference-between-electromagnet-and-solenoid

[Butt One More Thing]

Magnetic anal sphincter

https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-first-to-implant-device-to-solve-fecal-incontinence/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27926562

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21654242

Jan 14, 2020
Money
00:32:05

Listening to Tangents is like making an investment with your brain. And the dividend? Knowledge. Invest today, won't you?

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan- @itsmestefanchin Ceri- @ceriley Sam- @slamschultz Hank- @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out this episode's page at SciShowTangents.org!

[Truth or Fail]

Supernotes

https://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/23/magazine/23counterfeit.html

https://www.uscurrency.gov/history

Counterfeit $1 bills

https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/finding-mr-880-case-1-counterfeit-article-1.109016

https://www.nysun.com/on-the-town/little-old-moneymaker/9282/

pictures: https://thehustle.co/worst-counterfeiter-in-history-mr-880/

https://www.secretservice.gov/about/history/events/

Costume jewelry scam

https://books.google.com/books?id=ELgiAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA85&lpg=PA85

https://o.canada.com/technology/nigerian-email-scams-royally-obvious-for-good-reason-study-says-3

[Fact Off]

Xerox machine anti-counterfeiting

Yap stone money

https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/sea2.12154?referrer_access_token=PoYDhuZQ2I3K6rW0TZp1r04keas67K9QMdWULTWMo8PSbwnv52oah6avTUlc6Ncg2Fsq-XbfQibDgqrz1_Z5GxRdKzRhmEzfI08Tv5kPNn5935yywdPadRZC0bxzVlqKx6dktyKOLwawQhLnG1PcSg%3D%3D

https://www.sciencealert.com/the-original-bitcoin-still-exists-as-giant-stone-money-on-a-tiny-pacific-island

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0012186

[Ask the Science Couch]

Plastic vs. paper bills

https://www.banknoteworld.com/blog/the-pros-and-cons-of-polymer-banknotes/

https://www.euronews.com/2018/05/16/polymer-vs-paper-banknotes-which-one-is-better-for-environment-

https://www.forbes.com/sites/davekeating/2019/08/21/englands-new-currency-is-harming-the-climate-report/#543d2d76524f

https://www.moneyboat.co.uk/blog/paper-vs-polymer/

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/banknotes/polymer/lca-of-paper-and-polymer-bank-notes.pdf?la=en&hash=7D3845CE11AD21F300CFA023F8FCF4AA37FB73CC

Composting or washing U.S. money

https://www.cnet.com/news/cash-to-trash-watch-millions-of-dollars-turn-into-compost/

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2014/acs-presspac-january-8-2014/laundering-money-literally-could-save-billions-of-dollars.html

[Butt One More Thing]

Penny swallowing

https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1998-12-01-9812010102-story.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/12/981201033841.htm

Jan 07, 2020
Light
00:31:50

SciShow Tangents’ exploration of the electromagnetic spectrum continues with good old, dependable light! What is it? Where does it come from? Only Ceri knows (sort of)!

Also, happy New Year to all of our amazing listeners! Thank you for your support over the last year, and here's to another year of laughing and learning with all of you!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out this episode's page at SciShowTangents.org!

[Truth or Fail]

E. coli

https://arxiv.org/abs/1104.3113

https://phys.org/news/2014-04-bacterial-fm-radio.html

Cactus Radio

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1shcxHWQas

Frequency Comb

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/19/9181

https://www.laserfocusworld.com/lasers-sources/article/14035201/frequency-combs-trick-a-laser-into-producingreceiving-an-rf-signal

[Fact Off]

Battle of the Beams

https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/63/a3714563.shtml

https://www.nytimes.com/1997/12/19/us/r-v-jones-science-trickster-who-foiled-nazis-dies-at-86.html

http://vc.airvectors.net/ttwiz_07.html

RV Jones Obituary

W5LFL

https://amsat-uk.org/2013/01/19/amateur-radio-on-bbc-between-the-ears-space-ham/#more-12135

https://www.amsat.org/owen-k-garriott-w5lfl/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Analog radio

https://public.wsu.edu/~bryan.mclaughlin/Radio/Who_Invented_Radio.html

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/radio/radiorelayer.html

https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/4suas5/eli5_why_is_the_sound_quality_of_am_radio_so_much/

