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感谢大家的喜爱和支持!


迎来九月,接下去的节目更新时间不变,每周一三五七的7:30更新一期,内容将作略微调整。


周一:句子反复磨耳朵(中级)10句

经典句子磨耳朵,适合练习听力的初学者。


周三:四六级长难句精听磨耳朵 5句

四六级听力材料中的长难句原文,并且有慢速和正常两种速度。


周五:英文名著分级阅读 一篇

精选英文经典名著,配以精彩演播,生动有趣,目前阶段难度不大。


周日:level4短文 一篇

语速、词汇难度相对较高,适合听力进阶。


您可以在评论区留言告诉我,您更喜欢哪一种形式。也可以关注公众号“高效英语磨耳朵”,免费下载之前的文稿和音频。


Episode Date
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part5
03:11

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain




词汇提示


1.trial 审判




原文


Chapter V: The Trial


Some weeks later it was time for Muff Potter's trial.

Everyone in the village talked about it. Tom and Huck were worried.

"Huck, did you tell anyone about - that?" asked Tom. "

About what?" answered Huck.

"You know what," said Tom.

"Oh, of course not," said Huck.

"Poor old Muff. I'm very sorry for him. People say he's a killer. But it's not true. And they'll hang him!" said Tom.

"I'm sorry for Muff too. But we can't tell anyone about Injun Joe," said Huck, "Poor Muff is a kind man. Once he gave me half a fish."

"And once he helped me with my kite," said Tom, "I want to help him."

"Let's go to the jail and take him something to eat," said Huck.

They went to the small jail and they saw Muff.

He was happy to see them.

"No one remembers old Muff any more.

But you're my friends and you remember me.

Thank you, boys!" said Muff smiling.

Now Tom felt terrible. He was worried about the trial.

He could not sleep at night.

Everyone in the village went to Muff Potter's trial.

Muff looked old, tired and unhappy.

Injun Joe was at the trial too.

During the trial there were many questions and answers.

All the answers were against old Muff.

Then the lawyer said, "Call Thomas Sawyer!"

Everyone was surprised and looked at Tom.

Why did the lawyer call Tom Sawyer?

"Thomas Sawyer, where were you on June 17 at midnight?"

Tom looked quickly at Injun Joe.

He waited a few moments and then said, "I was in the graveyard."

"Were you near Hoss Williams's grave?" asked the lawyer.

"Yes, sir," said Tom.

"Why were you there?" asked the lawyer.

"I went there to see ghosts, with a – a dead cat."

Everyone laughed.

"What did you see in the graveyard? Tell us what happened," said the lawyer.

Tom told his story and the people of St Petersburg listened to him.

They were very surprised.

".….and then Muff Potter fell to the ground and Injun Joe took Muff's knife and - "

Tom suddenly heard a very loud noise.

Injun Joe jumped out of the window and disappeared!

Tom became the hero of St Petersburg.

He saved Muff Potter's life.

Tom's days were happy but his nights were not.

At night he had terrible dreams about Injun Joe.

The days passed and no one could find Injun Joe.

Sep 29, 2022
四六级长难句精听磨耳朵 4
03:46

提示

一、每期五个句子,均是从四六级听力真题中选取的长难句。

二、每个句子念三遍女声,一遍男声,再一遍女声。

三、如果觉得语速过快,可以在播放器上调为慢速,多听几遍。



原文


16.

In cold and snowy Alaska, there's a village called Takotna. It has a population of mere 49 souls.

在寒冷多雪的阿拉斯加,有一个名为塔克哈纳的村庄。该村庄只有49个人。


17.

This practice also allowed many pigs to escape from farms and live in the wild, which became a problem.

这种做法也让许多猪逃离农场,在野外生活,而这成为了问题。


18.

The scientists first send some mice in a specially designed cage to the International Space Station.

科学家们首先把一些老鼠放在一个特别设计的笼子里送到国际空间站。


19.

Johansson and I are thinking of renovating our sitting room, not the whole house, not yet anyway.

约翰森和我正在考虑装修我们的起居室,而不是整个房子,反正现在还没有。


20.

This house, built in 1904, is one of the most well-known works of Charles Hill, the famous architect.

这栋房于建于1904年,是著名建筑师查尔斯·希尔最著名的作品之一。



Sep 27, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 221-230
04:34

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.essential 重要的

2.durable 耐用的

3.antenna 天线



原文


221.

You should make sure of the facts before you write something.

在你写东西之前,你应该弄清楚事实。


222.

Our views are in agreement with theirs as to the essential points.

对于一些重点问题,我们的观点与他们的一致。


223.

This seems expensive, but it's so durable it will pay in the long run.

这看起来很贵,但很耐用,从长远来看是值得的。


224.

Brian, this is the restaurant where your father and I had our first date.

布莱恩,这是你爸爸和我第一次约会的餐馆。


225.

I don't object to your going out to work, but who will look after the children?

我不反对你出去工作,但谁来照看孩子们呢?


226.

You'll get a clear picture with this antenna on the roof.

有了屋顶上的天线,你就能看到清晰的图像。


227.

I've warned you over and over again not to do it.

我一遍又一遍地警告你不要这样做。


228.

Bob will play the leading role for the first time in the next school festival.

鲍勃将在下一次学校节日中第一次扮演主角。


229.

There are more stars in the sky than I can count.

天上的星星多得我数不清。


230.

We need to reorganize it in order to strengthen our business activities.

我们需要重组,以加强我们的业务活动。


Sep 25, 2022
Level 4-Day 23.The Welland Canal
03:30

词汇提示


1.chore 工作事务

2.fornite 边疆

3.canoes 皮划艇

4.troops 部队

5.rot 腐烂

6.merchants 商人

7.vessels 轮船

8.peninsula 半岛





原文


The Welland Canal


Before railways and automobiles became common, transporting goods over long distances was a difficult chore.

In early North America, roads were often bad or non- existent.

In the winter, snow and cold weather made travel difficult.

Frontier farmers had trouble selling their crops because it was hard to get them to the cities.

Often rivers and lakes were the best ways to travel.

Fur traders carried their furs and other supplies in canoes.

But even large canoes were not big enough to hold a shipment of wheat.

Rapids and waterfalls meant that goods had to be taken out of the canoe and carried to the next body of calm water.

One way to improve water transportation was to build a canal.

In New York State, Governor DeWitt Clinton had constructed the Erie Canal from the Niagara River to the Hudson River, soon after the War of 1812.

Because relations between the United States and Canada were still not very friendly, this was another reason to build a canal on the Canadian side.

Canals could be used to move supplies and troops during wartime.

Sometimes the British government would forbid Canadian farmers to sell food to the U.S.A.

Without a canal to move their farm produce, crops were sometimes left to rot.

A St. Catharines, Ontario, merchant named William Hamilton Merritt thought about all these things in the 1820s.

He also thought that flourmills needed a more reliable source of water to operate.

St. Catharines is on Twelve-Mile Creek below the Niagara Escarpment.

This creek runs towards Lake Ontario.

It rises above the Escarpment, which stands from 150 to 300 feet high, then runs towards Lake Ontario.

If Merritt could join the Twelve-Mile Creek to one of the rivers, which ran to Lake Erie, the canal would provide transportation and waterpower.

The problem was to find a way to move boats up the escarpment.

From 1824 to 1829, Merritt and his friends hired laborers to dig away tons of dirt and rock.

Nearly all the work was done with shovels, pickaxes, horses and wagons.

In places, the ground was soft and landslides occurred.

In other places, the men had to dig through solid granite rock.

Merritt's main problem, however, was raising the money to pay for the construction.

After sinking all the money that he, his family and friends had into the canal, more was needed.

Merritt went to Toronto, New York and finally London, England to get the financial support he needed.

The problem of getting the boats to climb the escarpment was solved by a series of 35 wooden locks.

These carried a ship 327 feet upwards.

The ship would enter a lock with a small amount of water.

More water would come into the lock, lifting the boat another ten or fifteen feet.

Then the ship would move into the next lock, and be lifted up again.

Boats going in the opposite direction were lowered instead of lifted.

The Welland Canal has been rebuilt three times since the first canal opened in 1829.

Now large sea-going and lake vessels cross the Niagara Peninsula from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie.

They carry grain, coal, iron ore, oil and many other bulk products.

The Welland Canal remains one of the most important commercial waterways in the world.





翻译


韦兰运河

在铁路和汽车普及之前,长途运输货物是一项艰巨的工作。

在北美早期,道路往往很糟糕或根本不存在。

冬天,雪和寒冷的天气使旅行变得困难。

边疆农民很难出售他们的作物,因为很难将它们运到城市。

河流和湖泊往往是最好的旅行方式。

毛皮商人用独木舟运送毛皮和其他用品。

但是,即使是大型独木舟也不够大,无法装载一批小麦。

急流和瀑布意味着货物必须从独木舟中取出被带到下一片平静的水域。

改善水运的一种方法是修建一条运河。

1812年战争后不久,纽约州州长德维特·克林顿(DeWitt Clinton)修建了从尼亚加拉河到哈德逊河的伊利运河。

因为美国和加拿大的关系还不太友好,这是在加拿大一侧修建运河的另一个原因。

战时,运河可以用来运送物资和军队。

有时英国政府会禁止加拿大农民向美国出售粮食。

由于没有运河运输他们的农产品,农作物有时会腐烂。

安大略省圣凯瑟琳的一位名叫威廉·汉密尔顿·梅里特的商人在19世纪20年代思考了所有这些事情。

他还认为面粉厂需要更可靠的水源来运作。

圣凯瑟琳位于尼亚加拉悬崖下的12英里小河上。

这条小溪流向安大略湖。

它从150到300英尺高的悬崖上升起,然后向安大略湖延伸。

如果梅里特能够将12英里河与其中一条河流汇合,这条河流将流向伊利湖,运河将提供交通和水力。

问题是要找到一种方法将船只移到悬崖上。

从1824年到1829年,梅里特和他的朋友们雇佣了工人来挖掘成吨的泥土和岩石。

几乎所有的工作都是用铲子、镐、马和马车完成的。

在一些地方,地面很软,发生了滑坡。

在其他地方,人们不得不挖掘坚硬的花岗岩。

然而,梅里特的主要问题是筹集资金来支付建设费用。

在将他、家人和朋友所有的钱都投入运河之后,还需要更多的钱。

梅里特去了多伦多、纽约,最后去了英国伦敦,以获得他所需要的财政支持。

让船只爬上悬崖的问题由一系列35个木闸解决了。

这把船送到了327英尺高的地方。

船将在少量水的情况下进入船闸。

更多的水会流入船闸,使船再上升10或15英尺。

然后船将进入下一个船闸,并再次被提升。

朝相反方向行驶的船只被降下而不是升起。

自1829年第一条运河开通以来,韦兰运河已经重建了三次。

现在,大型海上和湖泊船只从安大略湖穿过尼亚加拉半岛,到达伊利湖。

他们运输粮食、煤炭、铁矿石、石油和许多其他大宗产品。

韦兰运河仍然是世界上最重要的商业水道之一。


Sep 24, 2022
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part4
06:53

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain





词汇提示


1.sheriff 警长

2.jail 监狱

3.pirate 海盗

4.raft 木筏

5.funeral 葬礼



原文


Chapter fourJackson's Island


The next day everyone knew about poor Dr Robinson.

The sheriff found Muff Potter's knife near the body of the doctor.

He put Muff in St Petersburg's small jail.

Tom and Huck looked at each other.

"We saw Injun Joe kill the doctor," said Torn, "Muff didn't kill him. Poor Muff!"

"I know," said Huck, "But we mustn't say anything. Remember, Injun Joe is dangerous - very dangerous.

I'm sorry for Muff Potter, too."

The two boys were afraid.

"We must keep this secret," said Tom sadly.

Tom could not forget.

At night he had bad dreams about Injun Joe and Muff Potter.

He kept the terrible secret but he was very unhappy.

Aunt Polly was worried about him.

She gave him a lot of different medicines.

But Tom did not feel better.

He was unhappy at school too.

Becky Thatcher didn't talk to him anymore.

"No one loves me," thought Tom, "What a horrible life!"

It was now summer and there was no more school.

Tom and his friend Joe Harper went to sit by the Mississippi River.

They fished, talked and looked at the boats.

One day Tom said, "Let's go do something exciting!"

"OK!" said Joe, "But where can we go and what can we do?"

"Let's run away! We can go and live on Jackson's Island. We can be pirates. A pirate's life is exciting," said Tom.

Jackson's Island was a small island in the Mississippi River.

It was about three miles south of St Petersburg.

No one lived on the island.

"Huckleberry Finn can come with us too," said Tom, "Remember, Joe, don't you’re your mother, father or anyone about our adventure. Go home and bring some food. We'll meet here at midnight."

Tom and Joe were excited. At midnight the three boys met on the river.

Tom brought some meat to eat.

Joe brought some bread and Huck brought a frying pan.

They found a small raft and they went down the river to Jackson's Island.

When they arrived on the island, they made a fire and cooked some meat.

"This is fun!" said Joe.

"We're free and we can do everything we want!" said Tom.

"What do pirates do?" asked Huck.

"They go on ships and take the money. Then they go to an island and hide it in a secret place," said Tom.

The three boys were happy and slept under the stars.

The next morning, they went swimming in the river.

Then they went fishing.

They cooked the fish on the fire and ate it.

It was delicious.

After breakfast they walked around the island and went swimming again.

In the afternoon they sat around the fire and ate some meat.

Suddenly Tom said, "Can you hear a strange noise? Listen!"

"What is it?" asked Joe.

"Let's go and see," said Huck.

They ran to the river.

They saw a steamboat and a lot of small boats near it.

"Every boat from St Petersburg is out on the river," said Joe, "What's happening?"

"They're looking for a dead body," said Huck, "The same thing happened last summer when Bill Turner fell into the river and drowned."

The three boys felt like heroes and laughed.

"The people of St Petersburg are looking for us. They're talking about us. We're famous!" said Tom happily.

This was an exciting adventure for Tom, Huck and Joe! They felt like real pirates on Jackson's island.

The boats and the steamboat went away.

The boys went fishing again and had fish for dinner.

Then they slept under the stars.

But Tom could not sleep.

The next morning, he wasn't there.

"Where's Tom?" asked Joe. "I don't know," said Huck.

After a few minutes Huck said, "Look! Tom's swimming in the river. He's coming to the island."

Tom told them his story.

"Last night I couldn't sleep. I thought about Aunt Polly. So I went home but no one saw me. I saw Aunt Polly and your mother, Joe. Poor Aunt Polly cried a lot. And your mother was very sad too. Everyone thinks we're dead. I heard some interesting things."

"What did you hear?" asked Huck.

"Well, there will be a funeral for us on Sunday at the church," said Tom.

Huck and

Joe looked at him with big eyes. "And now I have a great idea. Listen - "

Tom told Huck and Joe his great idea.

They liked it and laughed.

Sunday was the day of the funeral.

There were no happy faces in St Petersburg.

Everyone in the village was in the small church.

Aunt Polly, Sid, Mary and Joe Harper's family were all dressed in black.

The Reverend said many kind words about the three boys.

The boys' families cried and cried.

Becky Thatcher cried.

Everyone cried a lot.

Suddenly there was a noise at the church door.

The Reverend looked up and stopped speaking.

Everyone in the church turned around and looked.

Their mouths opened.

The three dead boys slowly walked into the church.

Tom was first, then Joe and then Huck.

There was great silence for a moment.

Then Aunt Polly, Mary and Joe's mother ran to the boys.

They kissed Tom and Joe.

Aunt Polly cried and then she laughed.

 Poor Huck did not know what to do.

No one kissed him.

He started moving away but Tom stopped him.

"Aunt Polly, it's not right. Somebody must be happy to see Huck," said Tom. "Oh, you're right Tom!" cried Aunt Polly and she kissed Huck.

Tom was very proud of his great idea.

Then the Reverend said, "Let us sing and be happy!"

Everybody sang and laughed.

It was a very happy day.

Sep 22, 2022
四六级长难句精听磨耳朵 3
03:31

提示

一、每期五个句子,均是从四六级听力真题中选取的长难句。

二、每个句子念三遍女声,一遍男声,再一遍女声。

三、如果觉得语速过快,可以在播放器上调慢语速,多听几遍。



原文


11.

Hungry customers can pay whatever amount they can afford to eat at the cafe or nothing at all.

饥肠辘辘的顾客可以支付他们在咖啡馆吃得起的任何费用,或者什么都不用付。


12.

There's an endless amount of scientific data proving that dogs can develop strong bonds with their owners.

有无数的科学数据证明狗能与主人建立牢固的关系。


13.

The study highlights an important relationship between our personalities and the wellbeing of our pets.

这项研完强调了我们的性格和我们宠物的健康之间的重要关系。


14.

In early-year education, left-handed children are struggling and making a mess of their handwriting.

在幼龄教育中,左撇子儿童学习起来很艰难,他们的书写乱七八糟。


15.

He hopes his acts of charity will influence others to spread positive actions in their own towns.

他希望,自己的助人为乐行为能够激励他人在他们各自的城镇传播正能量。


Sep 20, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 211-220
04:46

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.summit 首脑会议


原文


211.

Once you skip a lesson, it's hard to catch up with your classmates.

你一旦逃课,就很难赶上其他同学。


212.

We cannot tell a good person from a bad one by looks alone.

我们不能仅凭外表来区分好人和坏人。


213.

There are 5 computers in the house, but 2 of them aren't any use.

家里有五台电脑,但其中有两台没有用。


214.

The doctor told Mr Smith to give up smoking if he wanted to live long.

医生告诉史密斯先生,如果他想长寿,就得戒烟。


215.

A lot of bicycles are illegally parked in front of the station.

许多自行车非法停放在车站前。


216.

We will interview two people so we can hear both sides of this question.

我们将采访两个人,这样我们就了解这个问题正反两个方面了。


217.

I managed to catch the 8 o'clock train by running all the way to the station.

我一路跑到车站,成功赶上了八点钟的火车。


218.

I will lend you some money, on condition that you will repay it in a week.

我会借给你一些钱,条件是你必须在一周内还钱。


219.

You need your parents' permission if you are going to apply for that.

如果你要申请,需要得到你父母的许可。


220.

The summit nations put free trade at the top of the agenda.

峰会上各国家把自由贸易放在了议事日程的首位。

Sep 18, 2022
Level 4-Day 22.The Niagara Park's Commission
03:28

词汇提示


1.commission 委员会

2.canals 运河

3.hypnotized 迷住

4.fort 堡垒

5.maid 少女

6.mist 雾




原文


The Niagara Park's Commission


Niagara Falls, Canada, became a major tourist attraction in the mid-1830s.

By this time, roads, canals and railways were able to bring people from urban centers, like New York and Boston.

However, the chance for big profits attracted dishonest businessmen.

One hotel in the 1860s was popularly known as the "Cave of the Forty Thieves.

There were many complaints from tourists about tricks that were used to get their money.

Some businessmen tried to put up fences around the Falls, so that all visitors would have to pay them to see the Falls.

In time, these complaints reached the ears of important people.

In 1873, Lord Dufferin, the Governor-General of Canada, proposed that the government buy all the land around the Falls.

On the American side, New York State bought 412acres around the American Rainbow Falls in 1885.

In the same year, land was bought near the Canadian Horseshoe Falls and named Queen Victoria Park.

A commission was formed to obtain control of all land along the Niagara River.

This was made easier because a narrow strip along the river was already government land.

However, the Commission wanted to preserve all the beautiful scenery along the river and near the Falls for the general public.

The first commissioner of the parks was Sir Casimir Gzowski, a distinguished engineer of Polish birth.

Before the Queen Victoria Park Commission began to buy up land besides the Falls, tourists had to pay for everything.

There were no public washrooms, no drinking fountains, and no safety barriers around the Falls.

As a result, it was not uncommon for tourists crowding close to the Falls, or hypnotized by the flow of the river, to step too close and fall in.

The commission took care of these problems and also set up parks and picnic areas.

In 1927, the Commission's name was changed to the Niagara Parks Commission.

It now supervises numerous attractions and parks from Niagara-on-the- Lake on Lake Ontario, down to Fort Erie on Lake Erie.

Each section of the 56-kilometer stretch of Niagara Parks has its own places of interest.

These are joined by the Niagara Parkway, a road that runs the whole length of the river.

Sir Winston Churchill called the parkway, "The prettiest Sunday afternoon drive in the world.

The Niagara Parks Commission operates restaurants, parks and gardens,rides, museums and historic houses, golf courses, native sites and gift shops.

Near the Falls are restaurants, parks, greenhouses, the "Journey Behind the Falls" and the "Maid of the Mist" boat ride.

North of the Falls, at Niagara Gorge, are the Spanish Aero Car Ride and the Great Gorge Adventure.

The Commission also operates a School of Horticulture, with large gardens.

Queenston Heights is a park commemorating one of Canada's heroes, General Isaac Brock.

In nearby Queenston are historic houses connected with two other important Canadians,Laura Secord and William Lyon MacKenzie.

The Commission also operates two historic forts, dating from the War of 1812 - Fort George and Old Fort Erie.

The Niagara Parks Commission has played a major role in making Niagara Falls and the Niagara River one of the leading tourist areas in the world.

The Commission shows how governments can work to make visits to natural wonders like Niagara Falls a good experience for the general public.





翻译


尼亚加拉公园委员会


加拿大尼亚加拉瀑布在19世纪30年代中期成为主要旅游景点。
到那时,公路、运河和铁路已经能够将人们从纽约和波士顿等城市中心地带来。
然而,巨额利润的机会吸引了不诚实的商人。
19世纪60年代的一家酒店被称为“四十大盗洞”。
游客们抱怨了许多骗钱的把戏。
一些商人试图在瀑布周围竖起围栏,这样所有游客都必须付钱才能看到瀑布。
这些抱怨及时传到了重要人物的耳朵里。
1873年,加拿大总督达夫林勋爵提议政府购买瀑布周围的所有土地。
在美国方面,纽约州于1885年在美国彩虹瀑布周围购买了412英亩土地。
同年,加拿大马蹄瀑布附近的土地被购买,并命名为维多利亚女王公园。
成立了一个委员会,以获得尼亚加拉河沿岸所有土地的控制权。
由于沿河的一条狭长地带已经是政府的土地,这就更容易了。
然而,委员会希望为公众保留沿河和瀑布附近的所有美景。
公园的第一位专员是卡西米尔·格佐夫斯基爵士,一位出生于波兰的杰出工程师。
在维多利亚女王公园委员会开始购买瀑布以外的土地之前,游客必须支付一切费用。
瀑布周围没有公共厕所,没有饮水机,也没有安全屏障。
因此,拥挤在瀑布附近的游客,或被河流的水流催眠的游客,踩得太近而摔倒在瀑布中并不罕见。
委员会处理了这些问题,并设立了公园和野餐区。
1927年,该委员会更名为尼亚加拉公园委员会。
它现在监管着许多景点和公园,从安大略湖上的尼亚加拉湖,一直到伊利湖上的伊利堡。
尼亚加拉公园长达56公里,每一段都有自己的景点。
尼亚加拉公园大道连接了这两条道路,这条道路贯穿整条河流。
温斯顿·丘吉尔爵士称公园道为“世界上最美丽的周日下午驾车”。
尼亚加拉公园委员会经营餐厅、公园和花园、游乐设施、博物馆和历史建筑、高尔夫球场、本土景点和礼品店。
瀑布附近有餐厅、公园、温室、“瀑布后之旅”和“雾中少女”游船。
瀑布以北,尼亚加拉峡谷,是西班牙航空车之旅和大峡谷探险。
该委员会还经营一所园艺学校,拥有大型花园。
昆斯顿高地是一个纪念加拿大英雄艾萨克·布洛克将军的公园。
在附近的昆斯顿,历史悠久的房屋与另外两位重要的加拿大人劳拉·塞科德和威廉·里昂·麦肯齐相连。
该委员会还经营着两座历史悠久的堡垒,可追溯到1812年战争-乔治堡和伊利老堡。
尼亚加拉公园委员会在使尼亚加拉瀑布和尼亚加拉河成为世界主要旅游区方面发挥了重要作用。
该委员会向公众展示了政府如何努力使参观尼亚加拉瀑布等自然奇观成为一种良好的体验。

Sep 17, 2022
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part3
04:34

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain




词汇提示


1.confused 困惑

2.terrified 恐惧



原文


Chapter III: The Graveyard


"Ghosts!" said Huck, "I can see ghosts! They're coming here. I'm really scared!"

"Can ghosts see us?" asked Tom.

"Ghosts can see everything," answered Huck, "Oh, why did I come here?"

"Don't be afraid. We must be very quiet," said Tom.

The three ghosts moved quietly in the graveyard.

They came close to Tom and Huck.

"Tom!" whispered Huck, "They're not ghosts. They're humans. One of them is Muff Potter."

"You're right. And there's Injun Joe and Dr Robinson. But why are they here?" said Tom.

"They're grave robbers. They want to rob a grave. The doctor wants a dead body," said Huck.

"But why?" asked Tom.

"He cuts bodies and studies them. My father told me about Dr Robinson," said Huck.

