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英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part5
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Chapter V: The Trial
Some weeks later it was time for Muff Potter's trial.
Everyone in the village talked about it. Tom and Huck were worried.
"Huck, did you tell anyone about - that?" asked Tom. "
About what?" answered Huck.
"You know what," said Tom.
"Oh, of course not," said Huck.
"Poor old Muff. I'm very sorry for him. People say he's a killer. But it's not true. And they'll hang him!" said Tom.
"I'm sorry for Muff too. But we can't tell anyone about Injun Joe," said Huck, "Poor Muff is a kind man. Once he gave me half a fish."
"And once he helped me with my kite," said Tom, "I want to help him."
"Let's go to the jail and take him something to eat," said Huck.
They went to the small jail and they saw Muff.
He was happy to see them.
"No one remembers old Muff any more.
But you're my friends and you remember me.
Thank you, boys!" said Muff smiling.
Now Tom felt terrible. He was worried about the trial.
He could not sleep at night.
Everyone in the village went to Muff Potter's trial.
Muff looked old, tired and unhappy.
Injun Joe was at the trial too.
During the trial there were many questions and answers.
All the answers were against old Muff.
Then the lawyer said, "Call Thomas Sawyer!"
Everyone was surprised and looked at Tom.
Why did the lawyer call Tom Sawyer?
"Thomas Sawyer, where were you on June 17 at midnight?"
Tom looked quickly at Injun Joe.
He waited a few moments and then said, "I was in the graveyard."
"Were you near Hoss Williams's grave?" asked the lawyer.
"Yes, sir," said Tom.
"Why were you there?" asked the lawyer.
"I went there to see ghosts, with a – a dead cat."
"What did you see in the graveyard? Tell us what happened," said the lawyer.
Tom told his story and the people of St Petersburg listened to him.
They were very surprised.
".….and then Muff Potter fell to the ground and Injun Joe took Muff's knife and - "
Tom suddenly heard a very loud noise.
Injun Joe jumped out of the window and disappeared!
Tom became the hero of St Petersburg.
He saved Muff Potter's life.
Tom's days were happy but his nights were not.
At night he had terrible dreams about Injun Joe.
The days passed and no one could find Injun Joe.
|Sep 29, 2022|
In cold and snowy Alaska, there's a village called Takotna. It has a population of mere 49 souls.
This practice also allowed many pigs to escape from farms and live in the wild, which became a problem.
The scientists first send some mice in a specially designed cage to the International Space Station.
Johansson and I are thinking of renovating our sitting room, not the whole house, not yet anyway.
This house, built in 1904, is one of the most well-known works of Charles Hill, the famous architect.
|Sep 27, 2022|
You should make sure of the facts before you write something.
Our views are in agreement with theirs as to the essential points.
This seems expensive, but it's so durable it will pay in the long run.
Brian, this is the restaurant where your father and I had our first date.
I don't object to your going out to work, but who will look after the children?
You'll get a clear picture with this antenna on the roof.
I've warned you over and over again not to do it.
Bob will play the leading role for the first time in the next school festival.
There are more stars in the sky than I can count.
We need to reorganize it in order to strengthen our business activities.
|Sep 25, 2022|
Level 4-Day 23.The Welland Canal
The Welland Canal
Before railways and automobiles became common, transporting goods over long distances was a difficult chore.
In early North America, roads were often bad or non- existent.
In the winter, snow and cold weather made travel difficult.
Frontier farmers had trouble selling their crops because it was hard to get them to the cities.
Often rivers and lakes were the best ways to travel.
Fur traders carried their furs and other supplies in canoes.
But even large canoes were not big enough to hold a shipment of wheat.
Rapids and waterfalls meant that goods had to be taken out of the canoe and carried to the next body of calm water.
One way to improve water transportation was to build a canal.
In New York State, Governor DeWitt Clinton had constructed the Erie Canal from the Niagara River to the Hudson River, soon after the War of 1812.
Because relations between the United States and Canada were still not very friendly, this was another reason to build a canal on the Canadian side.
Canals could be used to move supplies and troops during wartime.
Sometimes the British government would forbid Canadian farmers to sell food to the U.S.A.
Without a canal to move their farm produce, crops were sometimes left to rot.
A St. Catharines, Ontario, merchant named William Hamilton Merritt thought about all these things in the 1820s.
He also thought that flourmills needed a more reliable source of water to operate.
St. Catharines is on Twelve-Mile Creek below the Niagara Escarpment.
This creek runs towards Lake Ontario.
It rises above the Escarpment, which stands from 150 to 300 feet high, then runs towards Lake Ontario.
If Merritt could join the Twelve-Mile Creek to one of the rivers, which ran to Lake Erie, the canal would provide transportation and waterpower.
The problem was to find a way to move boats up the escarpment.
From 1824 to 1829, Merritt and his friends hired laborers to dig away tons of dirt and rock.
Nearly all the work was done with shovels, pickaxes, horses and wagons.
In places, the ground was soft and landslides occurred.
In other places, the men had to dig through solid granite rock.
Merritt's main problem, however, was raising the money to pay for the construction.
After sinking all the money that he, his family and friends had into the canal, more was needed.
Merritt went to Toronto, New York and finally London, England to get the financial support he needed.
The problem of getting the boats to climb the escarpment was solved by a series of 35 wooden locks.
These carried a ship 327 feet upwards.
The ship would enter a lock with a small amount of water.
More water would come into the lock, lifting the boat another ten or fifteen feet.
Then the ship would move into the next lock, and be lifted up again.
Boats going in the opposite direction were lowered instead of lifted.
The Welland Canal has been rebuilt three times since the first canal opened in 1829.
Now large sea-going and lake vessels cross the Niagara Peninsula from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie.
They carry grain, coal, iron ore, oil and many other bulk products.
The Welland Canal remains one of the most important commercial waterways in the world.
|Sep 24, 2022|
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part4
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Chapter four：Jackson's Island
The next day everyone knew about poor Dr Robinson.
The sheriff found Muff Potter's knife near the body of the doctor.
He put Muff in St Petersburg's small jail.
Tom and Huck looked at each other.
"We saw Injun Joe kill the doctor," said Torn, "Muff didn't kill him. Poor Muff!"
"I know," said Huck, "But we mustn't say anything. Remember, Injun Joe is dangerous - very dangerous.
I'm sorry for Muff Potter, too."
The two boys were afraid.
"We must keep this secret," said Tom sadly.
Tom could not forget.
At night he had bad dreams about Injun Joe and Muff Potter.
He kept the terrible secret but he was very unhappy.
Aunt Polly was worried about him.
She gave him a lot of different medicines.
But Tom did not feel better.
He was unhappy at school too.
Becky Thatcher didn't talk to him anymore.
"No one loves me," thought Tom, "What a horrible life!"
It was now summer and there was no more school.
Tom and his friend Joe Harper went to sit by the Mississippi River.
They fished, talked and looked at the boats.
One day Tom said, "Let's go do something exciting!"
"OK!" said Joe, "But where can we go and what can we do?"
"Let's run away! We can go and live on Jackson's Island. We can be pirates. A pirate's life is exciting," said Tom.
Jackson's Island was a small island in the Mississippi River.
It was about three miles south of St Petersburg.
No one lived on the island.
"Huckleberry Finn can come with us too," said Tom, "Remember, Joe, don't you’re your mother, father or anyone about our adventure. Go home and bring some food. We'll meet here at midnight."
Tom and Joe were excited. At midnight the three boys met on the river.
Tom brought some meat to eat.
Joe brought some bread and Huck brought a frying pan.
They found a small raft and they went down the river to Jackson's Island.
When they arrived on the island, they made a fire and cooked some meat.
"This is fun!" said Joe.
"We're free and we can do everything we want!" said Tom.
"What do pirates do?" asked Huck.
"They go on ships and take the money. Then they go to an island and hide it in a secret place," said Tom.
The three boys were happy and slept under the stars.
The next morning, they went swimming in the river.
Then they went fishing.
They cooked the fish on the fire and ate it.
It was delicious.
After breakfast they walked around the island and went swimming again.
In the afternoon they sat around the fire and ate some meat.
Suddenly Tom said, "Can you hear a strange noise? Listen!"
"What is it?" asked Joe.
"Let's go and see," said Huck.
They ran to the river.
They saw a steamboat and a lot of small boats near it.
"Every boat from St Petersburg is out on the river," said Joe, "What's happening?"
"They're looking for a dead body," said Huck, "The same thing happened last summer when Bill Turner fell into the river and drowned."
The three boys felt like heroes and laughed.
"The people of St Petersburg are looking for us. They're talking about us. We're famous!" said Tom happily.
This was an exciting adventure for Tom, Huck and Joe! They felt like real pirates on Jackson's island.
The boats and the steamboat went away.
The boys went fishing again and had fish for dinner.
Then they slept under the stars.
But Tom could not sleep.
The next morning, he wasn't there.
"Where's Tom?" asked Joe. "I don't know," said Huck.
After a few minutes Huck said, "Look! Tom's swimming in the river. He's coming to the island."
Tom told them his story.
"Last night I couldn't sleep. I thought about Aunt Polly. So I went home but no one saw me. I saw Aunt Polly and your mother, Joe. Poor Aunt Polly cried a lot. And your mother was very sad too. Everyone thinks we're dead. I heard some interesting things."
"What did you hear?" asked Huck.
"Well, there will be a funeral for us on Sunday at the church," said Tom.
Joe looked at him with big eyes. "And now I have a great idea. Listen - "
Tom told Huck and Joe his great idea.
They liked it and laughed.
Sunday was the day of the funeral.
There were no happy faces in St Petersburg.
Everyone in the village was in the small church.
Aunt Polly, Sid, Mary and Joe Harper's family were all dressed in black.
The Reverend said many kind words about the three boys.
The boys' families cried and cried.
Becky Thatcher cried.
Everyone cried a lot.
Suddenly there was a noise at the church door.
The Reverend looked up and stopped speaking.
Everyone in the church turned around and looked.
Their mouths opened.
The three dead boys slowly walked into the church.
Tom was first, then Joe and then Huck.
There was great silence for a moment.
Then Aunt Polly, Mary and Joe's mother ran to the boys.
They kissed Tom and Joe.
Aunt Polly cried and then she laughed.
Poor Huck did not know what to do.
No one kissed him.
He started moving away but Tom stopped him.
"Aunt Polly, it's not right. Somebody must be happy to see Huck," said Tom. "Oh, you're right Tom!" cried Aunt Polly and she kissed Huck.
Tom was very proud of his great idea.
Then the Reverend said, "Let us sing and be happy!"
Everybody sang and laughed.
It was a very happy day.
|Sep 22, 2022|
Hungry customers can pay whatever amount they can afford to eat at the cafe or nothing at all.
There's an endless amount of scientific data proving that dogs can develop strong bonds with their owners.
The study highlights an important relationship between our personalities and the wellbeing of our pets.
In early-year education, left-handed children are struggling and making a mess of their handwriting.
He hopes his acts of charity will influence others to spread positive actions in their own towns.
|Sep 20, 2022|
Once you skip a lesson, it's hard to catch up with your classmates.
We cannot tell a good person from a bad one by looks alone.
There are 5 computers in the house, but 2 of them aren't any use.
The doctor told Mr Smith to give up smoking if he wanted to live long.
A lot of bicycles are illegally parked in front of the station.
We will interview two people so we can hear both sides of this question.
I managed to catch the 8 o'clock train by running all the way to the station.
I will lend you some money, on condition that you will repay it in a week.
You need your parents' permission if you are going to apply for that.
The summit nations put free trade at the top of the agenda.
|Sep 18, 2022|
Level 4-Day 22.The Niagara Park's Commission
The Niagara Park's Commission
Niagara Falls, Canada, became a major tourist attraction in the mid-1830s.
By this time, roads, canals and railways were able to bring people from urban centers, like New York and Boston.
However, the chance for big profits attracted dishonest businessmen.
One hotel in the 1860s was popularly known as the "Cave of the Forty Thieves.
There were many complaints from tourists about tricks that were used to get their money.
Some businessmen tried to put up fences around the Falls, so that all visitors would have to pay them to see the Falls.
In time, these complaints reached the ears of important people.
In 1873, Lord Dufferin, the Governor-General of Canada, proposed that the government buy all the land around the Falls.
On the American side, New York State bought 412acres around the American Rainbow Falls in 1885.
In the same year, land was bought near the Canadian Horseshoe Falls and named Queen Victoria Park.
A commission was formed to obtain control of all land along the Niagara River.
This was made easier because a narrow strip along the river was already government land.
However, the Commission wanted to preserve all the beautiful scenery along the river and near the Falls for the general public.
The first commissioner of the parks was Sir Casimir Gzowski, a distinguished engineer of Polish birth.