Digital/HD radio

https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/digital-radio

https://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hd-radio.htm

https://hdradio.com/trademark/

https://www.cnet.com/news/digital-radio-all-you-need-to-know/

[Butt One More Thing]

Pigeon poop / cosmic microwave background

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/how-scientists-confirmed-big-bang-theory-owe-it-all-to-a-pigeon-trap-180949741/

Dec 31, 2019
Radio
00:35:05

Humans have wielded the power of radio waves for more than a century, but what exactly are they and how do we use them to transmit information? It turns out, even geniuses like Hank and Ceri have a hard time explaining that!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

EROS

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788334

MOZE

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41593-019-0389-0

FReSH

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature10428.html

[Fact Off]

Eidophor

https://www.earlytelevision.org/eidophor.html

https://hackaday.com/2016/03/15/retrotechtacular-eidophor-an-unknown-widely-used-projector/

http://www.film-tech.com/ubb/f1/t004319.html

http://www.earlytelevision.org/yanczer_eidophor.html

Centennial light

http://www.centennialbulb.org/index.htm

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/66009/light-bulb-has-been-burning-1901

https://www.lampsplus.com/ideas-and-advice/how-an-incandescent-light-bulb-works/

https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-history/dawn-of-electronics/the-great-lightbulb-conspiracy

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/27/707188193/the-phoebus-cartel

[Ask the Science Couch]

Brightest artificial light

https://www.wired.co.uk/article/brightest-light-ever-computer-chips

https://www.nature.com/articles/nphoton.2017.100

https://www.unl.edu/diocles/home

https://www.labmanager.com/research-specific-labs/2017/11/home-of-the-world-s-brightest-laser-looks-to-bring-high-quality-x-rays-to-research-medical-applications#.Xe_nrZNKhnN

[Butt One More Thing]

Firefly butt vs. LED

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0030402619300452?via%3Dihub

https://www.futurity.org/light-bulbs-leds-fireflies-1988062/

Dec 24, 2019
Festive Ecology
00:33:41

Jingle Bells, Frosty the Snowman, Let it Snow; the timeless sounds of the holiday. And to that pantheon of greats is added another track: this 30-minute-long, spoken-word science podcast!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Poinsettia monopoly

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/22/573046507/how-poinsettias-became-synonymous-with-christmas

http://www.mobileranger.com/blog/the-plant-of-christmas-the-poinsettia/

https://www.actahort.org/books/226/226_34.htm

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2008-dec-23-me-poinsettia23-story.html

https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/download/12136/PDF

Vanilla flavor

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/ice-cream-bananas_n_55f8d911e4b0d6492d638853

https://www.webmd.com/children/features/is-poinsettia-really-poisonous

Latex/rubber

https://web.extension.illinois.edu/poinsettia/facts.cfm

http://www.industrialrubbergoods.com/natural-rubber.html

https://www.thespruce.com/facts-about-poinsettias-that-may-surprise-you-2132343

[Fact Off]

Tinniculite 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2FS1075701517070078

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/msa/ammin/article/102/2/466/264546/new-mineral-names

https://www.mdpi.com/2075-163X/9/6/373/htm

Pine needle recycling

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329280439_Fuels_and_Value-Added_Chemicals_from_Biomass

https://theconversation.com/new-recycling-process-could-help-your-christmas-tree-lead-a-surprising-second-life-107984

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610217350713

[Ask the Science Couch]

Natural vs. artificial tree

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/26/business/energy-environment/fake-christmas-tree-vs-real-tree.html

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/14/real-vs-fake-heres-why-artificial-christmas-trees-rise/2314418002/

https://www.sfgate.com/realestate/article/Real-vs-Artificial-Christmas-Tree-Which-Is-More-14866084.php

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/14/real-vs-fake-heres-why-artificial-christmas-trees-rise/2314418002/

[Butt One More Thing]

Mistletoe

https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/metro/urban-jungle/pages/121218.html

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/culturing-science/mistletoe-natural-history/

https://www.etymonline.com/word/mistletoe

https://www.etymonline.com/word/missel?ref=etymonline_crossreference

Dec 17, 2019
Ceramics
00:32:12

From ancient clay pots to the heat-proof panels on the space shuttle, ceramics have been an integral part of human technology from the very beginning. I can’t even think of any jokes about ceramic! It’s just cool!