The three men were at Hoss Williams's grave. Injun Joe and Muff Potter started digging.

Soon the grave was open.

They found the dead body and pulled it out of the ground.

"Well, doctor, do you want us to take the body to your house?" said Muff, "You must give us five dollars."

"What!" said Dr Robinson angrily, "I paid you this morning. I'm not giving you more

money!"

"I want more money, Doctor," said Injun Joe, "Five years ago I came to your father's house. I asked you for something to eat. You gave me nothing. I still remember that. Now you must give me more money."

Injun Joe took the doctor's arm and the doctor hit him. Injun Joe fell to the ground.

"Don't hit my friend!" cried Muff Potter.

Muff and Dr Robinson started fighting.

Everything happened very quickly.

Dr Robinson hit Muff Potter on the head.

Muff fell to the ground.

Injun Joe took Muff's knife.

He saw Muff on the ground and he killed Dr Robinson with the knife. The doctor fell on top of Muff and covered him with blood.

Injun Joe looked at the two men on the ground.

First he robbed the dead doctor.

Then he put the bloody knife into Muff's right hand.

A few minutes passed and Muff moved a little and opened his eyes.

He pushed the doctor's body away.

He looked at the knife in his hand.

"What - what happened, Joe?" he asked slowly.

Injun Joe said, "Something very bad, Muff. Why did you kill him?"

"I didn't kill him!" said Muff. He was very confused, "I drank too much whisky last night. I don't remember anything! Tell me, Joe. What happened?"

"You fought with the doctor. He hit you on the head and you fell to the ground. Then you got up, took your knife and killed him," said Injun Joe.

"I don't understand, Joe. I never fight with a knife. I didn't want to kill Dr Robinson.

He was young and he had a future. Oh, this is terrible! It was the whisky," cried Muff, "Joe, don't tell anyone, please."

"I won't tell anyone, Muff. But now you must leave this graveyard quickly. Go!" said Injun Joe.

"Thank you, Joe," said Muff, "You're a friend."

Muff Potter ran away and Injun Joe watched him.

Then he carefully put Muff's knife near the doctor's body and left the graveyard.

Tom and Huck were terrified.

It was a terrible scene.

They silently moved away from the trees.

Then they ran out of the graveyard and back to the village.

They arrived at an old house and decided to hide there.

"What are we going to do?" asked Tom, "We saw everything. Injun Joe killed the doctor."

"What can we do? We can't tell anyone," said Huck, "Injun Joe is dangerous. I'm

afraid of him. Do you want a knife in your heart?"

"I'm afraid of Injun Joe, too," said Tom, "You're right, we can't tell anyone about Injun Joe."

"Promise not to tell anyone!" said Huck. "I promise," said Tom.

Sep 15, 2022
四六级长难句精听磨耳朵 2
03:39

提示

一、每期五个句子,均是从四六级听力真题中选取的长难句。

二、每个句子念三遍女声,一遍男声,再一遍女声。

三、如果觉得语速过快,可以在播放器上调为慢速,多听几遍。



原文


6.

Joe's parents decided to encourage his creativity by sending their son to an after-school art class.

乔的父母决定送儿子去上课外艺术班,以此来鼓励他的创造力。


7.

Raising more than 17,000 dollars in just one day with the help of many famous actors and others.

在许多著名演员及其他人的帮助下,仅一天就筹集到了超1.7万美元。


8.

The research also found that mentally well-adjusted owners had calmer, happier and healthier cats.

研究还发现,心理方面适应良好的主人养的猫更平静、更快乐、更健康。


9.

This is due to a lack of action from ministers who failed to take any meaningful action for years.

这是部长们缺乏行动所致,多年来,他们没有采取任何有意义的行动。


10.

So, including labor costs, taxes, and everything, this job would come to $3,000.

那么,包括人工费、税和其他费用,这项工作共计3000美元。



Sep 13, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 201-210
04:53

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.masterpiece 杰作

2.indebted 感激

3.drawer 抽屉

4.tampered 篡改


原文


201.

I need not have watered the flowers. Just after I finished, it stared raining.

我本不必浇花的。我刚做完,天就开始下雨了。


202.

I was afraid it would not work out well and sure enough it failed.

我担心这事不会有好结果,果然失败了。


203.

He was surprised to find the great artist's masterpiece hung on the wall upside down.

他惊奇地发现这位伟大艺术家的杰作倒挂在了墙上。


204.

You can't rely on him these days to do a proper job.

现在你不能指望他把工作做好。


205.

The politician said he was deeply indebted to everyone for their support in the election.

那位政治家说,他非常感谢大家在选举中给予他的支持。


206.

I admit this may not be the best way of doing it.

我承认这可能不是最好的方法。


207.

Hmm. I have a feeling I'm going to get lost whichever road I take.

嗯。我有一种感觉,无论我走哪条路,都会迷路。


208.

You must keep this plan a secret as there may be some changes yet.

你必须对这个计划保密,因为可能还会有一些变动。


209.

It is not good manners to laugh at someone when he makes mistakes.

当别人犯错误时嘲笑他是不礼貌的。


210.

The lock on my drawer had been tampered with and some of my papers were missing.

我抽屉上的锁被人动过,我的一些文件不见了。



Sep 11, 2022
Level 4-Day 21.The Grand Canyon
03:18

词汇提示


1.course 流动

2.stretches 绵延

3.worn 磨损

4.layers 层次

5.limestone 石灰岩

6.granite 花岗岩

7.cacti 仙人掌

8.sub-tropical 亚热带

9.mules 驴

10.zigzag Z字形

11.harness 利用

12.irrigate 灌溉

13.mighty 巨大




原文


The Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is one of the most spectacular sights in nature.

It is found in one section of the valley of the Colorado River.

The river begins its course high in the Rocky Mountains of the State of Colorado.

The river travels a total of 1,400 miles through Colorado, Utah and Arizona and into the Gulf of California.

It forms part of Arizona's border with Nevada and California.

The Colorado River is a very swift and muddy river.

It carries dirt and rocks down from the mountains.

The story is told of an old fur trader who was attacked by Indians high up the river.

His only escape was down the Colorado River in a small boat.

It was a terrifying trip through rapids and around rocks at top speed.

The fur trader was found some days later in very rough shape hundreds of miles down the river.

No one would believe that he had come so far so fast.

The Grand Canyon stretches for about 250 miles in the State of Arizona.

The canyon was carved out by the flow of the river itself.

In places the canyon is more than a mile deep.

It stretches from four to 18 miles wide at the top.

The canyon valley contains worn rocks that rise up like a mountain range.

The canyon has been worn down through many layers of rock.

The river has cut its way down through layers of sandstone, limestone and shape to the granite bedrock.

The different layers are of different colors and the rocks appear very beautiful, especially at sunrise and sunset.

At the top, the climate is typical of a mountain area, with evergreen trees.

Next, you have typical forest trees.

Third, there are plants like cacti that grow in warm deserts.

Finally, there are sub-tropical plants at the valley bottom.

Tourists can ride down the narrow trails to the bottom of the valley on mules.

On one side is the rock wall of the canyon, and on the other side is a steep drop down to the bottom.

Tourists have to trust their guide, and the mule that they are riding, to get them down safely.

The trails zigzag back and forth, and the tourist going down travels much more than a mile.

Some 1,000 square miles of the area became the Grand Canyon National Park in 1919.

Because the Colorado River is very swift and runs through dry country, several dams have been built along it.

These are designed to harness its power, save its water and provide recreational opportunities.

The best-known dam is Hoover Dam, formerly Boulder Dam, on the Arizona-Nevada border.

This impressive structure is 727 feet high, and 1,282 feet long.

Elevators are used to carry workers up and down inside the dam.

The water, which is backed up by the Hoover Dam, forms Lake Mead.

Lake Mead is used to irrigate nearby land, as well as for boating and fishing.

The dam itself is a major source of electric power for this section of the country.

Visitors to the Grand Canyon are often filled with awe by the size and beauty of the canyon.

People seem very small in comparison to the immense cliffs, valleys and the mighty river.




翻译


大峡谷


大峡谷是自然界最壮观的景观之一。
它位于科罗拉多河流域的一段。
这条河发源于科罗拉多州的落基山脉。
这条河全长1400英里,穿过科罗拉多州、犹他州和亚利桑那州,进入加利福尼亚湾。
它是亚利桑那州与内华达州和加利福尼亚州边界的一部分。
科罗拉多河是一条湍急而泥泞的河流。
它把泥土和岩石从山上带下来。
有个故事讲的是一个老毛皮商人在河的上游遭到印第安人的袭击。
他唯一的逃生途径是乘坐小船沿科罗拉多河顺流而下。
这是一次以最高速度穿越急流和岩石的可怕旅程。
几天后,人们在河下游数百英里处发现了一个皮毛商人,他的形状非常粗糙。
没人会相信他走得这么远这么快。
大峡谷绵在亚利桑那州延约250英里。

峡谷是由河流本身的水流切割而成的。

在一些地方,峡谷超过一英里深。
它的顶部从4到18英里宽。
峡谷里有磨损的岩石,它们像山脉一样隆起。
峡谷已被许多岩石层冲垮。
这条河穿过砂岩、石灰岩层,形成花岗岩基岩。
不同的层有不同的颜色,岩石看起来非常漂亮,尤其是在日出和日落时。
顶部的气候是典型的山区气候,常绿树木。
接下来,您将看到典型的森林树木。
第三,像仙人掌这样的植物生长在温暖的沙漠中。
最后,谷底还有亚热带植物。
游客们可以骑着骡子沿着狭窄的小路走到谷底。
一边是峡谷的岩壁,另一边是一个陡坡,一直延伸到底部。
游客必须相信他们的向导和他们骑的骡子,才能安全地把他们带下来。
这些小径蜿蜒曲折,游客下山的路程远不止一英里。
1919年,约1000平方英里的区域成为大峡谷国家公园。
由于科罗拉多河非常湍急,流经干燥的乡村,因此沿途修建了水坝。
这些设施旨在利用其电力、节约用水和提供娱乐机会。
最著名的大坝是胡佛大坝,原名博尔德大坝,位于亚利桑那州-内华达州边界。
这座令人印象深刻的建筑高727英尺,长1282英尺。
电梯用于在大坝内上下运送工人。
湖水由胡佛大坝支撑,形成米德湖。
米德湖用于灌溉附近的土地,以及划船和钓鱼。
大坝本身是该地区的主要电力来源。
参观大峡谷的游客常常对峡谷的大小和美丽充满敬畏。
与巨大的悬崖、山谷和浩瀚的河流相比,人们显得非常渺小。

Sep 10, 2022
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part2
05:23

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain




词汇提示


1.beetle 甲壳虫

2.reverend 牧师

3.graveyard 墓地

4.witch 女巫

5.whispered 耳语




原文


Chapter II: Tom and Huck


The next day was Sunday.

Tom wore his clean Sunday clothes - he hated this!

Tom, Sid and Mary always went to Sunday school on Sunday morning.

But Tom was not a good student and never listened to the teacher.

After Sunday school Tom and his family went to church.

This Sunday he had a big black beetle in his pocket.

When the Reverend started speaking, Tom took the black beetle out of his pocket.

He put it on the floor.

There was a little dog in the church.

It saw the beetle and wanted to play with it.

Suddenly the beetle bit the dog's nose.

The little dog barked and everyone looked at it.

It jumped and ran after the black beetle.

It ran all about the church barking and making a lot of noise.

The people in the church laughed silently.

Their faces were red. The Reverend continued talking but no one listened to him.

Tom was happy because he had an interesting morning in church.

On Monday morning Tom did not want to get up.

"Get up immediately, Tom, and get ready for school!" Aunt Polly cried.

On his way to school Tom met his friend Huckleberry Finn.

Huck's father drank whiskey all the time and did not work.

Huck had no mother and no home.

He lived in the streets and did not go to school.

His clothes were old and dirty.

He went fishing and swimming when he wanted.

Huck was happy.

All the mothers of the village hated him because he was lazy and used bad language.

All the children of the town liked him very much. They admired him.

"Hello, Huckleberry! What's that?"

"It's a dead cat," said Huck.

"What will we do with it?" asked Tom.

"I want to take it to the graveyard after midnight," Huck said, "A dead cat can call

ghosts out of their graves."

"Really?" asked Tom.

"Well, old Mrs Hopkins told me. She's a witch and she knows about these things," said Huck.

"Can I come with you?" asked Tom.

"Of course! Or are you afraid of ghosts?" asked Huck.

"Afraid of ghosts! Of course not!" said Tom , "Come and call me at my window at eleven o'clock tonight."

Tom was late for school.

The teacher was angry and said, "Thomas Sawyer! Why are you late again?"

Suddenly Tom saw a new girl in the classroom.

She had blue eyes and long blonde hair.

She was very beautiful. Tom looked at her.

He was in love!

There was a free chair next to her and Tom wanted to sit there.

But how?

Tom thought quickly and said, "I stopped to talk to Huckleberry Finn."

The teacher was very angry.

"You know you must never talk to that boy!"

The teacher took his stick and hit Tom.

The children laughed at Tom.

He sat down next to the new girl.

He looked at her.

Then he drew a picture of a house.

"Let me see it," she whispered.

Tom put the picture in front of her.

"It's nice. Draw a man," she said.

Tom drew a man near the house.

It was a terrible picture, but the girl liked it.

"You draw beautifully. I can't draw," said the girl.

"I can teach you after school," said Tom.

"Oh, thank you!"

"What's your name?"

Tom asked. "Becky Thatcher. I know your name. It's Tom Sawyer."

That night Tom and Sid were in bed at half past nine.

Sid was soon asleep but Tom was not.

At eleven o'clock he heard Huck meow.

He dressed quickly and went out of the bedroom window.

"Let's go!" whispered Huck.

He had his dead cat.

Tom and Huck walked down the dark road.

They walked for about half an hour.

The graveyard was on a hill.

There were a lot of trees and a lot of graves; everything was dark and scary.

The wind made strange noises and dark clouds covered the moon.

"Are the ghosts making these noises?" thought Tom.

He was afraid but he said nothing.

"Now let's find the grave of Hoss Williams," said Huck.

They soon found the grave.

"Here it is. He died last week," said Huck.

"Do you think Hoss Williams can hear us?" asked Tom.

"Well, I think his ghost can hear us," said Huck.

"Then let's call him Mr Williams," said Tom.

"Alright," said Huck, "But everybody called him Hoss."

"Sh!" "What is it, Tom?" asked Huck.

"Do you hear the noise? Look over there, Huck! Oh, no!" said Tom.


Sep 08, 2022
四六级长难句精听磨耳朵 1
03:35

提示

一、每期五个句子,均是从四六级听力真题中选取的长难句。

二、每个句子念三遍女声,一遍男声,再一遍女声。

三、如果觉得语速过快,可以在播放器上调为慢速,多听几遍。



原文


1.

A more productive method of encouraging health among employees is to promote healthy behaviors.

鼓励员工保持健康,更有效的方法是鼓励他们养成健康的行为习惯。


2.

The second group, however, was told that the phones would interfere with the equipment in the experiment.

第二组则被告知,手机会干扰实验使用的设备。


3.

To date, his online page to raise funds has brought in more than 44,000 dollars in a county.

到目前为止,他的在线募捐网页在一个县就筹集到了逾4.4万美元的资金。


4.

However, those pieces in the children's bedrooms are copies built to the designs of the architect.

然而,孩子们卧室里的那些家具是参照那位建筑师的设计做的复制品。


5.

Forest patches with wild pigs have been found to have considerably reduced plant and animal diversity.

有野猪生活的森林斑块被发现植物和动物多样性大幅减少。



Sep 06, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 191-200
04:50

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.integrated 集成的

2.influx 涌入

3.bumpy 崎岖的




原文


191.

I didn't like rock music at first, but it soon grew on me.

起初我不喜欢摇滚乐,但很快就喜欢上了。


192.

This medicine must not be placed within the reach of children.

这种药不能放在孩子们够得着的地方。


193.

This factory uses an integrated manufacturing system standardized from parts on through to finished products.

从零部件到成品,这家工厂都采用标准化的一体化生产系统。


194.

If you request a further discount, we suggest changing the terms of payment.

如果你方要求更多的折扣,我们建议更改付款条件。


195.

We must make the most of our vacation, as it is so short.

我们必须充分利用假期,因为假期是如此的短。


196.

The influx of foreign workers has caused a serious housing problem in this area.

外国工人的涌入造成了这个地区严重的住房问题。


197.

Chris brought her a present and bravely gave it to her.

克里斯给她带来一份礼物,并勇敢地送给了她。


198.

Go easy on Bob. You know, he's been (going) though a rough period recently.

对鲍勃宽容点。你知道,他最近过得很艰难。


199.

It's really hard to drive on the bumpy roads around here.

在这一带崎岖不平的道路上开车真的很难。


200.

I decided that I was going to work as hard as I can.

我决定要尽我所能地努力工作。

Sep 04, 2022
Level 4-Day 20.The Golden Man ? El Dorado
04:25

词汇提示


1.spices 香料

2.scarce 罕见的

3.trinkets 首饰

4.interior 内陆

5.crews 工作人员

6.emeralds 翡翠

7.pearls 珍珠

8.immerse 极大的

9.invaded 入侵

10.refining 提纯

11.meteorite 陨石

12.grease 油脂

13.raft 木筏

14.ceremony 仪式

15.perished 死亡

16.desperately 拼命地




原文


The Golden Man ? El Dorado


When Christopher Columbus sailed west from Spain in 1492, he was trying to reach the Spice Islands (which today are called Indonesia).

Spices were very scarce and valuable in Europe at this time.

No one knew that two vast oceans and the American continents lay between Europe and Asia.

Columbus did not find spices in America, but he did bring home some gold trinkets.

The American Indians wore these as jewelry.

Gold, not spices, was to become the biggest motive for exploration.

Expeditions into the interior of the Americas were very costly and very risky.

Only by promising the authorities huge profits could sailors and soldiers raise money for their expeditions.

They also needed to promise rich rewards in order to get followers and crews.

If a leader returned to Europe without gold and jewels, he might end up in jail.

No wonder the Spanish conquerors were always searching for gold.

At first, the Spaniards stayed around the coasts of the Caribbean Sea, but stories of gold in the interior tempted them to explore inland.

They asked the Indians where their gold jewelry came from.

The Indians would point further inland.

They said that a wealthy people lived in the high mountains that traded gold and emeralds for pearls, cotton and shells.

The Spanish Emperor had given the rights to exploit present-day Venezuela and Colombia to his German bankers in 1528.

So Germans - Dalfinger, Federmann and Hohermuth - led a series of expeditions into the jungles, grasslands and mountains.

Meanwhile, Spanish conquerors had found immense riches in gold and silver.

Hernando Cortes had captured the Kingdom of the Aztecs in Mexico in 1519.

He had sent immense treasures to Europe.

Soon after this, Francesco Pizarro began to explore the west coast of South America.

In 1531, Pizarro invaded Peru and destroyed the Kingdom of the Incas.

Pizarro melted down the gold and silver treasures of the Incas, and sent gold and silver bricks back to Spain.

The rush to find more gold became very heated.

Rumors came down from the mountains of Colombia about a golden man - el hombre Dorado.

There were stories about a king so rich that he wore gold dust instead of a coat.

Colombia was the Kingdom of the Chibchas.

They were a trading people who traded salt and emeralds for gold, cotton, pearls, and shells.

The actual gold did not come from their kingdom.

It was found in the mountain rivers, and brought to the Chibchas for refining and metalwork.

Several armies converged on Chibcha territory.

The first to arrive was the Spaniard Quesada, coming up the Magdalene River from the Caribbean.

He found the chief cities of the Chibchas and seized their gold and emeralds.

Shortly afterwards, one of Pizarro's captains arrived from Peru and Ecuador.

Then the German Federmann arrived from Venezuela.

Quesada gave the latecomers some gold and jewels to ease their disappointment.

Quesada's men also found out about the Golden Man.

High in the mountains was a lake created by a meteorite.

The Indians believes that the 'golden god' from the sky now lived at the bottom of the lake.

When a new leader of the tribe was elected, he was covered in grease, and fine gold dust was blown over his body so that he appeared to be made of gold.

He was taken out to the middle of the lake on a raft.

He would jump into the lake, and stay in the water till the gold dust was washed off.

It was considered an offering to the god.

Gold ornaments were also tossed in the lake.

Then the king and his followers would return to the shore.

This ceremony was stopped several generations before the Europeans arrived.

Many people were unwilling to believe that this was the whole story.

They began to search for a golden city hidden in the jungle.

Many explorers perished in this search.

In their search for gold, the Spanish conquerors destroyed the great Indian civilizations of America.

Towns and villages had been ruined, thousands of people killed and wonderful pieces of art melted down.

Some Indians believed that gold must be a food that Europeans desperately needed to stay alive.

In many cases, the Europeans destroyed the trading and social systems that had produced their wealth.

When we think about the great achievements of a few conquerors and explorers, we are also sad about how much death and damage they caused.




翻译


金人?埃尔多拉多


1492年克里斯托弗·哥伦布从西班牙向西航行时,他正试图到达香料群岛(今天称为印度尼西亚)。
当时,香料在欧洲非常稀少和珍贵。
没有人知道欧洲和亚洲之间有两个广阔的海洋和美洲大陆。
哥伦布在美洲没有发现香料,但他确实带回了一些金饰品。
美洲印第安人戴着这些首饰。
黄金,而不是香料,成为勘探的最大动力。
前往美洲内陆的探险费用高昂,风险很大。
只有向当局承诺巨额利润,水手和士兵才能为他们的探险筹集资金。
他们还需要承诺丰厚的奖励,以获得追随者和工作人员。
如果一个领导人返回欧洲时没有黄金和珠宝,他可能会坐牢。
难怪西班牙征服者总是在寻找黄金。
起初,西班牙人住在加勒比海沿岸,但内陆的黄金故事吸引他们探索内陆。
他们问印第安人他们的黄金首饰来自哪里。
印第安人会指向更远的内陆。
他们说,一个富人住在高山上,用黄金和翡翠换取珍珠、棉花和贝壳。
1528年,西班牙皇帝将开采当今委内瑞拉和哥伦比亚的权利授予了他的德国银行家。
因此,德国人-达尔芬格、费德曼和霍尔茅斯-带领一系列探险队进入丛林、草原和山区。
与此同时,西班牙征服者发现了大量的金银。
埃尔南多·科尔特斯于1519年占领了墨西哥的阿兹特克王国。
他把大量的财宝送到了欧洲。
不久之后,弗朗西斯科·皮萨罗开始探索南美洲西海岸。
1531年,皮萨罗入侵秘鲁,摧毁了印加王国。
皮萨罗熔化了印加人的金银财宝,并将金银砖送回西班牙。
寻找更多黄金的热潮变得非常激烈。
哥伦比亚山区传来了关于一个金人的传闻——埃尔·霍姆布雷·多拉多。
有个故事讲的是一个非常富有的国王,他穿着黄金的衣服而不是外套。
哥伦比亚是奇布查王国。
他们是一个贸易民族,用盐和翡翠换取黄金、棉花、珍珠和贝壳。
真正的黄金不是来自他们的王国。
它在山河中被发现,并被带到奇布恰斯进行精炼和金属加工。
几支军队集结在奇布查地区。
第一个到达的是西班牙人奎萨达,从加勒比海来到马格达林河。
他找到了奇布查斯的主要城市,夺取了他们的黄金和翡翠。
不久之后,皮萨罗的一名船长从秘鲁和厄瓜多尔抵达。
然后德国人费德曼从委内瑞拉抵达。
奎萨达给了迟到者一些黄金和珠宝,以缓解他们的失望。
奎萨达的人也发现了金人。
高山上有一个由陨石形成的湖。
印第安人认为,来自天空的“黄金神”现在住在湖底。
当一个新的部落首领被选出来时,他浑身沾满了油脂,细金粉被吹到他的身上,看起来像是金子做的。
他被乘木筏带到湖心。
他会跳进湖里,呆在水里,直到金尘被洗掉。
它被认为是献给上帝的礼物。
金饰也被抛入湖中。
然后国王和他的追随者将返回海岸。
这一仪式在欧洲人到来之前几代人就停止了。
许多人不愿意相信这就是故事的全部。
他们开始寻找隐藏在丛林中的金城。
许多探险家在这次搜寻中丧生。
在寻找黄金的过程中,西班牙征服者摧毁了美洲伟大的印度文明。
城镇和村庄被摧毁,成千上万的人被杀害,精美的艺术品被熔化。
一些印度人认为,黄金必须是欧洲人生存所急需的食物。
在许多情况下,欧洲人破坏了创造他们财富的贸易和社会制度。
当我们想到少数征服者和探险家的伟大成就时,我们也为他们造成的死亡和破坏感到悲伤。

Sep 03, 2022
英文名著分集阅读 马克·吐温《汤姆索亚历险记》 part1
05:42

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain





原文


Chapter I: Tom and the Fence


"Tom! Tom!" There was no answer.

"Where is that boy? Tom!" Aunt Polly looked under the bed but she only found the cat.

"Tom!" she cried.

Then she heard a noise behind her.

A small boy ran past and she stopped him with her hand.

"What are you doing, Tom?" she asked.