Before the Queen Victoria Park Commission began to buy up land besides the Falls, tourists had to pay for everything.
There were no public washrooms, no drinking fountains, and no safety barriers around the Falls.
As a result, it was not uncommon for tourists crowding close to the Falls, or hypnotized by the flow of the river, to step too close and fall in.
The commission took care of these problems and also set up parks and picnic areas.
In 1927, the Commission's name was changed to the Niagara Parks Commission.
It now supervises numerous attractions and parks from Niagara-on-the- Lake on Lake Ontario, down to Fort Erie on Lake Erie.
Each section of the 56-kilometer stretch of Niagara Parks has its own places of interest.
These are joined by the Niagara Parkway, a road that runs the whole length of the river.
Sir Winston Churchill called the parkway, "The prettiest Sunday afternoon drive in the world.
The Niagara Parks Commission operates restaurants, parks and gardens,rides, museums and historic houses, golf courses, native sites and gift shops.
Near the Falls are restaurants, parks, greenhouses, the "Journey Behind the Falls" and the "Maid of the Mist" boat ride.
North of the Falls, at Niagara Gorge, are the Spanish Aero Car Ride and the Great Gorge Adventure.
The Commission also operates a School of Horticulture, with large gardens.
Queenston Heights is a park commemorating one of Canada's heroes, General Isaac Brock.
In nearby Queenston are historic houses connected with two other important Canadians,Laura Secord and William Lyon MacKenzie.
The Commission also operates two historic forts, dating from the War of 1812 - Fort George and Old Fort Erie.
The Niagara Parks Commission has played a major role in making Niagara Falls and the Niagara River one of the leading tourist areas in the world.
The Commission shows how governments can work to make visits to natural wonders like Niagara Falls a good experience for the general public.
|Sep 17, 2022|
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part3
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Chapter III: The Graveyard
"Ghosts!" said Huck, "I can see ghosts! They're coming here. I'm really scared!"
"Can ghosts see us?" asked Tom.
"Ghosts can see everything," answered Huck, "Oh, why did I come here?"
"Don't be afraid. We must be very quiet," said Tom.
The three ghosts moved quietly in the graveyard.
They came close to Tom and Huck.
"Tom!" whispered Huck, "They're not ghosts. They're humans. One of them is Muff Potter."
"You're right. And there's Injun Joe and Dr Robinson. But why are they here?" said Tom.
"They're grave robbers. They want to rob a grave. The doctor wants a dead body," said Huck.
"But why?" asked Tom.
"He cuts bodies and studies them. My father told me about Dr Robinson," said Huck.
The three men were at Hoss Williams's grave. Injun Joe and Muff Potter started digging.
Soon the grave was open.
They found the dead body and pulled it out of the ground.
"Well, doctor, do you want us to take the body to your house?" said Muff, "You must give us five dollars."
"What!" said Dr Robinson angrily, "I paid you this morning. I'm not giving you more
"I want more money, Doctor," said Injun Joe, "Five years ago I came to your father's house. I asked you for something to eat. You gave me nothing. I still remember that. Now you must give me more money."
Injun Joe took the doctor's arm and the doctor hit him. Injun Joe fell to the ground.
"Don't hit my friend!" cried Muff Potter.
Muff and Dr Robinson started fighting.
Everything happened very quickly.
Dr Robinson hit Muff Potter on the head.
Muff fell to the ground.
Injun Joe took Muff's knife.
He saw Muff on the ground and he killed Dr Robinson with the knife. The doctor fell on top of Muff and covered him with blood.
Injun Joe looked at the two men on the ground.
First he robbed the dead doctor.
Then he put the bloody knife into Muff's right hand.
A few minutes passed and Muff moved a little and opened his eyes.
He pushed the doctor's body away.
He looked at the knife in his hand.
"What - what happened, Joe?" he asked slowly.
Injun Joe said, "Something very bad, Muff. Why did you kill him?"
"I didn't kill him!" said Muff. He was very confused, "I drank too much whisky last night. I don't remember anything! Tell me, Joe. What happened?"
"You fought with the doctor. He hit you on the head and you fell to the ground. Then you got up, took your knife and killed him," said Injun Joe.
"I don't understand, Joe. I never fight with a knife. I didn't want to kill Dr Robinson.
He was young and he had a future. Oh, this is terrible! It was the whisky," cried Muff, "Joe, don't tell anyone, please."
"I won't tell anyone, Muff. But now you must leave this graveyard quickly. Go!" said Injun Joe.
"Thank you, Joe," said Muff, "You're a friend."
Muff Potter ran away and Injun Joe watched him.
Then he carefully put Muff's knife near the doctor's body and left the graveyard.
Tom and Huck were terrified.
It was a terrible scene.
They silently moved away from the trees.
Then they ran out of the graveyard and back to the village.
They arrived at an old house and decided to hide there.
"What are we going to do?" asked Tom, "We saw everything. Injun Joe killed the doctor."
"What can we do? We can't tell anyone," said Huck, "Injun Joe is dangerous. I'm
afraid of him. Do you want a knife in your heart?"
"I'm afraid of Injun Joe, too," said Tom, "You're right, we can't tell anyone about Injun Joe."
"Promise not to tell anyone!" said Huck. "I promise," said Tom.
|Sep 15, 2022|
Joe's parents decided to encourage his creativity by sending their son to an after-school art class.
Raising more than 17,000 dollars in just one day with the help of many famous actors and others.
The research also found that mentally well-adjusted owners had calmer, happier and healthier cats.
This is due to a lack of action from ministers who failed to take any meaningful action for years.
So, including labor costs, taxes, and everything, this job would come to $3,000.
|Sep 13, 2022|
I need not have watered the flowers. Just after I finished, it stared raining.
I was afraid it would not work out well and sure enough it failed.
He was surprised to find the great artist's masterpiece hung on the wall upside down.
You can't rely on him these days to do a proper job.
The politician said he was deeply indebted to everyone for their support in the election.
I admit this may not be the best way of doing it.
Hmm. I have a feeling I'm going to get lost whichever road I take.
You must keep this plan a secret as there may be some changes yet.
It is not good manners to laugh at someone when he makes mistakes.
The lock on my drawer had been tampered with and some of my papers were missing.
|Sep 11, 2022|
Level 4-Day 21.The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is one of the most spectacular sights in nature.
It is found in one section of the valley of the Colorado River.
The river begins its course high in the Rocky Mountains of the State of Colorado.
The river travels a total of 1,400 miles through Colorado, Utah and Arizona and into the Gulf of California.
It forms part of Arizona's border with Nevada and California.
The Colorado River is a very swift and muddy river.
It carries dirt and rocks down from the mountains.
The story is told of an old fur trader who was attacked by Indians high up the river.
His only escape was down the Colorado River in a small boat.
It was a terrifying trip through rapids and around rocks at top speed.
The fur trader was found some days later in very rough shape hundreds of miles down the river.
No one would believe that he had come so far so fast.
The Grand Canyon stretches for about 250 miles in the State of Arizona.
The canyon was carved out by the flow of the river itself.
In places the canyon is more than a mile deep.
It stretches from four to 18 miles wide at the top.
The canyon valley contains worn rocks that rise up like a mountain range.
The canyon has been worn down through many layers of rock.
The river has cut its way down through layers of sandstone, limestone and shape to the granite bedrock.
The different layers are of different colors and the rocks appear very beautiful, especially at sunrise and sunset.
At the top, the climate is typical of a mountain area, with evergreen trees.
Next, you have typical forest trees.
Third, there are plants like cacti that grow in warm deserts.
Finally, there are sub-tropical plants at the valley bottom.
Tourists can ride down the narrow trails to the bottom of the valley on mules.
On one side is the rock wall of the canyon, and on the other side is a steep drop down to the bottom.
Tourists have to trust their guide, and the mule that they are riding, to get them down safely.
The trails zigzag back and forth, and the tourist going down travels much more than a mile.
Some 1,000 square miles of the area became the Grand Canyon National Park in 1919.
Because the Colorado River is very swift and runs through dry country, several dams have been built along it.
These are designed to harness its power, save its water and provide recreational opportunities.
The best-known dam is Hoover Dam, formerly Boulder Dam, on the Arizona-Nevada border.
This impressive structure is 727 feet high, and 1,282 feet long.
Elevators are used to carry workers up and down inside the dam.
The water, which is backed up by the Hoover Dam, forms Lake Mead.
Lake Mead is used to irrigate nearby land, as well as for boating and fishing.
The dam itself is a major source of electric power for this section of the country.
Visitors to the Grand Canyon are often filled with awe by the size and beauty of the canyon.
People seem very small in comparison to the immense cliffs, valleys and the mighty river.
|Sep 10, 2022|
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part2
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Chapter II: Tom and Huck
The next day was Sunday.
Tom wore his clean Sunday clothes - he hated this!
Tom, Sid and Mary always went to Sunday school on Sunday morning.
But Tom was not a good student and never listened to the teacher.
After Sunday school Tom and his family went to church.
This Sunday he had a big black beetle in his pocket.
When the Reverend started speaking, Tom took the black beetle out of his pocket.
He put it on the floor.
There was a little dog in the church.
It saw the beetle and wanted to play with it.
Suddenly the beetle bit the dog's nose.
The little dog barked and everyone looked at it.
It jumped and ran after the black beetle.
It ran all about the church barking and making a lot of noise.
The people in the church laughed silently.
Their faces were red. The Reverend continued talking but no one listened to him.
Tom was happy because he had an interesting morning in church.
On Monday morning Tom did not want to get up.
"Get up immediately, Tom, and get ready for school!" Aunt Polly cried.
On his way to school Tom met his friend Huckleberry Finn.
Huck's father drank whiskey all the time and did not work.
Huck had no mother and no home.
He lived in the streets and did not go to school.
His clothes were old and dirty.
He went fishing and swimming when he wanted.
Huck was happy.
All the mothers of the village hated him because he was lazy and used bad language.
All the children of the town liked him very much. They admired him.
"Hello, Huckleberry! What's that?"
"It's a dead cat," said Huck.
"What will we do with it?" asked Tom.
"I want to take it to the graveyard after midnight," Huck said, "A dead cat can call
ghosts out of their graves."
"Really?" asked Tom.
"Well, old Mrs Hopkins told me. She's a witch and she knows about these things," said Huck.
"Can I come with you?" asked Tom.
"Of course! Or are you afraid of ghosts?" asked Huck.
"Afraid of ghosts! Of course not!" said Tom , "Come and call me at my window at eleven o'clock tonight."
Tom was late for school.
The teacher was angry and said, "Thomas Sawyer! Why are you late again?"
Suddenly Tom saw a new girl in the classroom.
She had blue eyes and long blonde hair.
She was very beautiful. Tom looked at her.
He was in love!
There was a free chair next to her and Tom wanted to sit there.
Tom thought quickly and said, "I stopped to talk to Huckleberry Finn."
The teacher was very angry.
"You know you must never talk to that boy!"
The teacher took his stick and hit Tom.
The children laughed at Tom.
He sat down next to the new girl.
He looked at her.
Then he drew a picture of a house.
"Let me see it," she whispered.
Tom put the picture in front of her.
"It's nice. Draw a man," she said.
Tom drew a man near the house.
It was a terrible picture, but the girl liked it.
"You draw beautifully. I can't draw," said the girl.
"I can teach you after school," said Tom.
"Oh, thank you!"
"What's your name?"
Tom asked. "Becky Thatcher. I know your name. It's Tom Sawyer."
That night Tom and Sid were in bed at half past nine.
Sid was soon asleep but Tom was not.
At eleven o'clock he heard Huck meow.
He dressed quickly and went out of the bedroom window.
"Let's go!" whispered Huck.
He had his dead cat.
Tom and Huck walked down the dark road.
They walked for about half an hour.
The graveyard was on a hill.
There were a lot of trees and a lot of graves; everything was dark and scary.
The wind made strange noises and dark clouds covered the moon.
"Are the ghosts making these noises?" thought Tom.
He was afraid but he said nothing.
"Now let's find the grave of Hoss Williams," said Huck.
They soon found the grave.
"Here it is. He died last week," said Huck.
"Do you think Hoss Williams can hear us?" asked Tom.
"Well, I think his ghost can hear us," said Huck.
"Then let's call him Mr Williams," said Tom.
"Alright," said Huck, "But everybody called him Hoss."
"Sh!" "What is it, Tom?" asked Huck.
"Do you hear the noise? Look over there, Huck! Oh, no!" said Tom.
|Sep 08, 2022|
A more productive method of encouraging health among employees is to promote healthy behaviors.
The second group, however, was told that the phones would interfere with the equipment in the experiment.
To date, his online page to raise funds has brought in more than 44,000 dollars in a county.
However, those pieces in the children's bedrooms are copies built to the designs of the architect.