More importantly! Over the last week or so, Hank has absolutely ruined everyones’ Twitter timelines with one simple question: “is butt legs?” In this episode, you get to bear ear-witness to the genesis of this wretched, society-shattering question! #buttislegs

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Non-deflatable football

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deflategate

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Air-Bag.html

Strong water

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Aluminum-oxide#section=Mechanism-of-Action

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.4214&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Pajamas

https://www.underarmour.com/en-us/tb12

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3699878/

https://www.espn.com/espnw/life-style/story/_/id/23315114/we-tried-do-tom-brady-recovery-pajamas-live-their-name

[Fact Off]

Moon art

Magnetic field

https://www.livescience.com/57868-earth-magnetic-field-spike-ancient-times.html

https://www.space.com/43173-earth-magnetic-field-flips-when.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/14/515032512/iron-age-potters-carefully-recorded-earths-magnetic-field-by-accident

https://www.newyorker.com/tech/annals-of-technology/earths-mysterious-magnetic-field-stored-in-a-jar?verso=true

[Ask the Science Couch]

Glazes

https://edu.rsc.org/feature/the-chemistry-of-pottery/2020245.article

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/glaze

Specific materials (tin, salt, etc.) 

https://www.thesprucecrafts.com/ceramic-and-glaze-fluxes-2745860

https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1560&context=open_access_etds

https://www.britannica.com/art/tin-glazed-earthenware

[Butt One More Thing]

Ceramic butt wiping

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toilet-tissue-anthropologists-uncover-all-the-ways-weve-wiped/

https://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e8287.full

Dec 10, 2019
Bones
00:29:07

Bones… seems like a simple enough topic, right? Well, would you believe me if I told you that scientists can’t even agree on how and why bones evolved in the first place?! And teeth? Don’t even get us started on teeth...

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Bone Conduction

https://www.kqed.org/science/1926248/how-elephants-listen-with-their-feet

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/03/010312071729.htm

https://news.stanford.edu/news/2009/february18/elephants-triangulation-seismic-vibration-signal-021809.html

Chew Bones

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/07/giraffes-eat-skeletons-bones-spd/

https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/9767/Bredin_Can(2008).pdf;jsessionid=8BFA2F57B27C91C3BB4F18175D4712A8?sequence=1

Glowing Bones

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/01/chameleon-bones-florescent-ultraviolet-light-spd/

https://www.sciencealert.com/these-cute-little-orange-frogs-have-a-florescent-secret-under-their-skin

[Fact Off]

Myotragus goat

https://www.pnas.org/content/106/48/20354

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1325260/

https://phys.org/news/2009-11-extinct-goat-cold-blooded.html

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2009/11/17/extinct-goat-tried-out-reptilian-cold-blooded-living-it-didnt-work/#.XdMCY5JKhxw

pics: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myotragus

 

Subvocalization remote

https://dam-prod.media.mit.edu/x/2018/03/23/p43-kapur_BRjFwE6.pdf

https://www.sciencealert.com/silent-voice-headset-subvocalisation-computer-interface-mit

[Ask the Science Couch]

Bone evolution:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3237026/

https://austhrutime.com/bone.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC509207/

Aspidin: 

https://natureecoevocommunity.nature.com/users/169723-joseph-keating/posts/37157-aspidin-a-bone-of-contention

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109381/

Teeth: 

https://www.nature.com/news/fossil-scans-reveal-origins-of-teeth-1.13964

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24268-fish-fossil-suggests-our-skeleton-evolved-face-first/

[Butt One More Thing]

Lizard Tails:

https://www.futurity.org/salamanders-lizards-tails-regeneration-1838762/

Dec 03, 2019
Nutrition
00:30:18

When it comes to proper nutrition, just about the only thing everyone can agree on is that people need to eat food. Everything else, from eggs to carbs to vitamins, is basically up in the air!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these link:

[Fact Off]

Osedax worms

https://sfamjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00824.x

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967063707001483

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/305/5684/668/tab-pdf

“Vitamin” B17 aka. Laetrile

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.3322/canjclin.31.2.91?sid=nlm%3Apubmed