"Nothing."

"Nothing. Look at your hand and your mouth. I told you not to eat the jam."

"Oh, Aunt Polly, look behind you!"

The old lady looked and Tom ran away.

Aunt Polly was surprised and then she laughed.

"I never learn.

Tom always plays tricks on me and I never learn.

I love Tom. He's my sister's child - she's dead.

But it's not easy to look after him.

Tomorrow is Saturday and there's no school.

But Tom must work tomorrow.

He hates work but he must do it."

Tom lived in the small village of St Petersburg with his Aunt Polly, his brother Sid and his sister Mary.

The summer evenings were long, and in the evenings Tom liked walking around the village.

One evening he saw a big boy in front of him.

The boy was a stranger.

Tom was surprised because he did not see new people often.

This boy had very nice, expensive clothes.

"He's got shoes, a new shirt and a tie. And it's not Sunday," Tom thought. "My clothes are old and ugly."

Tom looked at him and the big boy looked at Tom.

Tom did not like him.

Finally he said, "I can beat you!"

"Why don't you try?" said the boy.

"Well, I can," said Tom.

"No, you can't."

"Yes, I can."

There was silence.

"You're afraid," said the boy.

"I'm not afraid," said Tom.

"Yes, you are."

"No, I'm not."

There was more silence.

Then Tom pushed the boy and the boy pushed Tom.

Soon they were on the ground.

Tom pulled the boy's hair and hit him hard.

They both fought a lot.

The big boy was angry and started crying. "Stop," he said,

"Stop!"

"Now, that will teach you something," said Tom.

Tom arrived home late and he was very dirty.

When Aunt Polly saw his dirty clothes, she thought, "What can I do with this boy?

Well, tomorrow is Saturday, and he must work."

Saturday morning was beautiful and sunny.

It was summer and the world was happy.

Tom sat in front of the fence and looked at it.

It was thirty yards long and nine feet high.

He was very unhappy.

"It's Saturday and I must paint this long fence.

All my friends will laugh at me," he thought.

He put his long brush in the white paint and started painting.

He stopped and looked at his work.

Then he continued painting.

After a few minutes he had a great idea.

He continued painting the fence.

He saw his friend Ben Rogers in the street.

Ben had an apple in his hand.

He came to look at the fence.

"You're working for your aunt," said Ben.

Tom said nothing.

He continued painting.

"I'm going swimming but you can't come with me. You're working," said Ben.

"Do you call this work?" asked Tom.

"Of course it's work. You're painting a fence, "said Ben.

"Maybe it's work but maybe it isn't. I like it!" said Tom, "I can swim every day, but I can't paint a fence every day."

Ben watched Tom.

He painted slowly and carefully. He often stopped and moved back from the fence.

He looked at his work and smiled.

Ben was suddenly interested in the fence and said, "Let me paint a little, Tom."

Tom thought for a moment.

"I'm sorry, Ben. Aunt Polly wants me to do it because I'm very good at painting.

My brother Sid wanted to do it, but he's not good at painting."

"Oh, please, Tom! Please can I paint? I'm good at painting too.

Here, you can have some of my apple."

 "No, Ben, I can't -"

"Then take all of my apple!"

Tom was happy but he did not smile.

He gave Ben the brush and sat down to eat the apple.

Tom's other friends came by.

At first they laughed at him.

But soon they all wanted to paint the fence.

Billy Fisher gave Tom a kite and Johnny Miller brought him a dead rat.

His other friends gave him an old knife, a cat with one eye, an old blue bottle, an old key and other interesting things.

His friends painted the fence and Tom now had a lot of interesting things.

He went back home.

"Aunt Polly, can I go to play now?"

When Aunt Polly saw the beautiful white fence she was very happy.

She gave Tom a big apple and said, "Yes, go and play! But don't come home late!"


Sep 01, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 181-190
04:57

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


181.

But CNN has learned that, due to her husband's guidance, Kate feels she has

already adapted to her new life.

但是CNN获悉,由于她丈夫的指导,凯萨琳感觉已经适应了新的生活。


182.

Over the past ten years, people have become increasingly aware that they need to change their eating habits.

十年来,人们越来越强烈地意识到需要改变自己的饮食习惯。


183.

There is a proverb that goes "time is money", but there is another one that goes "money can't buy you time"

俗话说:一寸光阴一寸金;可俗话又说:寸金难买寸光阴!


184.

My mother speaks French better than my father speaks English, so they usually speak to each other in French.

我母亲的法语比我父亲的英语要好,所以他们通常用法语交流。


185.

"Is that Tom calling again?"

"Yes. He calls every evening these days. I shouldn't have given him my number."

“又是汤姆的电话?”

“嗯。最近他每天晚上都会打过来。当时就不该给他我的号码的。”


186.

When you do not know if someone really loves you as much as you love him, it is very hard to truly love him.

当你不知道对方是否像你爱着对方一样爱着自己的时候,便很难爱上一个人。


187.

So I thought my date, or rather, offline-meeting was going to be just me and her but things aren't that easy.

所以之前我认为我的约会,或者更确切的说,下线后的网聚将只有我和她,但是事情并非那么简单。


188.

Borrow and return, then you can borrow again. Borrow and don't return, and then the borrowing gets difficult.

有借有还,再借不难。有借不还,再借就难。


189.

Gambling site lets users bet on which species will go extinct because of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

赌博网站让用户投注在将灭绝的物种上,因为墨西哥湾漏油。


190.

In England, parks taking rare breeds of animals as their theme are becoming increasingly popular with people.

在英国,以珍稀物种为主题的公园变得越来越受人们的欢迎。


Aug 30, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 181-190
04:22

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.phase 阶段

2.take it for granted 想当然的




原文

181.

He said that he could smell something burning and that the telephones weren't working.

他说他闻到有东西烧焦的味道,电话坏了。


182.

Cancer can be cured easily if it is found in its first phase.

如果癌症在初期发现,就很容易治愈。


183.

It'll take me a long time to get over my cold.

我的感冒需要很长时间才能痊愈。


184.

Tell those people to back off so that the helicopter can land.

告诉那些人退后,好让直升机降落。


185.

Try as you may, you can't do it in a day.

尽管你很努力,但也无法一蹴而就。


186.

If I had known about the plan, I could have helped him.

如果我早知道这个计划,我就能帮助他了。


187.

I love the taste when I bite into a juicy peach.

我喜欢咬一口多汁桃子的味道。


188.

The singer is famous not only in Korea but also in Europe.

这位歌手不仅在韩国很有名,而且在欧洲也很有名。


189.

I took it for granted that you knew the whole matter.

我想当然地认为你知道整个事情。


190.

These shoes are expensive, and what is more, they are too small.

这双鞋很贵,而且太小了。



Aug 28, 2022
Level 4-Day 19 The Ford Pinto Case
03:23

词汇提示


1.ample 充足的

2.smashed 撞上

3.iceberg 冰山

4.accommodate 足够的

5.guilt 有罪

6.homicide 谋杀罪

7.prosecution 检方

8.acquitted 无罪释放

9.tarnished 败坏

10.idly 无目的地

11.warehouse 仓库

12.hangar 飞机库

13.justification 正当理由





原文


The Ford Pinto Case


Businessmen often complain that their profits are negatively affected by government regulations.

On the other hand, history has proven that it is necessary to regulate business in at least one area - public safety.

There is ample evidence that consideration for the safety of the public is not always a priority in business decisions.

Back in 1912, the Titanic smashed into an iceberg, killing hundreds of people.

It was going too fast through a large collection of icebergs, while attempting to set a speed record.

Unfortunately, there were not enough lifeboats to accommodate the passengers.

Usually when such a tragedy occurs, the company is not found guilty.

Instead, safety regulations are enacted for future cases.

In the future, ships were ordered to carry a sufficient supply of lifeboats.

In 1978, the Ford Motor Company was indicted on the charge of homicide.

This was the first time such a charge had been brought against an American corporation.

It related to the deaths of three teenage girls who were burned up when their Ford Pinto was hit from behind.

The prosecution charged that the Ford Company knowingly manufactured a dangerous car.

Behind this story is the pressure on Ford to produce a small car to compete with imported vehicles.

The Pinto was rushed into production in spite of warnings that the gas tank was in a dangerous position.

It would have cost Ford an additional $11.00 per car to fix the problem.

Ford decided not to.

Later, Ford produced a cost-benefit analysis to justify their position.

Estimating that the faulty design would cause 180 additional deaths, Ford valued these at $200,000 per person.

This cost was far less than equipping 12.5 million vehicles with $11.00 protectors.

So Ford felt that they had made the right decision.

Ford executives were acquitted on the charge of homicide.

Nonetheless, Ford had to pay out millions of dollars in out-of-court settlements.

These were paid to families who had lost relatives in Pinto accidents.

This case shows how far a company will go to protect its profits.

For more than eight years, Ford lobbied the government not to tighten safety standards on cars

As long as the Pinto was profitable, Ford did not want to change the design.

Although Ford made a lot of money on the Pinto, their reputation was tarnished.

The Fort Pinto case is one of many which point to the need for governments to set safety standards.

No business wants to recall its products, or leave them sitting idly in a warehouse,or expend large sums of money for upgrading and repairs.

No airplane company wants to have its planes in the hangar when they could be in the air making money for the corporation.

As a result, commercial companies are seldom motivated to look closely at product or service safety.

This is especially true today when the "bottom line" in business is seen as a justification for every decision.

For this reason, governments have to oversee issues of public safety.

Most businesses are too busy working on profits to have much time or concern for doing so.





翻译


福特平托案


商人经常抱怨他们的利润受到政府法规的负面影响。
另一方面,历史证明,有必要至少在一个领域——公共安全——对企业进行监管。
有充分的证据表明,在商业决策中,考虑公众安全并不总是一个优先事项。
早在1912年,泰坦尼克号撞上冰山,造成数百人死亡。
它在试图创下速度纪录的同时,在一大堆冰山中移动得太快了。
不幸的是,没有足够的救生艇容纳乘客。
通常,当此类悲剧发生时,该公司不会被判有罪。
取而代之的是,为未来的案例制定安全法规。
未来,船只被要求携带足够的救生艇。
1978年,福特汽车公司被控谋杀罪。
这是第一次对美国公司提起这样的指控。
这与三名十几岁的女孩的死亡有关,她们的福特平托车在后面被击中时被烧毁。
检方指控福特公司故意制造了一辆危险汽车。
这个故事的背后是福特生产小型汽车以与进口汽车竞争的压力。
尽管有警告称煤气罐处于危险位置,平托车还是被紧急投入生产。
为了解决这个问题,福特每辆车将额外花费11.00美元。
福特决定不这么做。
后来,福特进行了成本效益分析,以证明他们的立场。
据估计,该错误设计将导致180人额外死亡,福特估计这些死亡人数为每人20万美元。
这一成本远低于为1250万辆汽车配备11.00美元的保护装置。
所以福特觉得他们做出了正确的决定。
福特汽车高管被判谋杀罪无罪。
尽管如此,福特不得不支付数百万美元的庭外和解。
这些钱是付给在平托事故中失去亲人的家庭的。
这个案例表明了一家公司将在多大程度上保护其利润。
八年多来,福特一直游说政府不要收紧汽车安全标准
只要平托车能盈利,福特就不想改变设计。
虽然福特在平托车上赚了很多钱,但他们的声誉受损。
福特平托车事件是众多表明政府需要制定安全标准的案件之一。
没有企业愿意召回其产品,或将其闲置在仓库中,或花费大量资金进行升级和维修。
当飞机可以在空中为公司赚钱时,没有一家飞机公司愿意将其飞机停放在机库中。
因此,商业公司很少有动机密切关注产品或服务安全。
今天,当商业中的“底线”被视为每一个决策的理由时,这一点尤其正确。
因此,政府必须监督公共安全问题。
大多数企业都忙于赚取利润,没有太多时间或精力这样做。


Aug 27, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 18
09:37

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



原文


2021.6六级第一套  Conversation Two


Today, I'm talking to the renowned botanist, Jane Forster.

Thank you for inviting me to join you on the show, Henry.

今天,我将对话著名植物学家简-福斯特。

谢谢你邀请我参加你的节目,亨利。


Recently, Jane, you've become quite a celebrity since the release of your latest documentary. Can you tell us a little about it?

简,自从最近你的最新纪录片发布后,你已经成为一个相当有名的人了,你能和我们分享一下这部纪录片吗?


Well, it follows my expedition to study the vegetation indigenous to the rain forest in equatorial areas of south east Asia.

You certainly get to travel to some very exotic locations.

它记录了我对东南亚赤道地区热带雨林的原生植被的研究。

你肯定去了一些非常有异国情调的地方。


It was far from glamorous, to be honest. The area we visited was accessible only by canoe. And the living conditions in the hut were primitive, to say the least. There was no electricity, and our water supply was a stream.

说实话,这远不是什么迷人的地方。我们访问的地区只能通过独木舟进入,而小屋的生活条件也可以说是很原始。没有电,我们的水源是附近的一条小溪。


How were the weather conditions while you were there?

The weather was not conducive to our work at all, since the humidity was almost unbearable.

你们在那里的时候,天气状况如何?

天气完全不利于我们工作,因为湿度太高,简直令人难以忍受。


At midday, we stayed in the hut and did nothing. It was too humid to either work or sleep.

How long did your team spend in the jungle?

中午时分,我们就呆在小屋里,什么也不做,天气太潮湿了,既不能工作,也不能睡觉。

你们的团队在丛林里呆了多长时间?


Originally, we planned to be there for a month. But in the end, we stayed for only two weeks.

Why did you cut the expedition short

Halfway through the trip, we received news that a hurricane was approaching. And we had to evacuate at very short notice.

最初,我们计划在那里呆一个月,但最后,我们只呆了两个星期。

你们为什么缩短考察时间?

行程过半,我们收到了飓风即将来临的消息,我们不得不在短时间内撤走了。


That sounds like a fascinating anecdote.

It was frightening. The fastest evacuation route was through river rapids. We had to navigate them carrying all of our equipment.

这听起来是一件引人入胜的轶事。

很吓人的,最快的疏散路线是河流的急流。我们必须带着我们所有的设备在河中穿行。


So overall, was the journey unsuccessful?

Absolutely not. We gathered a massive amount of data about the local plant life.

那么总的来说,这次旅行是不成功的吗?

绝对不是,我们收集了大量关于当地植物的数据。


Why do you put up with such adverse conditions?

Botany is an obsession for me. Many of the destinations I visit have stunning scenery, and I get to meet a variety of people from all over the world.

你为什么要忍受如此恶劣的条件?

我对植物相当着迷,我访问的许多地方的风景都很迷人,而且我还能遇到来自世界各地的形形色色的人。


So where will your next destination be?

I haven't decided yet.

Then we can leave it for another vacation. Thanks.

那么你的下一个目的地会是哪里?

我还没决定。

那我们可以把这个问题留到另一个假期,谢谢。


问题:


Question 5: What does the man want Jane Forster to talk about?


Question 6: Why does the woman describe her experience as far from glamorous?


Question 7: Why did the woman and those who went with her end their trip halfway?


Question 8: What does the woman think of the journey?

Aug 25, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 171-180
04:59

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.census 人口普查

2.sumbit 提交

3.organic 有机的





原文 


171.

According to the latest census, the language's number of speakers appears to be stable, or even increasing.

根据最新的人口普查,语言的发言人人数好像稳定,或者是甚至在上升。


172.

"Do you want another cup of coffee?"

 "Sure,make mine on the small side but be generous with my brother's."

“你想另一杯咖啡吗?”

“好吧,请给我一杯比较小的,不过给我兄弟比较大的。”


173.

I don't have a washing machine at home, and so I have to go to the washing room in order to do the laundry.

因为我家没有洗衣机,我必须去洗衣房洗衣服。


174.

On the one hand we suffered a heavy loss, but on the other hand we learned a great deal from the experience.

一方面我们虽然蒙受了损失,但另一方面我们从这次经验中学到了很多。


175.

In the U.S., you have the option, when you enter a restaurant, to sit in the smoking or non-smoking section.

在美国,当你进入餐厅时,你可选择坐在吸烟区或是禁烟区。


176.

Japan consists of four major islands and over 3,000 small islands, and is about equal to California in area.

日本是由四个大岛和三千多个小岛组成的,面积和加州差不多。


177.

All that time the things granddad had said, like the sound of flies flying round a melon, buzzed in my head.

一直以来爷爷曾经说过的事,像苍蝇绕着瓜飞的声音,在我的脑海里嗡嗡地响着。


178.

Don't change sentences that are correct. You can, instead, submit natural-sounding alternative translations.

请勿更改没有错误的句子。请添加一个新的更自然的翻译。


179.

I've heard it said that English is for making money, French for making love, and Spanish for praying to God.

我听说英语是用来赚钱的,法语是用来做爱的,西班牙语是用来祈求上帝的。


180.

Some people only buy organic food; they think that in this way their body will not be damaged by pollutants.

一些人只买有机的食物,他们认为这样可以使他们的健康不受污染的损害。

Aug 23, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 171-180
04:42

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.alternative 另选的

2.packed to capacity 挤得满满的

3.convert 转换

4.file 文件



原文


171.

If you wish us to reserve an alternative room, please let us know immediately.

如果您需要我们另订一间房,请马上通知我们。


172.

When you compare this dictionary with that one, you can easily see which is better.

当你把这本词典和那本相比较时,就很容易看出哪一本更好。


173.

All the coaches of the train were packed to capacity ten minutes before it started.

火车开动前十分钟,所有的车厢都挤得满满的。


174.

On behalf of the company, I would like to express our hearty thanks to you all.

我谨代表公司向大家表示衷心的感谢。


175.

If it had not been for your help, I would have lost the game.

如果没有你的帮助,这场比赛我就输了。


176.

It was such a nice day that we decided to have a picnic.

天气这么好,我们决定去野餐。


177.

This textbook, having been printed in haste, has a lot of printing mistakes.

这本教科书印刷仓促,印刷错误很多。


178.

I met with an old friend of mine at the station.

我在车站遇见了一位老朋友。


179.

Could you convert this file into a Windows compatible file and re-send it?

你能把这个文件转换成Windows兼容的文件并重新发送吗?


180.

There is a little wine left in the bottom of the glass.

杯子的底下还剩下一点酒。



Aug 21, 2022
Level 4-Day 18 Texas
03:18

词汇提示


1.cattle ranches 养牛场

2.refining 精炼

3.synthetic 人工合成的

4.rugged 崎岖的,粗犷的

5.armored 有装甲的

6.lizard 蜥蜴

7.cacti 仙人掌

8.distinct 独特的

9.thriving 兴旺




原文


Texas


The state of Texas is famous for having the biggest and best of everything.

Before Alaska became a state, Texas was the largest American state.

It was also famous for its huge cattle ranches.

Cotton is a major crop, but much of the wealth comes from oil and gas.

People think of Texans as being wealthy because there have been lots of cattle and oil millionaires.

In the late nineteenth century, Texas cattlemen used to drive their herds north to Kansas.

There a train to the east shipped the cows.

Eventually, the railroad came to Texas and the great cattle drive stopped.

By then, many Texans owned large ranches and were quite wealthy.

In the twentieth century, oil has made many Texans wealthy.

Oil refining has led to chemical industries and synthetic products.

Most Texans now live in cities.

Many oil companies have their headquarters in Dallas.

Other large manufacturing cities are Houston, Corpus Christi, Fort Worth and Austin, which is the Capital of Texas.

Several cities, such as San Antonio and El Paso, have a strong Spanish influence.

This dates back to the first Spanish visitors in the sixteenth century.

The old mission at San Antonio is famous as the Alamo, where an important battle for Texas independence was fought.

Texas is a huge area with mountains, deserts, prairies, rivers and islands.

The rugged beauty of its grasslands and deserts attracts many tourists.

For a state that is mostly dry, Texas has a remarkable variety of wildflowers in the spring.

Its animals and birds differ from other parts of the U.S.A.

Texas has the armored insect eater, the Armadillo;the swift running bird, the Roadrunner; prairie dogs, jackrabbits, kangaroo rats, wild pigs, horned lizardsand one hundred species of snakes!

As might be expected also, it has many beautiful kinds of cacti and other desert plants.

At its largest, Texas is more than 600 miles wide by 600 miles long.

Such a large area develops a distinct culture of its own.

And Texans are widely recognized by their accent and manner of speaking, their attitudes and interests and their sense of independence and self-reliance.

Texas is also known for its beautiful women, who regularly win national beauty contests.

Its men have a reputation for being rugged, for not talking more than they have to and for being straightforward and honest.

Although many people think of cowboys and Indians when they think of Texas,it is a center for high-tech industries.

The American space program has its headquarters in Houston, and Mission Control Center is there.

Texas is also an important manufacturer of computers and other high tech products.

Oil production is still important in Texas,but it ranks third as a source of revenue behind manufacturing and tourism.

The colorful history of Texas and its wonderful scenery contribute to a thriving tourist industry.

Texas is also an important business and financial area.

Yes, even though times have changed,

Texans proudly maintain that their state still has the biggest and the best of everything.





翻译


得克萨斯州


德克萨斯州以拥有最大和最好的一切而闻名。
在阿拉斯加成为一个州之前,德克萨斯州是美国最大的州。
它还以其巨大的养牛场而闻名。
棉花是一种主要作物,但大部分财富来自石油和天然气。
人们认为德克萨斯人很富有,因为那里有很多养牛业和石油业的百万富翁。
19世纪末,得克萨斯州的养牛人曾驱赶牛群北上堪萨斯州。
有一列火车向东运送奶牛。
最终,铁路开到了德克萨斯州,大规模的养牛活动停止了。
到那时,许多德克萨斯人拥有大牧场,相当富有。
在二十世纪,石油使许多德克萨斯人变得富有。
炼油已发展成化学工业和合成产品。
大多数德克萨斯人现在住在城市。
许多石油公司的总部设在达拉斯。
其他大型制造业城市有休斯顿、科珀斯克里斯蒂、沃思堡和德克萨斯州首府奥斯汀。
圣安东尼奥和埃尔帕索等几个城市都受到西班牙的强烈影响。
这可以追溯到16世纪第一批西班牙游客。
圣安东尼奥的老使命以阿拉莫而闻名,在那里为德克萨斯州的独立进行了一场重要战役。
德克萨斯州是一个幅员辽阔的地区,有山脉、沙漠、大草原、河流和岛屿。
草原和沙漠的崎岖之美吸引了许多游客。
德克萨斯州的大部分地区是干旱的,春天有各种各样的野花。
它的动物和鸟类与美国其他地区不同。
德克萨斯州有装甲食虫动物犰狳;快跑的鸟,跑路的人;草原犬、大野兔、袋鼠、野猪、角蜥蜴和一百种蛇!
正如所料,这里有许多美丽的仙人掌和其他沙漠植物。
德克萨斯州最大,宽600多英里,长600英里。
这么大的一个地区形成了自己独特的文化。
德克萨斯人的口音和说话方式、态度和兴趣以及独立和自力更生的意识得到了广泛认可。
德克萨斯州也以其美女而闻名,她们经常赢得全国选美比赛。
它的男人以粗犷、不言不语、直截了当和诚实著称。
虽然很多人一想到德克萨斯州就会想到牛仔和印第安人,但它是高科技产业的中心。
美国太空计划的总部设在休斯顿,任务控制中心也在那里。
德克萨斯州也是计算机和其他高科技产品的重要制造商。
石油生产在德克萨斯州仍然很重要,但作为收入来源,它排在制造业和旅游业之后的第三位。
德克萨斯州丰富多彩的历史和美丽的风景为繁荣的旅游业做出了贡献。
德克萨斯州也是一个重要的商业和金融区。
是的,尽管时代变了,
得克萨斯人自豪地认为,他们的州仍然拥有最大和最好的一切。



Aug 20, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 17
09:00

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.resigned 辞职

2.unleashing 发泄

3.unburdening 卸下

4.theoretical 理论上

5.confidential 保密的

6.initially 最初的

7.mandatory 强制的



原文


2021.6六级第一套  Conversation One


It's my last day at work tomorrow. I'll start my new job in two weeks. My human resources manager wants to conduct an interview with me before I leave.

明天是我工作的最后一天,我将在两周后开始新的工作。我的人力资源部经理想在我离开之前跟我进行一次谈话。


Ah, an exit interview. Are you looking forward to it?

啊,离职面谈,你期待吗?


I'm not sure how I feel about it. I resigned because I've been unhappy at that company for a long time, but I'm not sure if I should tell them how I really feel.

我不知道我的感受如何,我辞职是因为我在那家公司已经不开心很久了,但我不确定是否应该告诉他们我的真实感受。


To my way of thinking, there are two main potential benefits that come from unleashing an agitated stream of truth during an exit interview.

在我看来,在离职面谈中讲出让你烦恼的真相,有两大潜在好处。


The first is release. Unburdening yourself of frustration and perhaps even anger to someone who isn't a friend or close colleague can be wonderfully freeing.

第一是释放感情,卸下自己的挫折感,甚至可能是对不是朋友或亲密同事的人的愤怒,这让你感到非常畅快。


And let me guess. The second is that the criticism will, theoretically, help the organization I'm leaving to improve, making sure employees of the future are less likely to encounter what I did?