Forest patches with wild pigs have been found to have considerably reduced plant and animal diversity.
|Sep 06, 2022|
I didn't like rock music at first, but it soon grew on me.
This medicine must not be placed within the reach of children.
This factory uses an integrated manufacturing system standardized from parts on through to finished products.
If you request a further discount, we suggest changing the terms of payment.
We must make the most of our vacation, as it is so short.
The influx of foreign workers has caused a serious housing problem in this area.
Chris brought her a present and bravely gave it to her.
Go easy on Bob. You know, he's been (going) though a rough period recently.
It's really hard to drive on the bumpy roads around here.
I decided that I was going to work as hard as I can.
|Sep 04, 2022|
Level 4-Day 20.The Golden Man ? El Dorado
The Golden Man ? El Dorado
When Christopher Columbus sailed west from Spain in 1492, he was trying to reach the Spice Islands (which today are called Indonesia).
Spices were very scarce and valuable in Europe at this time.
No one knew that two vast oceans and the American continents lay between Europe and Asia.
Columbus did not find spices in America, but he did bring home some gold trinkets.
The American Indians wore these as jewelry.
Gold, not spices, was to become the biggest motive for exploration.
Expeditions into the interior of the Americas were very costly and very risky.
Only by promising the authorities huge profits could sailors and soldiers raise money for their expeditions.
They also needed to promise rich rewards in order to get followers and crews.
If a leader returned to Europe without gold and jewels, he might end up in jail.
No wonder the Spanish conquerors were always searching for gold.
At first, the Spaniards stayed around the coasts of the Caribbean Sea, but stories of gold in the interior tempted them to explore inland.
They asked the Indians where their gold jewelry came from.
The Indians would point further inland.
They said that a wealthy people lived in the high mountains that traded gold and emeralds for pearls, cotton and shells.
The Spanish Emperor had given the rights to exploit present-day Venezuela and Colombia to his German bankers in 1528.
So Germans - Dalfinger, Federmann and Hohermuth - led a series of expeditions into the jungles, grasslands and mountains.
Meanwhile, Spanish conquerors had found immense riches in gold and silver.
Hernando Cortes had captured the Kingdom of the Aztecs in Mexico in 1519.
He had sent immense treasures to Europe.
Soon after this, Francesco Pizarro began to explore the west coast of South America.
In 1531, Pizarro invaded Peru and destroyed the Kingdom of the Incas.
Pizarro melted down the gold and silver treasures of the Incas, and sent gold and silver bricks back to Spain.
The rush to find more gold became very heated.
Rumors came down from the mountains of Colombia about a golden man - el hombre Dorado.
There were stories about a king so rich that he wore gold dust instead of a coat.
Colombia was the Kingdom of the Chibchas.
They were a trading people who traded salt and emeralds for gold, cotton, pearls, and shells.
The actual gold did not come from their kingdom.
It was found in the mountain rivers, and brought to the Chibchas for refining and metalwork.
Several armies converged on Chibcha territory.
The first to arrive was the Spaniard Quesada, coming up the Magdalene River from the Caribbean.
He found the chief cities of the Chibchas and seized their gold and emeralds.
Shortly afterwards, one of Pizarro's captains arrived from Peru and Ecuador.
Then the German Federmann arrived from Venezuela.
Quesada gave the latecomers some gold and jewels to ease their disappointment.
Quesada's men also found out about the Golden Man.
High in the mountains was a lake created by a meteorite.
The Indians believes that the 'golden god' from the sky now lived at the bottom of the lake.
When a new leader of the tribe was elected, he was covered in grease, and fine gold dust was blown over his body so that he appeared to be made of gold.
He was taken out to the middle of the lake on a raft.
He would jump into the lake, and stay in the water till the gold dust was washed off.
It was considered an offering to the god.
Gold ornaments were also tossed in the lake.
Then the king and his followers would return to the shore.
This ceremony was stopped several generations before the Europeans arrived.
Many people were unwilling to believe that this was the whole story.
They began to search for a golden city hidden in the jungle.
Many explorers perished in this search.
In their search for gold, the Spanish conquerors destroyed the great Indian civilizations of America.
Towns and villages had been ruined, thousands of people killed and wonderful pieces of art melted down.
Some Indians believed that gold must be a food that Europeans desperately needed to stay alive.
In many cases, the Europeans destroyed the trading and social systems that had produced their wealth.
When we think about the great achievements of a few conquerors and explorers, we are also sad about how much death and damage they caused.
|Sep 03, 2022|
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part1
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Chapter I: Tom and the Fence
"Tom! Tom!" There was no answer.
"Where is that boy? Tom!" Aunt Polly looked under the bed but she only found the cat.
"Tom!" she cried.
Then she heard a noise behind her.
A small boy ran past and she stopped him with her hand.
"What are you doing, Tom?" she asked.
"Nothing. Look at your hand and your mouth. I told you not to eat the jam."
"Oh, Aunt Polly, look behind you!"
The old lady looked and Tom ran away.
Aunt Polly was surprised and then she laughed.
"I never learn.
Tom always plays tricks on me and I never learn.
I love Tom. He's my sister's child - she's dead.
But it's not easy to look after him.
Tomorrow is Saturday and there's no school.
But Tom must work tomorrow.
He hates work but he must do it."
Tom lived in the small village of St Petersburg with his Aunt Polly, his brother Sid and his sister Mary.
The summer evenings were long, and in the evenings Tom liked walking around the village.
One evening he saw a big boy in front of him.
The boy was a stranger.
Tom was surprised because he did not see new people often.
This boy had very nice, expensive clothes.
"He's got shoes, a new shirt and a tie. And it's not Sunday," Tom thought. "My clothes are old and ugly."
Tom looked at him and the big boy looked at Tom.
Tom did not like him.
Finally he said, "I can beat you!"
"Why don't you try?" said the boy.
"Well, I can," said Tom.
"No, you can't."
"Yes, I can."
There was silence.
"You're afraid," said the boy.
"I'm not afraid," said Tom.
"Yes, you are."
"No, I'm not."
There was more silence.
Then Tom pushed the boy and the boy pushed Tom.
Soon they were on the ground.
Tom pulled the boy's hair and hit him hard.
They both fought a lot.
The big boy was angry and started crying. "Stop," he said,
"Now, that will teach you something," said Tom.
Tom arrived home late and he was very dirty.
When Aunt Polly saw his dirty clothes, she thought, "What can I do with this boy?
Well, tomorrow is Saturday, and he must work."
Saturday morning was beautiful and sunny.
It was summer and the world was happy.
Tom sat in front of the fence and looked at it.
It was thirty yards long and nine feet high.
He was very unhappy.
"It's Saturday and I must paint this long fence.
All my friends will laugh at me," he thought.
He put his long brush in the white paint and started painting.
He stopped and looked at his work.
Then he continued painting.
After a few minutes he had a great idea.
He continued painting the fence.
He saw his friend Ben Rogers in the street.
Ben had an apple in his hand.
He came to look at the fence.
"You're working for your aunt," said Ben.
Tom said nothing.
He continued painting.
"I'm going swimming but you can't come with me. You're working," said Ben.
"Do you call this work?" asked Tom.
"Of course it's work. You're painting a fence, "said Ben.
"Maybe it's work but maybe it isn't. I like it!" said Tom, "I can swim every day, but I can't paint a fence every day."
Ben watched Tom.
He painted slowly and carefully. He often stopped and moved back from the fence.
He looked at his work and smiled.
Ben was suddenly interested in the fence and said, "Let me paint a little, Tom."
Tom thought for a moment.
"I'm sorry, Ben. Aunt Polly wants me to do it because I'm very good at painting.
My brother Sid wanted to do it, but he's not good at painting."
"Oh, please, Tom! Please can I paint? I'm good at painting too.
Here, you can have some of my apple."
"No, Ben, I can't -"
"Then take all of my apple!"
Tom was happy but he did not smile.
He gave Ben the brush and sat down to eat the apple.
Tom's other friends came by.
At first they laughed at him.
But soon they all wanted to paint the fence.
Billy Fisher gave Tom a kite and Johnny Miller brought him a dead rat.
His other friends gave him an old knife, a cat with one eye, an old blue bottle, an old key and other interesting things.
His friends painted the fence and Tom now had a lot of interesting things.
He went back home.
"Aunt Polly, can I go to play now?"
When Aunt Polly saw the beautiful white fence she was very happy.
She gave Tom a big apple and said, "Yes, go and play! But don't come home late!"
|Sep 01, 2022|
But CNN has learned that, due to her husband's guidance, Kate feels she has
already adapted to her new life.
Over the past ten years, people have become increasingly aware that they need to change their eating habits.
There is a proverb that goes "time is money", but there is another one that goes "money can't buy you time"
My mother speaks French better than my father speaks English, so they usually speak to each other in French.
"Is that Tom calling again?"
"Yes. He calls every evening these days. I shouldn't have given him my number."
When you do not know if someone really loves you as much as you love him, it is very hard to truly love him.
So I thought my date, or rather, offline-meeting was going to be just me and her but things aren't that easy.
Borrow and return, then you can borrow again. Borrow and don't return, and then the borrowing gets difficult.
Gambling site lets users bet on which species will go extinct because of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
In England, parks taking rare breeds of animals as their theme are becoming increasingly popular with people.
|Aug 30, 2022|
2.take it for granted 想当然的
He said that he could smell something burning and that the telephones weren't working.
Cancer can be cured easily if it is found in its first phase.
It'll take me a long time to get over my cold.
Tell those people to back off so that the helicopter can land.
Try as you may, you can't do it in a day.
If I had known about the plan, I could have helped him.
I love the taste when I bite into a juicy peach.
The singer is famous not only in Korea but also in Europe.
I took it for granted that you knew the whole matter.
These shoes are expensive, and what is more, they are too small.
|Aug 28, 2022|
Level 4-Day 19 The Ford Pinto Case
The Ford Pinto Case
Businessmen often complain that their profits are negatively affected by government regulations.
On the other hand, history has proven that it is necessary to regulate business in at least one area - public safety.
There is ample evidence that consideration for the safety of the public is not always a priority in business decisions.
Back in 1912, the Titanic smashed into an iceberg, killing hundreds of people.
It was going too fast through a large collection of icebergs, while attempting to set a speed record.
Unfortunately, there were not enough lifeboats to accommodate the passengers.
Usually when such a tragedy occurs, the company is not found guilty.
Instead, safety regulations are enacted for future cases.
In the future, ships were ordered to carry a sufficient supply of lifeboats.
In 1978, the Ford Motor Company was indicted on the charge of homicide.
This was the first time such a charge had been brought against an American corporation.
It related to the deaths of three teenage girls who were burned up when their Ford Pinto was hit from behind.
The prosecution charged that the Ford Company knowingly manufactured a dangerous car.
Behind this story is the pressure on Ford to produce a small car to compete with imported vehicles.
The Pinto was rushed into production in spite of warnings that the gas tank was in a dangerous position.
It would have cost Ford an additional $11.00 per car to fix the problem.
Ford decided not to.
Later, Ford produced a cost-benefit analysis to justify their position.
Estimating that the faulty design would cause 180 additional deaths, Ford valued these at $200,000 per person.
This cost was far less than equipping 12.5 million vehicles with $11.00 protectors.
So Ford felt that they had made the right decision.
Ford executives were acquitted on the charge of homicide.
Nonetheless, Ford had to pay out millions of dollars in out-of-court settlements.
These were paid to families who had lost relatives in Pinto accidents.
This case shows how far a company will go to protect its profits.
For more than eight years, Ford lobbied the government not to tighten safety standards on cars
As long as the Pinto was profitable, Ford did not want to change the design.
Although Ford made a lot of money on the Pinto, their reputation was tarnished.
The Fort Pinto case is one of many which point to the need for governments to set safety standards.
No business wants to recall its products, or leave them sitting idly in a warehouse,or expend large sums of money for upgrading and repairs.
No airplane company wants to have its planes in the hangar when they could be in the air making money for the corporation.
As a result, commercial companies are seldom motivated to look closely at product or service safety.
This is especially true today when the "bottom line" in business is seen as a justification for every decision.
For this reason, governments have to oversee issues of public safety.
Most businesses are too busy working on profits to have much time or concern for doing so.
|Aug 27, 2022|
2021.6六级第一套 Conversation Two
Today, I'm talking to the renowned botanist, Jane Forster.
Thank you for inviting me to join you on the show, Henry.
Recently, Jane, you've become quite a celebrity since the release of your latest documentary. Can you tell us a little about it?
Well, it follows my expedition to study the vegetation indigenous to the rain forest in equatorial areas of south east Asia.
You certainly get to travel to some very exotic locations.
It was far from glamorous, to be honest. The area we visited was accessible only by canoe. And the living conditions in the hut were primitive, to say the least. There was no electricity, and our water supply was a stream.