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/cam/hp/laetrile-pdq#_10

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK65988/

https://www.amboss.com/us/knowledge/Vitamins

[Ask the Science Couch]

History of nutrition science

https://www.bmj.com/content/361/bmj.k2392

Nutrition research is complicated

https://www.vox.com/2016/1/14/10760622/nutrition-science-complicated

https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/food-medicine/why-does-nutrition-advice-change

[Butt One More Thing]

Sewage sludge protein 

https://www.feednavigator.com/Article/2017/04/06/Sewage-sludge-to-animal-feed

Nov 26, 2019
Transportation
00:29:29

Be Advised! This episode was recorded before we decided to reset the scores for Season 2 and rename them Sambucks. Please don't tweet at us about this (and if you do tweet at us about it, be nice)!

People absolutely love going places and doing stuff! And in our zeal to go places and do stuff even faster, we've invented some wild things. Come with us on journey of discovery as we sail the seven seas of science and fly the friendly skies of... innovation...? 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Loading Patterns

https://www.who.int/ith/mode_of_travel/tcd_aircraft/en/

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/14/3623

Reducing Fiber 

https://www.businessinsider.com/heres-why-you-should-fart-in-planes-2013-2

Dirtiest Part of a Plane

https://www.travelmath.com/feature/airline-hygiene-exposed/

[Fact Off]

Ski lift

https://www.uh.edu/engines/epi2953.htm

Pictures/info:https://books.google.com/books?id=slgEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23

https://books.google.com/books?id=XFgEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38

https://www.uprr.com/newsinfo/releases/heritage_and_steam/2006/0228_skilift.shtml

Flight suit

https://www.thevintagenews.com/2016/04/13/wiley-post-one-eyed-pilot-first-fly-solo-around-world-developed-first-pressure-suits-discovered-jet-stream/

https://airandspace.si.edu/multimedia-gallery/si-98-15012hjpg

https://www.airspacemag.com/videos/category/new-label/this-pressure-suit-helped-pilots-survive-new/

[Ask the Science Couch]

License plate restrictions

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/mar/20/licence-plate-driving-bans-paris-ineffective-air-pollution

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095756416000039

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0967070X01000245?via%3Dihub

Braess’ Paradox

http://homepage.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/Dietrich.Braess/Paradox-BNW.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2010-09-scientist-braess-paradox-high-traffic.html

Removing roads

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2006/nov/01/society.travelsenvironmentalimpact

https://www.landscapeperformance.org/case-study-briefs/cheonggyecheon-stream-restoration

[Butt One More Thing]

Fart volume

https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-big-is-a-fart-somewhere-between-a-bottle-of-nail-polish-and-a-can-of-soda/

Nov 19, 2019
Cryptography
00:32:15

YRHA WJ, XAWOQT KXTAQOQCT! XP DEW TEKIQ LD TWJQC TQNCQA LQTTHVQ, AYQQA LQ "KEEMT KXMQ TAECLD YQHARQC" HOF DEW YXKK SQ XOFWNAQF XOAE ARQ THL NHFQAT, LD OQY QZNKWTXIQ PHO NKWS!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out this episode's page at scishowtangents.org!

Nov 12, 2019
Fire
00:31:52

Ancient man harnessing and wielding the elemental power of the flame was pretty cool, I guess, but I think this being Tangent's one year anniversary is a little cooler, honestly! Plus, we announce who won the first season, so actually this episode is sort of twice as important as fire if you think about it!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links: 

[Truth or Fail]

Fire-chasing beetles

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0037627

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227016226_The_Photomechanic_Infrared_Receptor_for_the_Detection_of_Forest_Fires_in_the_Buprestid_Beetle_Melanophila_Acuminata

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/how-a-half-inch-beetle-finds-fires-80-miles-away/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/3998979?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2012/05/27/fire-chasing-beetles-sense-infrared-radiation-from-fires-hundreds-of-kilometres-away/

https://academic.oup.com/jee/article-abstract/36/2/341/2202937

[Fact Off]

Surgical fires

https://www.livescience.com/65615-chest-cavity-fire-surgery.html

https://www.ismp.org/resources/surgical-fires-caused-skin-preps-and-ointments-rare-dangerous-and-preventable