让我猜猜看,第二点是,理论上讲,这些批评会帮助我即将离开的组织改进,减少未来的员工遇到我所经历的事情的可能性?


That's right. But the problem with the company improvement part is that very often it doesn't happen. An exit interview is supposed to be private, but often isn't.

是这样的,但问题是,很多时候并不会发生。离职面谈应该是私人的,但往往不是这样。


In my company, the information gained from these interviews is often not confidential, and the information is used as dirt against another manager, or can be traded among senior managers.

在我的公司,从这些面谈中获得的信息往往不是保密的。而这些信息被用作对付另一个经理的污点,或者在高级经理之间进行交易。


Now you've got me rethinking what l'll disclose in the interview. There is always the chance that it could affect my reputation and my ability to network in the industry. It is a pretty small industry after all.

现在我得重新考虑要披露得内容了。它总是有可能影响到我的声誉和我在行业中的交际能力,这毕竟是一个相当小的行业。


Anything you initially gained from the instant satisfaction of telling it like it is, you might lose down the track by injuring your future career prospects.

你最初从如实相告的即时满足感中获得的任何东西,都可能因损害你未来的职业前景而失去。


Right. Perhaps I would be better getting things off my chest by going to one of those rate-

your-employer websites.

You could.And don't do the interview at all. Exit interviews are not mandatory

对,也许我去那些评价雇主的网页上把事情说出来会更好。

可以,索性不要去面谈,离职面谈不是强制性的。


问题:


Question 1: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

A. He is going to leave his present job.

B. He is going to attend a job interview.

C. He will meet his new manager in two weeks.

D. He will tell the management how he really feels.


Question 2: What does the woman think about the information gained from an exit

interview?

A.It should be carefully analyzed.

B.It should be kept private.

C.It can be quite useful to senior managers.

D.It can improve interviewers' job prospects.


Question 3: Why does the man want to rethink what he will say in the coming exit

interview?

A.It may do harm to his fellow employees.

B.It may displease his immediate .superiors.

C.It may adversely affect his future career prospects.

D.It may leave a negative impression on the interviewer.


Question 4: What does the man think he had better do?

A.Poue out his frustrations on a rate-your-employer website

B.Network with his close friends to find a better employer

C.Do some practice for the exit interview

D.Prepare a comprehensive exit report

Aug 18, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 161-170
04:55

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.tricolour 三色旗

2.saffron 橘黄色

3.charming 愉悦的

4.atmosphere 氛围

5.tidal wave 海啸




原文 


161.

The Indian flag is called the tricolour because it has stripes of three colours –

saffron, white and green.

印度国旗叫做「三色旗」,因为它是由三条不同颜色的色条组成的-橙黄色、白色和绿色。


162.

The raising of children is something that concerns the entire community. There will be an education reform.

子女培养全社会都很关心,教育要进行改革。


163.

In order to improve the students' attitude to their studies, the school let them start class an hour later.

为了改进学生的学习态度,学校让他们晚一个小时来上课。


164.

The moon has no light of its own, but rather it reflects the light of the sun to the children of the night.

月本无光,借光于日,返照夜之游子。


165.

I'm not afraid of facing pressure. When problems arise, I will quickly think of ways to find the solutions.

我不怕面对压力,有问题的时候,我就会很快地想办法去解决


166.

St James Palace represents her, William and his brother Harry, and now regards her "induction" as complete.

代表她、威廉还有他的弟弟哈利的圣詹姆斯宫现在认为,凯萨琳的“入会时期”已经结束了。


167.

As everyone stood guard silently, someone ran to the corner of the street and called over a police officer.

默默守护中,有人跑到街头,叫来了协警。


168.

His humor charmingly eased the embarrassing atmosphere at dinner time and made me breathe a sigh of relief.

他的幽默巧妙地缓解了晚餐时尴尬的气氛,让我松了一口气。


169.

The referee, according to principle of advantage, raised his hand and motioned for the advance to continue.

裁判根据有利原则,举起手示意继续进攻。


170.

Last year in the Philippines, earthquakes and tidal waves resulted in the deaths of more than 6,000 people.

去年在菲律宾,地震和海啸造成了超过6000人的死亡。

Aug 16, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 161-170
04:37

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.let up 缓和

2.dash 冲


原文


161.

After the rain had let up a bit, we made a dash for the car.

雨停了一会儿后,我们向汽车冲去。


162.

If anything, my new job is harder than my old one.

如果说有什么区别的话,那就是我的新工作比旧工作更难。


163.

I usually gas up the car at this service station.

我一般都在这个加油站给汽车加油。


164.

Although it is a very difficult task, I will do my best.

虽然这是一个非常困难的任务,但我会尽最大的努力。


165.

I have been waiting for your reply, but have not heard from you.

我一直在等待你的答复,但一直没有收到你的消息。


166.

The house is too big for us, and what is more, it is too expensive.

这房子对我们来说太大了,而且也太贵了。


167.

We have lots of bread, and as for butter, we have more than enough.

我们有很多面包,至于黄油,则有的是。


168.

As there was no bus service, we had to walk all the way to the station.

由于没有公共汽车服务,我们只好一路步行到车站。


169.

In the justice system of the United States, there are twelve people on a jury.

在美国的司法体系中,陪审团由12人组成。


170.

If you go anywhere, you had better tell your mother first.

如果你要去什么地方,最好先告诉你妈妈。


Aug 14, 2022
Level 4-Day 17 Telephone Systems
02:46

词汇提示


1.mouthpiece 话筒

2.dial 拨号

3.rival 相提并论

4.forward 发送

5.consensus 共识

6.mute 消音

7.designate 指定

8.indicate 提示

9.courtesiey 礼貌

10.greeting 问候

11.screen 屏蔽

12.promptly 及时地




原文


Telephone Systems


When Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone in the 1870s, it was fairly simple to use.

You talked into the mouthpiece and then held it to your ear to listen.

For a century of so, using the telephone meant either contacting the operator to dial a number, or dialing yourself.

After that, all you had to do was talk or listen.

Nowadays, the telephone has become a very complex instrument; it rivals the computer as to the number of possible uses.

Answering machines have been around for several decades,but they are now being replaced by voicemail.

Voicemail does away with the need for an answering machine.

Messages are stored on the system.

That means that it is possible to forward the message to someone else's phone, or transfer the call to a more convenient phone of your own.

You can also use "call pickup," so that anyone in your group can answer another's phone.

Conference calls have become very common.

This is when one person phones first one person, then another,and keeps adding people to the telephone conversation.

This can regularly be done with up to six people.

It is very useful for business discussions where different people need to talk about the same thing.

It also speeds up the process of consensus, and allows everybody to be in on the decision or discussion.

The modern phone has many more features.

If you don't want the caller to know what is being said in your office, you can push the "mute" button.

If you want to hang up without putting the receiver down, press "goodbye.

If you don't want to receive calls, just forward them all into your voicemail.

Newer phones will indicate when you have voicemail messages.

If you have trouble with these features, an automatic voice will tell you your options.

This help-system is built into the telephone.

For example, the help-voice will tell you how to set up a distribution list,so that you can send the same voice message to a number of people.

It will also tell you how to send a message directly onto someone's voicemail.

You can designate your message to go to the top of the recipient's voicemail list.

You can also program it so that the recipient cannot forward it.

Some systems have limits on how much space can be used for individual voicemail.

There are a number of courtesies that voicemail users should follow.

Your greeting on your voicemail should be simple.

If you are unable to take calls for any reason, you might want to explain that in your recorded greeting.

If you are on vacation, you might want to include that information in your greeting.

Don't use voicemail as a way to avoid answering the telephone.

Some people use voicemail to screen calls; this can be annoying to someone who can never contact you directly.

Check your messages regularly and reply to them promptly.

Enjoy the telecommunications revolution!





翻译


电话系统


当亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔(AlexanderGrahamBell)在19世纪70年代开发电话时,它的使用相当简单。
你对着话筒说话,然后把它放在耳朵上听。
一个世纪以来,使用电话意味着要么联系接线员拨一个号码,要么自己拨号。
在那之后,你所要做的就是说话或倾听。
如今,电话已成为一种非常复杂的工具;在可能的使用功能数量上,它可以与计算机匹敌。
电话答录机已经存在了几十年,但现在正被语音信箱所取代。
语音信箱不再需要答录机。
消息存储在系统上。
这意味着可以将信息转发到其他人的手机,或将通话转接到自己更方便的手机。
你也可以使用“呼叫接听”,这样你的团队中的任何人都可以接听其他人的电话。
电话会议已变得非常普遍。
这是指一个人先给一个人打电话,然后再给另一个人打电话,并不断地将人添加到电话对话中。
这可以由多达六个人定期完成。
这对于不同的人需要谈论同一件事的业务讨论非常有用。
它还加快了达成共识的进程,并允许每个人参与决策或讨论。
现代手机有更多的功能。
如果你不想让打电话的人知道你办公室里在说什么,你可以按“静音”按钮。
如果你想挂断而不放下听筒,按“再见”。
如果你不想接听电话,只需将它们全部转发到语音信箱。
当你有语音邮件时,新手机会显示。
如果您对这些功能有问题,自动语音将告诉您选择。
这个帮助系统内置在电话中。
例如,帮助语音将告诉您如何设置通讯组列表,以便您可以向多人发送相同的语音消息。
它还将告诉你如何将信息直接发送到某人的语音信箱。
您可以指定您的邮件位于收件人语音邮件列表的顶部。
您也可以对其进行编程,使收件人无法转发。
一些系统对单个语音邮件的可用空间有限制。
语音邮件用户应该遵守一些礼貌。
语音邮件中的问候语应该简单。
如果您因任何原因无法接听电话,您可能需要在录制的问候语中解释这一点。
如果你正在度假,你可能想在问候语中包含这些信息。
不要用语音信箱来避免接听电话。
有些人用语音邮件屏蔽通话;这可能会让那些永远无法直接联系你的人感到恼火。
定期检查您的信息,并及时回复。
享受电信革命吧!

Aug 13, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 16
10:15

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.guest 嘉宾

2.features 专栏

3.copy 稿件

4.tangible 具象的

5.bizarre 奇幻的

6.incorporate 包括

7.confession 自白

8.glamorous 迷人的

9.portrayed描绘

10. petrol汽油



原文

2019.12六级第一套  Conversation One


Today our guest is Rosie Melinda who works as a features editor for Fashion magazine.

今天我们的嘉宾是《时尚》杂志的专栏编辑Rosie Melinda


Hi Rosie, you're a features editor at one of the most widely read women's magazines in the U.K What kind of responsibilities does that job entail?

嗨,Rosie,你是英国最受欢迎的女性杂志之一的专栏编辑。这份工作需要承担什么样的责任呢?


We spend our days looking at ideas from journalists, writing copy for the magazine and website and editing.

我们整天都在浏览记者的想法,为杂志和网站撰写稿件并进行编辑。


we do random things like asking people in the street questions and testing sports clothing.

我们会随机做一些事情,例如在街上向人们提问采访,测试运动服。


We also do less tangible things like understanding what our readers want. It's certainly varied and sometimes bizarre.

我们还会去做一些没那么具象的事情,例如了解读者的需求。活儿肯定是多种多样的,有时也是稀奇古怪的。


During your working day, what kind of work might you typically do? My day mainly incorporates responding to emails, writing and editing stories and coming up with new feature ideas.

在你的工作期间,通常会从事哪种工作?我每天的工作内容主要包括回复电子邮件,撰写和编辑故事以及提出新的专栏构想。


How does the job of a features editor differ from that of fashion editor or other editorial positions?

The feature's team deals with articles such as careers, reports, confidence, and confessions. Everything except to fashion and beauty.

专栏编辑的工作与时装编辑或其他编辑职位有何不同?

专栏编辑小组会和诸如职业、报告、自信心和自白之类的文章打交道。基本上除了时尚和美丽,其他内容我们都会涉及。


A lot of people believe that working at a magazine is a glamorous job. Is this an accurate representation of what you do?

很多人认为在杂志社工作是一件光鲜有魅力的事儿。你觉得这足以准确描述你所做的工作吗?


I'd say it's glamorous to an extent, but not in the way it's portrayed in films. We do have our moments such as interviewing celebrities and attending parties which is a huge thrill.

我会说它在某种程度上是迷人的,但不是电影中所描绘的那样。我们确实有一些机会,例如采访名人和参加聚会,确实会激动。


Ultimately though, we're the same as our readers. But working in a job we're all very lucky to have.

但最终,我们和读者是没有区别的。但是在工作中,我们都很幸运。


Did you have to overcome any difficulties to reach this point in your career? How did you manage to do this

为了达到这一职业目标,你需要克服很多困难吗?你是如何做到的?


I had to be really persistent and it was very hard work. After three years of working in a petrol station and doing unpaid work, I still hadn't managed to get an entry-level job.

我必须坚持下去,这份工作很艰苦。在加油站做了三年的无薪工作之后,我仍然没有找到入门的工作。


I was lucky that my last desperate attempt led to a job. I told myself that all experiences make you a better journalist in the long run and luckily, I was right.

我很幸运,在最后的绝望尝试中找到了这份工作。我告诉自己,从长远来看,所有经历都会使你成为一名更好的新闻工作者,幸运的是,我是对的。



问题:


1:

A) Magazine reporter.

B) Fashion designer.

C) Website designer.

D) Features editor.


2:

A) Designing sports clothing.

B) Consulting fashion experts.

C) Answering daily emails.

D) Interviewing job-seekers.


3:

A) It is challenging.

B) It is fascinating.

C) It is tiresome.

D) It is fashionable


4:

A) Her persistence.

B) Her experience.

C) Her competence.

D) Her confidence.


Aug 11, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 151-160
04:55

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.humility 谦虚的

2.strokes 笔画

3.slaughter 杀戮

4.thermometer 温度计

5.gestural 手势的




原文 


151.

Only with wisdom can one distinguish between good and evil; only with humility can one build a happy life.

有智慧才能分辨善恶邪正;有谦虚才能建立美满人生。


152.

For several years I've been in the habit of, when I'm at home, only leaving my desk when it's time to eat.

这是我数年的习惯了,在家里除了吃饭以外我很少离开我的桌子


153.

It's a lot of trouble to write my name, because it takes 50 strokes to write both my

first and last names.

我的姓、名一共有五十划,写起来麻烦得很。


154.

Many conservationists fear the continuing slaughter of whales is pushing these animals towards extinction.

许多自然环境保护主义者担心持续屠杀鲸鱼正推动这些动物走向灭绝。


155.

Tom couldn't hear what the teacher was saying because all of the other students were making so much noise.

汤姆说了因为别学生响了很大的噪音,他不能听老师说了的事。


156.

The second half of a man's life is made up of nothing but the habits he has acquired during the first half.

人的后半生就是由他前半生养成的习惯所构成的,其他什么都没有。


157.

The climate of this town is so mild that the thermometer seldom rises to thirty degrees, even in midsummer.

这小镇的天气十分暖和,即使是在盛夏,温度计也很少会升到三十度。


158.

It is time not only to equalize men's and women's wages, but also to equalize responsibility for housework.

现在不止要男女薪金平等,而且还要平均分配家务。


159.

Gestural language had, however, serious limitations, since it could not be used in the dark or at distance.

可是,手语也绝对不是万能的,当四周太暗,或者距离太远的时候,它就完全派不上用场。


160.

But above all, I will never forget who this victory truly belongs to. It belongs to you, It belongs to you.

但最重要的是,我永远不会忘记这场胜利真正属于谁,它属于你们,它属于你们。

Aug 09, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 151-160
04:57

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.whales 鲸

2.policies 保单

3.maturity refund 到期退款

4.conference 会议




原文

151.

In reply to your request, we offer you an extra discount of 5% on this order.

应你方要求,我们对这批订货另给了5%的折扣。


152.

My friends always say l'm too calm, but my family always says l'm too annoying.

朋友总是说我太冷静,但家人总是说我太烦人。


153.

I am sure I met him somewhere, but I do not remember who he is.

我肯定在什么地方见过他,但我不记得他是谁了。


154.

As long as I know the money is safe, I will not worry about it.

只要我知道钱是安全的,我就不会担心。


155.

There is nothing I like so much as the smell of roses.

没有什么比玫瑰的香味更让我喜欢的了。


156.

Last night my house was robbed while I was still awake.

昨晚我还没睡,我的房子就被抢了。


157.

Whales are said to have lived on land long ago.

据说鲸鱼很久以前就生活在陆地上。


158.

With this type of insurance, most policies don't come with a maturity refund.

有了这种类型的保险,大多数保单都没能到期退款。


159.

None of us want to go, but either you or your wife has to go.

我们谁也不想去,但你或者你妻子必须去。


160.

It would help us if you would reserve the following hotel during our conference.

如果您能在我们开会期间预定下列旅馆,那将对我们很有帮助。

Aug 07, 2022
Level 4-Day 16 Summertime
03:10

词汇提示


1.session 学年

2.cottage 小屋

3.dotted 点缀

4.pine trees 松树

5.barbeques 烧烤

6.camper 露营车

7.trailer 拖车

8.cruises 巡航





原文


Summertime


In North America, July and August are holiday months.

Most schools and colleges are not in session then.

Families look for activities to keep the children amused.

Although not all workers get a full two months of holidays, most people take a holiday in the summer.

The summer begins with a national holiday.

In Canada, July 1st is Canada Day.

In the U. S. A., July 4th is Independence Day

A lot of families are soon on the road.

Some travel to cottages by the lake.

Some go sightseeing or camping.

In Canada, especially, the summers are short.

So people try to make the most of them.

In much of Canada, and parts of the northern U.S.A. are woodlands dotted with lakes.

These regions of rocks, rivers, pine trees and wild animals are not usually suitable for farming.

However, they are ideal places to spend a summer holiday.

They are far from the cities.

The woods are quiet and peaceful.

People fish, go boating or swimming, have barbeques outside, or play outdoor sports.

Some people spend their whole summer at the cottage.

Others go for a week or two.

City people who don't have a cottage like to go to parks and swimming pools in the city.

If they are near a lake or ocean, they may go there for the day.

Many museums, libraries and art galleries have programs for children in the summer.

Swimming is probably the favorite summer sport.

It feels wonderful on a very hot day to jump into the cool water.

Swimming is also excellent exercise.

Besides swimming, baseball and football are also popular in the summer.

Spending an afternoon or evening at a baseball game is a favorite summer pastime.

Summer is also a favorite time to catch up on reading.

Stories of adventures and love novels are favorite light reading.

But summer is especially a time for traveling across the country.

Some people have a camper or trailer that they can live in.

Some stay in campgrounds and sleep in tents

Others stay at hotels or motels, while others rent cottages or cabins for a week or two.

Most trips are by car.

Many people visit national parks and other wildlife areas.

Of course, trips along the ocean, and the lakes are favorites.

Along the Atlantic Ocean, the coasts of New England and Canada's Maritime Provinces are especially popular.

On the Pacific coast, tourists travel from California all the way up to Alaska.

Boat cruises along the shores of British Columbia and Alaska are especially popular

Of course, some people find it most relaxing just to stay at home.

Others cannot afford to travel.

If you have an air-conditioned house, with a television, video player, CD player and computer, then it can be very pleasant to stay at home.

A lot of new movies are released at the theatres in the summer.

Air-conditioned theatres with new movies and lots of pop and popcorn are favorite summer places.

After two months of summer activities, most people are ready to go back to school and work.

But they usually have lots of happy memories to take back with them.



翻译


夏季


在北美,七月和八月是假日。
那时大多数学校和学院都不上课。
家庭寻找让孩子们开心的活动。
虽然并非所有工人都有整整两个月的假期,但大多数人在夏天休假。
夏天以国定假日开始。
在加拿大,7月1日是加拿大日。
在美国,7月4日是独立日
很多家庭很快就要启程了。
一些人去湖边的小屋。
有些人去观光或露营。
尤其是在加拿大,夏天很短。
因此,人们试图充分利用它们。
在加拿大的大部分地区和美国北部的部分地区是点缀着湖泊的林地。
这些地区有岩石、河流、松树和野生动物,通常不适合耕种。
然而,它们是度过暑假的理想地方。
他们离城市很远。
树林安静而平和。
人们钓鱼、划船或游泳、在户外烧烤或进行户外运动。
有些人整个夏天都在小屋里度过。
其他人会去一两周。
没有小屋的城里人喜欢去城里的公园和游泳池。
如果他们在湖泊或海洋附近,他们可能会去那里一天。
许多博物馆、图书馆和美术馆在夏天都有儿童活动。
游泳可能是夏季最受欢迎的运动。
在炎热的日子跳进凉水里感觉真好。
游泳也是很好的锻炼。
除了游泳,棒球和足球在夏天也很受欢迎。
花一个下午或晚上看棒球比赛是夏天最喜欢的消遣。
夏天也是读书的好时间。
冒险故事和爱情小说是最受欢迎的轻阅读。
但是夏天尤其适合在全国旅行。
有些人有露营车或拖车可以住。
有些人住在营地,睡在帐篷里
其他人住在酒店或汽车旅馆,而其他人则租了一两个星期的小屋或小屋。
大多数旅行都是开车。
许多人参观国家公园和其他野生动物区。
当然,沿着海洋和湖泊旅行是最受欢迎的。
沿大西洋,新英格兰海岸和加拿大沿海省份尤其受欢迎。
在太平洋海岸,游客们从加州一路旅行到阿拉斯加。
不列颠哥伦比亚省和阿拉斯加沿岸的游船特别受欢迎
当然,有些人觉得呆在家里最放松。
其他人负担不起旅行。
如果你有一个有空调的房子,有电视、视频播放器、CD播放器和电脑,那么呆在家里会很愉快。
夏天影院上映了很多新电影。
有新电影和很多爆米花和爆米花的空调影院是夏天最受欢迎的地方。
经过两个月的暑期活动,大多数人准备重返学校工作。
但他们通常有很多快乐的回忆要带回去。


Aug 06, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 15
08:30

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.antibiotics 抗生素

2.utterly humilited 彻底的丢脸

3.catastrophe 灾难

4.warranty 保修




原文


2021.12第一套  Conversation One


Hi, David. I haven't seen you in class for almost 2 weeks. We thought you had disappeared on holiday earlier or something.

你好,大卫。我已经有将近两个星期没有在课堂上看到你了。我们还以为你先去度假了或什么的。


Hi, Sarah. Well, it's a bit of a long story l'm afraid. I got a throat infection last week and had to go to the hospital to get some antibiotics as I really wasn't getting any better.

嗨,萨拉。好吧,这恐怕有点说来话长了。上周我的喉咙感染了,不得不去医院注射一些抗生素,因为一直没见好转。


Oh, yeah, there have been so many viruses going around this winter. The weather's been so awful for the last few weeks.

哦,是的,这个冬天有很多病毒在蔓延。过去几周的天气一直很糟糕。


And on the way back from the hospital, I slipped on some ice and fell, and then had to go to the hospital to get an X-Ray because I basically thought I broke my wrist, although, thankfully, it's not broken.

从医院回来的路上,我在冰上滑倒了,然后不得不去医院做X光检查,因为我基本可以判定手腕摔断了,不过幸好没有断。


But I need to be careful with it for the next few weeks.

Oh. That's too bad. How unfortunate!

哦!那太糟糕了,真是不幸啊。

但在接下来的几周,我需要小心了。


To make things worse, I managed to fall right in front of four girls from the 9th Grade. So it was utterly humiliated. Plus, the laptop in my bag was broken, too.

更糟糕的是,我在九年级的四个女孩面前摔倒了,真是丢脸丢到家了。另外,我包里的笔记本电脑也坏了。


Now, what a complete catastrophe! Is the laptop stilI under warranty? If it is, then you can easily send it back to the manufacturer, and they'|| send you a brand new one for free. Surely.

这真是横祸不断啊!你的笔记本电脑还在保修期内嘛?如果是,那你可以轻松地将其寄回给制造商,他们会免费给你发一个全新的。准可以的。


The warranty ran out 3 days before I broke it. And all my essays are in there, and I need to hand them in before we break for the Christmas holidays.

在我弄坏它的前三天,保修期刚过。而且我所有的论文都在里面,我需要在圣诞节假期前上交的。


Listen, I have the number of a really good, affordable computer repair shop at home. My dad has used this guy before and he can work miracles. Let's go back to my house and we can call the repair shop. And you can have some tea and cookies, too.

听着,我这儿有一家非常好的、价格合理的电脑维修店的电话。我爸爸以前就去过,那个人能创造奇迹。先回我家,我们可以给维修店打电话。你也可以喝点茶,吃点饼干。


Wow, thanks, Sarah. That would be great. Let me just call my mom and let her know. l'Il be home a little bit later.

哇,谢谢你,莎拉,太好了。我给我妈妈打个电话,和她讲一下,我稍后就会回家。



问题


1.What did Sarah think David was doing for the last 2 weeks?

2.What happened to David on his way back from the hospital?

3. What does Sarah say they should do with the damaged computer?

4. What does Sarah say she is going to do?




Aug 04, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 141-150
04:51

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.attributes 特性

2.pitiable 值得同情的

3.matrimony 婚姻

4.thumb 拇指

5.index finger 食指

6.pinky 小指




原文 


141.