How were the weather conditions while you were there?
The weather was not conducive to our work at all, since the humidity was almost unbearable.
At midday, we stayed in the hut and did nothing. It was too humid to either work or sleep.
How long did your team spend in the jungle?
Originally, we planned to be there for a month. But in the end, we stayed for only two weeks.
Why did you cut the expedition short？
Halfway through the trip, we received news that a hurricane was approaching. And we had to evacuate at very short notice.
That sounds like a fascinating anecdote.
It was frightening. The fastest evacuation route was through river rapids. We had to navigate them carrying all of our equipment.
So overall, was the journey unsuccessful?
Absolutely not. We gathered a massive amount of data about the local plant life.
Why do you put up with such adverse conditions?
Botany is an obsession for me. Many of the destinations I visit have stunning scenery, and I get to meet a variety of people from all over the world.
So where will your next destination be?
I haven't decided yet.
Then we can leave it for another vacation. Thanks.
Question 5: What does the man want Jane Forster to talk about?
Question 6: Why does the woman describe her experience as far from glamorous?
Question 7: Why did the woman and those who went with her end their trip halfway?
Question 8: What does the woman think of the journey?
|Aug 25, 2022|
According to the latest census, the language's number of speakers appears to be stable, or even increasing.
"Do you want another cup of coffee?"
"Sure,make mine on the small side but be generous with my brother's."
I don't have a washing machine at home, and so I have to go to the washing room in order to do the laundry.
On the one hand we suffered a heavy loss, but on the other hand we learned a great deal from the experience.
In the U.S., you have the option, when you enter a restaurant, to sit in the smoking or non-smoking section.
Japan consists of four major islands and over 3,000 small islands, and is about equal to California in area.
All that time the things granddad had said, like the sound of flies flying round a melon, buzzed in my head.
Don't change sentences that are correct. You can, instead, submit natural-sounding alternative translations.
I've heard it said that English is for making money, French for making love, and Spanish for praying to God.
Some people only buy organic food; they think that in this way their body will not be damaged by pollutants.
|Aug 23, 2022|
2.packed to capacity 挤得满满的
If you wish us to reserve an alternative room, please let us know immediately.
When you compare this dictionary with that one, you can easily see which is better.
All the coaches of the train were packed to capacity ten minutes before it started.
On behalf of the company, I would like to express our hearty thanks to you all.
If it had not been for your help, I would have lost the game.
It was such a nice day that we decided to have a picnic.
This textbook, having been printed in haste, has a lot of printing mistakes.
I met with an old friend of mine at the station.
Could you convert this file into a Windows compatible file and re-send it?
There is a little wine left in the bottom of the glass.
|Aug 21, 2022|
Level 4-Day 18 Texas
1.cattle ranches 养牛场
The state of Texas is famous for having the biggest and best of everything.
Before Alaska became a state, Texas was the largest American state.
It was also famous for its huge cattle ranches.
Cotton is a major crop, but much of the wealth comes from oil and gas.
People think of Texans as being wealthy because there have been lots of cattle and oil millionaires.
In the late nineteenth century, Texas cattlemen used to drive their herds north to Kansas.
There a train to the east shipped the cows.
Eventually, the railroad came to Texas and the great cattle drive stopped.
By then, many Texans owned large ranches and were quite wealthy.
In the twentieth century, oil has made many Texans wealthy.
Oil refining has led to chemical industries and synthetic products.
Most Texans now live in cities.
Many oil companies have their headquarters in Dallas.
Other large manufacturing cities are Houston, Corpus Christi, Fort Worth and Austin, which is the Capital of Texas.
Several cities, such as San Antonio and El Paso, have a strong Spanish influence.
This dates back to the first Spanish visitors in the sixteenth century.
The old mission at San Antonio is famous as the Alamo, where an important battle for Texas independence was fought.
Texas is a huge area with mountains, deserts, prairies, rivers and islands.
The rugged beauty of its grasslands and deserts attracts many tourists.
For a state that is mostly dry, Texas has a remarkable variety of wildflowers in the spring.
Its animals and birds differ from other parts of the U.S.A.
Texas has the armored insect eater, the Armadillo;the swift running bird, the Roadrunner; prairie dogs, jackrabbits, kangaroo rats, wild pigs, horned lizards，and one hundred species of snakes!
As might be expected also, it has many beautiful kinds of cacti and other desert plants.
At its largest, Texas is more than 600 miles wide by 600 miles long.
Such a large area develops a distinct culture of its own.
And Texans are widely recognized by their accent and manner of speaking, their attitudes and interests and their sense of independence and self-reliance.
Texas is also known for its beautiful women, who regularly win national beauty contests.
Its men have a reputation for being rugged, for not talking more than they have to and for being straightforward and honest.
Although many people think of cowboys and Indians when they think of Texas,it is a center for high-tech industries.
The American space program has its headquarters in Houston, and Mission Control Center is there.
Texas is also an important manufacturer of computers and other high tech products.
Oil production is still important in Texas,but it ranks third as a source of revenue behind manufacturing and tourism.
The colorful history of Texas and its wonderful scenery contribute to a thriving tourist industry.
Texas is also an important business and financial area.
Yes, even though times have changed,
Texans proudly maintain that their state still has the biggest and the best of everything.
|Aug 20, 2022|
2021.6六级第一套 Conversation One
It's my last day at work tomorrow. I'll start my new job in two weeks. My human resources manager wants to conduct an interview with me before I leave.
Ah, an exit interview. Are you looking forward to it?
I'm not sure how I feel about it. I resigned because I've been unhappy at that company for a long time, but I'm not sure if I should tell them how I really feel.
To my way of thinking, there are two main potential benefits that come from unleashing an agitated stream of truth during an exit interview.
The first is release. Unburdening yourself of frustration and perhaps even anger to someone who isn't a friend or close colleague can be wonderfully freeing.
And let me guess. The second is that the criticism will, theoretically, help the organization I'm leaving to improve, making sure employees of the future are less likely to encounter what I did?
That's right. But the problem with the company improvement part is that very often it doesn't happen. An exit interview is supposed to be private, but often isn't.
In my company, the information gained from these interviews is often not confidential, and the information is used as dirt against another manager, or can be traded among senior managers.
Now you've got me rethinking what l'll disclose in the interview. There is always the chance that it could affect my reputation and my ability to network in the industry. It is a pretty small industry after all.
Anything you initially gained from the instant satisfaction of telling it like it is, you might lose down the track by injuring your future career prospects.
Right. Perhaps I would be better getting things off my chest by going to one of those rate-
You could.And don't do the interview at all. Exit interviews are not mandatory
Question 1: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
A. He is going to leave his present job.
B. He is going to attend a job interview.
C. He will meet his new manager in two weeks.
D. He will tell the management how he really feels.
Question 2: What does the woman think about the information gained from an exit
A.It should be carefully analyzed.
B.It should be kept private.
C.It can be quite useful to senior managers.
D.It can improve interviewers' job prospects.
Question 3: Why does the man want to rethink what he will say in the coming exit
A.It may do harm to his fellow employees.
B.It may displease his immediate .superiors.
C.It may adversely affect his future career prospects.
D.It may leave a negative impression on the interviewer.
Question 4: What does the man think he had better do?
A.Poue out his frustrations on a rate-your-employer website
B.Network with his close friends to find a better employer
C.Do some practice for the exit interview
D.Prepare a comprehensive exit report
|Aug 18, 2022|
5.tidal wave 海啸
The Indian flag is called the tricolour because it has stripes of three colours –
saffron, white and green.
The raising of children is something that concerns the entire community. There will be an education reform.
In order to improve the students' attitude to their studies, the school let them start class an hour later.
The moon has no light of its own, but rather it reflects the light of the sun to the children of the night.
I'm not afraid of facing pressure. When problems arise, I will quickly think of ways to find the solutions.
St James Palace represents her, William and his brother Harry, and now regards her "induction" as complete.
As everyone stood guard silently, someone ran to the corner of the street and called over a police officer.
His humor charmingly eased the embarrassing atmosphere at dinner time and made me breathe a sigh of relief.
The referee, according to principle of advantage, raised his hand and motioned for the advance to continue.
Last year in the Philippines, earthquakes and tidal waves resulted in the deaths of more than 6,000 people.
|Aug 16, 2022|
1.let up 缓和
After the rain had let up a bit, we made a dash for the car.
If anything, my new job is harder than my old one.
I usually gas up the car at this service station.
Although it is a very difficult task, I will do my best.
I have been waiting for your reply, but have not heard from you.
The house is too big for us, and what is more, it is too expensive.
We have lots of bread, and as for butter, we have more than enough.
As there was no bus service, we had to walk all the way to the station.
In the justice system of the United States, there are twelve people on a jury.
If you go anywhere, you had better tell your mother first.
|Aug 14, 2022|
Level 4-Day 17 Telephone Systems
When Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone in the 1870s, it was fairly simple to use.
You talked into the mouthpiece and then held it to your ear to listen.
For a century of so, using the telephone meant either contacting the operator to dial a number, or dialing yourself.
After that, all you had to do was talk or listen.
Nowadays, the telephone has become a very complex instrument; it rivals the computer as to the number of possible uses.
Answering machines have been around for several decades,but they are now being replaced by voicemail.
Voicemail does away with the need for an answering machine.
Messages are stored on the system.
That means that it is possible to forward the message to someone else's phone, or transfer the call to a more convenient phone of your own.
You can also use "call pickup," so that anyone in your group can answer another's phone.
Conference calls have become very common.
This is when one person phones first one person, then another,and keeps adding people to the telephone conversation.
This can regularly be done with up to six people.
It is very useful for business discussions where different people need to talk about the same thing.
It also speeds up the process of consensus, and allows everybody to be in on the decision or discussion.
The modern phone has many more features.
If you don't want the caller to know what is being said in your office, you can push the "mute" button.
If you want to hang up without putting the receiver down, press "goodbye.
If you don't want to receive calls, just forward them all into your voicemail.
Newer phones will indicate when you have voicemail messages.
If you have trouble with these features, an automatic voice will tell you your options.
This help-system is built into the telephone.
For example, the help-voice will tell you how to set up a distribution list,so that you can send the same voice message to a number of people.
It will also tell you how to send a message directly onto someone's voicemail.
You can designate your message to go to the top of the recipient's voicemail list.
You can also program it so that the recipient cannot forward it.
Some systems have limits on how much space can be used for individual voicemail.
There are a number of courtesies that voicemail users should follow.
Your greeting on your voicemail should be simple.
If you are unable to take calls for any reason, you might want to explain that in your recorded greeting.
If you are on vacation, you might want to include that information in your greeting.
Don't use voicemail as a way to avoid answering the telephone.
Some people use voicemail to screen calls; this can be annoying to someone who can never contact you directly.
Check your messages regularly and reply to them promptly.
Enjoy the telecommunications revolution!
|Aug 13, 2022|
2019.12六级第一套 Conversation One
Today our guest is Rosie Melinda who works as a features editor for Fashion magazine.
Hi Rosie, you're a features editor at one of the most widely read women's magazines in the U.K What kind of responsibilities does that job entail?
We spend our days looking at ideas from journalists, writing copy for the magazine and website and editing.
we do random things like asking people in the street questions and testing sports clothing.
We also do less tangible things like understanding what our readers want. It's certainly varied and sometimes bizarre.
During your working day, what kind of work might you typically do? My day mainly incorporates responding to emails, writing and editing stories and coming up with new feature ideas.
How does the job of a features editor differ from that of fashion editor or other editorial positions?
The feature's team deals with articles such as careers, reports, confidence, and confessions. Everything except to fashion and beauty.
A lot of people believe that working at a magazine is a glamorous job. Is this an accurate representation of what you do?
I'd say it's glamorous to an extent, but not in the way it's portrayed in films. We do have our moments such as interviewing celebrities and attending parties which is a huge thrill.
Ultimately though, we're the same as our readers. But working in a job we're all very lucky to have.
Did you have to overcome any difficulties to reach this point in your career? How did you manage to do this？
I had to be really persistent and it was very hard work. After three years of working in a petrol station and doing unpaid work, I still hadn't managed to get an entry-level job.
I was lucky that my last desperate attempt led to a job. I told myself that all experiences make you a better journalist in the long run and luckily, I was right.
A) Magazine reporter.
B) Fashion designer.
C) Website designer.
D) Features editor.
A) Designing sports clothing.
B) Consulting fashion experts.
C) Answering daily emails.
D) Interviewing job-seekers.
A) It is challenging.
B) It is fascinating.
C) It is tiresome.
D) It is fashionable
A) Her persistence.
B) Her experience.
C) Her competence.
D) Her confidence.
|Aug 11, 2022|
Only with wisdom can one distinguish between good and evil; only with humility can one build a happy life.