Death ray building

https://twitter.com/tara_mulholland/status/374877389425086464?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E374877389425086464&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Ffinancialpost.com%2Fnews%2Flondons-fryscraper-owners-to-spend-millions-of-pounds-to-block-car-melting-beam

https://www.pri.org/stories/2013-09-03/londons-walkie-talkie-skyscraper-blamed-melting-cars-starting-small-fire

https://www.livescience.com/39371-skyscraper-melts-cars-20-fenchurch.html

https://www.mississauga.com/news-story/4067822-london-s-fryscaper-draws-crowd-on-hottest-day/

https://www.cityam.com/exclusive-walkie-scorchie-melted-my-jag/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Flame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX) 

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/FLEX_Video.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/in-space-flames-behave-in-ways-nobody-thought-possible-132637810/

Cool flames

https://blogs.nasa.gov/ISS_Science_Blog/2013/11/25/cool-flames-on-the-international-space-station-an-anatomy-of-discovery/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0010218012002131

https://youtu.be/BxxqCLxxY3M

[Butt One More Thing]

Incinerating toilets

http://www.nsf.org/consumer-resources/water-quality/wastewater-sewage-treatment/electrical-incinerating-toilets

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/incinera.pdf

Nov 05, 2019
Fear Month: Spiders!
00:32:33

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear concludes with what is undeniably the scariest, most valid fear of any of those discussed... spiders! I'm not saying spiders will pour out of your headphones and into your ears when you listen to this, but I'm also not promising they won't.

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links!

[Truth or Fail]

Records

https://thevinylfactory.com/features/the-10-weirdest-things-pressed-into-vinyl-records-this-year/

https://www.npr.org/2016/01/09/462289635/bones-and-grooves-weird-secret-history-of-soviet-x-ray-music

Tattoos

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/gwitchin-tattoo-skin-stitching-first-nations-1.3796606

Canvases

https://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2008/07/cobwebportraits.html

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-lost-art-of-painting-on-cobweb-canvases

https://phys.org/news/2010-05-scientists-goats-spider-silk.html

[Fact Off]

[Ask the Science Couch]

Web construction

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/ask-smithsonian-how-do-spiders-make-webs-180957426/

https://sciencing.com/identify-spider-pattern-8635659.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053566/

Making silk

https://www.livescience.com/32582-how-do-spiders-make-silk.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/spidroins

[Butt One More Thing]

Trashline orb weavers

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/meet-the-spiders-that-completely-defy-what-we-know-as-jet-lag/

https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/trashline-orbweavers

Oct 29, 2019
Fear Month: Claustrophobia
00:33:14

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear continues and… wait… do you feel it… the walls they’re... closing in around you! Crushing you!

...were you scared? Well, if you were Hank you probably would have been because his fear is enclosed spaces! How is that related to science? Good question!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links: 

[Truth or Fail]

Fire Extinguisher

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/tuot-ncf041819.php

Water-Filled Suit

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214552417301335

Air Purifier

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/06/space-station-mold-survives-200-times-radiation-dose-would-kill-human

[Fact Off]

Noc the beluga whale

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/story-one-whale-who-tried-bridge-linguistic-divide-between-animals-humans-180951437/?page=1

http://cell.com/current-biology/supplemental/S0960-9822%2812%2901009-3

https://www.public.navy.mil/navwar/NIWC-Pacific/technology/Pages/mammals.aspx

Normal beluga: https://dosits.org/resources/resource-categories/feature-sounds/beluga/

Noc sound: https://www.nature.com/news/the-whale-that-talked-1.11635

Dark flies

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/loom/2012/03/14/fifty-seven-years-of-darkness/#.XaY74udKgW_

https://phys.org/news/2016-02-evolution-dark-fly.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160204111403.htm

[Ask the Science Couch]

Estimates of plant rooms

https://io9.gizmodo.com/how-many-plants-would-you-need-to-generate-oxygen-for-y-5955071

http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/1999-02/917906305.Bt.r.html

https://everything2.com/title/How+much+plant+life+is+needed+to+keep+a+person+alive+in+a+sealed+room%253F