If confidence, determination and courage are together in one place, there is nothing that cannot be done.

信心、毅力、勇气三者具备,则天下没有做不成的事。


142.

Out of all the attributes of the gods, the one I find most pitiable is their inability to commit suicide.

在神的所有特性中,我觉得最让人同情的是他们没办法自杀这一点。


143.

If you have not paid because you are displeased with something we have done, would you tell us what it is?

如果您还没付钱是因为我们做了什么让您不高兴的事,可以请您告诉我们吗?


144.

I go to the office by car, and I try to leave home as early as I can so that I can avoid the traffic jams.

我开车去办公室,我试图尽可能早的从家里出发,以便能避开交通拥堵。


145.

He puts on a show of being impartial and unbiased, but I think he's just a guy with no opinion of his own.

他总在别人面前装出大公无私的样子,但依我看,他只不过是个没有主见的家伙。


146.

It exists, but seeing as it is taboo and that nobody talks about it, there's no need to have words for it.

它的确存在,但是因为人们将它视为禁忌而不去谈论它,也就不需要多说什么了。


147.

People eagerly sought a more modernized style of dress and transformed the old qipao to suit their tastes.

人们热切地寻求更有现代风格的衣服,所以把以前的旗袍改成了适合他们品位的东西。


148.

Although the life of Chinese people is getting better and better now, there is still

room for improvement.

尽管现在中国人的生活越来越好了,可是还有改进的余地。


149.

A lady's imagination is very rapid; it jumps from admiration to love, from love to matrimony, in a moment.

女人的思维很有跳跃性:从仰慕到爱慕,从爱慕到结婚都是一眨眼间的事。


150.

The hand has five fingers: the thumb, the index finger, the middle finger, the ring finger, and the pinky,

人的手有五个手指:拇指、食指、中指、无名指和小指。

Aug 02, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 141-150
04:49

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.bear in mind 记住

2.integrated 综合的



原文


141.

You should make as much effort as possible in whatever you do.

无论做什么事,你都应该尽最大的努力


142.

Deal is in the southeast of UK, about 110 kilometers away from London.

迪尔位于英国东南部,距离伦敦约110公里。


143.

If the plant is completed next year, a new production manager will have to be hired.

如果工厂明年建成,那就必须雇用一位新的生产经理。


144

The latest issue of the magazine will come out next Monday.

最新一期杂志将于下周一出版。


145.

Bear in mind that that school is an integrated junior high and high school.

记住,那所学校是一所综合初中和高中的学校。


146.

No matter what I did, Ken wouldn't do what I told him.

不管我做什么,肯都不会按我说的做。


147.

The best way to master English composition is to keep a diary in English.

写好英语作文的最好方法是用英语记日记。


148.

This is the house where I used to live when I was young.

这是我年轻时住过的房子。


149.

If you go by bus, you can get there in about one-third of the time.

如果你坐公共汽车去,可以节省三分之二的时间。


150.

I may have seen that film before, but I can hardly remember it.

我以前可能看过那部电影,但我想不起来了。

Jul 31, 2022
Level 4-Day 15 Gribbio
02:53

词汇提示


1.manger 马槽

2.harshly 严厉地

3.bandits 匪徒

4.fierce 凶猛的

5.domestic animals 家畜

6.Saint 圣人

7.sermon 布道

8.recounted 陈述

9.assembled 聚集

10.preached 说教

11.terrify 恐吓

12.sins 罪

13.repent 忏悔

14.indicatted 表明

15.lamented 哀悼

16.virtues 美德




原文

Gribbio

St. Francis of Assisi, who lived in Italy in the early thirteenth century, was known for his love of animals.

He was the first person who celebrated the birth of Jesus by gathering live animals around a manger.

He often talked to the birds as he traveled along.

Sometimes, the birds would fly down and sit on his head, shoulders, knees and arms

But the best-known animal story concerns St. Francis and the Wolf of Gribbio.

St. Francis was known for his humility and his unwillingness to hurt anyone.

Once, when one of his followers spoke harshly to some bandits, St. Francis told the man to run after the bandits and apologize.

In the same way, St. Francis thought of animals as his brothers and sisters.

Once when he was warned about some dangerous wolves, he replied that he had never harmed Brother Wolf, and didn't expect the wolf to harm him.

While St. Francis was staying the hill town of Gribbio, he heard about a large, fierce wolf.

The townspeople were terrified of this wolf that had eaten both domestic animals and humans.

St. Francis decided to help the people and went out to talk to the wolf.

The people watched in horror as the wolf came running to attack St. Francis.

But the saint made the sign of the cross.

Then he said to the wolf that, in the name of Jesus, it should stop hurting people.

The wolf then lay down at St. Francis' feet.

St. Francis addressed a little sermon to the wolf.

He recounted all the terrible things that the wolf had done.

But he added that he wanted to make peace between the wolf and the townspeople.

The wolf nodded its head in approval.

In return for the wolf's agreement to keep the peace, St. Francis promised him that he would arrange for the townspeople to feed him.

When he asked the wolf never again to harm any person or animal, the wolf nodded again.

Then the wolf put out its paw as a sign that it would keep its promise.

The wolf walked beside St. Francis back into Gribbio.

When a crowd assembled, the saint preached to them about how God had allowed the wolf to terrify them because of their sins.

He told them to repent, and God would forgive them.

Then he spoke of the promise that the wolf had made and what he had promised the wolf in return.

The people agreed to feed the wolf regularly,and the wolf again indicated that it would not hurt anyone.

Again, it put its paw in St. Francis' hand.

The wolf and the people kept the agreement.

Two years later the wolf died.

The people remembered how it no longer hurt anyone and that not a single dog ever barked at it.

The townspeople of Gribbio lamented its death.

Whenever it went through town, it had reminded them of the virtues and holiness of St. Francis.





宗教故事,请勿当真




文稿及音频 关注公众号“高效英语磨耳朵”


Jul 30, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 14
14:50

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



原文


2018.12六级第一套 recording three


Today's crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes.

今天英格兰老年人护理危机有两个主要原因。


First, people are living longer with a lot more complex needs.

首先,人们的生活更长,需求更复杂。


Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services. Current services originate in two key measures.

其次,他们依赖的是一个长期以来以国家健康和社会保健服务之间关系不佳为特征的体系。当前的服务起源于两个关键措施。


They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act.

它们是国民健康服务和1948年国家援助法案。


This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations.

这要求当地政府为老年人提供住宿,并监督由独立组织经营的养老院。


They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services.

他们还提供家庭和社区服务,包括膳食,日托中心和家庭佣工以及其他补贴服务。


The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided.

国民健康服务是免费的,并完全公开提供。


It delivered the best health-care for all. No such vision guided residential and community care though.

它为所有人提供了最好的保健服务。然而,没有提供住院引导和社区护理的构想。


The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income.

这种护理主要由志愿服务机构提供,这些服务机构长期以来与地方当局合作,其资格取决于收入。


Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now.

今天,男性预期寿命从1948年的66岁上升到现在的80岁左右。


In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care.

此外,整体健康状况有所改善,医疗护理知识也有所提高。


This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support.

这意味着活得更久,需要专家支持的人的数量也空前之多。


Families provide at least as much care as they ever did.

家庭则提供了至少与以往一样多的关怀。


Even so, they can rarely without subsidized support address serious personal needs.

即便如此,他们很少能在没有补贴的条件下解决严重的个人需求。


Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent.

随着这些趋势变得明显,老年人的护理面临持续的批评。


From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services.

20世纪60年代初开始,地方当局被要求规划健康和福利服务。


The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care.

目的是让老年人尽可能长时间留在自己的家中,但这就导致了人们愈发关注免费保健和有偿社会护理之间缺乏协调的情况。


Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matters.

到了20世纪70年代,当局采取了一些措施试图改善这些问题。


However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed.

然而,在金融危机时期,资金减少了,改善也不大。


In the 1980s, the government cut spending. Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult.

20世纪80年代,政府削减开支。同时,对私人公共服务的倾斜使管理变得更加困难。


Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew. Governments emphasized the need to improve services.

同时,患病的老年人数量增加了。政府强调需要改善服务。


They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid. Services were irregular across authorities.

然而,尽管他们这样说了,但在阻止可用援助减少方面乏善可陈。当局的服务是层次不齐的。


Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled. Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change.

除非你准备付钱,否则除了最严重的残疾人之外,其它人越来越难获得服务。为什么60年的批评产生了如此微小的改变。


Discrimination against older people has a long history. Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination.

对老年人的歧视历史悠久。此外,卫生和社会服务不足,受此影响的人过于脆弱,无法发起抗议活动,反对那些其它形式的歧视现象。



问题:


22:

A) The lack of supervision by both the national and local governments.

B) The impact of the current economic crisis at home and abroad.

C) The poor management of day centres and home help services.

D) The poor relation between national health and social care services.


23:

A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services.

B) It mainly caters to the needs of the privileged.

C) It called for a sufficient number of volunteers.

D) It has deteriorated over the past sixty years.


24:

A) Their longer lifespans.

B) Fewer home helpers available.

C) Their preference for private services.

D) More of them suffering serious illnesses.


25:

A) They are unable to pay for health services.

B) They have long been discriminated against.

C) They are vulnerable to illnesses and diseases.

D) They have contributed a great deal to society.

Jul 28, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 131-140
04:59

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.diagnosed 诊断

2.battered 破旧的



原文 


131.

Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the "present".

昨天是历史,明天是谜团,只有今天是天赐的礼物。那就是它为什么被称作「当下」的原因。


132.

People "diagnosed" with "Internet addiction" are nearly always diagnosed with other difficulties as well.

诊断患有“网络成瘾症”的人差不多总是也有其他的困难。


133.

When you are cheerful, books can increase your happiness; when you are sad, books can lessen your sorrow.

开心时,书可以给你增加快乐;忧伤时,书可以给你减少哀愁。


134.

Why does the phone have to ring all the time only when I'm busy? I can't get any work done because of it.

为什么电话老在我忙的时候响?我都没法干活了。


135.

I don't have to go to work today and tomorrow, so I will use the opportunity to quickly finish moving it.

因为今天明天我休息,所以趁机会快点搬好它。


136.

Tom's daughter pretended not to know him when he came to pick her up from school in his battered old car.

当汤姆开着他破旧的雷泽车来接女儿放学时,他的女儿假装不认识他。


137.

The repairs cost a lot more than 15 dollars, of course, but I am grateful to them for finding a solution.

理所当然,修理费用比15元还要多更多,但是我非常感激他们找到了解决的办法。


138.

We know very well where our developments will take us. Besides, in the team, everyone does as he pleases.

我们都清楚地知道我们的发展走向,另外,团队中每个人都有点随心所欲。


139.

Everything has two sides: the good side and the bad side. Unfortunately, we usually see only one of them.

事物皆有两面:好的一面和坏的一面。不幸的是,我们往往只能看见其中的一面。


140.

If there are 1000 steps between us, you only need to take one step, and I will take the other 999 to you.

如果我们之间有1000步的距离,你只要跨出第1步,我就会朝着你的方向走其余的999步。



Jul 26, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 131-140
05:01

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




原文


131.

Some scientists predict that the world oil reserves will be used up within a century.

一些科学家预测世界石油储备将在一个世纪内耗尽。


132.

The bath was not hot enough and I was unable to enjoy it.

洗澡水不够热,我没有好好享受。


133.

All of us are connected with the past and the future as well as the present.

我们所有人都与过去、未来和现在联系在一起。


134

Where on earth do you suppose she is going in the dead of night?

你觉得她深更半夜究竟要去哪里?


135.

New York is one of the cities that I previously thought that I wanted to visit.

纽约是我以前想去的城市之一。


136.

When it began to rain, she told her son to take in the washing.

天开始下雨时,她叫儿子把要洗的衣服收起来。


137.

The past can only be known, not changed. The future can only be changed, not known.

我们只能瞭解过去,但无法改变过去。未来只能改变,不能预知。


138.

A spider can produce a silky substance from tiny openings on its underside.

蜘蛛能从其腹部微小开口中产生丝一样的物质。


139.

I shall graduate from middle school in one and a half years.

再过一年半我就中学毕业了。


140.

Mary claimed that the handbag had been a present from her husband.

玛丽声称这个手提包是她丈夫送给她的礼物。

Jul 24, 2022
Level 4-Day 14 Remember The Alamo!
03:56

词汇提示


1.conquerors 征服者

2.missions 传教士

3.authorities 当局者

4.charter 许可证

5.cattle ranching 肉牛放牧

6.infuriated 激怒

7.jail 监狱

8.besieged 被包围

9.surrendered 头像

10.commander 指挥官

11.fiery 暴躁的

12.crumble 倒塌

13.raging 激烈的

14.retreated 撤退

15.bulk 主体

16.advance troop 先遣部队

17.swamp land 沼泽地

18.siesta 午睡




原文


Remember The Alamo!


The first Europeans in the American Southwest were Spanish explorers and conquerors.

They were followed by religious orders that set up missions to Christianize the Indians.

One of these missions was San Antonio de Valero; it was founded in 1718 in what is now San Antonio, Texas.

Later, the mission structure became known as The Alamo.

In 1821, Moses Austin had persuaded the Spanish authorities to give him a charter to settle 200,000 acres in Texas.

The elder Austin died shortly after this.

Five weeks later, his son Stephen Austin traveled to San Antonioto have this charter confirmed by the Spanish governor.

In 1822, Austin led 150 settlers into Texas.

When Austin learned afterwards that Mexico was now independent of Spain,he journeyed to Mexico City to have his charter reconfirmed.

The Mexicans appointed Austin regional administrator for his colony.

Texas grew rapidly.

Cotton farming and cattle ranching were profitable and attracted American settlers.

By 1830, there were 16,000 Americans in Texas - four times the Spanish-Mexican population.

Sam Houston had been a successful soldier and politician.

He was a friend and supporter of President Andrew Jackson.

However, personal problems and political difficulties led him to leave the U.S.A. for Texas.

Meanwhile, the struggle for control of Mexico had been won in 1833 by Santa Ana.

However, the independent thinking of the Texans infuriated Santa Ana.

He had Stephen Austin thrown in jail, and sent an army into Texas.

Austin was released from jail in time to organize the defense of Texas.

The Mexican army was besieged inside the Alamo, and after fierce fighting, surrendered.

The Mexicans were allowed to go home.

Sam Houston was now elected the State's supreme commander.

Not long after this, Santa Ana approached Texas with an army of 6,000 men.

Houston decided not to meet Santa Ana in open battle but to wait for an advantage.

He sent frontiersman Jim Bowie to the Alamo.

Bowie's orders were to leave San Antonio and destroy the Alamo.

When Bowie arrived, however, Texas volunteers were preparing the Alamo for a siege.

Bowie and his men pitched in to help.

Other volunteers came.

The fiery William Travis arrived with 25 men.

Then, the famous frontiersman, Davy Crockett came with a dozen Tennessee sharpshooters.

When Santa Ana attacked, there were 183 Americans inside the fort.

Santa Ana brought up cannon to bombard the Alamo.

As the walls began to crumble, 4,000 Mexicans attacked from all four sides.

The Mexicans overcame all resistance because of their large numbers,but they suffered very heavy losses.

All the American defenders were killed.

While the battle was raging, the Texans back at the colony declared their independence from Mexico.

Sam Houston now gathered men to fight the Mexican army.

At first, he retreated while waiting for a suitable opportunity.

When Santa Ana's rapid advance left the bulk of the Mexican army behind, Houston prepared to fight.

Santa Ana's advance troops moved into swampy land by the San Jacinto River.

Houston's men attacked while the Mexicans were having their midday siesta.

Their battle cry was "Remember the Alamo!".

The battle was soon over.

Many Mexicans were killed, but only a couple of Texans were killed.

Santa Ana was a prisoner.

Santa Ana readily agreed now to recognize Texas as an independent republic.

Ninety years later, in 1845, Texas became the 28th State of the U.S.A.




翻译


记住阿拉莫!


美国西南部的第一批欧洲人是西班牙探险家和征服者。
随后,宗教组织设立了传教士,将印第安人基督教化。
其中一个任务是圣安东尼奥·德瓦莱罗;它于1718年在现在的德克萨斯州圣安东尼奥市成立。
后来,任务被称为阿拉莫。
1821年,摩西·奥斯汀说服西班牙当局给他一份在德克萨斯州定居20万英亩土地的特许权。
老奥斯汀不久就去世了。
五周后,他的儿子斯蒂芬·奥斯汀前往圣安东尼奥,让西班牙总督确认这份宪章。
1822年,奥斯汀带领150名定居者进入德克萨斯州。
奥斯汀后来得知墨西哥现已独立于西班牙,于是前往墨西哥城重新确认其宪章。
墨西哥人任命奥斯汀为其殖民地的行政长官。
德克萨斯州发展迅速。
棉花种植和养牛业有利可图,吸引了美国定居者。
到1830年,德克萨斯州有16000名美国人,是西班牙裔墨西哥人口的四倍。
萨姆·休斯顿是一位成功的士兵和政治家。
他是安德鲁·杰克逊总统的朋友和支持者。
然而,个人问题和政治困难导致他离开美国前往德克萨斯州。
与此同时,1833年圣安娜赢得了对墨西哥的控制权。
然而,德克萨斯人的独立思想激怒了圣安娜。
他将斯蒂芬·奥斯汀投入监狱,并向德克萨斯州派遣了一支军队。
奥斯汀及时获释,以组织德克萨斯州的抵抗。
墨西哥军队在阿拉莫被包围,经过激烈的战斗后投降。
墨西哥人被允许回家。
萨姆·休斯顿当选为该州最高指挥官。
此后不久,圣安娜率领6000人的军队接近德克萨斯州。
休斯顿决定不在公开战中与圣安娜交锋,而是等待优势机会。
他派边锋吉姆·鲍伊去阿拉莫。
鲍伊的命令是离开圣安东尼奥,摧毁阿拉莫。
然而,当鲍伊抵达时,德克萨斯州的志愿者正在为阿拉莫的围攻做准备。
鲍伊和他的部下投入到帮助中。
其他志愿者也来了。
脾气暴躁的威廉·特拉维斯带着25个人来到这里。
然后,著名的拓荒者戴维·克罗基特带着十几名田纳西神枪手来到这里。
圣安娜袭击时,堡垒内有183名美国人。
圣安娜举起大炮轰炸阿拉莫。
随着城墙开始倒塌,4000名墨西哥人从四面八方发起攻击。
墨西哥人克服了所有阻力,因为他们的人数众多,但他们遭受了非常严重的损失。
所有的美国保卫者都被杀了。
当战斗激烈时,回到殖民地的德克萨斯人宣布脱离墨西哥独立。
山姆·休斯顿现在集结兵力与墨西哥军队作战。
起初,他在等待合适的机会时撤退了。
当圣安娜的快速推进将大部分墨西哥军队甩在身后时,休斯顿准备战斗。
圣安娜的先遣部队进入圣哈辛托河旁的沼泽地。
休斯顿的人在墨西哥人午睡时发动袭击。
他们的战斗口号是“记住阿拉莫!”
战斗很快结束了。
许多墨西哥人被杀,但只有几个德克萨斯人被杀。
圣安娜是个囚犯。
圣安娜现在欣然同意承认德克萨斯州为独立共和国。
90年后的1845年,德克萨斯州成为美国的第28个州。






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Jul 23, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 13
11:59

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



原文


2018.12六级第一套 recording two


We've talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy.

我们最近谈到了可持续能源的重要性。


We've also talked about the different theories on how that can be done.

我们还谈到了如何做到这一点的一些不同理论。


So far, our discussions have all been theoretical. Now I have a practical question for you all.

到目前为止,我们的讨论都是理论上的。现在我有一个实际的问题给大家。


Can you run a 140, 000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power?

你可以用太阳能产生的蒸汽来运行14万公斤的火车吗?


Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it's possible. And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology's first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard.

一位工程师Tim Casselman认为这是可能的。他的家乡加利福尼亚州萨克拉门托市作为其铁路场地升级的一部分,应该见证这项技术的第一次测试。


Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourist and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars.

Casselman是一位发明家,也是一位自称蒸汽梦想家的人,他正在推行一种新式蒸汽列车——无需火烧,并且可以在现有的10公里线路上行驶运载游客,或许也可以为城市上班族提供一种个人汽车的绿色替代品。


Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes.

Casselman希望在生产线的一端建造一系列太阳能放大镜,以便将热量聚集到充满水的管子上。


This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire.

这将产生蒸汽,可用于在不使用火的情况下,填充在小型蒸汽火车上的储罐上。


Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost.

他说,以这种方式为火车提供动力,将使得气井到车轮的距离最短,从而能量消耗最少。


According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 meters could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so.

根据正在研究现代蒸汽技术的加拿大工程师Harry Valentijn所说,一个2米宽10米长的特殊水箱可储存超过750千瓦时的能量,高压蒸汽足以拉动两个车厢的火车一小时左右。


Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water.

驱动蒸汽机车的能量可以存储在除水之外的其他材料中。


for example, a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated.

例如,日本东北大学的一个团队已经研究了可以在加热时储存大量热量的材料。


These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase.

这些材料吸收能量时发生相变,从固体变成液体。


The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy.

液体保持在其熔点以上,到需要蒸汽时,液体可以变回固体释放其储存的能量。


Another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material.

日本名古屋大学的另一个团队已经测试了钙化合物作为储能材料。


Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide.

加热这种化合物会驱除二氧化碳气体,留下氧化钙。


The gas can be stored under pressure in a tank to recover the energy. The gas is fed back over the calcium oxide.

气体可以在压力下储存在储罐中以回收能量。气体被氧化钙反作用。


In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam.

Valentjn说,理论上这个过程可以产生足够高的温度来产生过热蒸汽。


问题:


19:

A) The engineering problems with solar power.

B) The generation of steam with the latest technology.

C) The importance of exploring new energy sources.

D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy.


20:

A) The engineering problems with solar power.

B) The generation of steam with the latest technology.

C) The importance of exploring new energy sources.

D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy.


21:

A) Build a thank for keeping calcium oxide.

B) Find a new material for storing energy.

C) Recover super-heated steam.

D) Collect carbon dioxide gas.

Jul 21, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 121-130
05:11

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.chain 连环

2.pupil 学生

3.homosexuals 同性恋者

4.commoners 平民

5.merchants 商人

6.stroll 散步




原文 


121.

This robot does whatever I say. That's a big help when I'm too tired to do anything. Not too likely, huh?

我叫这个机器人做甚么,它就做甚么。我累得不想动的时候,它就很帮得上忙。-这种事不太可能吧?


122.

For example, if a chain-smoking teacher cautions a pupil for smoking, that warning is self-contradictory.

举例说,如果一个老师警告学生不要吸烟,但自己却每天吸个不停,那么这个警告就是自相矛盾的了。


123.

Over the last hundred years, there have been twenty-seven recorded deaths from spider bites in Australia.

过去一百多年,澳大利亚共有二十七例蜘蛛咬人致死的记录。


124.

The audio feature is only available in some sentences in Chinese, Dutch, French, German and Shanghainese.

音频功能仅适用在某些语言的句子中,如中文,荷兰语,法语,德语和上海话。


125.

Because of the change in Canadian marriage laws, many American homosexuals came to Canada to get married.

由于加拿大婚姻法的改变,所以很多美国同性恋者去了加拿大结婚。


126.

The more cheese, the more holes. The more holes, the less cheese. Thus: The more cheese, the less cheese.

越多奶酪越多洞。洞越多则奶酪越少。因此:奶酪越多就越少奶酪。


127.

The term "hutong", originally meaning "water well", came from the Mongolian language about 700 years ago.

“胡同”这个词,本意是“水井”,来源于700年前的蒙古语。


128.

Farther from the palace and to its north and south were the commoners, merchants, artisans, and laborers.

远离宫殿的北方及南方是平民、商人、工艺师傅和工人。


129.

On the one hand I called you to invite you to dinner, on the other to tell you my son is getting married.

我打电话给你,一方面是想请你吃饭,另一方面是想告诉你我儿子要结婚了。


130.

When I first came to Beijing, I loved to stroll everywhere, but Beijing was not like what I had imagined.

我先来北京时,就去哪里都爱逛街,可是北京跟我想象的不一样。


Jul 19, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 121-130
04:31

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.cassette tapes 盒式磁带

2.compact disks 光盘

3.circumstances 情况




原文


121.

Those brothers are both over6 feet in height. That's indeed tall.

那兄弟几人身高都超过了6英尺。这确实是高。


122.

It's a strange story, but every word of it is true.

这个故事很奇怪,但每句话都是真的。


123.

Cassette tapes seem to have given way to compact disks in popularity.

盒式磁带似乎已经让位于流行的光盘。


124.

The woman to whom you were talking is my sister.

和你聊天的那个女人是我姐姐。


125.

May Day is also a festival day for the workers in the world.

劳动节也是全世界劳动人民的节日。


126.

Mike and I had a hamburger this afternoon and we talk.

迈克和我今天下午吃了汉堡,我们聊了聊。


127.

If it were not for air and water, nothing could live.

如果没有空气和水,万物将无法生存。


128.