For several years I've been in the habit of, when I'm at home, only leaving my desk when it's time to eat.
It's a lot of trouble to write my name, because it takes 50 strokes to write both my
first and last names.
Many conservationists fear the continuing slaughter of whales is pushing these animals towards extinction.
Tom couldn't hear what the teacher was saying because all of the other students were making so much noise.
The second half of a man's life is made up of nothing but the habits he has acquired during the first half.
The climate of this town is so mild that the thermometer seldom rises to thirty degrees, even in midsummer.
It is time not only to equalize men's and women's wages, but also to equalize responsibility for housework.
Gestural language had, however, serious limitations, since it could not be used in the dark or at distance.
But above all, I will never forget who this victory truly belongs to. It belongs to you, It belongs to you.
|Aug 09, 2022|
3.maturity refund 到期退款
In reply to your request, we offer you an extra discount of 5% on this order.
My friends always say l'm too calm, but my family always says l'm too annoying.
I am sure I met him somewhere, but I do not remember who he is.
As long as I know the money is safe, I will not worry about it.
There is nothing I like so much as the smell of roses.
Last night my house was robbed while I was still awake.
Whales are said to have lived on land long ago.
With this type of insurance, most policies don't come with a maturity refund.
None of us want to go, but either you or your wife has to go.
It would help us if you would reserve the following hotel during our conference.
|Aug 07, 2022|
Level 4-Day 16 Summertime
4.pine trees 松树
In North America, July and August are holiday months.
Most schools and colleges are not in session then.
Families look for activities to keep the children amused.
Although not all workers get a full two months of holidays, most people take a holiday in the summer.
The summer begins with a national holiday.
In Canada, July 1st is Canada Day.
In the U. S. A., July 4th is Independence Day
A lot of families are soon on the road.
Some travel to cottages by the lake.
Some go sightseeing or camping.
In Canada, especially, the summers are short.
So people try to make the most of them.
In much of Canada, and parts of the northern U.S.A. are woodlands dotted with lakes.
These regions of rocks, rivers, pine trees and wild animals are not usually suitable for farming.
However, they are ideal places to spend a summer holiday.
They are far from the cities.
The woods are quiet and peaceful.
People fish, go boating or swimming, have barbeques outside, or play outdoor sports.
Some people spend their whole summer at the cottage.
Others go for a week or two.
City people who don't have a cottage like to go to parks and swimming pools in the city.
If they are near a lake or ocean, they may go there for the day.
Many museums, libraries and art galleries have programs for children in the summer.
Swimming is probably the favorite summer sport.
It feels wonderful on a very hot day to jump into the cool water.
Swimming is also excellent exercise.
Besides swimming, baseball and football are also popular in the summer.
Spending an afternoon or evening at a baseball game is a favorite summer pastime.
Summer is also a favorite time to catch up on reading.
Stories of adventures and love novels are favorite light reading.
But summer is especially a time for traveling across the country.
Some people have a camper or trailer that they can live in.
Some stay in campgrounds and sleep in tents
Others stay at hotels or motels, while others rent cottages or cabins for a week or two.
Most trips are by car.
Many people visit national parks and other wildlife areas.
Of course, trips along the ocean, and the lakes are favorites.
Along the Atlantic Ocean, the coasts of New England and Canada's Maritime Provinces are especially popular.
On the Pacific coast, tourists travel from California all the way up to Alaska.
Boat cruises along the shores of British Columbia and Alaska are especially popular
Of course, some people find it most relaxing just to stay at home.
Others cannot afford to travel.
If you have an air-conditioned house, with a television, video player, CD player and computer, then it can be very pleasant to stay at home.
A lot of new movies are released at the theatres in the summer.
Air-conditioned theatres with new movies and lots of pop and popcorn are favorite summer places.
After two months of summer activities, most people are ready to go back to school and work.
But they usually have lots of happy memories to take back with them.
|Aug 06, 2022|
2.utterly humilited 彻底的丢脸
2021.12第一套 Conversation One
Hi, David. I haven't seen you in class for almost 2 weeks. We thought you had disappeared on holiday earlier or something.
Hi, Sarah. Well, it's a bit of a long story l'm afraid. I got a throat infection last week and had to go to the hospital to get some antibiotics as I really wasn't getting any better.
Oh, yeah, there have been so many viruses going around this winter. The weather's been so awful for the last few weeks.
And on the way back from the hospital, I slipped on some ice and fell, and then had to go to the hospital to get an X-Ray because I basically thought I broke my wrist, although, thankfully, it's not broken.
But I need to be careful with it for the next few weeks.
Oh. That's too bad. How unfortunate!
To make things worse, I managed to fall right in front of four girls from the 9th Grade. So it was utterly humiliated. Plus, the laptop in my bag was broken, too.
Now, what a complete catastrophe! Is the laptop stilI under warranty? If it is, then you can easily send it back to the manufacturer, and they'|| send you a brand new one for free. Surely.
The warranty ran out 3 days before I broke it. And all my essays are in there, and I need to hand them in before we break for the Christmas holidays.
Listen, I have the number of a really good, affordable computer repair shop at home. My dad has used this guy before and he can work miracles. Let's go back to my house and we can call the repair shop. And you can have some tea and cookies, too.
Wow, thanks, Sarah. That would be great. Let me just call my mom and let her know. l'Il be home a little bit later.
1.What did Sarah think David was doing for the last 2 weeks?
2.What happened to David on his way back from the hospital?
3. What does Sarah say they should do with the damaged computer?
4. What does Sarah say she is going to do?
|Aug 04, 2022|
5.index finger 食指
If confidence, determination and courage are together in one place, there is nothing that cannot be done.
Out of all the attributes of the gods, the one I find most pitiable is their inability to commit suicide.
If you have not paid because you are displeased with something we have done, would you tell us what it is?
I go to the office by car, and I try to leave home as early as I can so that I can avoid the traffic jams.
He puts on a show of being impartial and unbiased, but I think he's just a guy with no opinion of his own.
It exists, but seeing as it is taboo and that nobody talks about it, there's no need to have words for it.
People eagerly sought a more modernized style of dress and transformed the old qipao to suit their tastes.
Although the life of Chinese people is getting better and better now, there is still
room for improvement.
A lady's imagination is very rapid; it jumps from admiration to love, from love to matrimony, in a moment.
The hand has five fingers: the thumb, the index finger, the middle finger, the ring finger, and the pinky,
|Aug 02, 2022|
1.bear in mind 记住
You should make as much effort as possible in whatever you do.
Deal is in the southeast of UK, about 110 kilometers away from London.
If the plant is completed next year, a new production manager will have to be hired.
The latest issue of the magazine will come out next Monday.
Bear in mind that that school is an integrated junior high and high school.
No matter what I did, Ken wouldn't do what I told him.
The best way to master English composition is to keep a diary in English.
This is the house where I used to live when I was young.
If you go by bus, you can get there in about one-third of the time.
I may have seen that film before, but I can hardly remember it.
|Jul 31, 2022|
Level 4-Day 15 Gribbio
5.domestic animals 家畜
St. Francis of Assisi, who lived in Italy in the early thirteenth century, was known for his love of animals.
He was the first person who celebrated the birth of Jesus by gathering live animals around a manger.
He often talked to the birds as he traveled along.
Sometimes, the birds would fly down and sit on his head, shoulders, knees and arms
But the best-known animal story concerns St. Francis and the Wolf of Gribbio.
St. Francis was known for his humility and his unwillingness to hurt anyone.
Once, when one of his followers spoke harshly to some bandits, St. Francis told the man to run after the bandits and apologize.
In the same way, St. Francis thought of animals as his brothers and sisters.
Once when he was warned about some dangerous wolves, he replied that he had never harmed Brother Wolf, and didn't expect the wolf to harm him.
While St. Francis was staying the hill town of Gribbio, he heard about a large, fierce wolf.
The townspeople were terrified of this wolf that had eaten both domestic animals and humans.
St. Francis decided to help the people and went out to talk to the wolf.
The people watched in horror as the wolf came running to attack St. Francis.
But the saint made the sign of the cross.
Then he said to the wolf that, in the name of Jesus, it should stop hurting people.
The wolf then lay down at St. Francis' feet.
St. Francis addressed a little sermon to the wolf.
He recounted all the terrible things that the wolf had done.
But he added that he wanted to make peace between the wolf and the townspeople.
The wolf nodded its head in approval.
In return for the wolf's agreement to keep the peace, St. Francis promised him that he would arrange for the townspeople to feed him.
When he asked the wolf never again to harm any person or animal, the wolf nodded again.
Then the wolf put out its paw as a sign that it would keep its promise.
The wolf walked beside St. Francis back into Gribbio.
When a crowd assembled, the saint preached to them about how God had allowed the wolf to terrify them because of their sins.
He told them to repent, and God would forgive them.
Then he spoke of the promise that the wolf had made and what he had promised the wolf in return.
The people agreed to feed the wolf regularly,and the wolf again indicated that it would not hurt anyone.
Again, it put its paw in St. Francis' hand.
The wolf and the people kept the agreement.
Two years later the wolf died.
The people remembered how it no longer hurt anyone and that not a single dog ever barked at it.
The townspeople of Gribbio lamented its death.
Whenever it went through town, it had reminded them of the virtues and holiness of St. Francis.
|Jul 30, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 recording three
Today's crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes.
First, people are living longer with a lot more complex needs.
Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services. Current services originate in two key measures.
They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act.
This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations.
They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services.
The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided.
It delivered the best health-care for all. No such vision guided residential and community care though.
The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income.
Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now.
In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care.
This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support.
Families provide at least as much care as they ever did.
Even so, they can rarely without subsidized support address serious personal needs.
Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent.
From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services.
The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care.
Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matters.
However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed.
In the 1980s, the government cut spending. Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult.
Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew. Governments emphasized the need to improve services.
They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid. Services were irregular across authorities.
Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled. Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change.
Discrimination against older people has a long history. Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination.
A) The lack of supervision by both the national and local governments.
B) The impact of the current economic crisis at home and abroad.
C) The poor management of day centres and home help services.
D) The poor relation between national health and social care services.
A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services.
B) It mainly caters to the needs of the privileged.
C) It called for a sufficient number of volunteers.
D) It has deteriorated over the past sixty years.
A) Their longer lifespans.
B) Fewer home helpers available.
C) Their preference for private services.
D) More of them suffering serious illnesses.
A) They are unable to pay for health services.
B) They have long been discriminated against.
C) They are vulnerable to illnesses and diseases.
D) They have contributed a great deal to society.
|Jul 28, 2022|
Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the "present".
People "diagnosed" with "Internet addiction" are nearly always diagnosed with other difficulties as well.
When you are cheerful, books can increase your happiness; when you are sad, books can lessen your sorrow.
Why does the phone have to ring all the time only when I'm busy? I can't get any work done because of it.
I don't have to go to work today and tomorrow, so I will use the opportunity to quickly finish moving it.
Tom's daughter pretended not to know him when he came to pick her up from school in his battered old car.
The repairs cost a lot more than 15 dollars, of course, but I am grateful to them for finding a solution.
We know very well where our developments will take us. Besides, in the team, everyone does as he pleases.
Everything has two sides: the good side and the bad side. Unfortunately, we usually see only one of them.
If there are 1000 steps between us, you only need to take one step, and I will take the other 999 to you.
|Jul 26, 2022|
Some scientists predict that the world oil reserves will be used up within a century.
The bath was not hot enough and I was unable to enjoy it.
All of us are connected with the past and the future as well as the present.
Where on earth do you suppose she is going in the dead of night?
New York is one of the cities that I previously thought that I wanted to visit.
When it began to rain, she told her son to take in the washing.
The past can only be known, not changed. The future can only be changed, not known.
A spider can produce a silky substance from tiny openings on its underside.
I shall graduate from middle school in one and a half years.
Mary claimed that the handbag had been a present from her husband.
|Jul 24, 2022|
Level 4-Day 14 Remember The Alamo!
5.cattle ranching 肉牛放牧
16.advance troop 先遣部队
17.swamp land 沼泽地
Remember The Alamo!
The first Europeans in the American Southwest were Spanish explorers and conquerors.
They were followed by religious orders that set up missions to Christianize the Indians.
One of these missions was San Antonio de Valero; it was founded in 1718 in what is now San Antonio, Texas.
Later, the mission structure became known as The Alamo.
In 1821, Moses Austin had persuaded the Spanish authorities to give him a charter to settle 200,000 acres in Texas.
The elder Austin died shortly after this.
Five weeks later, his son Stephen Austin traveled to San Antonioto have this charter confirmed by the Spanish governor.
In 1822, Austin led 150 settlers into Texas.
When Austin learned afterwards that Mexico was now independent of Spain,he journeyed to Mexico City to have his charter reconfirmed.