Photorespiration

http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/155/1/56

Biosphere 2

http://biosphere2.org/visit/about-biosphere2/fast-facts

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/29/sunday-review/biosphere-2-climate-change.html

https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/68/9/722/5055575?searchresult=1

[Butt One More Thing]

Apollo 10 floating poop

https://www.vox.com/2015/5/26/8646675/apollo-10-turd-poop

https://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a410/AS10_CM.PDF

Oct 22, 2019
Fear Month: Decomposition!
00:32:48

As the SciShow Tangents Month of Fear continues, your hosts get down into the wormy, slimy muck to discuss Ceri’s biggest fear: decomposition! Does that sound too generic to be truly terrifying? That’s what Sam thought too, and now he is also quite scared of decomposing! Boo!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out this these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Straw Urinals - https://www.unreservedmedia.com/paris-open-air-urinals/

Peepee Day - https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthnews/6554958/Urinate-on-the-compost-heap-to-save-the-planet-says-the-National-Trust.html

https://grist.org/living/ask-umbra-can-i-pee-in-my-compost-pile/

Human Composting - https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/washington-first-state-allow-burial-method-human-composting-180972020/

[Fact Off]

Ocean viruses - https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/9/e1602565.full

https://www.ocean.washington.edu/courses/oc400/Arrigo2005.pdf

Burying beetles - https://www.fws.gov/Midwest/endangered/insects/ambb/abb_fact.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/10/news-burying-beetle-nursery-bacteria-fungus-decomposition/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Food Safety

https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/fsis-content/internet/main/topics/food-safety-education/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/safe-food-handling/food-safety-tips-for-college-students/ct_index

https://food.unl.edu/will-reheating-food-make-it-safe-if-you-forget-refrigerate-it

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/food-technology/bacterial-food-poisoning/

https://www.fda.gov/food/consumers/what-you-need-know-about-foodborne-illnesses

Decomposers

https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/dsny/docs/tip-sheet-decomposer-id-cpts-id-f.pdf

Pizza (Quora answer)

https://www.quora.com/Is-it-safe-to-eat-pizza-left-out-overnight

[Butt One More Thing]

A/V plug

http://www.orderofthegooddeath.com/deathly-doodle-leakage

http://fluidpusher.blogspot.com/2009/10/questions-of-day-jenn-edition.html

Oct 15, 2019
Fear Month: Sharks!
00:30:58

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear continues! This week, Stefan is confronted by his fear of sharks! Thrill as we weave a tale of nigh-immortal sharks! Feel the chills run down your spine as you learn about how weird shark penises are! Try not to scream when you hear about Sharkarado, the Shark Colorado! This episode... might be too scary!!! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Still Shark Eggs

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0052551

Tiger Shark Siblings

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/baby-sand-tiger-sharks-devour-their-siblings-while-still-in-the-womb-46192985/

Thermal Vents

https://www.livescience.com/61699-skates-eggs-thermal-vents.html

[Fact Off]

White Shark Café

https://schmidtocean.org/cruise/voyage-white-shark-cafe/#data

http://whitesharkcafe.org/media/photos-videos

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/28/613394086/great-white-sharks-have-a-secret-cafe-and-they-led-scientists-right-to-it

https://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/Mysterious-great-white-shark-lair-discovered-in-13234068.php

https://www.nature.com/articles/415035b

Greenland sharks eating seals

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098112001657?via%3Dihub

https://animals.mom.me/seals-sleep-4736.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/6/120626-greenland-sharks-seals-sleeping-animals-science/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Intromittent organs/penises

https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/705/2198314

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/06/scienceshot-birds-disappearing-penis

Shark claspers

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/04/how-shark-penises-evolved

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms7698

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/clasper

[Butt One More Thing]

Coprolite shark tooth

https://www.earthtouchnews.com/discoveries/fossils/that-time-a-prehistoric-shark-took-a-bite-out-of-a-turd/

Oct 08, 2019
Fear Month: Failure with Caitlin Hofmeister!
00:33:38

Here at Tangents, we don't mess around when it comes to Halloween. So each week in October, the topic will be one of our greatest fears! Hank was apparently too afraid to even be on this episode, so instead special guest Caitlin Hofmeister confronts her fear of failure as we tell her tales of science gone wrong!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Bubble Wrap