It was so hot that she felt like eating ice cream.

天气太热了,她想吃冰淇淋。


129.

We hope you will understand the difficult circumstances we're working under.

我们希望你能理解我们工作面临的困难情况。


130.

As I was at a loss what to do, I asked my teacher for advice.

当我不知所措时,我会向老师寻求建议。



Jul 17, 2022
Level 4-Day 13 Pocahontas and John Smith
03:34

词汇提示


1.huts 小屋

2.beads 珠子

3.interior 内陆

4.companions 伙伴

5.dragged 拖拉

6.clubs 棍棒

7.plot 阴谋





原文


Pocahontas and John Smith


In 1606, King James of England approved the establishment of two colonies along the eastern coast of America.

The northern colony in Maine lasted only a year.

The southern one at Jamestown in Virginia became England's first permanent settlement in America

In 1607, the Virginia Company sent 104 settlers to Virginia.

The settlers lived in tents all summer.

By September, more than 60 were dead because they lacked good food or water.

The leaders of the colony were not energetic and did little to make the settlers find food.

One member of the company, Captain John Smith, was determined that the colony would survive.

Smith pressured the colonists to build huts, a storehouse, and a church.

He made daring trips to Indian villages, demanding that they give the settlers food in return for beads and copper.

He threatened settlers who were trying to leave the colony and go back to England.

On one of his trips to the interior, Indians attacked John Smith.

They killed his two companions but captured him alive.

He was taken first to the local chief.

This chief was impressed by Smith's compass and spared his life.

His captors dragged Smith from village to village.

He finally arrived at the town belonging to Powhatan.

Powhatan was the great chief for all of the tribes in that region.

Powhatan and his advisors talked about what to do with Smith.

Suddenly, Smith was dragged forward, and his head was pushed against a stone.

The warriors raised their clubs to kill Smith.

Then Pocahontas, who was Powhatan's twelve-year-old daughter, begged for his life.

Her words had no effect, so Pocahontas ran to Smith.

She took his head in her arms and laid her own head against his head.

Smith was released and went back to Jamestown.

Soon after Smith returned, one hundred new settlers from England arrived.

It was a very cold winter, and in January, Jamestown was accidentally set on fire.

The settlers suffered from cold and hunger the rest of the winter.

Every four or five days, Pocahontas and her attendants came.

They brought food for the hungry settlers.

Even so, half of them died.

In the summer, John Smith explored that part of the coast of America.

He made a map that would be very valuable for future sailors and settlers.

On his return, Smith was elected leader of the colony at Jamestown.

However, some settlers did not like having to follow rules.

Some encouraged the Indians to try to kill Smith.

Chief Powhatan agreed.

He also refused to supply food to the colony, hoping to starve them out.

Pocahontas warned Smith about the plot against his life.

Smith had to fight off several attempts to kill him.

Finally, the colony seemed to be growing, and the Indians became peaceful.

But in late 1609, Smith was injured in an explosion and returned to England.

Pocahontas remained a friend to the colony.

She married John Rolfe, one of the settlers.

In 1616, she traveled to England with her husband and son.

There she saw John Smith once again.

She was so surprised to see him that she was unable to speak for several days.

Pocahontas had believed that Smith was dead.

The following year she died and was buried in England.

Pocahontas' love for Smith, and Smith's determination to fight for the colony, had saved Jamestown and given the English their first colony in America.



翻译


波卡洪塔斯和约翰·史密斯


1606年,英国国王詹姆斯批准在美国东海岸建立两个殖民地。

缅因州的北方殖民地只持续了一年。

弗吉尼亚州詹姆斯敦的南部定居点成为英国在美国的第一个永久定居点

1607年,弗吉尼亚公司向弗吉尼亚州派遣了104名定居者。

定居者整个夏天都住在帐篷里。

截至9月,已有60多人因缺乏优质食物或水而死亡。

殖民地的领导人精力不足,几乎没有让定居者找到食物。

该公司的一名成员,约翰·史密斯上尉,决定该殖民地将继续生存下去。

史密斯推动殖民者建造小屋、仓库和教堂。

他大胆前往印第安人村庄,要求他们给定居者食物,用来交换珠子和铜。

他威胁那些试图离开殖民地回到英国的定居者。

在他一次内陆旅行中,印第安人袭击了约翰·史密斯。

他们杀死了他的两个同伴,活捉了他。

他首先被带到当地的酋长那里。

这位酋长对史密斯的思想印象深刻,因此饶了他一命。

抓捕他的人把史密斯从一个村庄拖到另一个村庄。

他终于到达了波瓦坦镇。

波瓦坦是该地区所有部落的伟大首领。

波瓦坦和他的顾问们讨论了如何处理史密斯。

突然,史密斯被向前拖,他的头被推到了一块石头上。

战士们举起棍棒要杀死史密斯。

波瓦坦12岁的女儿波卡洪塔斯向波瓦坦乞求生命。

波卡洪塔斯的话没有效果,所以她跑向史密斯。

她把他的头抱在怀里,把自己的头靠在他的头上。

史密斯被释放,回到詹姆斯敦。

史密斯回国后不久,100名来自英国的新定居者抵达。

那是一个非常寒冷的冬天,一月份,詹姆斯敦意外起火。

定居者在冬天剩下的时间里忍受着寒冷和饥饿。

每隔四五天,波卡洪塔斯和她的随从就会来。

他们为饥饿的定居者带来了食物。

即便如此,他们中的一半还是死了。

夏天,约翰·史密斯探索了美国海岸的那一部分。

他绘制了一幅地图,对未来的水手和定居者来说非常有价值。

史密斯一回来就被选为詹姆斯敦殖民地的领袖。

然而,一些定居者不喜欢遵守规则。

一些人鼓励印第安人尝试杀死史密斯。

波瓦坦酋长表示同意。

他还拒绝向殖民地提供食物,希望把他们饿死。

波卡洪塔斯警告史密斯,这是针对他生命的阴谋。

史密斯击退了几次杀害他的企图。

最后,殖民地扩张了,印第安人变得和平。

但在1609年末,史密斯在一次爆炸中受伤并返回英国。

波卡洪塔斯仍然是殖民地的朋友。

她嫁给了定居者之一约翰·罗尔夫。

1616年,她与丈夫和儿子前往英国。

在那里,她再次见到了约翰·史密斯。

她见到他非常惊讶,好几天都不能说话了。

波卡洪塔斯相信史密斯已经死了。

第二年,她去世,葬在英国。

波卡洪塔斯对史密斯的爱,以及史密斯为殖民地而战的决心,拯救了詹姆斯敦,并且成英国人在美国的第一个殖民地。





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Jul 16, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 12
11:35

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



原文


2018.12六级第一套 recording one


Here is my baby niece Sarah. Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer.

这是我的小侄女莎拉。她的妈妈是医生,她的父亲是律师。


By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different.

当莎拉上大学的时候,她父母的工作发生了巨大的变化。


In 2013, researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work.

2013年,牛津大学的研究人员对未来的工作进行了研究。


They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines.

他们的结论是,几乎每两个工作中就有一个被机器自动化替代的高风险。


Machine learning is the technology that's responsible for most of this disruption.

机器学习就是造成这种混乱的原因。


It's the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence.

它是人工智能最强大的分支。


It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do.

它允许机器从数据中学习并复制人类可以做的一些事情。


My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning.

我的公司,Kaggle,在机器学习的最前沿运作。


We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia.

我们汇聚了数十万的专家来为工业界和学术界解决重大问题。


This gives us a unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can't do and what jobs they might automate or threaten.

这为我们提供了一个独特的视角,可以了解机器可以做什么,不能做什么以及可以自动化或威胁哪些工作。


Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s. It started with relatively simple tasks.

机器学习在90年代初开始进入工业领域。它从相对简单的任务开始的。


It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes.

它是从例如评估贷款申请的信用风险、阅读手写的邮政编码对邮件进行分类等开始的。


Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs.

过去几年,我们取得了重大突破。


Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks. In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays.

机器学习现在能够完成更复杂的任务。2012年,Kaggle向其社区发起挑战,建立一个可以评价高中论文的程序。


The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers.

获胜程序给出的成绩能够与人类教师的相匹配。


Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this.

现在给出正确的数据,机器在这样的任务表现上将胜过人类。


A teacher might read 10,000 essays over a 40-year career. A machine can read millions of essays within minutes.

40年的职业生涯中,老师可能会阅读10000篇论文。一台机器可以在几分钟内阅读数百万篇论文。


We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot.

我们没有机会在频繁的大容量任务中与机器竞争,但仍然有一些我们可以做而机器无法做到的事情。


Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations.

机器在处理新情况方面取得的进步很小。


Machines can't handle things they haven't seen many times before.

机器无法处理之前没有反复见过的事情。


The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data.

机器学习的基本限制是它需要从大量过去的数据中学习。


But humans don't. We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we've never seen before.

但是人类没有这种限制。我们有能力连接看似不同的线索来解决我们以前从未见过的问题。



问题:


16:

A) About half of current jobs might be automated.

B) The jobs of doctors and lawyers would be threatened.

C) The job market is becoming somewhat unpredictable.

D) Machine learning would prove disruptive by 2013.


17:

A) They are widely applicable for massive open online courses.

B) They are now being used by numerous high school teachers.

C) They could read as many as 10,000 essays in a single minute.

D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers.


18

A) It needs instructions throughout the process.

B) It does poorly on frequent, high-volume tasks.

C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data.

D) It is slow when it comes to tracking novel things.


Jul 14, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 111-120
05:03

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.detect 探测

2.vibrations 震动

3.skull 颅骨

4.pale 灰白的

5.sack 解雇

6.superstitions 迷信




原文 


111.

If you have hope, then you'll certainly find happiness, and will become a role model for others as well.

如果你怀抱希望,那么你一定会找到幸福,而且也会成为其他人的榜样。


112.

Instead, they detect sounds through their tongues and feel vibrations through sense organs in the skull.

相反,他们通过舌头来侦测声音,并通过头骨内的感觉器官来感受震动。


113.

According to one study, Amazon's sales go down by 1% for every 100-millisecond lag in its loading times.

有研究称,打开速度每慢100毫秒,Amazon的销售额就下降1%


114.

By switching your lover from 3D to 2D, you may successfully reduce all social-interaction-related costs.

把恋人从3D换成2D可以有效地降低交际所需的费用。


115.

In July of 2015, the highest temperature in the capital city of Iraq, Baghdad, was 51.1 degrees Celsius.

2015年七月,伊拉克首都巴格达出现摄氏51.1度的高温。


116.

Your face looks pale. Are you OK? Maybe it would be better if you went to the hospital, don't you think?

脸色这么差不要紧吗?要不还是去一趟医院比较好吧?


117.

I got the sack but I've a little saved up, so for the time being I won't be troubled by living expenses.

虽然我被公司解雇了,但是我还有点存款,所以目前不用担心生计问题。


118.

In the past, Turks felt like foreigners on this street because so many international tourists were here.

以前,土耳其人在这条街上感觉就像外国人,因为这里的国际游客太多了。


119.

There's not a lot of time left until the meeting starts. Let's go inside and have a look at who's there.

会议很快就开始了,我们进去看看有谁来了。


120.

Superstitions derive from the inability of men to acknowledge that coincidences are merely coincidences.

迷信之所以存在,是因为人无法接受巧合只是巧合而已。

Jul 12, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 111-120
04:45

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示

1.sake 目的

2.sufficient 满足

3.benevolent 仁慈的

4.mow 修剪

5.brink 边缘




原文


111.

Students are supposed to turn in reports at the end of the school year.

学生应该在学年结束时提交报告。


112.

To give up smoking is not easy, but you should for the sake of your health.

戒烟是不容易,但为了你的健康著想,你应该戒烟。


113.

To begin with, the funds are not sufficient for running a grocery store.

首先,这笔资金不足以经管一家雑货店。


114.

The paint on the seat on which you are sitting is still wet.

你坐的座位上的油漆还没干。


115.

It was obvious that the driver had not been careful enough.

很明显,司机不够小心。


116.

He got angry because he thought (that) everyone was trying to make a fool of him.

他生气了,因为他认为每个人都想愚弄他。


117.

He was a benevolent old man who volunteered to mow his neighbors' lawns for free.

他是一个仁慈的老人,自愿免费为邻居修剪草坪。


118.

We've talked over this matter in detail for half an hour already. Let's finish it off.

这件事我们已经详细地讨论了半个小时了,我们把它做完吧。


119.

When we were on the brink of starvation, they saved our lives.

当我们快饿死的时候,他们救了我们的命


120.

If she should come to Japan, Jane would be very happy.

如果她来日本,简会很高兴的。

Jul 10, 2022
Level 4-Day 12 Plains Indians
03:19

词汇提示


1.plains 草原

2.buckskin 鹿皮

3.spear 矛

4.bow 弓

5.tame 驯服

6.creep up 爬过去

7.stamped 受惊

8.trample 踩踏

9.steep cliff 陡峭的悬崖

10.bullets 子弹

11.slain 杀死

12.teepees 圆锥形帐篷

13.nomadic 游牧的

14.rituals 仪式性的

15.warfare 战争




原文


Plains Indians


The best known picture of an American Indian is a warrior in buckskin, riding a horse, wearing a headdress of eagle feathers and carrying a spear, or bow and arrow.

This is a picture of a Plains Indian, and it appears in many Hollywood westerns and on the American five-cent piece.

There were many tribes of Plains Indians for the Northern American prairies or plains stretch from the northern forest of western Canada down to the States of Oklahoma and Texas in southern U.S.A.

It is interesting that our image of the Plains Indian is only true for the last couple hundred years.

It was not until the 1600s that Plains Indians began to ride horses.

There were no horses in America until Spanish soldiers brought them in the 1500s and 1600s.

Some of these horses escaped and ran wild on the prairies of America.

It was these wild horses that the Plains Indians learned to tame.

Before they had horses, the Indians hunted buffalo on foot.

Buffalo were huge bison, or wild cattle, which traveled in very large herds.

A big herd might have millions of buffalo.

It was difficult to cross the prairie because these animals blocked your way.

The Plains Indians had various ways of killing buffalo.

Before they had horses, Indian hunters would quietly creep up close to the herd; then they would fire their arrows together.

There was always the danger that the herd would stampede and trample the hunters.

Another method was to drive the buffalo over a steep cliff.

There are a number of places on the plains where this was done.

Once the Plains Indians had horses, they preferred to hunt buffalo on horseback.

When the tribes started to use guns, they could kill many buffalo.

Artist Paul Kane describes a buffalo hunt in the Red River Valley in 1846.

The hunters carried their bullets in their mouths so that they could shoot faster.

They would ride right into the herd, shooting at close quarters.

They would drop an article of clothes on the slain buffalo to mark it for themselves.

Then they would continue the hunt.

After the hunt, the Indians would skin the animals,and the women would dry the meat and store it in fat.

A single hunt might kill more than 30,000 buffalo.

The Plains Indians received nearly everything they needed from the buffalo.

Of course, they used buffalo meat for food.

They also used the buffalo skins for clothing, blankets, and the covering of their teepees.

These teepees were cone-shaped tents, which were easy to put up and take down.

Plains Indians were nomadic, and followed the animals they hunted.

Since these animals were plentiful, Plains Indians usually led a comfortable life.

They developed complex religions and social rituals,as well as specialized societies or clubs.

There were also rituals and customs for hunting and warfare.

Many Plains Indians fought hard against the settlement of the Great Plains.

The American government discouraged the hunting of buffalo,because without the buffalo the Plains Indians would not be able to fight.

With the buffalo disappearing, the Plains Indians had to give up fighting and move into government-sponsored reservations.



翻译


大平原印第安人


最著名的美国印第安人照片是一位身穿鹿皮的战士,骑着马,头戴鹰羽毛的头饰,手持长矛或弓箭。
这是一张平原印第安人的照片,它出现在许多好莱坞西部片和美国五美分纸币上。
美国北部大草原有许多平原印第安人部落,从加拿大西部的北部森林一直延伸到美国南部的俄克拉荷马州和得克萨斯州。
有趣的是,我们对平原印第安人的印象只有在过去的几百年里才是真实的。
直到17世纪,平原印第安人才开始骑马。
直到16世纪和16世纪西班牙士兵把马带来,美国才有马。
其中一些马逃跑了,在美国大草原上狂奔。
平原印第安人学会驯服的正是这些野马。
在有马之前,印第安人步行猎杀水牛。
水牛是巨大的野牛,它们成群结队地迁徙。
一个大群可能有数百万头水牛。
穿越大草原很困难,因为这些动物挡住了你的路。
平原印第安人有各种杀死水牛的方法。
在他们有马之前,印度猎人会悄悄地靠近马群;然后他们会一起射箭。
牧群总是有踩踏和践踏猎人的危险。
另一种方法是把水牛赶出陡峭的悬崖。
平原上有许多这样的地方。
一旦平原印第安人有了马,他们就喜欢骑马猎杀水牛。
当部落开始使用枪支时,他们可以杀死许多水牛。
艺术家保罗·凯恩(PaulKane)描述了1846年在红河谷(Red River Valley)狩猎水牛的情景。
猎人们把子弹叼在嘴里,以便能射得更快。
他们会骑马进入牛群,近距离射击。
他们会把一件衣服扔在被杀的水牛身上为自己做标记。
然后他们会继续狩猎。
狩猎结束后,印第安人会剥动物的皮,女人们会把肉弄干并储存在脂肪中。
一次狩猎可能杀死30000多头水牛。
平原印第安人几乎从水牛那里得到了他们所需要的一切。
当然,他们用水牛肉做食物。
他们还用水牛皮做衣服、毯子和圆锥形帐篷的覆盖物。
这些圆锥形帐篷很容易搭建和拆除。
平原印第安人是游牧民族,他们追踪他们猎杀的动物。
由于这些动物数量众多,平原印第安人通常过着舒适的生活。
他们发展了复杂的宗教和社会仪式,以及专门的社团或俱乐部。
还有狩猎和战争的仪式和习俗。
许多平原印第安人奋力反抗大平原的定居。
美国政府不鼓励猎杀水牛,没有水牛平原印第安人就无法战斗。
随着水牛的消失,平原印第安人不得不放弃战斗,搬到政府资助的保留地。






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Jul 09, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 11
08:41

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。



原文


2018.12六级第一套 Passage Two


A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it's sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel.

通常良好的意志力对于完成任何任务都是必要的,无论是坚持一项支出计划还是完成一部伟大小说。


And if you want to increase that willpower, a new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it.

如果你想增强意志力,一项新的研究表明你只需要相信你拥有它。


According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower.

根据这项研究,最重要的就是我们对意志力的持有什么看法。


If we believe it's a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks.

如果我们认为这是一种有限的资源,我们就会表现对应的举止:我们感到筋疲力尽,在高要求的脑力活动之间需要休息。


However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead.

然而,那些将自己的意志力视为无限资源的人却变得精力充沛。


The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study.

研究人员使用心理评估工具来测试研究的有效性。


They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired.

他们要求1100名美国人和1600名欧洲人对不同的说法进行评分,例如在经过挑战性的脑力活动之后我的能量消耗殆尽、我必须休息以再次恢复能量,或我可以长时间专注于脑力任务没有感到疲倦。


Although there was little difference between men and women overall, Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks.

尽管男女之间整体上几乎没有什么区别,美国人更有可能承认,在完成具有挑战性的脑力任务后需要休息。


European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going.

而另一方面欧洲参与者却声称他们能够继续前进。


Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it.

根据研究结果,研究人员认为提高你的意志力的关键是相信你自己有充足的意志力。


Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave. But these feelings are changeable, they said.

你对意志力的感受会影响你的行为方式。但是他们说这些感觉是多变的。


Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development.

改变你对自我控制本质的看法可以对人格发展产生积极影响。


This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people.

这会带来更健康的行为,也会改善对他人的看法。


问题:


12:

A) A good start.

B) A detailed plan.

C) A strong determination.

D) A scientific approach.


13:

A) Most people get energized after a sufficient rest.

B) Most people tend to have a finite source of energy.

C) It is vital to take breaks between demanding mental tasks.

D) It is most important to have confidence in one 's willpower.


14:

A) They could keep on working longer.

B) They could do more challenging tasks.

C) They found it easier to focus on work at hand.

D) They held more positive attitudes toward life.


15:

A) They are part of their nature.

B) They are subject to change.

C) They are related to culture.

D) They are beyond control.


Jul 07, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 101-110
04:43

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.lousy 糟糕的

2.programmer 程序员

3.gorillas 猩猩




原文 


101.

After he had graduated from the university, he taught English for two years.

从他大学毕业以后,他教了两年的英语。


102.

Why did you wake me up to tell me something that big? Now, I'll never be able to concentrate on my work!

你为什么要唤我起来,告诉我如此晴天霹雳的消息?现在你教我如何认真工作?


103.

That's the thing about people who think they hate computers. What they really hate is lousy programmers.

那些自认为讨厌电脑的人就是这么回事。他们真正讨厌的是差劲 的程序员。


104.

In Thailand, bringing up the children isn't the father's responsibility; it's entirely up to the mother.

在泰国,照顾子女不是父亲的责任,而是由母亲一手包办的。


105.

Gorillas cannot use their lips and tongues to speak, but they can communicate with people in other ways.

虽然猩猩不懂得开口说话,但他们能用其他方式和人类沟通。


106.

If your friend reminds you kindly of your faults, take what he says not only pleasantly, but thankfully.

如果有朋友对你作出善意批评,你不止应该欣然接受,还要好好的感谢他。


107.

The Japanese Parliament today officially elected Ryütarõ Hashimoto as the country's 52nd prime minister.

日本国会今天正式选举了桥本龙太郎作为全国第52届总理。


108.

"What was that person saying?"

"He couldn't communicate in Russian at all so I told him off in Russian."

“那个人在说什么?”

“他一点也无法用俄语沟通,所以我用俄语责备他。”


109.

You're not entirely to blame; just then I was listening to music all along, and wasn't paying attention.

那也不能全怪你,刚才我一直在听歌,也没注意。


110.

As much as 90 percent of happiness comes from elements such as attitude, life control and relationships.

高达百分之九十的快乐来自看法、生活控制、关系等因素。



Jul 05, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 101-110
05:03

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.weather 度过

2.inevitable 无法避免的



原文


101.

In the U.S., you usually have to show identification in order to buy alcohol.

在美国,买酒通常需要出示身份证件。


102.

Since then he had put his whole soul into his work.

从那时起,他就全身心地投入到工作中去了。


103.

Until quite recently, most of the things we needed were made by hand.

直到最近,我们需要的大部分东西都是手工制作的。


104.

The industrialist found a wealthy financier to help him weather the storm which was inevitable.

实业家找到了一位富有的金融家来帮助他度过这场不可避免的风暴。


105.

This novel is so easy that even a child can read it.

这本小说很浅显,连小孩都能看懂。


106.

The lady that is speaking to that boy is his teacher.

正在和那个男孩说话的那位女士是他的老师。


107.

The engineer seeks not so much to know nature as to make use of it.

工程師与其说是想了解自然,不如说是想利用自然。


108.

The children were so excited after the party that they couldn't sleep.

聚会结束后,孩子们兴奋得睡不着觉。


109.

Nick can speak Portuguese very well. That's because he's been studying it for 5 years.

尼克葡萄牙语说得很好。那是因为他已经学习五年了。


110.

In the car on the way home, he was making plans for the next day.

在回家的车上,他正在为第二天做计划。


Jul 03, 2022
Level 4-Day 11 Paul Kane, Frontier Artist
04:35

词汇提示


1.forniter 边疆

2.wigwams 茅屋

3.measles 麻疹

4.smallpox 天花

5.vanish 消亡

6.canoe fleet 独木舟船队

7.sketches 素描

8.forts 堡垒

9.chief 酋长

10.tribes 部落




原文


Paul Kane, Frontier Artist


Since Christopher Columbus first met American Indians in 1492, many Europeans had been fascinated by Indian life and culture.

As a result, there was a demand in Europe for drawings and paintings of Native Americans.

European artists who had never seen an Indian supplied most of this demand.

But in the nineteenth century, several painters traveled into Indian Territory to make an authentic record of native life.

One of the first artists to do this was the American painter George Catlin.

In 1841, Catlin published a book of his work.

Catlin's work helped inspire another important frontier artist, the Canadian Paul Kane.

Paul Kane was born in Ireland in 1810.

His family moved to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, when Paul was nine years old.

The young boy was not very interested in school.

At that time, there were still Indians living in wigwams in the Toronto area.

Young Paul liked visiting the Indian village instead of going to school.

Since Paul spent little time in school, he was largely a self-taught artist.

He also became a surprisingly good writer,considering that he had not spent much time studying spelling or grammar.

After working some years making and decorating furniture, Kane was ready to travel.

He spent the years from 1836 to 1841 living and traveling in the United States.

Then he traveled in Europe from 1841 to 1843, studying the great painters of the past.

He was back in the U.S.A. until 1845, and then he returned to Toronto.

Immediately upon his return, Kane headed into the wilderness areas around Georgian Bay, Sault Ste. Marie, and Lake Michigan.

His plan was to sketch Indian life before it disappeared forever.