The Mexicans appointed Austin regional administrator for his colony.
Texas grew rapidly.
Cotton farming and cattle ranching were profitable and attracted American settlers.
By 1830, there were 16,000 Americans in Texas - four times the Spanish-Mexican population.
Sam Houston had been a successful soldier and politician.
He was a friend and supporter of President Andrew Jackson.
However, personal problems and political difficulties led him to leave the U.S.A. for Texas.
Meanwhile, the struggle for control of Mexico had been won in 1833 by Santa Ana.
However, the independent thinking of the Texans infuriated Santa Ana.
He had Stephen Austin thrown in jail, and sent an army into Texas.
Austin was released from jail in time to organize the defense of Texas.
The Mexican army was besieged inside the Alamo, and after fierce fighting, surrendered.
The Mexicans were allowed to go home.
Sam Houston was now elected the State's supreme commander.
Not long after this, Santa Ana approached Texas with an army of 6,000 men.
Houston decided not to meet Santa Ana in open battle but to wait for an advantage.
He sent frontiersman Jim Bowie to the Alamo.
Bowie's orders were to leave San Antonio and destroy the Alamo.
When Bowie arrived, however, Texas volunteers were preparing the Alamo for a siege.
Bowie and his men pitched in to help.
Other volunteers came.
The fiery William Travis arrived with 25 men.
Then, the famous frontiersman, Davy Crockett came with a dozen Tennessee sharpshooters.
When Santa Ana attacked, there were 183 Americans inside the fort.
Santa Ana brought up cannon to bombard the Alamo.
As the walls began to crumble, 4,000 Mexicans attacked from all four sides.
The Mexicans overcame all resistance because of their large numbers,but they suffered very heavy losses.
All the American defenders were killed.
While the battle was raging, the Texans back at the colony declared their independence from Mexico.
Sam Houston now gathered men to fight the Mexican army.
At first, he retreated while waiting for a suitable opportunity.
When Santa Ana's rapid advance left the bulk of the Mexican army behind, Houston prepared to fight.
Santa Ana's advance troops moved into swampy land by the San Jacinto River.
Houston's men attacked while the Mexicans were having their midday siesta.
Their battle cry was "Remember the Alamo!".
The battle was soon over.
Many Mexicans were killed, but only a couple of Texans were killed.
Santa Ana was a prisoner.
Santa Ana readily agreed now to recognize Texas as an independent republic.
Ninety years later, in 1845, Texas became the 28th State of the U.S.A.
|Jul 23, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 recording two
We've talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy.
We've also talked about the different theories on how that can be done.
So far, our discussions have all been theoretical. Now I have a practical question for you all.
Can you run a 140, 000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power?
Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it's possible. And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology's first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard.
Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourist and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars.
Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes.
This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire.
Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost.
According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 meters could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so.
Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water.
for example, a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated.
These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase.
The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy.
Another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material.
Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide.
The gas can be stored under pressure in a tank to recover the energy. The gas is fed back over the calcium oxide.
In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam.
A) The engineering problems with solar power.
B) The generation of steam with the latest technology.
C) The importance of exploring new energy sources.
D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy.
A) The engineering problems with solar power.
B) The generation of steam with the latest technology.
C) The importance of exploring new energy sources.
D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy.
A) Build a thank for keeping calcium oxide.
B) Find a new material for storing energy.
C) Recover super-heated steam.
D) Collect carbon dioxide gas.
|Jul 21, 2022|
This robot does whatever I say. That's a big help when I'm too tired to do anything. Not too likely, huh?
For example, if a chain-smoking teacher cautions a pupil for smoking, that warning is self-contradictory.
Over the last hundred years, there have been twenty-seven recorded deaths from spider bites in Australia.
The audio feature is only available in some sentences in Chinese, Dutch, French, German and Shanghainese.
Because of the change in Canadian marriage laws, many American homosexuals came to Canada to get married.
The more cheese, the more holes. The more holes, the less cheese. Thus: The more cheese, the less cheese.
The term "hutong", originally meaning "water well", came from the Mongolian language about 700 years ago.
Farther from the palace and to its north and south were the commoners, merchants, artisans, and laborers.
On the one hand I called you to invite you to dinner, on the other to tell you my son is getting married.
When I first came to Beijing, I loved to stroll everywhere, but Beijing was not like what I had imagined.
|Jul 19, 2022|
1.cassette tapes 盒式磁带
2.compact disks 光盘
Those brothers are both over6 feet in height. That's indeed tall.
It's a strange story, but every word of it is true.
Cassette tapes seem to have given way to compact disks in popularity.
The woman to whom you were talking is my sister.
May Day is also a festival day for the workers in the world.
Mike and I had a hamburger this afternoon and we talk.
If it were not for air and water, nothing could live.
It was so hot that she felt like eating ice cream.
We hope you will understand the difficult circumstances we're working under.
As I was at a loss what to do, I asked my teacher for advice.
|Jul 17, 2022|
Level 4-Day 13 Pocahontas and John Smith
Pocahontas and John Smith
In 1606, King James of England approved the establishment of two colonies along the eastern coast of America.
The northern colony in Maine lasted only a year.
The southern one at Jamestown in Virginia became England's first permanent settlement in America
In 1607, the Virginia Company sent 104 settlers to Virginia.
The settlers lived in tents all summer.
By September, more than 60 were dead because they lacked good food or water.
The leaders of the colony were not energetic and did little to make the settlers find food.
One member of the company, Captain John Smith, was determined that the colony would survive.
Smith pressured the colonists to build huts, a storehouse, and a church.
He made daring trips to Indian villages, demanding that they give the settlers food in return for beads and copper.
He threatened settlers who were trying to leave the colony and go back to England.
On one of his trips to the interior, Indians attacked John Smith.
They killed his two companions but captured him alive.
He was taken first to the local chief.
This chief was impressed by Smith's compass and spared his life.
His captors dragged Smith from village to village.
He finally arrived at the town belonging to Powhatan.
Powhatan was the great chief for all of the tribes in that region.
Powhatan and his advisors talked about what to do with Smith.
Suddenly, Smith was dragged forward, and his head was pushed against a stone.
The warriors raised their clubs to kill Smith.
Then Pocahontas, who was Powhatan's twelve-year-old daughter, begged for his life.
Her words had no effect, so Pocahontas ran to Smith.
She took his head in her arms and laid her own head against his head.
Smith was released and went back to Jamestown.
Soon after Smith returned, one hundred new settlers from England arrived.
It was a very cold winter, and in January, Jamestown was accidentally set on fire.
The settlers suffered from cold and hunger the rest of the winter.
Every four or five days, Pocahontas and her attendants came.
They brought food for the hungry settlers.
Even so, half of them died.
In the summer, John Smith explored that part of the coast of America.
He made a map that would be very valuable for future sailors and settlers.
On his return, Smith was elected leader of the colony at Jamestown.
However, some settlers did not like having to follow rules.
Some encouraged the Indians to try to kill Smith.
Chief Powhatan agreed.
He also refused to supply food to the colony, hoping to starve them out.
Pocahontas warned Smith about the plot against his life.
Smith had to fight off several attempts to kill him.
Finally, the colony seemed to be growing, and the Indians became peaceful.
But in late 1609, Smith was injured in an explosion and returned to England.
Pocahontas remained a friend to the colony.
She married John Rolfe, one of the settlers.
In 1616, she traveled to England with her husband and son.
There she saw John Smith once again.
She was so surprised to see him that she was unable to speak for several days.
Pocahontas had believed that Smith was dead.
The following year she died and was buried in England.
Pocahontas' love for Smith, and Smith's determination to fight for the colony, had saved Jamestown and given the English their first colony in America.
|Jul 16, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 recording one
Here is my baby niece Sarah. Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer.
By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different.
In 2013, researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work.
They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines.
Machine learning is the technology that's responsible for most of this disruption.
It's the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence.
It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do.
My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning.
We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia.
This gives us a unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can't do and what jobs they might automate or threaten.
Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s. It started with relatively simple tasks.
It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes.
Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs.
Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks. In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays.
The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers.
Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this.
A teacher might read 10,000 essays over a 40-year career. A machine can read millions of essays within minutes.
We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot.
Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations.
Machines can't handle things they haven't seen many times before.
The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data.
But humans don't. We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we've never seen before.
A) About half of current jobs might be automated.
B) The jobs of doctors and lawyers would be threatened.
C) The job market is becoming somewhat unpredictable.
D) Machine learning would prove disruptive by 2013.
A) They are widely applicable for massive open online courses.
B) They are now being used by numerous high school teachers.
C) They could read as many as 10,000 essays in a single minute.
D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers.
A) It needs instructions throughout the process.
B) It does poorly on frequent, high-volume tasks.
C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data.
D) It is slow when it comes to tracking novel things.
|Jul 14, 2022|
If you have hope, then you'll certainly find happiness, and will become a role model for others as well.
Instead, they detect sounds through their tongues and feel vibrations through sense organs in the skull.
According to one study, Amazon's sales go down by 1% for every 100-millisecond lag in its loading times.
By switching your lover from 3D to 2D, you may successfully reduce all social-interaction-related costs.
In July of 2015, the highest temperature in the capital city of Iraq, Baghdad, was 51.1 degrees Celsius.
Your face looks pale. Are you OK? Maybe it would be better if you went to the hospital, don't you think?
I got the sack but I've a little saved up, so for the time being I won't be troubled by living expenses.
In the past, Turks felt like foreigners on this street because so many international tourists were here.
There's not a lot of time left until the meeting starts. Let's go inside and have a look at who's there.
Superstitions derive from the inability of men to acknowledge that coincidences are merely coincidences.
|Jul 12, 2022|
Students are supposed to turn in reports at the end of the school year.
To give up smoking is not easy, but you should for the sake of your health.
To begin with, the funds are not sufficient for running a grocery store.
The paint on the seat on which you are sitting is still wet.
It was obvious that the driver had not been careful enough.
He got angry because he thought (that) everyone was trying to make a fool of him.
He was a benevolent old man who volunteered to mow his neighbors' lawns for free.
We've talked over this matter in detail for half an hour already. Let's finish it off.
When we were on the brink of starvation, they saved our lives.
If she should come to Japan, Jane would be very happy.
|Jul 10, 2022|
Level 4-Day 12 Plains Indians
6.creep up 爬过去
9.steep cliff 陡峭的悬崖
The best known picture of an American Indian is a warrior in buckskin, riding a horse, wearing a headdress of eagle feathers and carrying a spear, or bow and arrow.
This is a picture of a Plains Indian, and it appears in many Hollywood westerns and on the American five-cent piece.
There were many tribes of Plains Indians for the Northern American prairies or plains stretch from the northern forest of western Canada down to the States of Oklahoma and Texas in southern U.S.A.
It is interesting that our image of the Plains Indian is only true for the last couple hundred years.
It was not until the 1600s that Plains Indians began to ride horses.
There were no horses in America until Spanish soldiers brought them in the 1500s and 1600s.
Some of these horses escaped and ran wild on the prairies of America.
It was these wild horses that the Plains Indians learned to tame.
Before they had horses, the Indians hunted buffalo on foot.
Buffalo were huge bison, or wild cattle, which traveled in very large herds.
A big herd might have millions of buffalo.
It was difficult to cross the prairie because these animals blocked your way.
The Plains Indians had various ways of killing buffalo.
Before they had horses, Indian hunters would quietly creep up close to the herd; then they would fire their arrows together.
There was always the danger that the herd would stampede and trample the hunters.
Another method was to drive the buffalo over a steep cliff.
There are a number of places on the plains where this was done.
Once the Plains Indians had horses, they preferred to hunt buffalo on horseback.
When the tribes started to use guns, they could kill many buffalo.
Artist Paul Kane describes a buffalo hunt in the Red River Valley in 1846.
The hunters carried their bullets in their mouths so that they could shoot faster.
They would ride right into the herd, shooting at close quarters.
They would drop an article of clothes on the slain buffalo to mark it for themselves.
Then they would continue the hunt.
After the hunt, the Indians would skin the animals,and the women would dry the meat and store it in fat.
A single hunt might kill more than 30,000 buffalo.
The Plains Indians received nearly everything they needed from the buffalo.
Of course, they used buffalo meat for food.
They also used the buffalo skins for clothing, blankets, and the covering of their teepees.
These teepees were cone-shaped tents, which were easy to put up and take down.
Plains Indians were nomadic, and followed the animals they hunted.
Since these animals were plentiful, Plains Indians usually led a comfortable life.
They developed complex religions and social rituals,as well as specialized societies or clubs.
There were also rituals and customs for hunting and warfare.
Many Plains Indians fought hard against the settlement of the Great Plains.