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/accidental-invention-bubble-wrap-180971325/

Whoopee Cushion

https://torontoist.com/2013/04/toronto-invents-the-whoopee-cushion/

Vaseline

https://www.dummies.com/education/history/american-history/the-history-of-an-incredibly-useful-u-s-product-vaseline/

https://www.damninteresting.com/nugget/story-of-vaseline/

[Fact Off]

Mosquito self-limiting gene

Four Pests campaign

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/bodyhorrors/2014/02/26/mao-four-pests-china-disease/#.XKzfDOtKhxw

https://io9.gizmodo.com/china-s-worst-self-inflicted-environmental-disaster-th-5927112

https://chineseposters.net/themes/four-pests.php

http://www.zonaeuropa.com/20061130_1.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1127087/

[Ask the Science Couch]

Killifish

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1305

https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/against-tide-fish-adapts-quickly-lethal-levels-pollution/

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/atlantic-killifish-evolution-pollution.html

Radiotrophic fungi

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/radiation-helps-fungi-grow/

https://mbio.asm.org/content/7/6/e01483-16

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000457

Birds

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140424223057.htm

https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2435.12283

https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/pdf/S0169-5347(16)00019-7.pdf

[Butt One More Thing]

Artificial poop pills

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/08/sham-poo-washes-out/493811/

https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/214/2/173/2572105

Oct 01, 2019
Plastic
00:29:28

Plastic: space age wonder material or planet-destroying scourge? The real answer may lie... somewhere in the middle (but leaning more towards scourge). Plus, learn exactly how many LEGO minifigures you can eat before you die!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Milk

https://blogs.getty.edu/iris/galalith-alchemy-in-the-age-of-plastic/

https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/casein/3007625.article

https://www.ganoksin.com/article/galalith-jewelry-milk-stone/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bring-science-home-milk-plastic/

Blood

https://books.google.com/books?id=3uoiAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA9

https://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/rjrtags/ill65.htmlhttps://surface.syr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1261&context=beads

https://materialdistrict.com/material/blood-plastic/

https://surface.syr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1261&context=beads

pictures: https://www.hippohardware.com/blogs/news/at-deaths-door-a-history-of-hemacite

Venom

http://www.t3db.ca/toxins/T3D2544

[Fact Off]

Bees and plastic

https://www.sciencealert.com/wild-bees-have-been-found-building-nests-entirely-out-of-plastic-for-the-first-time

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13592-019-00635-6
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/pp-bsw030117.php

https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1890/ES13-00308.1

Celluloid billiard balls 

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2015/05/13/the_death_of_billiards_and_the_rise_of_plastic_on_99_invisible_with_roman.html

https://www.liveabout.com/what-pool-balls-are-made-of-368742

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/once-upon-time-exploding-billiard-balls-were-everyday-thing-180962751/

http://mentalfloss.com/article/64247/first-plastic-billiard-balls-routinely-exploded

[Ask the Science Couch]

Corn plastic

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/environmental-impact-of-corn-based-plastics/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/corn-plastic-to-the-rescue-126404720/

https://mcgillcompost.com/blog/recycling-number-7-pla-plastics

[Butt One More Thing]

Cigarette butts

https://www.sciencealert.com/this-company-recycles-cigarette-butts-and-turns-them-into-plastic

Sep 24, 2019
Teens
00:31:49

For humans, the teenage years are marked by angst, self-discovery, and homework. For elephants, they’re marked by pus-weeping face glands, uncontrollable rage, and a green penis!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Guevedoces:

https://secondnexus.com/opinion/the-intersex-children-of-salinas/

https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-34290981

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/924291-overview

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2265.1991.tb03769.x

Cat scratch disease: https://www.sciencealert.com/a-case-of-schizophrenia-found-to-be-a-bad-case-of-cat-scratch-disease

[Fact Off]

Music

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/in-teen-music-choices-fear-rules/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Gregory+S.+Berns%22

Elephant Musth

https://www.bbcearth.com/blog/?article=teenage-elephants-need-a-father-figure

http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/index.php?s=1&act=pdfviewer&id=1253211728&folder=125

[Ask the Science Couch]

Risk taking/brain development

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3445337/