American Indians were dying so rapidly from European diseases,such as measles and smallpox, that many people believed that they would soon vanish as a race.

Their culture was threatened too.

As white settlers demanded more land,Indians were being herded into small pieces of land calledreservations.

Here they could no longer practice their traditional way of life.

Kane wanted to capture Native American life while it still existed.

Kane returned to Toronto at the end of 1845.

He had received one good piece of advice and that was if he wanted to travel into the wildernesshe would have to go with experienced people.

He was able to get the support of the Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, Sir George Simpson.

In May 1846, Kane joined the annual canoe fleet of fur traders going west.

Kane would travel all through the wilderness areas of western Canada and northwestern U.S.A.

During this time, he made hundreds of sketches of Indian life.

Although Kane faced incredible hardships during his travels,he was able to see what he wanted to see.

He was able to take part in one of the last great Buffalo hunts and killed two large bison himself.

Traveling west with the fur traders he visited many forts and trading posts.

He saw and painted a prairie fire.

He shot a grizzly bear at close range and killed several wolves that attacked his horses.

He learned to travel long distances on snowshoes in winter.

Finally, he arrived at the Pacific coast, where he made some fine drawings of the west coast Indians.

European diseases had reached there just before Kane.

Fifteen hundred Indians had died near Fort Vancouver in the summer of 1848.

One wealthy chief had ruled 1,000 warriors and had ten wives, four children and eighteen slaves.

Now he had only one wife, one child and two slaves.

Kane had not come too soon.

However, there were tribes still unaffected by western culture and western diseases.

Kane also traveled widely around the Columbia River in northwestern U.S.A.

Everywhere he went, he sketched Indian chiefs and scenes of native life.

On his return trip, he encountered a large war party of 1,500 braves on the warpath against their traditional enemies.

He was able to sketch the leading chief, Big Snake,who was later killed in single combat during the battle.

When he arrived back in Toronto, Kane gave an exhibit of his sketches and watercolors.

Most of the rest of his life was spent turning these drawings into finished paintings.



翻译


保罗·凯恩,边疆艺术家


自1492年克里斯托弗·哥伦布第一次见到美洲印第安人以来,许多欧洲人一直对印第安人的生活和文化着迷。
因此,欧洲对土著美国人的绘素描和绘画有需求。
从未见过印第安人的欧洲艺术家提供了大部分需求。
但在十九世纪,一些画家进入印第安人领土,真实记录当地生活。
美国画家乔治·卡特林是最早这样做的艺术家之一。
1841年,卡特林出版了一本他的著作。
卡特林的作品启发了另一位重要的边疆艺术家,加拿大的保罗·凯恩。
保罗·凯恩1810年出生于爱尔兰。
保罗九岁时,全家搬到加拿大安大略省多伦多。
这个小男孩对学校不太感兴趣。
当时,多伦多地区的维格瓦姆斯仍有印第安人居住。
年轻的保罗喜欢参观印第安人村庄而不是去上学。
由于保罗在学校的时间很少,他基本上是一个自学成才的艺术家。
他还成为了一个出人意料的好作家,尽管他没有花多少时间学习拼写或语法
在制作和装饰家具几年后,凯恩准备旅行。
1836年至1841年,他在美国生活和旅行。
1841年至1843年,他在欧洲旅行,研究过去的伟大画家。
他回到美国直到1845年,然后回到多伦多。
凯恩一回来,就立即前往佐治亚湾附近的荒野地区,玛丽和密歇根湖。
他的计划是在印第安人永远消失之前勾勒出他们的生活。
美洲印第安人正迅速死于麻疹和天花等欧洲疾病,许多人认为他们很快就会作为一个种族消失。
他们的文化也受到了威胁。
随着白人定居者要求更多的土地,印第安人被放逐到称为“保留地”的小块土地上。
在这里,他们无法再实践他们的传统生活方式。
凯恩想抓住美洲土著人还在时的生活。
凯恩于1845年底返回多伦多。
他收到了一条很好的建议,那就是如果他想去野外旅行,他必须和有经验的人一起去。
他得到了哈德逊湾公司总裁乔治·辛普森爵士的支持。
1846年5月,凯恩加入了每年一度的皮草贸易商向西航行的独木舟船队。
凯恩将穿越加拿大西部和美国西北部的荒野地区。
在此期间,他绘制了数百幅印第安人生活的素描。
尽管凯恩在旅行中遇到了难以置信的困难,但他能够看到他想看到的东西。
他参加了最后一次大型野牛狩猎,并亲自杀死了两只大野牛。
他和毛皮商人一起向西旅行,参观了许多堡垒和贸易站。
他看到并画了一场草原大火。
他近距离射杀了一只灰熊,并杀死了几只袭击他的马的狼。
他在冬天学会了穿雪鞋长途旅行。
最后,他来到了太平洋海岸,在那里他画了一些西海岸印第安人的精美图画。
就在凯恩之前,欧洲疾病已经蔓延到了那里。
1848年夏天,1500名印度人在温哥华堡附近死亡。
一位富有的酋长曾统治着1000名战士,有十个妻子、四个孩子和十八个奴隶。
现在他只有一个妻子,一个孩子和两个奴隶。
凯恩来得不够早。
然而,仍有一些部落没有受到西方文化和西方疾病的影响。
凯恩还广泛游历了美国西北部的哥伦比亚河。
无论走到哪里,他都会勾勒出印第安酋长和当地生活的场景。
在返程途中,他遇到了一支由1500名勇士组成的大型作战队伍,他们正在与传统敌人作战。
他画出了首领大蛇的素描,大蛇后来在一场战斗中被杀。
当他回到多伦多时,凯恩展示了他的素描和水彩画。
他余生的大部分时间都在把这些画变成成品画。






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Jul 02, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 10
08:52

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。





词汇提示


1.Arctic 北极

2.hovers 靠近

3.stunning 震惊

4.bizarre 反常的

5.surge 上升

6.melting 融化

7.penetrate 穿透

8.indigenous 本地的

9.ecosystems 生态系统





原文


2018.12六级第一套  Passage One


During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius.

10月至次年3月的北极冬季,冰冻北部的平均温度通常在零下20摄氏度左右徘徊。


But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures.

但是今年北极正在经历更高的温度。


On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours.

220日,格陵兰岛的气温升至零摄氏度以上,并保持超过24个小时。


Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland's northern tip reached six degrees Celsius.

然后在224日,格陵兰岛北端的温度达到了6摄氏度。


Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning. Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before.

气候科学家称这种现象令人震惊。导致气温反常飙升的情况过去也曾在北极发生过。


They typically appear about once in a decade. However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago.

它们通常每十年发生一次。然而,上一次这样的温度升高是两年前才发生的。


This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming.

这令人不安,因为不断升高的北极温度加上快速的海冰损失,正在创造一种新型的气候反馈循环,而它可以加速北极变暖。


Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected. Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before.

实际上,北极的海冰盖融化速度比预期的要快。如果没有大量海冰的冷却,被带到北极的暖空气可以比以前更深入地渗透到内陆。


The air can stay warmer longer too. This drives additional melting.

空气也可以保持更长时间的温暖。这会带来更多的融化。


Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace. 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth.

整个地球正在快速变暖。2014年至2017年是有记录以来最热的年份,而北极的变暖速度是地球上任何其他地方的两倍。


This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive.

这给依赖北极生态系统生存的北极野生动物和土著居民带来了特殊的挑战。


Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers

without ice within 20 years.

先前的气候预测估计,北极夏季冰将在2060年左右完全消失,但根据科学家现在所看到的情况,北极可能在20年内就会面临无冰的夏季。



问题:

9: What did climate scientists describe as stunning?

A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland.

B) The collapse of ice on the northern tip of Greenland.

C) The unusual cold spell in the Arctic area in October.

D) The rapid change of Arctic temperature within a day.


10: What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic?

A) It has created a totally new climate pattern.

B) It will pose a serious threat to many species.

C) It typically appears about once every ten years.

D) It has puzzled the climate scientists for decades.


11: What may occur in 20 years according to scientists' recent observations?

A) Extinction of Arctic wildlife.

B) Iceless summers in the Arctic.

C) Emigration of indigenous people.

D) Better understanding of ecosystems.

Jun 30, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 91-100
04:41

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。





词汇提示

1.striker 前锋

2.tackle 抢断球

3.withstand 承受

4.disheartened 灰心丧气

5.anxious 焦虑

6.Quran 古兰经

7.solely 纯粹的





原文


91.

Although the accident has delayed progress by one month, we have managed to catch up with the schedule.

尽管事故使进度延迟了一个月,我们还是设法赶上了日程表。


92.

Lionel Messi is one of the best strikers in the world. He has scored the most goals ever for Barcelona.

里奥·梅西是世界上最杰出的前锋之一,他是巴塞罗那进球最多的球员。


93.

When Mike tried to tackle the other player, he pushed him and he was given a yellow card and a warning.

当迈克试图铲球的时候,他用手推了对方球员一把,结果得到了黄牌警告。


94.

Because all of the teams in the Premier League are really strong, the goal difference is usually small.

因为在甲级联赛中,所有队伍都很有实力,净胜球差异很小。


95.

At what age will I be able to withstand what now hurts me so easily, makes me disheartened and anxious?

到了多少岁之后,我才能变得不会轻易地被某些东西伤害,沮丧,彷徨失措呢。


96.

Europe, with its four distinct seasons, is the most suitable environment for the human race to live in.

欧洲的四季分明,是最适合人类居住的环境。


97.

This science fiction story seems interesting. Will you lend it to me when you have finished reading it?

这个科幻故事似乎很有趣。你看完的时候能不能借给我?


98.

Tom wanted to be able to read the original Quran and solely for that reason he started learning Arabic.

汤姆是为了能够看懂古兰经的原文才去开始学习阿拉伯语的。


99.

If you'd listen a little more carefully to what the teacher says, you'd probably be able to understand.

假如你在老师讲课的时候再集中一点去听讲的话,你应该就能弄明白了。


100.

The official languages of the United Nations are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

联合国的正式语言是阿拉伯文,中文,英文,法文,俄文,和西班牙文。





Jun 28, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 91-100
04:41

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.polite 礼貌

2.Siberian 西伯利亚

3.cheating 作弊




原文


91.
To know a language is one thing, and to teach it is another.
会一门语言是一回事,教一门语言是另一回事。


92.
On arriving at the station, I called a friend of mine.
一到车站,我就给一个朋友打了电话。


93.
Whichever way you may take, you can get to the station in about ten minutes.
不管你走哪条路,都可以在十分钟内到达车站。


94.
Please pick me up by car in front of the hotel.
请开车到酒店前面来接我。


95.
Working part-time at a supermarket, I found that some customers were polite whereas others weren't.
我在一家超市做兼职,发现有些顾客很有礼貌,而有些则不然。


96.
I want to study abroad, even if my parents are against it.
尽管父母反对,我也想出国留学。


97.
The Siberian Railway is at once the longest and best-known railway in the world.
西伯利亚是世界上最长、最著名的铁路。


98.
Once you've got into a bad habit, it can be difficult to get out of it.
一旦你养成了坏习惯,就很难改掉。


99.
I may as well go out than stay at home.
我宁愿出去也不愿呆在家里。


100.
The teacher had her eye on me because she thought I was cheating.
老师盯着我,因为她认为我在作弊。




Jun 26, 2022
Level 4-Day 10 Newspapers
03:58

词汇提示


1.pamphlets 手册

2.circulated 流通

3.dispatch 电讯

4.illustration 插图

5.pioneer 先驱

6.sensational 轰动的

7.imitated 模仿

8.gossip 八卦

9.horoscope 星座




原文


Newspapers


All the great cities in the world now have newspapers.

But newspapers, as we know them today, are not that old.

The very first newspapers began long after the invention of printing.

They started in Europe in the 1600s, and were usually only a couple of pages long.

For a long time, newspapers were not very common.

Governments didn't want public discussion of their policies and decisions.

Often they closed down papers, or taxed them heavily.

The "Stamp Tax" on newspapers and pamphlets was one of the causes of the American Revolution.

Newspapers began to grow in size when they discovered advertising as a source of income.

Nowadays, advertising is the main revenue source for most newspapers.

As newspapers became more widely circulated, they could ask for more money for their advertisements.

By the late eighteenth century, newspapers were in common use in Europe.

The 1800s and early 1900s was the golden age of newspapers.

Improvements in transportation, communication and printing processes made it easier to collect news from near and far and to publish papers more quickly and more cheaply.

The Weekly Dispatch and the Times, both of London, England, were leading newspapers through much of the 1800s.

The Times was one of the first papers to include illustrations.

It was the first newspaper to use a steam engine to turn the presses.

When the tax on newspapers was reduced in 1836, the Times was able to increase its size considerably.

In 1840, it began to use the telegraph to collect news stories.

In 1855 the tax on newspapers was finally lifted.

The Times made its greatest reputation during the Crimean War between Britain and Russia.

British armies, fighting in Russia's Crimean Peninsula, were not only unsuccessful in the war, but were suffering severely from illnesses.

The Times sent out the world's first war correspondent, William Howard Russell, in 1854.

His reports from the battle lines had a powerful effect on the British public.

A War Fund was organized to help the soldiers

Russell forced the government to accept the offer of Florence Nightingale to organize nurses to travel to Crimea.

A photographer, Roger Fenton, sent back photos from the war, which were published in the Times.

Meanwhile in America, a more popular approach to newspapers had developed.

The newspaper had spread west with the pioneers, and nearly every little settlement had its own paper.

American newspapers were cheaper and livelier than British ones.

They were aimed at the average person, rather than the governing class.

Examples of the new style of editing and publishing were Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.

Hearst, especially, employed sensational and emotional writing, which aimed at stirring up the public to action.

Hearst is sometimes accused of starting the Spanish-American War of 1898 with his over-heated editorials.

Nonetheless, his methods were successful in raising circulation and were widely imitated.

The modern newspaper contains more than hard news.

In fact, news may be a fairly small part of it.

Advertisements, gossip, show business, photos of celebrities, sports, stock market prices,horoscopes, comic strips, weather reports and much more are found in its pages.

The modern newspaper is a total entertainment package.

A question for the future is whether electronic newspapers will replace paper newspapers.



翻译


报纸


世界上所有的大城市现在都有报纸。
但报纸,正如我们今天所知,并没有那么古老。
最早的报纸是在印刷术发明很久之后开始的。
它们始于17世纪的欧洲,通常只有几页长。
在很长一段时间里,报纸并不常见。
政府不希望公众讨论他们的政策和决定。
他们经常关闭报纸,或对其征收重税。
报纸和小册子上的“印花税”是美国革命的原因之一。
当报纸发现广告是一种收入来源时,它们的规模开始扩大。
如今,广告是大多数报纸的主要收入来源。
随着报纸的传播越来越广泛,他们可以为广告索要更多的钱。
到了十八世纪末,报纸在欧洲已普遍使用。
19世纪和20世纪初是报纸的黄金时代。
运输、通信和印刷流程的改进使从远近收集新闻变得更加容易,并以更快、更低廉的价格发表论文。
英国伦敦的《周报》和《泰晤士报》在19世纪的大部分时间里都是领先的报纸。
《泰晤士报》是最早刊登插图的报纸之一。
这是第一家使用蒸汽机转动印刷机的报纸。

1836年,当报纸税降低时,《泰晤士报》得以大幅扩大其规模。
1840年,它开始使用电报收集新闻报道。
1855年,报纸税终于取消了。
《泰晤士报》在英国和俄罗斯之间的克里米亚战争中享有盛誉。
在俄罗斯克里米亚半岛作战的英国军队不仅在战争中失败,而且还患有严重的疾病。
1854年,《泰晤士报》派出了世界第一任战地记者威廉·霍华德·罗素。
他在前线的报道对英国公众产生了巨大的影响。
一个战争基金被组织了来帮助士兵
拉塞尔迫使政府接受弗洛伦斯·南丁格尔组织护士前往克里米亚的提议。
摄影师罗杰·芬顿(RogerFenton)发回了《泰晤士报》上刊登的战争照片。
与此同时,在美国,一种更受欢迎的报业方式已经形成。
报纸随着拓荒者向西传播,几乎每个小定居点都有自己的报纸。
美国报纸比英国报纸更便宜、更生动。
他们的目标是普通人,而不是统治阶级。
约瑟夫·普利策(JosephPulitzer)和威廉·伦道夫·赫斯特(WilliamRandolphHearst)就是这种新编辑出版风格的例子。
赫斯特尤其采用了耸人听闻和情绪化的写作,旨在激起公众的行动。
赫斯特有时被指控以其过于激烈的社论发动1898年的美西战争。
尽管如此,他的方法成功地提高了发行量,并被广泛模仿。
现代报纸包含的不仅仅是硬新闻。
事实上,新闻可能只是其中相当小的一部分。
广告、八卦、演艺事业、名人照片、体育、股市价格、星座、连环漫画、天气预报等等都可以在其页面上找到。
现代报纸是一个完全的娱乐包。
未来的问题是电子报纸是否会取代纸质报纸。






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Jun 25, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 9
08:01

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。





词汇提示


1.dissertation 论文

2.aesthetics 美学

3.adhere 遵守

4.assigned 指定的

5.philosopher 哲学家

6.biography 传记

7.parameters 参数

8.cumulative 积累的

9.manifest 表现出来





原文


2018.12六级第一套  Conversation Two


Hi professor. I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you're not too busy.

教授,如果您不是太忙,我希望占用一点您的时间。


I'm having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin.

我在开始学位论文时遇到了一些问题,我希望你能就如何开始给我一些建议。


Sure. I have quite a few students though. So can you remind me what your topic is?

当然可以。不过我有过不少学生。那你能否告诉我下你的主题是什么?


The general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that's as far as I've got, I don't really know where to go from there.

我选择的大方向是美学,但就我所知,我真的不知道往哪里写。


Yeah, that's much too large a topic. You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible. Otherwise you'll be writing a book.

是的,这个话题太大了。为了更容易完成,你真的需要缩小范围。否则你就是在写一本书。


Exactly. That's what I wanted to ask you about. I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics. I'm really more interested in nature than beauty.

确实。这就是我想问你的问题。我希望我能够换个话题。我真的对大自然的兴趣要比美学大。


I'm afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic. Still, If you're interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation.

恐怕你必须遵守指定的主题。而且,如果你对大自然感兴趣,那么这肯定可以写进你的论文。


We've talked about Hume before in class right.

Oh yeah, he's the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from.

我们在课前谈到过休谟。

哦,是的,他是哲学家,他写过我们关于美的想法来自于哪里。


Exactly. I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography. Start from there. But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment.

完全正确。我建议你去图书馆看一本他的传记。从那里出发,不过要记得遵照作业要求来写。


This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade. So make sure to follow the instructions.

这篇论文占你总成绩的比重很大。所以,确保遵循说明。


If you take a look at his biography, You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty.

如果你看看他的传记,你可以很好地了解他的生活经历如何在他的美学理论中表现出来。


Specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful.

特别是他把自然看作是我们发现美丽的起源的方式。


Great. Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor. I'll let you get back to class now.

If there's anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time.

太好了。教授,感谢您抽出宝贵时间回答我的问题。我就不打扰您上课了。

如果你还需要其他任何东西,请随时来我办公室找我。



问题:

5:What is the man's problem?

A) He is too busy to finish his assignment in time.

B) He does not know what kind of topic to write on.

C) He does not understand the professor's instructions.

D) He has no idea how to proceed with his dissertation.


6:what does the professor think of the man's topic?

A) It is too broad.

B) It is a bit outdated.

C) It is challenging.

D) It is interesting.


7: What's the man really more interested in?

A) Biography.

B) Nature.

C) Philosophy.


8: What does the professor say the man has to do?

A) Improve his cumulative grade.

B) Develop his reading ability.

C) Stick to the topic assigned.

D) List the parameters first.

Jun 23, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 81-90
04:45

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.have a bone to pick 挑毛病

2.essence 本质

3.carbon dioxide 二氧化碳

4.fuel 燃料

5.plum 李

6.blossoms 花





原文


81.

If you have a bone to pick with a person, tell it to his face instead of saying things behind his back.

如果你们之间有问题,应该当面告诉他,不要在背后说他。


82.

The amount of time someone is willing to spend on something may communicate how important it is to him.

从一个人在某件事上肯花多少时间,就能看出这件事对这个人有多重要。


83.

That 'Ayumi' kid, only 13 but has performed in movies and theatres as a child actor since she was five.

那个叫做Ayumi的孩子,你别看她才十三岁,她五岁的时候就成了童星,在电影和舞台剧中演出了。


84.

People who want to share their religious views with you almost never want you to share yours with them.

想要跟你分享他们宗教信仰的人几乎从不愿你跟他们分享你的。


85.

Time is of the essence, Paul. If you don't tell her how you feel now, you'll never have another chance.

时间就是生命,保罗。如果你不告诉她你现在的感觉,你永远不会有第二次机会。


86.

Carbon dioxide is a gas that is produced every time a fuel such as coal, oil, or natural gas is burned.

二氧化碳是燃烧煤、石油或天然气这样的燃料时会产生的气体。


87.

In fact, love is the only genuinely precious thing in life; it's also the only thing

worthy of pursuit.

其实爱情是人生唯一的、真正珍贵的;也是唯一的、真正值得追求的东西。


88.

Country girls like to cut red paper into peach and plum blossoms and paste them onto doors and windows.

农村的女孩喜欢把红色的纸裁减成桃和李的花及贴在门窗上。


89.

This is an example of confusing two things that have a common cause with one thing that causes another.

这显然是将属并列关系的两件事误解成为因果关系了。


90.

Since all tasks have been completed without delay, we are ready to start the next phase of development.

既然所有的任务都按时完成了,我们已经准备好开始下一阶段的开发了。



Jun 21, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 81-90
04:29

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示

1.to the tune of 达到...之多

2.with regard to 关于

3.at the sight of 看见...时

4.malicious 恶毒

5.gossip 谣言



原文


81.

I had to pay the bill to the tune of ten dollars.

我不得不付了十美元的账单。


82.

If it's not too much trouble, I would like some help.

如果不太麻烦的话,我想请你帮个忙。


83.

I must keep a secret with regard to the fact.

关于这一事实,我必须保守秘密。


84.

Feeling the house shake, I ran out into the yard at the back of the house.

感觉到房子在摇晃,我跑到房子后面的院子里。


85.

Should he be given another chance, he would do his best.

如果再给他一次机会,他会尽最大努力。


86.

You have to study hard to catch up with your class.

你必须努力学习才能赶上班里的其他人。


87.

The girl began to cry at the sight of a dog.

那女孩一看见狗就哭了起来。


88.

Malicious gossip spreads like wildfire. I guess that's why they say bad news travels fast.

恶意的流言蜚语如野火般蔓延。我想这就是为什么他们说坏事传千里。


89.

One sunny day in April, I went out for a walk.

四月里的一天,天气晴朗,我出去散步。


90.

It will be done a week from today, that is, on May 3.

从今天起一个星期,也就是53日,能够完成。


Jun 19, 2022
Level 4-Day 9 Niagara-on-the-Lake
03:44

词汇提示


1.forts 要塞

2.rows 一行

3.vine 葡萄藤

4.mild 暖和的

5.humid 湿润的

6.flourish 茂盛的

7.shrubs 乔木

8.perfume 香气

9.enthusiasts 爱好者

10.marina 码头

11.wagon 马车

12.hectic 忙碌




原文


Niagara-on-the-Lake


Niagara-on-the-Lake is a little town at the mouth of the Niagara River.

It is only twelve miles north of Niagara Falls.

It used to be true that very few tourists would bother to travel from the Falls down to Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Nowadays, however, the little town itself is a major tourist attraction.

The town has a remarkable history.

The area played an important role in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

As a result, the little town has two forts, Fort George and Fort Mississauga.

When Fort George was reconstructed for the public in the 1930s, Niagara-on-the-Lake got its first big tourist attraction.

Because Niagara-on-the-Lake was the first capital of Ontario, it has many significant "firsts."

There was the first parliament in the province, the first legal society, the first library, the first newspaper, the first museum building, and many more "firsts."

Besides its history, the town, which is bordered by Lake Ontario and the Niagara River, has beautiful scenery.

On a summer's day, visitors can watch the sailboats going out the river to the lake.

On the landside, Niagara is part of the fruit belt of Ontario.

Peaches, pears, apples, cherries and strawberries grow here in abundance.

There are also long rows of vines, and winemaking has recently become a major industry.

The mild humid climate allows plants to flourish.

The trees, especially the oaks, grow to remarkable heights.

Flowering trees and shrubs perfume the air in the spring.

Gardens are often spectacular for much of the year.

Because of this, Niagara-on-the-Lake attracts many painters and photographers.

Many of the private homes also have a long history, and great care is taken to keep them looking their best.

The biggest single attraction is the Shaw Festival Theatre.

The Festival was founded in 1962 by a group of Shaw enthusiasts.

Early productions were often held in the historic Court House on the main street, and plays still take place there.

In 1973, however, a new 861 seat Shaw Theatre was built at the south end of town.

Since then, traffic to Niagara- on-the-Lake has been steady all through the long summer season.