The American government discouraged the hunting of buffalo,because without the buffalo the Plains Indians would not be able to fight.
With the buffalo disappearing, the Plains Indians had to give up fighting and move into government-sponsored reservations.
|Jul 09, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 Passage Two
A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it's sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel.
And if you want to increase that willpower, a new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it.
According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower.
If we believe it's a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks.
However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead.
The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study.
They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired.
Although there was little difference between men and women overall, Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks.
European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going.
Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it.
Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave. But these feelings are changeable, they said.
Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development.
This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people.
A) A good start.
B) A detailed plan.
C) A strong determination.
D) A scientific approach.
A) Most people get energized after a sufficient rest.
B) Most people tend to have a finite source of energy.
C) It is vital to take breaks between demanding mental tasks.
D) It is most important to have confidence in one 's willpower.
A) They could keep on working longer.
B) They could do more challenging tasks.
C) They found it easier to focus on work at hand.
D) They held more positive attitudes toward life.
A) They are part of their nature.
B) They are subject to change.
C) They are related to culture.
D) They are beyond control.
|Jul 07, 2022|
After he had graduated from the university, he taught English for two years.
Why did you wake me up to tell me something that big? Now, I'll never be able to concentrate on my work!
That's the thing about people who think they hate computers. What they really hate is lousy programmers.
In Thailand, bringing up the children isn't the father's responsibility; it's entirely up to the mother.
Gorillas cannot use their lips and tongues to speak, but they can communicate with people in other ways.
If your friend reminds you kindly of your faults, take what he says not only pleasantly, but thankfully.
The Japanese Parliament today officially elected Ryütarõ Hashimoto as the country's 52nd prime minister.
"What was that person saying?"
"He couldn't communicate in Russian at all so I told him off in Russian."
You're not entirely to blame; just then I was listening to music all along, and wasn't paying attention.
As much as 90 percent of happiness comes from elements such as attitude, life control and relationships.
|Jul 05, 2022|
In the U.S., you usually have to show identification in order to buy alcohol.
Since then he had put his whole soul into his work.
Until quite recently, most of the things we needed were made by hand.
The industrialist found a wealthy financier to help him weather the storm which was inevitable.
This novel is so easy that even a child can read it.
The lady that is speaking to that boy is his teacher.
The engineer seeks not so much to know nature as to make use of it.
The children were so excited after the party that they couldn't sleep.
Nick can speak Portuguese very well. That's because he's been studying it for 5 years.
In the car on the way home, he was making plans for the next day.
|Jul 03, 2022|
Level 4-Day 11 Paul Kane, Frontier Artist
6.canoe fleet 独木舟船队
Paul Kane, Frontier Artist
Since Christopher Columbus first met American Indians in 1492, many Europeans had been fascinated by Indian life and culture.
As a result, there was a demand in Europe for drawings and paintings of Native Americans.
European artists who had never seen an Indian supplied most of this demand.
But in the nineteenth century, several painters traveled into Indian Territory to make an authentic record of native life.
One of the first artists to do this was the American painter George Catlin.
In 1841, Catlin published a book of his work.
Catlin's work helped inspire another important frontier artist, the Canadian Paul Kane.
Paul Kane was born in Ireland in 1810.
His family moved to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, when Paul was nine years old.
The young boy was not very interested in school.
At that time, there were still Indians living in wigwams in the Toronto area.
Young Paul liked visiting the Indian village instead of going to school.
Since Paul spent little time in school, he was largely a self-taught artist.
He also became a surprisingly good writer,considering that he had not spent much time studying spelling or grammar.
After working some years making and decorating furniture, Kane was ready to travel.
He spent the years from 1836 to 1841 living and traveling in the United States.
Then he traveled in Europe from 1841 to 1843, studying the great painters of the past.
He was back in the U.S.A. until 1845, and then he returned to Toronto.
Immediately upon his return, Kane headed into the wilderness areas around Georgian Bay, Sault Ste. Marie, and Lake Michigan.
His plan was to sketch Indian life before it disappeared forever.
American Indians were dying so rapidly from European diseases,such as measles and smallpox, that many people believed that they would soon vanish as a race.
Their culture was threatened too.
As white settlers demanded more land,Indians were being herded into small pieces of land called“reservations”.
Here they could no longer practice their traditional way of life.
Kane wanted to capture Native American life while it still existed.
Kane returned to Toronto at the end of 1845.
He had received one good piece of advice and that was if he wanted to travel into the wilderness，he would have to go with experienced people.
He was able to get the support of the Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, Sir George Simpson.
In May 1846, Kane joined the annual canoe fleet of fur traders going west.
Kane would travel all through the wilderness areas of western Canada and northwestern U.S.A.
During this time, he made hundreds of sketches of Indian life.
Although Kane faced incredible hardships during his travels,he was able to see what he wanted to see.
He was able to take part in one of the last great Buffalo hunts and killed two large bison himself.
Traveling west with the fur traders he visited many forts and trading posts.
He saw and painted a prairie fire.
He shot a grizzly bear at close range and killed several wolves that attacked his horses.
He learned to travel long distances on snowshoes in winter.
Finally, he arrived at the Pacific coast, where he made some fine drawings of the west coast Indians.
European diseases had reached there just before Kane.
Fifteen hundred Indians had died near Fort Vancouver in the summer of 1848.
One wealthy chief had ruled 1,000 warriors and had ten wives, four children and eighteen slaves.
Now he had only one wife, one child and two slaves.
Kane had not come too soon.
However, there were tribes still unaffected by western culture and western diseases.
Kane also traveled widely around the Columbia River in northwestern U.S.A.
Everywhere he went, he sketched Indian chiefs and scenes of native life.
On his return trip, he encountered a large war party of 1,500 braves on the warpath against their traditional enemies.
He was able to sketch the leading chief, Big Snake,who was later killed in single combat during the battle.
When he arrived back in Toronto, Kane gave an exhibit of his sketches and watercolors.
Most of the rest of his life was spent turning these drawings into finished paintings.
|Jul 02, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 Passage One
During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius.
But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures.
On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours.
Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland's northern tip reached six degrees Celsius.
Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning. Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before.
They typically appear about once in a decade. However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago.
This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming.
Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected. Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before.
The air can stay warmer longer too. This drives additional melting.
Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace. 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth.
This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive.
Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers
without ice within 20 years.
9: What did climate scientists describe as stunning?
A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland.
B) The collapse of ice on the northern tip of Greenland.
C) The unusual cold spell in the Arctic area in October.
D) The rapid change of Arctic temperature within a day.
10: What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic?
A) It has created a totally new climate pattern.
B) It will pose a serious threat to many species.
C) It typically appears about once every ten years.
D) It has puzzled the climate scientists for decades.
11: What may occur in 20 years according to scientists' recent observations?
A) Extinction of Arctic wildlife.
B) Iceless summers in the Arctic.
C) Emigration of indigenous people.
D) Better understanding of ecosystems.
|Jun 30, 2022|
Although the accident has delayed progress by one month, we have managed to catch up with the schedule.
Lionel Messi is one of the best strikers in the world. He has scored the most goals ever for Barcelona.
When Mike tried to tackle the other player, he pushed him and he was given a yellow card and a warning.
Because all of the teams in the Premier League are really strong, the goal difference is usually small.
At what age will I be able to withstand what now hurts me so easily, makes me disheartened and anxious?
Europe, with its four distinct seasons, is the most suitable environment for the human race to live in.
This science fiction story seems interesting. Will you lend it to me when you have finished reading it?
Tom wanted to be able to read the original Quran and solely for that reason he started learning Arabic.
If you'd listen a little more carefully to what the teacher says, you'd probably be able to understand.
The official languages of the United Nations are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
|Jun 28, 2022|
|Jun 26, 2022|
Level 4-Day 10 Newspapers
All the great cities in the world now have newspapers.
But newspapers, as we know them today, are not that old.
The very first newspapers began long after the invention of printing.
They started in Europe in the 1600s, and were usually only a couple of pages long.
For a long time, newspapers were not very common.
Governments didn't want public discussion of their policies and decisions.
Often they closed down papers, or taxed them heavily.
The "Stamp Tax" on newspapers and pamphlets was one of the causes of the American Revolution.
Newspapers began to grow in size when they discovered advertising as a source of income.
Nowadays, advertising is the main revenue source for most newspapers.
As newspapers became more widely circulated, they could ask for more money for their advertisements.
By the late eighteenth century, newspapers were in common use in Europe.
The 1800s and early 1900s was the golden age of newspapers.
Improvements in transportation, communication and printing processes made it easier to collect news from near and far and to publish papers more quickly and more cheaply.
The Weekly Dispatch and the Times, both of London, England, were leading newspapers through much of the 1800s.
The Times was one of the first papers to include illustrations.
It was the first newspaper to use a steam engine to turn the presses.
When the tax on newspapers was reduced in 1836, the Times was able to increase its size considerably.
In 1840, it began to use the telegraph to collect news stories.
In 1855 the tax on newspapers was finally lifted.
The Times made its greatest reputation during the Crimean War between Britain and Russia.
British armies, fighting in Russia's Crimean Peninsula, were not only unsuccessful in the war, but were suffering severely from illnesses.
The Times sent out the world's first war correspondent, William Howard Russell, in 1854.
His reports from the battle lines had a powerful effect on the British public.
A War Fund was organized to help the soldiers
Russell forced the government to accept the offer of Florence Nightingale to organize nurses to travel to Crimea.
A photographer, Roger Fenton, sent back photos from the war, which were published in the Times.
Meanwhile in America, a more popular approach to newspapers had developed.
The newspaper had spread west with the pioneers, and nearly every little settlement had its own paper.
American newspapers were cheaper and livelier than British ones.
They were aimed at the average person, rather than the governing class.
Examples of the new style of editing and publishing were Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.
Hearst, especially, employed sensational and emotional writing, which aimed at stirring up the public to action.
Hearst is sometimes accused of starting the Spanish-American War of 1898 with his over-heated editorials.
Nonetheless, his methods were successful in raising circulation and were widely imitated.
The modern newspaper contains more than hard news.
In fact, news may be a fairly small part of it.
Advertisements, gossip, show business, photos of celebrities, sports, stock market prices,horoscopes, comic strips, weather reports and much more are found in its pages.
The modern newspaper is a total entertainment package.
A question for the future is whether electronic newspapers will replace paper newspapers.
|Jun 25, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 Conversation Two
Hi professor. I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you're not too busy.
I'm having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin.
Sure. I have quite a few students though. So can you remind me what your topic is?
The general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that's as far as I've got, I don't really know where to go from there.
Yeah, that's much too large a topic. You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible. Otherwise you'll be writing a book.
Exactly. That's what I wanted to ask you about. I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics. I'm really more interested in nature than beauty.
I'm afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic. Still, If you're interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation.
We've talked about Hume before in class right.
Oh yeah, he's the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from.
Exactly. I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography. Start from there. But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment.
This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade. So make sure to follow the instructions.
If you take a look at his biography, You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty.
Specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful.
Great. Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor. I'll let you get back to class now.
If there's anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time.
5:What is the man's problem?
A) He is too busy to finish his assignment in time.
B) He does not know what kind of topic to write on.
C) He does not understand the professor's instructions.
D) He has no idea how to proceed with his dissertation.
6:what does the professor think of the man's topic?
A) It is too broad.
B) It is a bit outdated.
C) It is challenging.
D) It is interesting.
7: What's the man really more interested in?
8: What does the professor say the man has to do?
A) Improve his cumulative grade.
B) Develop his reading ability.
C) Stick to the topic assigned.
D) List the parameters first.
|Jun 23, 2022|
1.have a bone to pick 挑毛病
3.carbon dioxide 二氧化碳
If you have a bone to pick with a person, tell it to his face instead of saying things behind his back.
The amount of time someone is willing to spend on something may communicate how important it is to him.
That 'Ayumi' kid, only 13 but has performed in movies and theatres as a child actor since she was five.
People who want to share their religious views with you almost never want you to share yours with them.
Time is of the essence, Paul. If you don't tell her how you feel now, you'll never have another chance.
Carbon dioxide is a gas that is produced every time a fuel such as coal, oil, or natural gas is burned.
In fact, love is the only genuinely precious thing in life; it's also the only thing
worthy of pursuit.
Country girls like to cut red paper into peach and plum blossoms and paste them onto doors and windows.
This is an example of confusing two things that have a common cause with one thing that causes another.
Since all tasks have been completed without delay, we are ready to start the next phase of development.
|Jun 21, 2022|
1.to the tune of 达到...之多
2.with regard to 关于
3.at the sight of 看见...时
I had to pay the bill to the tune of ten dollars.
If it's not too much trouble, I would like some help.
I must keep a secret with regard to the fact.