In 1996, Niagara-on-the-Lake was voted "the prettiest town in Canada.

Partly, it is the scale of things that makes the old town so attractive.

The old town is only about eight blocks long by eight blocks wide.

It has a population of little more than 1,000 people.

Nonetheless, there is a lot for people to do and see.

There are many interesting shops, old hotels, bookstores, art galleries, museums, a golf course, a marina, historic churches and cemeteries, several parks, three theatres and lots of restaurants.

Because it is small, Niagara-on-the-Lake is a good place to walk around or bicycle around.

There are also horse and wagon rides.

Although the main street can be hectic in tourist season,one doesn't have to go far off the main street to get in touch with an older slower time.

Most of the downtown buildings haven't changed much since the days of Queen Victoria,and tourists can still imagine that they are back in the days before computers and television.





翻译

湖上的尼亚加拉


湖上的尼亚加拉是尼亚加拉河口的一个小镇。
它离尼亚加拉大瀑布以北只有十二英里。
过去确实很少有游客愿意从瀑布到尼亚加拉湖。
然而,如今,这个小镇本身就是一个主要的旅游景点。
这个城镇有着非凡的历史。
该地区在美国独立战争和1812年战争中都发挥了重要作用。
因此,这个小镇有两座堡垒,乔治堡和米西索加堡。
20世纪30年代,乔治堡为公众重建时,湖边的尼亚加拉成为第一个大型旅游景点。
因为湖边的尼亚加拉是安大略省的首府,所以它有许多重要的“第一”
该省有第一个议会、第一个法律协会、第一个图书馆、第一份报纸、第一座博物馆大楼,还有更多的“第一”
除了历史之外,这个与安大略湖和尼亚加拉河接壤的小镇风景秀丽。
在夏天的一天,游客们可以看到帆船从河中驶向湖边。
在陆地上,尼亚加拉是安大略省水果带的一部分。
这里盛产桃子、梨、苹果、樱桃和草莓。
这里还有长长的葡萄藤,酿酒业最近已成为一个主要行业。
温和潮湿的气候使植物生长旺盛。
树木,尤其是橡树,长得很高。
开花的树木和灌木在春天的空气中散发出芬芳。
一年中的大部分时间里,花园都很壮观。
正因为如此,湖上的尼亚加拉吸引了许多画家和摄影师。
许多私人住宅也有着悠久的历史,我们非常小心地让它们保持最佳状态。
最大的单一景点是肖氏节日剧院。
这个节日是由一群萧伯纳迷于1962年创立的。
早期的演出通常在大街上的历史悠久的法院举行,戏剧仍在那里上演。
然而,1973年,一座拥有861个座位的新肖剧院在小镇南端建成。
从那时起,尼亚加拉湖的交通在漫长的夏季一直保持稳定。
1996年,尼亚加拉湖被评为“加拿大最美丽的城镇”。
在一定程度上,正是事物的规模使这座古城如此吸引人。
这座古城只有八个街区长,八个街区宽。
它的人口略多于1000人。
尽管如此,人们仍有很多事情要做和看。
这里有许多有趣的商店、老旅馆、书店、美术馆、博物馆、高尔夫球场、码头、历史悠久的教堂和墓地、几个公园、三个剧院和许多餐馆。
因为尼亚加拉湖很小,所以它是一个散步或骑自行车的好地方。
还有骑马和马车。
虽然在旅游旺季,主街可能会很繁忙,但人们不必离开主街太远,就可以接触到较旧的较慢时间。
自维多利亚女王时代以来,市中心的大多数建筑都没有太大变化,游客仍然可以想象他们回到了电脑和电视之前的时代。




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Jun 18, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 8
09:02

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。





词汇提示


1.competent 出色的

2.discourse 论文

3.commended 表扬

4.anecdotes 轶事

5.myth 神话

6.medieval 中世纪

7.thicker 更厚

8.distortion 扭曲

9.cultivate 培养

10.engagement 参与

11.spinning 旋转

12.equation 公式





原文


2018.12六级第一套  Conversation One


Hey I just read a great book about physics. I think you'd like it. It's called the physics of the world.

我刚读了一本关于物理学的好书。我想你会喜欢它。它被称为《世界物理学》。


It's written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez.

Oh I read that book. It was great.

它是由一位名叫Sylvia Mendez的科学家撰写的。

噢,我读过那本书。它太棒了。


The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics.

作者是一位引领人们走向物理奥秘的既热情而又出色的领路人。


I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist.

我认为,无论是对那些对科学知之甚少的人还是职业的科学家,它都丰富了读者的认知。


And it's refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse in a field that has been traditionally dominated by men.

看到一个强大、好奇并且聪明的女人在科学论述和传统上由男人主宰的领域中表达自己的观点,这令人耳目一新。


I think she is to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists.

我认为她必须受到赞扬,因为她努力将那些鲜为人知的女科学家们的轶事囊括在了书中。


You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman's place was in the home.

你知道他们那一代人坚信女人就应该待在家里,他们深受其害。


I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge.

我喜欢这本书是如何清晰地被写出来的,每一章都通过一些引人入胜的知识片段而栩栩如生。


For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I've heard taught by university physics professors.

例如在一章中,她讲述了一个我听大学物理教授们讲过的神话。


I've often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid.

我过去常听说中世纪的玻璃窗底部较厚,因为玻璃像流体一样流动。


This, she shows, is not true. The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glass-makers' process.

她表示,这不是真的。这种扭曲实际上要归因于玻璃制造过程的特殊性。


Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table.

是的,我喜欢她通过提供一系列“自己动手做”的实验来培养读者的科学参与性。这些实验会介绍从控制太阳系到餐桌的相同的经典物理基本原理。


From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard.

从使用复杂的物理定律来测试旋转的鸡蛋是否被煮熟,到通过浮起一块纸板来测量大气压力。


Her hands-on examples make her book atruly interactive read.

Yes I must say this equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics.

她亲手实践的例子使她的书成为真正的交互式阅读。

是的,我必须说这本没有写满公式的书,对于各种科学家、任何教科学的人甚至不喜欢物理学的人来说都是理想的读物。



问题:

1: What does the woman say about the book the man recommended?

A It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike.

B It lists the various challenges physicists are confronting.

C It describes how some mysteries of physics were solved.

D It is one of the most fascinating physics books ever written.


2: What can we find in the book the man recommended?

A Physicists' contribution to humanity.

B Stories about some female physicists.

C Historical evolution of modern physics.

D Women's changing attitudes to physics.


3: How does the author bring her book to life?

A By exposing a lot of myths in physics.

B By describing her own life experiences.

C By including lots of fascinating knowledge.

D By telling anecdotes about famous professors.


4: How does the book cultivate readers' interest in physics?

A It avoids detailing abstract concepts of physics.

B It contains a lot of thought-provoking questions.

C It demonstrates how they can become physicists.

D It provides experiments they can do themselves.


Jun 16, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 71-80
04:39

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.scrape together 拼凑

2.desert 抛弃

3.sympathy 同情的

4.motivation 激励的

5.guaranteed 保证

6.stupidity 愚蠢

7.rectifying 改正





原文 


71.

Because it's a developing country, some aspects of China aren't as good as those in Western countries.

因为中国是个发展中的国家,所以有的方面没有西方国家那么好。


72.

When real life friends desert us, books are always ready to offer friendship, sympathy and motivation.

生活中的朋友弃我们不顾之时,书随时给我们送来友谊、同情和鼓励。


73.

The result of the invention of the steam engine was that human power was replaced by mechanical power.

机械力代替人力,这是蒸汽机发明的结果。


74.

I don't know when spring will come and when the flowers will bloom. It was still snowing this morning.

不知何时春暖花开,今天早晨还下雪了。


75.

Ronaldo is a prolific goal scorer and it's almost guaranteed that he will score a goal in every match.

罗纳尔多是一个多产射手,基本上他能在每一场比赛中进球。


76.

The best wealth is knowledge, average wealth is children, and the smallest wealth is material objects.

最好的财富是知识,一般的财富是孩子,最小的财富是物质。


77.

Intelligence is doing what you are supposed to, while stupidity is doing what you are not supposed to.

做该做的事是智慧,做不该做的事是愚痴。


78.

Do you plan to return to your home country or to continue staying in the Netherlands after graduating?

毕业后打算回国还是继续留在荷兰呢?


79.

Teachers must get tired of rectifying the same mistakes over and over again in their students' papers.

老师肯定厌倦了一遍又一遍地纠正学生试卷中同样的错误。


80.

In short, it is because the 'plan.doc' file I attached in the previous email was infected with a virus.

简单来说,就是因为我附在上一封电邮的「plan.doc」档案被电脑病毒感染了。




Jun 14, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 71-80
04:51

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.victim 受害者

2.poison 毒药

3.Vancouver 温哥华

4.secretary 秘书

5.flat tire 瘪了的轮胎




原文


71.

It is so good to be able to speak a number of foreign languages.

能说几门外语真是太好了。


72.

The victim is thought to have taken a large quantity of poison by mistake.

受害者被认为误服了大量毒药。


73.

I will have been to Vancouver three times if I go once again this summer.

如果今年夏天再去一次,我就已经去过温哥华三次了。


74.

In this country the average number of children per family fell from 2 to 1.5.

在这个国家,每个家庭的平均孩子数量从2个下降到1.5个。


75.

I never see this photo without being reminded of my happy days in the countryside.

每当我看到这张照片,就会想起我在农村的快乐时光。


76.

I'd like to spend my holidays reading history books or classics.

我想在假期里读历史书或古典名著。


77.

That job was not very interesting, but on the other hand it was well paid.

那份工作不太有趣,但从另一方面来说,报酬却很优厚。


78.

This is the place where she works as a secretary.

这是她当秘书的地方。


79.

The candle grew shorter and shorter, until at last it went out.

蜡烛越来越短,最后熄灭了。


80.

I had to push my bicycle because I had a flat tire.

我不得不推着自行车走,因为车胎瘪了。



Jun 12, 2022
Level 4-Day 8 Louisa May Alcott
03:50

词汇提示


1.flourishing 繁荣的

2.capable 能干的

3.severe 严重的

4.scarlet fever 猩红热

5.spoiled 宠坏的

6.substantial 大量的

7.resembles 仿效

8.sequel 续集





原文


Louisa May Alcott


New England, in the early and middle years of the 19th century, had a flourishing culture.

People were passionately interested in ideas and education.

Most New Englanders were strongly opposed to slavery.

They were also concerned about other social issues.

New ideas resulted in new kinds of writing.

These ideas included the importance of doing what seemed right for them, no matter how different it was from what other people thought.

People also believe that nature gave them guidance in our lives, and that it was important to live close to nature.

These and other ideas were expressed through teaching and writing. Bronson Alcott was one of those who looked at the world in a new way.

He looked for work as a teacher so that he could pass on his ideas to others.

However, very few parents wanted Mr. Alcott to teach their children, and very few people were interested in hearing his speeches or reading his books.

As a result, the Alcott family was very poor.

Fortunately for Bronson, he married a very capable and energetic woman, Mrs. Abigail Alcott, helped to earn money to support the family and did most of the work involved in looking after the four Alcott girls.

The oldest daughter, Anna, was quiet and serious.

She rarely got into trouble and was a good helper at home.

The second daughter was Louisa May Alcott, who became a writer.

She was adventurous and cared very little for rules.

She was always saying and doing things that got her into trouble.

The third daughter, Elizabeth, was very kind and good natured.

All the others loved her. As a young woman, Elizabeth had a severe case of scarlet fever and never fully recovered.

She died at age 23.

The youngest sister, may was talented, but she was rather spoiled.

Because there was never enough money, the Alcott girls felt pressure to work at an early age.

But this did not stop them from having fun.

Louisa wrote little plays that she and her sisters performed at home.

They all enjoyed the woods and ponds around Concord, Massachusetts, where they lived most of these years.

When they moved back to Boston in 1848, Anna took a job looking after other people's children, and Louisa looked after the house.

Meanwhile, their mother worked outside the home,.

While working on laundry or sewingLouisa was thinking up storiesat night she would write them down.

When she was 18, she began selling poems and stories to magazines.

Within ten years, Louisa was earning a substantial income from writing.

One day, her publisher suggested that she write a story for girls.

At first, Louisa didn't like the suggestion, but when she started to write, the ideas came rapidly.

Her book was based on her own family and her own childhood.

“Little Women” was published in 1868 and was an immediate success.

The March family was very much like the Alcott.

Mrs. Alcott resembles “Marmee”.

“Meg” is like Anna and “Jo” is like Louisa herself.

“Beth” is based on Elizabeth and “Amy” on May Alcott.

Many of the situations in the book happened to the Alcott family.

Nonetheless, many characters and incidents were invented little women.

And its sequel opened up a new kind of writing for children.

While these books did have a moral, they were more lively and interesting than earlier children's writing.

“Little Women” inspired many writers later to write more realistic accounts of childhood.




翻译


路易莎·梅·奥尔科特


19世纪初和中期的新英格兰有着繁荣的文化。
人们对思想和教育非常感兴趣。
大多数新英格兰人强烈反对奴隶制。
他们还关心其他社会问题。
新思想产生了新的写作方式。
这些想法包括做对他们来说似乎是正确的事情的重要性,无论它与其他人的想法有多么不同。
人们还相信大自然在我们的生活中给了他们指引,亲近大自然是很重要的。
这些想法和其他想法都是通过教学和写作表达出来的。布朗森·奥尔科特是以一种新的方式看待世界的人之一。
他想找一份当老师的工作,以便把自己的想法传给别人。
然而,很少有家长希望奥尔科特教授他们的孩子,也很少有人对听他的演讲或读他的书感兴趣。
结果,奥尔科特一家很穷。
布朗森幸运的是,他娶了一位非常能干、精力充沛的女性——阿比盖尔·奥尔科特夫人,帮助他挣钱养家,并完成了照顾四个奥尔科特女孩的大部分工作。
大女儿安娜安静而严肃。
她很少惹麻烦,是家里的好帮手。
二女儿是路易莎·梅·奥尔科特,她后来成为了一名作家。
她喜欢冒险,很少注意规则。
她总是说些什么,做些什么,让她陷入麻烦。
三女儿伊丽莎白非常善良。
其他人都爱她。

年轻时,伊丽莎白患了严重的猩红热,从未完全康复。
她在23岁时去世。
最小的妹妹梅很有天赋,但她被宠坏了。
因为从来没有足够的钱,奥尔科特家的女孩们在很小的时候就感到了工作的压力。
但这并没有阻止她们玩得开心。
路易莎写了一些她和姐妹们在家里玩的故事。
他们都喜欢马萨诸塞州康科德附近的树林和池塘,这些年他们大部分时间都住在那里。
1848年,当他们搬回波士顿时,安娜找到了一份照顾别人孩子的工作,路易莎则负责照看房子。
与此同时,他们的母亲在外面工作。

在干着洗衣或缝纫的工作的时候,路易莎会在想故事,晚上她会把它们写下来。
18岁时,她开始向杂志出售诗歌和故事。
不到十年,路易莎就从写作中获得了可观的收入。
一天,她的出版商建议她为女孩写一个故事。
起初,路易莎不喜欢这个建议,但当她开始写作时,想法很快就产生了。
她的书是根据她自己的家庭和童年写成的。
《小妇人》出版于1868年,立即获得成功。
马奇一家很像奥尔科特一家。
阿尔科特夫人很像“玛米”。
“梅格”像安娜,“乔”像路易莎自己。
“贝丝”改编自伊丽莎白,而“艾米”改编自梅·奥尔科特自己。

书中的许多情况都发生在奥尔科特一家身上。
尽管如此,许多人物和事件都是由小妇人创造的。
它的续集为孩子们开辟了一种新的写作方式。
虽然这些书确实有寓意,但它们比早期儿童的作品更生动有趣。
《小妇人》启发了许多作家后来写更多关于童年的真实故事。


文稿及音频 关注公众号“高效英语磨耳朵”

Jun 11, 2022
四六级听力死磕磨耳朵 7
12:07

提示

1.每期为一篇听力题,每篇裁剪为若干片段,每个片段重复四遍。

2.可以前两遍盲听理解,后两遍根据文字内容精听。

3.根据中英文意思,听不懂的地方多听几遍。




词汇提示


1.psychology 心理学

2.crystallize 成型

3.pretty 相当的

4.chords 和弦

5.rhythms 节奏

6.melodies 旋律

7.deteriorates 退化

8.obligation 义务

9.turmoil 骚动

10.beloved 喜爱





原文


2020.12六级第一套recording  three


Why do old people dislike new music? As I've grown older, I often hear people my age say things like, they just don't make good music like they used to.

为什么年长者不喜欢听新音乐?随着我年龄渐长,我经常听到同龄人说些诸如“他们就是没法像过去那样创作出好音乐”之类的话。


Why does this happen? Luckily, psychology can give us some insights into this puzzle.

为什么会这样?幸运的是,心理学可以帮我们看透这一团糟。


Musical tastes begin to crystallize as early as age 13 or 14. By the time we're in our early twenties, these tastes get locked into place pretty firmly.

音乐品味早在十三四岁的时候就已开始成型。在我们二十出头的时候,这些品味已经根深蒂固。


In fact, studies have found that by the time we turn 33, most of us have stopped listening to new music.

事实上,研究已经发现到我们年满33岁时,绝大多数人已经不再听新音乐了。


Meanwhile, popular songs released when you're in your early teens are likely to remain quite popular among your age group for the rest of your life.

与此同时,在你十几岁时发行的流行歌曲很可能会在你的同龄人中一直流行,贯穿你的余生。


That could be a biological explanation for this. As there's evidence that the brain's ability to make subtle distinctions between different chords, rhythms, and melodies deteriorates with age.

对此可能存在一种生物学上的解释。因为有证据表明,大脑区分不同和弦、节奏、旋律之间细微差别的能力随着年龄的增长而退化。


So to older people, newer, less familiar songs might all sound the same, but there may be some simpler reasons for older people's aversion to new music.

因此对年长者来说,较新的、不太熟悉的歌曲可能听起来都一个样,但年长者对新音乐的反感也可能是出于一些更为简单的原因。


One of the most researched laws of social psychology is something called the mere exposure effect, which in essence, means that the more we're exposed to something, the more we tend to like it.

社会心理学研究最多的法则之一称作“纯粹接触效应”,其实质含义是,我们接触某事物越多,就会越喜欢它。


This happens with people we know, the advertisements we see, and the songs we listen to.

这发生在我们认识的人、看到的广告、以及听到的歌上。


When you're in your early teens, you probably spend a fair amount of time listening to music or watching music videos, your favorite songs and artists become familiar, comforting parts of your routine.

在十几岁时,你可能会花大量时间去听音乐,看音乐视频,你最喜欢的歌曲和艺人也就成了你日常生活中熟悉的、令人舒心的部分。


For many people over 30, job and family obligations increases, so there's less time to spend discovering new music.

对许多年过30的人来说,工作和家庭义务增加,所以能用于发掘新音乐的时间减少了。


Instead many would simply listen to old familiar favorites from that period of their lives when they had more free time.

相反,许多人仅仅愿意去听那些来自他们拥有更多闲暇时光的那段人生中熟悉的、最爱的老歌。


Of course, those teen years weren't necessarily carefree, they're famously confusing, which is why so many TV shows and movies revolve around high school turmoil.

当然,少年时光不一定是无忧无虑的,那段时期令人迷茫是众所周知的,这也正是为什么会有如此之多的电视剧和电影围绕骚动的高中生活而展开。


Psychology research has shown that the emotions that we experience as teens seem more intense than those that come later.

心理学研究已表明,我们在青少年时期经历的情感似乎比后来经历的更为猛烈。


And we also know that intense emotions are associated with stronger memories and preferences.

我们也知道,强烈的情感和更强的记忆以及偏好密切相连。


Both of these might explain why the songs we listened to during this period become so memorable and beloved.

这两点或许能解释为什么这一时期听的歌会变得如此令人难忘与喜爱。


So there's nothing wrong with your parents because they don't like your music. Rather it's all part of the natural order of things.

因此,父母不喜欢你的音乐没什么不正常。这都是事物自然规律的一部分。



问题:

22: What does the speaker mainly discuss in this talk?

A) Older people's aversion to new music.

B) Older people's changing musical tastes.

C) Insights into the features of good music.

D) Deterioration in the quality of new music.


23: What have studies found about most people by the time they turn 33?

A) They seldom listen to songs released in their teens.

B) They can make subtle distinctions about music.

C) They find all music sounds the same.

D) They no longer listen to new music.


24: What do we learn from one of the most researched laws of social psychology?

A) The more you experience something, the better you'll appreciate it.

B) The more you experience something, the longer you'll remember it.

C) The more you are exposed to something, the deeper you'll understand it.

D) The more you are exposed to something, the more familiar it'll be to you.


25: What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?

A) Teenagers are much more sensitive.

B) Teenagers are much more sentimental.

C) Teenagers' memories are more lasting.

D) Teenagers' emotions are more intense.


Jun 09, 2022
长难句子磨耳朵 61-70
04:39

提示

一、十个句子每个句子念两遍,念完后从头再念两遍。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。





词汇提示

1.glorious 荣耀的

2.snow leopard 雪豹

3.endangered species 濒危物种

4.telescope 望远镜

5.cosmos 宇宙

6.transformative 变革

7.henpecked 怕老婆的

8.harmonize 协调





原文


61.

Therefore, for the glorious God, you must accept each other, and accept Jesus Christ in the same way.

所以,为了荣耀上帝,你们要彼此接纳,就像基督接纳你们一样。


62.

I still can't believe they had a snow leopard in that zoo. I thought they were an endangered species.

我还不敢想象他们在那个动物园里有一个雪豹,我以为它们是一种濒危物种。


63.

The telescope has opened a new eye onto the cosmos that has been transformative for our civilization.

望远镜为我们的文明开启了一种全新的视角来观察宇宙。


64.

I don't hate you, but I also don't appreciate you. I have said this many times, I don't need friends.

我没有讨厌你。但是我也不觉得我会努力珍惜你。就像我说过很多次那样,我不需要朋友。


65.

"If you're tired, why don't you go to sleep?"

"Because if I go to sleep now I will wake up too early."

「你累的话怎么不去睡觉?」

「因为我现在去睡的话,就会太早醒过来了。」


66.

A man who asks his wife's permission before taking any action except breathing is a henpecked husband.

一个除了呼吸之外做任何事之前都要经过老婆同意的男人是一个怕老婆的男人。


67.

The third point to make is that Emmet attempted to harmonize his theory with the

reality of designing.

他的第三点说明的是,埃米特试图协调现实与他的理论设计。


68.

He is very much interested in Japanese history. We are surprised at his vast knowledge of the subject.

他对日本的历史非常感兴趣。我们很惊讶他在这方面的丰富知识


69.

Although you can't make it as "the greatest person", you can still be the best person to your partner.

你虽然做不到一个“最好的人”,可是你却做得到一个“对对方最好的人”。


70.

I sold my house and furniture, together with my jewelry, in order to scrape together a half a million.

我卖了房子和家具,连同我的手饰一起才凑了五十万。




Jun 07, 2022
句子反复磨耳朵(中级) 61-70
05:08

听前提示

一、三遍英文,一遍中文,再一遍英文。

二、从听懂的词入手,理解句子含义。

三、根据中英文意思,听不懂的多听几遍。



词汇提示


1.executives 高管

2.composition 作文



原文


61.

The doctor is looking for medicine that is effective for this illness.

医生正在寻找对这种病有效的药物。


62.

In the London underground there is a warning to "mind the gap" when boarding the train.

伦敦地铁上车时有「小心空隙」的警告。


63.

On arriving at the station, I went to see my uncle at his office.

一到车站,我就到叔叔的办公室去看了他。


64.

It was raining, and Cathy's long hair was completely wet by the time he got home.

下着雨,凱茜到家时,她的长发已经完全湿透了。


65.

remember it as if it were yesterday, but in reality it was fifteen years ago.

我记得好像是昨天,但实际上是十五年前。


66.

The number of students going abroad to study is increasing each year.

出国留学的学生人数每年都在增加。


67.

I think my living with you has influenced your way of living.

我想我和你住在一起影响了你的生活方式。


68.

Everybody except the Anderson family is going to the party next Thursday evening.

除了安德森一家,所有人都将参加下星期四晚上的聚会。


69.

In most Japanese companies, only a few executives have a room to themselves.

在大多数日本公司,只有少数高管有自己办公室。


70.

The English used in the composition is too good. She can't have written it herself.

这篇作文用的英语太棒了。她不可能是自己写的。


Jun 05, 2022
Level 4-Day 7​ Ireland
03:20

词汇提示


1.conquered 占领

2.remoteness 遥远的

3.tribe 部落

4.Protestant 新教

5.Catholic 天主教

6.tenant 佃户

7.blight 枯萎病

8.evicted 驱逐

9.dwelling 住所

10.properous 繁荣的

11.prosperity 兴盛

12.exodus 离开





原文


Ireland


Ireland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Britain.

For much of its history, it has been an advantage to Ireland to be far from the mainland.

The Romans or the other early Empires never conquered Ireland.

It was the remoteness of Ireland that helped preserve much of