Feeling the house shake, I ran out into the yard at the back of the house.
Should he be given another chance, he would do his best.
You have to study hard to catch up with your class.
The girl began to cry at the sight of a dog.
Malicious gossip spreads like wildfire. I guess that's why they say bad news travels fast.
One sunny day in April, I went out for a walk.
It will be done a week from today, that is, on May 3.
|Jun 19, 2022|
Level 4-Day 9 Niagara-on-the-Lake
Niagara-on-the-Lake is a little town at the mouth of the Niagara River.
It is only twelve miles north of Niagara Falls.
It used to be true that very few tourists would bother to travel from the Falls down to Niagara-on-the-Lake.
Nowadays, however, the little town itself is a major tourist attraction.
The town has a remarkable history.
The area played an important role in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
As a result, the little town has two forts, Fort George and Fort Mississauga.
When Fort George was reconstructed for the public in the 1930s, Niagara-on-the-Lake got its first big tourist attraction.
Because Niagara-on-the-Lake was the first capital of Ontario, it has many significant "firsts."
There was the first parliament in the province, the first legal society, the first library, the first newspaper, the first museum building, and many more "firsts."
Besides its history, the town, which is bordered by Lake Ontario and the Niagara River, has beautiful scenery.
On a summer's day, visitors can watch the sailboats going out the river to the lake.
On the landside, Niagara is part of the fruit belt of Ontario.
Peaches, pears, apples, cherries and strawberries grow here in abundance.
There are also long rows of vines, and winemaking has recently become a major industry.
The mild humid climate allows plants to flourish.
The trees, especially the oaks, grow to remarkable heights.
Flowering trees and shrubs perfume the air in the spring.
Gardens are often spectacular for much of the year.
Because of this, Niagara-on-the-Lake attracts many painters and photographers.
Many of the private homes also have a long history, and great care is taken to keep them looking their best.
The biggest single attraction is the Shaw Festival Theatre.
The Festival was founded in 1962 by a group of Shaw enthusiasts.
Early productions were often held in the historic Court House on the main street, and plays still take place there.
In 1973, however, a new 861 seat Shaw Theatre was built at the south end of town.
Since then, traffic to Niagara- on-the-Lake has been steady all through the long summer season.
In 1996, Niagara-on-the-Lake was voted "the prettiest town in Canada.
Partly, it is the scale of things that makes the old town so attractive.
The old town is only about eight blocks long by eight blocks wide.
It has a population of little more than 1,000 people.
Nonetheless, there is a lot for people to do and see.
There are many interesting shops, old hotels, bookstores, art galleries, museums, a golf course, a marina, historic churches and cemeteries, several parks, three theatres and lots of restaurants.
Because it is small, Niagara-on-the-Lake is a good place to walk around or bicycle around.
There are also horse and wagon rides.
Although the main street can be hectic in tourist season,one doesn't have to go far off the main street to get in touch with an older slower time.
Most of the downtown buildings haven't changed much since the days of Queen Victoria,and tourists can still imagine that they are back in the days before computers and television.
|Jun 18, 2022|
2018.12六级第一套 Conversation One
Hey I just read a great book about physics. I think you'd like it. It's called the physics of the world.
It's written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez.
Oh I read that book. It was great.
The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics.
I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist.
And it's refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse in a field that has been traditionally dominated by men.
I think she is to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists.
You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman's place was in the home.
I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge.
For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I've heard taught by university physics professors.
I've often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid.
This, she shows, is not true. The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glass-makers' process.
Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table.
From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard.
Her hands-on examples make her book atruly interactive read.
Yes I must say this equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics.
1: What does the woman say about the book the man recommended?
A It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike.
B It lists the various challenges physicists are confronting.
C It describes how some mysteries of physics were solved.
D It is one of the most fascinating physics books ever written.
2: What can we find in the book the man recommended?
A Physicists' contribution to humanity.
B Stories about some female physicists.
C Historical evolution of modern physics.
D Women's changing attitudes to physics.
3: How does the author bring her book to life?
A By exposing a lot of myths in physics.
B By describing her own life experiences.
C By including lots of fascinating knowledge.
D By telling anecdotes about famous professors.
4: How does the book cultivate readers' interest in physics?
A It avoids detailing abstract concepts of physics.
B It contains a lot of thought-provoking questions.
C It demonstrates how they can become physicists.
D It provides experiments they can do themselves.
|Jun 16, 2022|
1.scrape together 拼凑
Because it's a developing country, some aspects of China aren't as good as those in Western countries.
When real life friends desert us, books are always ready to offer friendship, sympathy and motivation.
The result of the invention of the steam engine was that human power was replaced by mechanical power.
I don't know when spring will come and when the flowers will bloom. It was still snowing this morning.
Ronaldo is a prolific goal scorer and it's almost guaranteed that he will score a goal in every match.
The best wealth is knowledge, average wealth is children, and the smallest wealth is material objects.
Intelligence is doing what you are supposed to, while stupidity is doing what you are not supposed to.
Do you plan to return to your home country or to continue staying in the Netherlands after graduating?
Teachers must get tired of rectifying the same mistakes over and over again in their students' papers.
In short, it is because the 'plan.doc' file I attached in the previous email was infected with a virus.
|Jun 14, 2022|
5.flat tire 瘪了的轮胎
It is so good to be able to speak a number of foreign languages.
The victim is thought to have taken a large quantity of poison by mistake.
I will have been to Vancouver three times if I go once again this summer.
In this country the average number of children per family fell from 2 to 1.5.
I never see this photo without being reminded of my happy days in the countryside.
I'd like to spend my holidays reading history books or classics.
That job was not very interesting, but on the other hand it was well paid.
This is the place where she works as a secretary.
The candle grew shorter and shorter, until at last it went out.
I had to push my bicycle because I had a flat tire.
|Jun 12, 2022|
Level 4-Day 8 Louisa May Alcott
4.scarlet fever 猩红热
Louisa May Alcott
New England, in the early and middle years of the 19th century, had a flourishing culture.
People were passionately interested in ideas and education.
Most New Englanders were strongly opposed to slavery.
They were also concerned about other social issues.
New ideas resulted in new kinds of writing.
These ideas included the importance of doing what seemed right for them, no matter how different it was from what other people thought.
People also believe that nature gave them guidance in our lives, and that it was important to live close to nature.
These and other ideas were expressed through teaching and writing. Bronson Alcott was one of those who looked at the world in a new way.
He looked for work as a teacher so that he could pass on his ideas to others.
However, very few parents wanted Mr. Alcott to teach their children, and very few people were interested in hearing his speeches or reading his books.
As a result, the Alcott family was very poor.
Fortunately for Bronson, he married a very capable and energetic woman, Mrs. Abigail Alcott, helped to earn money to support the family and did most of the work involved in looking after the four Alcott girls.
The oldest daughter, Anna, was quiet and serious.
She rarely got into trouble and was a good helper at home.
The second daughter was Louisa May Alcott, who became a writer.
She was adventurous and cared very little for rules.
She was always saying and doing things that got her into trouble.
The third daughter, Elizabeth, was very kind and good natured.
All the others loved her. As a young woman, Elizabeth had a severe case of scarlet fever and never fully recovered.
She died at age 23.
The youngest sister, may was talented, but she was rather spoiled.
Because there was never enough money, the Alcott girls felt pressure to work at an early age.
But this did not stop them from having fun.
Louisa wrote little plays that she and her sisters performed at home.
They all enjoyed the woods and ponds around Concord, Massachusetts, where they lived most of these years.
When they moved back to Boston in 1848, Anna took a job looking after other people's children, and Louisa looked after the house.
Meanwhile, their mother worked outside the home,.
While working on laundry or sewing, Louisa was thinking up stories, at night she would write them down.
When she was 18, she began selling poems and stories to magazines.
Within ten years, Louisa was earning a substantial income from writing.
One day, her publisher suggested that she write a story for girls.
At first, Louisa didn't like the suggestion, but when she started to write, the ideas came rapidly.
Her book was based on her own family and her own childhood.
“Little Women” was published in 1868 and was an immediate success.
The March family was very much like the Alcott.
Mrs. Alcott resembles “Marmee”.
“Meg” is like Anna and “Jo” is like Louisa herself.
“Beth” is based on Elizabeth and “Amy” on May Alcott.
Many of the situations in the book happened to the Alcott family.
Nonetheless, many characters and incidents were invented little women.
And its sequel opened up a new kind of writing for children.
While these books did have a moral, they were more lively and interesting than earlier children's writing.
“Little Women” inspired many writers later to write more realistic accounts of childhood.
|Jun 11, 2022|
Why do old people dislike new music? As I've grown older, I often hear people my age say things like, they just don't make good music like they used to.
Why does this happen? Luckily, psychology can give us some insights into this puzzle.
Musical tastes begin to crystallize as early as age 13 or 14. By the time we're in our early twenties, these tastes get locked into place pretty firmly.
In fact, studies have found that by the time we turn 33, most of us have stopped listening to new music.
Meanwhile, popular songs released when you're in your early teens are likely to remain quite popular among your age group for the rest of your life.
That could be a biological explanation for this. As there's evidence that the brain's ability to make subtle distinctions between different chords, rhythms, and melodies deteriorates with age.
So to older people, newer, less familiar songs might all sound the same, but there may be some simpler reasons for older people's aversion to new music.
One of the most researched laws of social psychology is something called the mere exposure effect, which in essence, means that the more we're exposed to something, the more we tend to like it.
This happens with people we know, the advertisements we see, and the songs we listen to.
When you're in your early teens, you probably spend a fair amount of time listening to music or watching music videos, your favorite songs and artists become familiar, comforting parts of your routine.
For many people over 30, job and family obligations increases, so there's less time to spend discovering new music.
Instead many would simply listen to old familiar favorites from that period of their lives when they had more free time.
Of course, those teen years weren't necessarily carefree, they're famously confusing, which is why so many TV shows and movies revolve around high school turmoil.
Psychology research has shown that the emotions that we experience as teens seem more intense than those that come later.
And we also know that intense emotions are associated with stronger memories and preferences.
Both of these might explain why the songs we listened to during this period become so memorable and beloved.
So there's nothing wrong with your parents because they don't like your music. Rather it's all part of the natural order of things.
22: What does the speaker mainly discuss in this talk?
A) Older people's aversion to new music.
B) Older people's changing musical tastes.
C) Insights into the features of good music.
D) Deterioration in the quality of new music.
23: What have studies found about most people by the time they turn 33?
A) They seldom listen to songs released in their teens.
B) They can make subtle distinctions about music.
C) They find all music sounds the same.
D) They no longer listen to new music.
24: What do we learn from one of the most researched laws of social psychology?
A) The more you experience something, the better you'll appreciate it.
B) The more you experience something, the longer you'll remember it.
C) The more you are exposed to something, the deeper you'll understand it.
D) The more you are exposed to something, the more familiar it'll be to you.
25: What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?
A) Teenagers are much more sensitive.
B) Teenagers are much more sentimental.
C) Teenagers' memories are more lasting.
D) Teenagers' emotions are more intense.
|Jun 09, 2022|
2.snow leopard 雪豹
3.endangered species 濒危物种
Therefore, for the glorious God, you must accept each other, and accept Jesus Christ in the same way.
I still can't believe they had a snow leopard in that zoo. I thought they were an endangered species.
The telescope has opened a new eye onto the cosmos that has been transformative for our civilization.
I don't hate you, but I also don't appreciate you. I have said this many times, I don't need friends.
"If you're tired, why don't you go to sleep?"
"Because if I go to sleep now I will wake up too early."
A man who asks his wife's permission before taking any action except breathing is a henpecked husband.
The third point to make is that Emmet attempted to harmonize his theory with the
reality of designing.
He is very much interested in Japanese history. We are surprised at his vast knowledge of the subject.
Although you can't make it as "the greatest person", you can still be the best person to your partner.
I sold my house and furniture, together with my jewelry, in order to scrape together a half a million.
|Jun 07, 2022|
The doctor is looking for medicine that is effective for this illness.
In the London underground there is a warning to "mind the gap" when boarding the train.
On arriving at the station, I went to see my uncle at his office.
It was raining, and Cathy's long hair was completely wet by the time he got home.
remember it as if it were yesterday, but in reality it was fifteen years ago.
The number of students going abroad to study is increasing each year.
I think my living with you has influenced your way of living.
Everybody except the Anderson family is going to the party next Thursday evening.
In most Japanese companies, only a few executives have a room to themselves.
The English used in the composition is too good. She can't have written it herself.
|Jun 05, 2022|
Level 4-Day 7 Ireland
Ireland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Britain.
For much of its history, it has been an advantage to Ireland to be far from the mainland.
The Romans or the other early Empires never conquered Ireland.
It was the remoteness of Ireland that helped preserve much of